Ashtaka, aka: Aṣṭaka, Aṣṭakā; 11 Definition(s)
Ashtaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Aṣṭaka and Aṣṭakā can be transliterated into English as Astaka or Ashtaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Aṣṭaka (अष्टक):—Son of Viśvāmitra (son of Gādhi). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.16.36)Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana
1) Aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—See under Āṣṭika. (See full article at Story of Aṣṭaka from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)
2) Aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—A King of the Pūru dyansty. Genealogy. Descended in order from Viṣṇu as follows: Brahmā-Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Pūru-Janamejaya-Prācinvā-Pravīra-Namasyu-Vītabhaya-Śuṇḍu-Bahuvidha-Saṃyāti-Rahovādi-Raudrāśva-Matināra-Santurodha-Duṣyanta-Bharata-Suhotra-Bṛhatputra-Ajamīḍha-Aṣṭaka. (This Aṣṭaka was the brother of Śunaśśepha).
3) Aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—A Rājarṣi born to Viśvāmitra of Mādhavī, wife of Yayāti. (Śloka 18, Chapter 119, Udyoga Parva, Mahābhārata). See under Gālava. How Aṣṭaka went to heaven. This story was told to the Pāṇḍavas by the sage Mārkaṇḍeya.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—A śrāddha performed by Ikṣvāku, which led to the banishment of his son Vikukṣi (s.v.);1 a yugāḍi for sādharaṇa śrāddha;2 the eighth day after full moon on which Manes are worshipped; three are distinguished, in the month of caitra, of pauṣa and māgha;3 sacred to Kāvya pitṛs.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 6; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 17. 2-7; 63. 11; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 11-19.
- 2) Matsya-purāṇa 17. 2, 5.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 81. 2;
- 4) Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 19.
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 16. 36; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 118; III. 66. 68-74; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 7. 38; Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 96, 103.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 75.
- 3) Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 103.
1c) A Rājaṛṣi who met Yayāti falling from Heaven and discoursed with him on several points: A grandson of Yayāti by his daughter; a Brahmiṣṭha, and Trayārṣeya with Viśvāmitra and Lohita; goes to Heaven with all his relations including Yayāti.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 35. 5; Ib. Chapters 37-41; 42. 14 & 28.
1d) A brother of Vasudeva.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 30.
2) Aṣṭakā (अष्टका).—The name of Acchodā in Pitṛloka after she went from the earth. In her honour a river is named.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 14. 19-20; 141. 17.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—Another name for the famous work of Pāṇini popularly called the Aṣṭādhyāyī; cf. अष्टावध्यायाः परि-माणमस्य सूत्रस्य अष्टकं पाणिनीयम् । दशकं वैया-घ्रपदीयम् । त्रिंकं काशकृत्स्नम् । (aṣṭāvadhyāyāḥ pari-māṇamasya sūtrasya aṣṭakaṃ pāṇinīyam | daśakaṃ vaiyā-ghrapadīyam | triṃkaṃ kāśakṛtsnam |) Kāś on P.IV. 1.58; (2) students of Pāṇini's grammar, e. g. अष्टकाः पाणिनीयाः (aṣṭakāḥ pāṇinīyāḥ); cf. सूत्राच्च कोपधात् । (sūtrācca kopadhāt |) Kāś. on P.IV. 2. 65.Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Aṣṭakā (अष्टका) refers to one of the seven Pākasaṃsthās or Pākayajñas (groups of seven sacrifices).—Hārīta says: “Let a man offer the Pākayajñas always, always also the Haviryajñas, and the Somayajñas (Soma sacrifices), according to rule, if he wishes for eternal merit”.—The object of these sacrifices [viz., Aṣṭakā] is eternal happiness, and hence they have to be performed during life at certain seasons, without any special occasion (nimitta), and without any special object (kāma). According to most authorities, however, they have to be performed during thirty years only. After that the Agnihotra only has to be kept up.Source: Sacred Texts: The Grihya Sutras, Part 2 (SBE30)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
India history and geogprahy
Aṣṭaka.—(EI 7), same as ba-di 8; worship of the manes with oblations to them. Cf. aṭṭagam (SII 13), division of land, and aṭṭagattār (SII 13), share-holders in a land. See dvādaśaka. Note: aṣṭaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—n (S) An aggregate of eight. 2 The eight sections collectively of Panini's grammar. 3 m A common term for the eight portions of a saṃhitā or collection of the formulæ of the Rig Veda.
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aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—a S Eight: also eighth.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—n An aggregate of eight. A com- mon term-(1) the eight sections collectively of Pânini's grammar. (2) the eight portions of a saṃhitā. (3) collection of the formulæ of the Rig Veda. a Eight, also eighth.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—a. [aṣṭa parimāṇamasya kan] Consisting of 8 parts eight-fold; क्रोधजोऽपि गणोऽष्टकः (krodhajo'pi gaṇo'ṣṭakaḥ) Ms.7.48.
-kaḥ 1 [aṣṭakaṃ (pāṇineḥ), vidanti adhīyate vā ityaṣṭakāḥ sūtrācca kopadhāt P.IV.2.65. Sk.] One who studies or is acquainted with the eight Adhyāyās of Pāṇini's grammar.
2) Name of a son of Viśvāmitra (author of the hymn Rv.1.14.)
-kā [aśnanti pitaro'syāṃ tithau aś-takan Uṇ.3.148]
1) A collection of three days (7th, 8th, and 9th) beginning from the seventh day after the full moon.
2) the 8th day of three months on which the Manes are to bo propitiated.
3) A Śrāddha to be performed on the above days; worship of the Manes on certein days; तस्य व्रातस्य योऽस्य द्वितीयोऽ- पानः साष्टका (tasya vrātasya yo'sya dvitīyo'- pānaḥ sāṣṭakā) Av.15.16.2; अष्टकापितृदैवत्यमित्ययं प्रसृतो जनः (aṣṭakāpitṛdaivatyamityayaṃ prasṛto janaḥ) Rām.2.18.14.
4) The 8th day of a month; Ms.4.113-4.
-kam 1 A whole consisting of 8 parts.
2) The 8 chapters of Pāṇinī's Sūtras; (aṣṭāvadhyāyāḥ parimāṇamasya ityaṣṭakam; pāṇineḥ sūtram Sk.).
3) The study of the Sūtras.
4) A division of the Ṛigveda (it being divided into 8 Aṣṭakas or 1 Ma- ṇḍalas).
5) Any group of eight; as वानराष्टकम्, तारा- ष्टकम्, मङ्गलाष्टकम् (vānarāṣṭakam, tārā- ṣṭakam, maṅgalāṣṭakam) &c. गङ्गाष्टकं पठति यः प्रयतः प्रभाते वाल्मीकिना विरचितं शुभदं मनुष्यः (gaṅgāṣṭakaṃ paṭhati yaḥ prayataḥ prabhāte vālmīkinā viracitaṃ śubhadaṃ manuṣyaḥ)
6) The number eight.
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Astaka (अस्तक).—Final beatitude, absolution (mokṣa).
-kam Ved. Home. आ पत्नीरिदमस्तकम् (ā patnīridamastakam) Av.2.26.5. also cf. उदये सविता रक्तो रक्तश्चास्तमने तथा (udaye savitā rakto raktaścāstamane tathā) | Subhās.
Derivable forms: astakaḥ (अस्तकः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Aṣṭaka (अष्टक).—(= Pali Aṭṭhaka), n. of a king: Mv iii.375.7 (verse); he is otherwise in Mv always called Aṣṭamaka, q.v.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 34 books and stories containing Ashtaka, Aṣṭaka, Aṣṭakā, Astaka; (plurals include: Ashtakas, Aṣṭakas, Aṣṭakās, Astakas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Chapter 17 - Appropriate Tithis for performing Śrāddha < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 66 - Description of Amāvasu dynasty (vaṃśa) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Chapter 63 - The Ikṣvāku dynasty (vaṃśa) < [Section 3 - Upodghāta-pāda]
Paraskara-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Asvalayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Gobhila-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 4.150 < [Section XIV - Other Duties]
Verse 1.2 < [Section I - Question of the Sages]
Verse 4.119 < [Section XIII - Days unfit for Study]
Sankhayana-grihya-sutra (by Hermann Oldenberg)