Sharava, aka: Sarāva, Śarāva, Sarava, Śaravā, Sārava; 6 Definition(s)


Sharava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śarāva and Śaravā can be transliterated into English as Sarava or Sharava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Śarāva (शराव) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘320 grams’ used in Āyurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Śarāva unit corresponds to 2 Kuḍava units (a single Kuḍava unit equals 160 gram). You need 2 Śarāva units to make a single Prastha unit (1 Prastha equals 640 grams).

Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:

  • Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
  • 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
  • 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
  • 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
  • 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
  • 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
  • 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
  • 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
  • 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
  • 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
  • 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
  • 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
  • 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sharava in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Śaravā (शरवा).—A river from the Mahendra hill.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 31.

2) Sarava (सरव).—A southern kingdom.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 57.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Sharava in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sarāva, (Sk. śarāva) a cup, saucer A. I, 161; J. I, 8; M. III, 235 for patta); Miln. 282; DA. I, 298; PvA. 244, 251. (Page 698)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Sharava in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

śarāva (शराव).—m S śarāvī f S A shallow dish or platter; a bowl-form vessel (resembling vēḷaṇī, jōgalī &c.)

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saravā (सरवा).—m (saraṇēṃ & uraṇēṃ--sarūna uralēlā) Ground of which the crop (of any corn or of the pulses) has just been reaped; still having ears or heads littering about, or stalks or plants here and there uncut or unplucked: also such residue (the matter for the gleaners) of the crop: also the residue of a gathered crop of fruit, or of vegetables (as miracyā, vāṅgīṃ, haḷada &c.) v vēca. 3 The gathering of such residue upon the field or the tree. v aṭapa, uraka, sampava. saravyācī tamākhū After-cuttings of tobacco; called also khōḍavyācī tamākhū & pāṅgaśīcī.

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saravā (सरवा).—m S C A piece of ground recently cleared of its bushes, burned, and cultivated. The term is applied to such land esp. in the second and third year; in the first year, and in the fifth, after its lying fallow during the fourth, the term is paḍaṇa, or it is said of it, paḍaṇāsa ālī; and the terms saravā & paḍaṇa are applied also to the periods (years) in which the land is under culture or lying fallow:--according to pahilyā sālīṃ paḍaṇāsa ālī puḍhēṃ dōna sālēṃ saravē jhālē puḍhēṃ jamīna paḍa rāhilī mhaṇajē paḍajamīna phirūna paḍaṇāsa ālī mhaṇajē paḍaṇa.

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saravā (सरवा).—m (sara) A shower of rain.

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sarāva (सराव).—m (strāva S) Practice, use, customary performance or action.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sarāva (सराव).—m Practice, use.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śarāva (शराव).—[śaraṃ dadhyādisāramavati av-aṇ Tv.]

1) A shallow dish, platter, an earthenware vessel, tray; मोदकशरावं गृहीत्वा (modakaśarāvaṃ gṛhītvā) V.3; Ms.6.56.

2) A cover, lid.

3) A measure equal to 2 Kudavas.

Derivable forms: śarāvaḥ (शरावः), śarāvam (शरावम्).

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Sarāva (सराव).—a. Sounding, making a noise.

-vaḥ 1 A lid, cover.

2) A shallow dish, saucer; cf. शराव (śarāva).

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Sārava (सारव).—a. Belonging to the river Sarayu; (P.VI.4. 174); कठोरपीनोच्चकुचद्वयीतटत्रुठ्यत्तरः सारवसारवोर्मिजः (kaṭhorapīnoccakucadvayītaṭatruṭhyattaraḥ sāravasāravormijaḥ) N.12.7.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 35 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Niṣṭhevanaśarāva (निष्ठेवनशराव).—spittoon.Derivable forms: niṣṭhevanaśarāvaḥ (निष्ठेवनशरावः).Ni...
Niṣṭhīvaśarāva (निष्ठीवशराव).—spittoon.Derivable forms: niṣṭhīvaśarāvaḥ (निष्ठीवशरावः).Niṣṭhīva...
Niṣṭhīvitaśarāva (निष्ठीवितशराव).—spittoon.Derivable forms: niṣṭhīvitaśarāvaḥ (निष्ठीवितशरावः)....
Niṣṭhevaśarāva (निष्ठेवशराव).—spittoon.Derivable forms: niṣṭhevaśarāvaḥ (निष्ठेवशरावः).Niṣṭheva...
Niṣṭhīvanaśarāva (निष्ठीवनशराव).—spittoon.Derivable forms: niṣṭhīvanaśarāvaḥ (निष्ठीवनशरावः).Ni...
The Śarāvasaṃpuṭa is put on and is again covered by dry cow-dung cakes and ignited.
Pala.—(EI 9, 21, 30; CII 3), name of a weight. (IA 26), a weight equal to 320 ratīs; sometimes ...
Prastha (प्रस्थ) refers to the “table lands” on the top of mountains (giri) according to the se...
Droṇa.—(IE 8-6; Chamba), a grain measure; often regarded as equal to four āḍhakas; between one ...
Māṣa (माष) refers to “black gram” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit fo...
Tulā (तुला).—Sign Libra. Note: Tulā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian science...
Kuḍava (कुडव).—A measure of grain equal to 1/4 of a Prastha or 1/16 of an Āḍhaka and containing...
Vallī (वल्ली) is another name for Atyamlaparṇī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to v...
Prasṛta (प्रसृत).—A demon. This demon was killed by Garuḍa. (Śloka 12, Chapter 105, Udyoga Parv...
Kadalī (कदली) refers to the “plantain fruits” and is used in oblation offerings, according to v...

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