Samkriti, Sāṅkṛti, Sankriti, Saṅkṛti, Saṃkṛti: 7 definitions

Introduction

Samkriti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sāṅkṛti and Saṅkṛti and Saṃkṛti can be transliterated into English as Sankrti or Sankriti or Samkrti or Samkriti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samkriti in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Saṅkṛti (सङ्कृति) or Saṃkṛti (संकृति):—Son of Jayasena (son of Hīna). He had a son named Jaya. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.17)

2) Saṅkṛti (सङ्कृति):—Son of Nara (one of the five sons of Manyu). He had a two sons named Guru and Rantideva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.21.1-2)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Saṃkṛti (संकृति).—A king of the Bhārata dynasty. He was the son of king Naraka and father of Rantideva. (Bhāgavata 9th Skandha).

2) Sāṅkṛti (साङ्कृति).—A King who lives in the court of Yama worshipping him. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 8, Verse 10).

3) Sāṅkṛti (साङ्कृति).—A muni born in the Atri dynasty. After giving his disciples lessons on impersonal (attributeless) God he went and lived in Devaloka. (Mahābhārata, Śānti Parva, Chapter 234, Verse 22).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saṅkṛti (सङ्कृति).—A son of Jayasena, and father of Jaya.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 18.

1b) A son of Nara, (Nagara, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) and father of two sons Guru (Guruprīti, Viṣṇu-purāṇa) Rantideva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 1-2: Matsya-purāṇa 49. 36. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 22.

1c) An Angirasa and mantrakṛt; a kṣatropeta dvija.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 107: III. 66. 86. Matsya-purāṇa 145. 101: Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 115.

1d) A son of Jāmbavat.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 302.

1e) A son of Jayatsena and father of Kṛta dharman (Kṣatradharma, Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 10: Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 10: Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 9. 27.

1f) A Pravara; no marital relations with Angiras and Gauravītis.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 196, 30.

2) Sāṅkṛti (साङ्कृति).—A son of Nara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 160.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saṃkṛti (संकृति) refers to a class of rhythm-type (chandas) containing twenty-four syllables in a pāda (‘foot’ or ‘quarter-verse’), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 15. There are twenty-six classes of chandas and out of them arise the various syllabic meters (vṛtta), composed of four pādas, defining the pattern of alternating light and heavy syllables.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkṛti (सङ्कृति).—f.

(-tiḥ) A from of metre, a stanza of four lines, of 24 syllables each. E. sam complete, kṛti a metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkṛti (संकृति).—[adjective] arranging, restoring. [masculine] a man’s name; [feminine] a kind of metre.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃkṛti (संकृति):—[=saṃ-kṛti] [from saṃ-kṛ] mfn. putting together, arranging, preparing, making ready, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of various men ([plural] ‘the family of S°’; cf. [gana] gargādi), [???; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] f. a kind of metre (consisting of 4 Pādas of 24 syllables each), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Colebrooke]

4) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a Sāman, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

5) Sāṃkṛtī (सांकृती):—[from sāṃkṛta] f. of sāṃkṛtya.

6) Sāṃkṛti (सांकृति):—[from sāṃkṛta] m. ([from] saṃ-kṛti) [patronymic] of a sage (son of Viśvāmitra and founder of the Vaiyāghrapadya family), [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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