Sharava, Sarāva, Śarāva, Sarava, Śaravā, Sārava: 11 definitions
Sharava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śarāva and Śaravā can be transliterated into English as Sarava or Sharava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Śarāva (शराव) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘320 grams’ used in Ayurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Śarāva unit corresponds to 2 Kuḍava units (a single Kuḍava unit equals 160 gram). You need 2 Śarāva units to make a single Prastha unit (1 Prastha equals 640 grams).
Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:
- Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
- 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
- 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
- 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
- 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
- 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
- 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
- 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
- 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
- 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
- 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
- 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
- 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Śaravā (शरवा).—A river from the Mahendra hill.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 31.
2) Sarava (सरव).—A southern kingdom.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 57.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Kavya (poetry)Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa
Sārava (सारव) means “belonging to the Sarayū river”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 12.7.—(“sāravasāravormijaḥ”).—[sarayū + aṇ] by nipātana, according to Pāṇini 6.4.174. Cf. Dvisandhānakāvya 1.12.—“sārave hade”.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Sarāva, (Sk. śarāva) a cup, saucer A. I, 161; J. I, 8; M. III, 235 for patta); Miln. 282; DA. I, 298; PvA. 244, 251. (Page 698)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śarāva (शराव).—m S śarāvī f S A shallow dish or platter; a bowl-form vessel (resembling vēḷaṇī, jōgalī &c.)
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saravā (सरवा).—m (saraṇēṃ & uraṇēṃ--sarūna uralēlā) Ground of which the crop (of any corn or of the pulses) has just been reaped; still having ears or heads littering about, or stalks or plants here and there uncut or unplucked: also such residue (the matter for the gleaners) of the crop: also the residue of a gathered crop of fruit, or of vegetables (as miracyā, vāṅgīṃ, haḷada &c.) v vēca. 3 The gathering of such residue upon the field or the tree. v aṭapa, uraka, sampava. saravyācī tamākhū After-cuttings of tobacco; called also khōḍavyācī tamākhū & pāṅgaśīcī.
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saravā (सरवा).—m S C A piece of ground recently cleared of its bushes, burned, and cultivated. The term is applied to such land esp. in the second and third year; in the first year, and in the fifth, after its lying fallow during the fourth, the term is paḍaṇa, or it is said of it, paḍaṇāsa ālī; and the terms saravā & paḍaṇa are applied also to the periods (years) in which the land is under culture or lying fallow:--according to pahilyā sālīṃ paḍaṇāsa ālī puḍhēṃ dōna sālēṃ saravē jhālē puḍhēṃ jamīna paḍa rāhilī mhaṇajē paḍajamīna phirūna paḍaṇāsa ālī mhaṇajē paḍaṇa.
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saravā (सरवा).—m (sara) A shower of rain.
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sarāva (सराव).—m (strāva S) Practice, use, customary performance or action.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
sarāva (सराव).—m Practice, use.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śarāva (शराव).—[śaraṃ dadhyādisāramavati av-aṇ Tv.]
1) A shallow dish, platter, an earthenware vessel, tray; मोदकशरावं गृहीत्वा (modakaśarāvaṃ gṛhītvā) V.3; Ms.6.56.
2) A cover, lid.
3) A measure equal to 2 Kudavas.
Derivable forms: śarāvaḥ (शरावः), śarāvam (शरावम्).
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Sarāva (सराव).—a. Sounding, making a noise.
-vaḥ 1 A lid, cover.
2) A shallow dish, saucer; cf. शराव (śarāva).
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Sārava (सारव).—a. Belonging to the river Sarayu; (P.VI.4. 174); कठोरपीनोच्चकुचद्वयीतटत्रुठ्यत्तरः सारवसारवोर्मिजः (kaṭhorapīnoccakucadvayītaṭatruṭhyattaraḥ sāravasāravormijaḥ) N.12.7.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-vaḥ) 1. Siva. 2. A lid, a cover.
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(-vaḥ) 1. A lid, a cover. 2. A shallow earthen cup or dish. 3. A platter. 4. A measure equal to two Kudavas. E. śara mischief, (from it,) av to preserve, aff. aṇ or ac .
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(-vā) Adj. Sounding. m.
(-vaḥ) 1. A lid, a cover. 2. A shallow cup or saucer, used as one: see śarāva .
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(-vaḥ-vī-vaṃ) Belonging or relating to the river Sarayu. E. sarayu the river, aṇ aff., special form.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Śarāva (शराव).—m. and n. (ŚKd.), 1. A lid, a cover. 2. A shallow cup or dish, [Hitopadeśa] 114, 22; [Pañcatantra] 174, 14; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 56; a tray, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 45, 13; a vessel (figurat. niṣṭhīvana-, Aspittingbox), [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 1, 91. 3. A measure equal to two Kuḍavas.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śarava (शरव):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata vi, 2084] ([probably] [wrong reading] for śabara q.v.)
2) Śarāva (शराव):—m. n. ([gana] ardharcādi) a shallow cup, dish, plate, platter, earthenware vessel (also the flat cover or lid of any such vessel), [Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
3) a measure equal to two Prasthas or one Kuḍava, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa; ???]
4) Śārāva (शाराव):—mf(ī)n. (from śarāva) placed on a shallow dish (as rice), [Pāṇini 4-2, 14 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
5) Sarāva (सराव):—m. a kind of venomous insect, [Suśruta]
6) [wrong reading] for śārva.
7) Sārava (सारव):—mfn. (anomalously [from] sarayū) being in or belonging to the Sarayū river, [Pāṇini 6-4, 174.]
8) Sārāva (साराव):—mfn. with a cry, crying, calling, [Kathāsaritsāgara]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+24): Pancasharava, Saptadashasharava, Nishthivanasharava, Sharavin, Saravebhata, Saravaka, Sharavika, Udasharava, Dirghamusha, Nishthivasharava, Nishthevasharava, Nishthivitasharava, Nishthevanasharava, Saravata, Udanasharava, Prastha, Kudava, Suppa, Paribhogya, Thali.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Sharava, Sarāva, Śarāva, Sarava, Śaravā, Saravā, Sārava, Śarava, Śārāva, Sārāva; (plurals include: Sharavas, Sarāvas, Śarāvas, Saravas, Śaravās, Saravās, Sāravas, Śaravas, Śārāvas, Sārāvas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
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