Sumanas, Su-manas: 12 definitions

Introduction

Sumanas means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Sumanas (सुमनस्) is another name for Mahākarañja, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Millettia piscidia. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 7.69), which is a 13th century medicinal thesaurus.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Sumanas (सुमनस्) refers to “spanish jasmine” and is mentioned as one of the fruits used in the treatment of aggravated phlegm, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Procedure to alleviate kapha (phlegm) after meals: The excess phlegm in the human body can lead to the weakening of digestive fire. Sleeping immediately after the meal will result in the aggravation of phlegm. The excess phlegm must be alleviated by employing fumes of the fragrant substances or consuming fruits [like sumanas (spanish jasmine), ...]. After a meal, one must walk a few steps. Practising this lightens the food mass and imparts comfort in the neck, knees and loins. [...]

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्).—A kirāta (forest tribe) king who flourished in Yudhiṣṭhira’s court. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 25).

2) Sumanas (सुमनस्).—A king in ancient India who worshipped Yama in his court. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 13).

3) Sumanas (सुमनस्).—A Kekaya princess who lived in Devaloka. She once held a discussion on spiritual topics with Śāṇḍilīdevī. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 123).

4) Sumanas (सुमनस्).—A son of Pūru in Dhruva’s lineage. Pūru had six mighty sons by his wife Atrī, viz. Aṅga, Sumanas, Svātī, Kratu, Aṅgiras and Gaya. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 13).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Sumanas in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the name of a Brāhman according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, “... Queen [Bandhumatī], I have not seen your husband anywhere, but I, who have to-day come to your house, am named, not without reason, the Brāhman Sumanas, so you will quickly have your wishes satisfied; thus my heart tells me”.

2) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the name of an ancient king from Kāñcanapurī, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 58. Accordingly, as Śaktiyaśas said to Naravāhanadatta: “... in old time there was a city named Kāñcanapurī, and in it there lived a great king named Sumanas. He was of extraordinary splendour, and, crossing difficult and inaccessible regions, he conquered the fortresses and fastnesses of his foes”.

3) Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the daughter of Jayadatta from Ratnākara, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 123. Accordingly, as Sumanas said: “... I am the daughter of a crest-jewel of Brāhmans, named Jayadatta, who lived in the city of Ratnākara. My name is Sumanas, and one night I was married to a certain handsome young Brāhman, who was a suitable match for me”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sumanas, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्) refers to one of the four bodhivṛkṣadevatās “deity of the Bodhi-tree” according to the according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter VI). In the Lalitavistara the bodhivṛkṣadevatās are four in number: Veṇu, Valgu, Sumanas and Ojāpati. In the same place, there is a detailed description of the bodhi tree.

2) Sumanas (सुमनस्) (also called Sumana or Karṇasumana) is the name of a Buddhist Bhikṣu according to chapter XLV.—Accordingly, “the Bhikṣu Karṇasumana, in a previous lifetime, saw the stūpa of the Buddha Vipaśyin and gave it the sumanā flower that he was wearing behind his ear. As a result of this, for eighty-one kalpas he enjoyed happiness among gods and men and, in his last lifetime, he had behind his ear a sumanā flower the perfume of which filled the whole house; this is why he was called Karṇasumana. Then, disgusted with the world, he went forth from home and obtained the Bodhi of the Arhats”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Sumanas (सुमनस्) refers to a species of Graiveyaka gods, who are in turn a subclass of the Kalpātīta gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. It is also known by the name Somanasa. The Kalpātīta (those born beyond heavens) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods).

The Graiveyakas (eg., the Sumanas) do not bind karmans, are 1-sensed class of beings and have an immovable body, warm splendour, cold lustre, animal state of existence, ānupūrvī and āyus.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Sumanas (सुमनस्) is the name of Sanatkumāra’s vimāna (celestial car), according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism. Accordingly, “[...] Sanatkumāra, surrounded by gods living in the twelve lacs of palaces, came in the car Sumanas”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sumanas (सुमनस्).—a.

1) good-minded, of a good disposition, benevolent; शान्तसंकल्पः सुमना यथा स्याद्वीतमन्युर्गौतमो माभिमृत्यो (śāntasaṃkalpaḥ sumanā yathā syādvītamanyurgautamo mābhimṛtyo) Kaṭh.1.1.

2) well-pleased, satisfied; (hence -sumanībhū = to be at ease; jite nṛpārau samanībhavanti śadbāyamānānyaśanairaśaṅkam Bk.2.54.). (-m.)

Sumanas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and manas (मनस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumanas (सुमनस्).—m.

(-nāḥ) 1. A god, an immortal. 2. A Pand'it, a learned man or teacher. 3. A student of the Vedas, and supplementary sciences. 4. A plant, (Cæsalpinia Bonducella.) 5. Wheat. 6. The Nimba-tree. mn.

(-nāḥ-naḥ) or fem., but then always plur., even in the singular acceptation.

(-saḥ) A flower in general. f. sing.

(-nāḥ) Great-flowered jasmine. Adj. 1. Good-minded. 2. Well-pleased. E. su well, excellent, man to think, asi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumanas (सुमनस्).—I. adj. satisfied, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 54, 20. Ii. m. 1. a god. 2. a learned man. 3. a student of the Vedas. 4. wheat. 5. the name of two plants. Ii. m. n. and f. (the last only pl.), a flower, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 182. Iii. f. , great flowered jasmine.

Sumanas is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms su and manas (मनस्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sumanas (सुमनस्).—[adjective] well-disposed, kind; cheerful. glad; [feminine] (only [plural]) & [neuter] flower.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sumanas (सुमनस्):—[=su-manas] [from su > su-ma] mfn. good-minded, well-disposed, benevolent, gracious, favourable, pleasant, agreeable, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa; Kaṭha-upaniṣad]

2) [v.s. ...] well pleased, satisfied, cheerful, easy, comfortable, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] wise, intelligent, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a god, [Śiśupāla-vadha; Śārṅgadhara-paddhati] (cf. -manokasa below)

5) [v.s. ...] a good or wise man, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of various plants ([according to] to [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ‘wheat, a kind of Karañja, Azadirachta Indica, Guilandina Bonduc’), [Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Uru and Āgneyī, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Ulmuka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] of a son of Hary-aśva, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] of various other men, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

12) [v.s. ...] ([plural]) Name of a [particular] class of gods under the 12th Manu, [Purāṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] f. ([plural] or in [compound]) flowers, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

14) [v.s. ...] great-flowering jasmine, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of the wife of Madhu and mother of Vīra-vrata, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] of various other women, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

17) [v.s. ...] n. a flower, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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