Sharava, Sarāva, Śarāva, Sarava, Śaravā, Sārava: 17 definitions


Sharava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śarāva and Śaravā can be transliterated into English as Sarava or Sharava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śarāva (शराव) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘320 grams’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Śarāva unit corresponds to 2 Kuḍava units (a single Kuḍava unit equals 160 gram). You need 2 Śarāva units to make a single Prastha unit (1 Prastha equals 640 grams).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śaravā (शरवा).—A river from the Mahendra hill.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 31.

2) Sarava (सरव).—A southern kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 57.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Sharava in Kavya glossary
Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Sārava (सारव) means “belonging to the Sarayū river”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 12.7.—(“sāravasāravormijaḥ”).—[sarayū + aṇ] by nipātana, according to Pāṇini 6.4.174. Cf. Dvisandhānakāvya 1.12.—“sārave hade”.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Śarāva (शराव) refers to an “earthen vessel resembling a tray”, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 104, l. 30]—‘Śarāva’, a homonym, here means an earthen vessel resembling a tray. In Gujarati it means. Its Pāiya (Prakrit) equivalent ‘śalāvaka’ occurs in Mṛcchakaṭika (VIII, p 211). ‘Śarāva’ occurs on p 185, l. 21, p 278, ll. 6 & 20, p 279, l. 27, p 281, l. 17, p 282, l. 21, p 283, l. 18, p 285, l. 9, p 286, l. 14, p 292, ll. 11, 21, 26 & 29, p 294, ll. 25 & 31, p 295, l. 15, and in Vol II on pp 33-35,154 & 155 and in Śāṅkarabhāṣya on Brahmasūtra (II, n, 1)

context information


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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sharava in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sarāva, (Sk. śarāva) a cup, saucer A. I, 161; J. I, 8; M. III, 235 for patta); Miln. 282; DA. I, 298; PvA. 244, 251. (Page 698)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śarāva (शराव).—m S śarāvī f S A shallow dish or platter; a bowl-form vessel (resembling vēḷaṇī, jōgalī &c.)

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saravā (सरवा).—m (saraṇēṃ & uraṇēṃ--sarūna uralēlā) Ground of which the crop (of any corn or of the pulses) has just been reaped; still having ears or heads littering about, or stalks or plants here and there uncut or unplucked: also such residue (the matter for the gleaners) of the crop: also the residue of a gathered crop of fruit, or of vegetables (as miracyā, vāṅgīṃ, haḷada &c.) v vēca. 3 The gathering of such residue upon the field or the tree. v aṭapa, uraka, sampava. saravyācī tamākhū After-cuttings of tobacco; called also khōḍavyācī tamākhū & pāṅgaśīcī.

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saravā (सरवा).—m S C A piece of ground recently cleared of its bushes, burned, and cultivated. The term is applied to such land esp. in the second and third year; in the first year, and in the fifth, after its lying fallow during the fourth, the term is paḍaṇa, or it is said of it, paḍaṇāsa ālī; and the terms saravā & paḍaṇa are applied also to the periods (years) in which the land is under culture or lying fallow:--according to pahilyā sālīṃ paḍaṇāsa ālī puḍhēṃ dōna sālēṃ saravē jhālē puḍhēṃ jamīna paḍa rāhilī mhaṇajē paḍajamīna phirūna paḍaṇāsa ālī mhaṇajē paḍaṇa.

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saravā (सरवा).—m (sara) A shower of rain.

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sarāva (सराव).—m (strāva S) Practice, use, customary performance or action.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sarāva (सराव).—m Practice, use.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarāva (शराव).—[śaraṃ dadhyādisāramavati av-aṇ Tv.]

1) A shallow dish, platter, an earthenware vessel, tray; मोदकशरावं गृहीत्वा (modakaśarāvaṃ gṛhītvā) V.3; Manusmṛti 6.56.

2) A cover, lid.

3) A measure equal to 2 Kudavas.

Derivable forms: śarāvaḥ (शरावः), śarāvam (शरावम्).

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Sarāva (सराव).—a. Sounding, making a noise.

-vaḥ 1 A lid, cover.

2) A shallow dish, saucer; cf. शराव (śarāva).

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Sārava (सारव).—a. Belonging to the river Sarayu; (P.VI.4. 174); कठोरपीनोच्चकुचद्वयीतटत्रुठ्यत्तरः सारवसारवोर्मिजः (kaṭhorapīnoccakucadvayītaṭatruṭhyattaraḥ sāravasāravormijaḥ) N.12.7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarava (शरव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. Siva. 2. A lid, a cover.

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Śarāva (शराव).—m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A lid, a cover. 2. A shallow earthen cup or dish. 3. A platter. 4. A measure equal to two Kudavas. E. śara mischief, (from it,) av to preserve, aff. aṇ or ac .

--- OR ---

Sarāva (सराव).—f.

(-vā) Adj. Sounding. m.

(-vaḥ) 1. A lid, a cover. 2. A shallow cup or saucer, used as one: see śarāva .

--- OR ---

Sārava (सारव).—mfn.

(-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) Belonging or relating to the river Sarayu. E. sarayu the river, aṇ aff., special form.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarāva (शराव).—m. and n. (ŚKd.), 1. A lid, a cover. 2. A shallow cup or dish, [Hitopadeśa] 114, 22; [Pañcatantra] 174, 14; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 56; a tray, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 45, 13; a vessel (figurat. niṣṭhīvana-, Aspittingbox), [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 91. 3. A measure equal to two Kuḍavas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śarāva (शराव).—[masculine] [neuter] a flat earthenware dish; also a measure for grain.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarava (शरव):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata vi, 2084] ([probably] [wrong reading] for śabara q.v.)

2) Śarāva (शराव):—m. n. ([gana] ardharcādi) a shallow cup, dish, plate, platter, earthenware vessel (also the flat cover or lid of any such vessel), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) a measure equal to two Prasthas or one Kuḍava, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???]

4) Śārāva (शाराव):—mf(ī)n. (from śarāva) placed on a shallow dish (as rice), [Pāṇini 4-2, 14 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

5) Sarāva (सराव):—m. a kind of venomous insect, [Suśruta]

6) [wrong reading] for śārva.

7) Sārava (सारव):—mfn. (anomalously [from] sarayū) being in or belonging to the Sarayū river, [Pāṇini 6-4, 174.]

8) Sārāva (साराव):—mfn. with a cry, crying, calling, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śarava (शरव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Shiva; a lid.

2) Śarāva (शराव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. A lid; a measure; shallow cup or dish.

3) Sarāva (सराव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. A lid or cover.

4) Sārava (सारव):—[(vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) a.] Of the Saryu river.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sharava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Sarava (सरव) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śarapa.

2) Sarāva (सराव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śarāba.

3) Sārava (सारव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Samārac.

4) Sārava (सारव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Samārabh.

5) Sārāva (साराव) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śarāva (ಶರಾವ):—

1) [noun] a hallow earthenware vessel.

2) [noun] its flat lid.

3) [noun] a measure equal to two prasthas; a kuḍava.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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