Kritavirya, Kṛtavīrya, Krita-virya: 9 definitions


Kritavirya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛtavīrya can be transliterated into English as Krtavirya or Kritavirya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kritavirya in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य).—Father of the famous Kārtavīryārjuna (For genealogy see under Kārtavīrya). He got a Soma Yajña conducted by the sages of the family of Bhṛgu and gave away a lot of wealth to people of Bhṛgu’s family (Ādi Parva, Chapter 177, Verse 18). Kṛtavīrya was a member of the court of Yamarāja. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 8, Verse 9).

2) Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य).—Father-in-law of king Ahaṃyāti of the solar dynasty. He had a daughter called Bhānumatī. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 95, Verse 15).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य).—A son of Dhanaka (Kanaka-br. p., m.p.1 A king of the Haihaya clan born in the kṛtayuga of Vaivasvata epoch, Varāha kalpa. His hundred sons died on account of a curse by Cyavana. He prayed to Sun god who taught him a vrata, by observing which he got a long lived child.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 23-4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 69. 8; Matsya-purāṇa 43. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 94. 8; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 11. 10-11.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 68. 6-12.

1b) A Deva-gandharva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 38.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.15) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kṛtavīrya) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य) is the son of Dhanaka and the grandson of Dharmanetra, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Dharma was the son of Haihaya and his son was Dharmanetra. Dhanaka was the son of Dharmanetra and his son was Kṛtavīrya, who had three sons—Kārtavīrya, Kṛtāgni and Kṛtavarman.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kritavirya in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य) is the father of Śubhūma: one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] Son of Tārā and Kṛtavīrya, Subhūma will live for sixty thousand years in Hastināpura, twenty-eight bows tall, and in the interval between Ara and Malli will go to the seventh hell”.

2) Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य) is the son of king Anantavīrya in Hastināpura, according to chapter 6.4 [subhūma-cakravartin-caritra].

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kritavirya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य).—a. being strong or powerful; Av.17.1.27.

-ryaḥ Name of the father of Sahasrārjuna.

Kṛtavīrya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kṛta and vīrya (वीर्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य):—[=kṛta-vīrya] [from kṛta > kṛ] mfn. (kṛta-) one who is strong or powerful, [Atharva-veda xvii, 1, 27]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a prince (son of Kanaka or Dhanaka and father of Arjuna; cf. kārtavīrya), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a medical teacher, [Suśruta]

[Sanskrit to German]

Kritavirya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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