Shivi, Sivi, Śivi: 14 definitions



Shivi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śivi can be transliterated into English as Sivi or Shivi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śivi (शिवि) is the name of a king of ancient times, whose story is told in “Indra and King Śivi”, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 7.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śivi, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Shivi (शिवि): Shivi was a great, powerful and generous king. Indra and Agni once tested his generosity by becoming birds when the king gave flesh from his body to fulfil his duty.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sivi. A king of Aritthapura, father of the Bodhisatta (J.iv.401). See the Sivi Jataka.

2. Sivi. A king of Jetuttara city, father of Sanjaya.

3. Sivi. King of Dvaravati. He was the son of Vasudeva and a Candala woman named Jambavati.

4. Sivi. The Bodhisatta. See the Sivi Jataka.

5. Sivi. See Sivirattha.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: The Yona or Yavana Kings of the time of the Legendary King Ashoka

Sivi kingdom.—Arrian says that “the Sibians were those who had been left behind from the expedition of Heracles. The Sibians also carry cudgels, and the figure of a club was branded upon their oxen; this too they explained to be a commemoration of the club of Heracles”. The Sivis or Sibis was an Indian Kingdom since pre-Mahabharata era. Mahabharata mentions about the Sivi Janapada and its kingdom. Jayadratha, the king of Sindhu conquered the kingdoms of Sauvira and Sivis.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śivī (शिवी).—f An abusive word or speech; a piece of abuse. v .

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śivī (शिवी).—f An abusive word or speech.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śivi (शिवि).—

1) A beast of prey.

2) The birch tree.

3) Name of a country (pl.); Mb.5.195.7.

4) Name of a king (who is said to have saved Agni in the form of a dove from Indra in the form of a hawk by offering an equal quantity of his own flesh weighed in a balance); शिबेरिव समुद्भूतं शरणागतरक्षया (śiberiva samudbhūtaṃ śaraṇāgatarakṣayā) Mu.6.18.

Derivable forms: śiviḥ (शिविः).

See also (synonyms): śibi.

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Śivi (शिवि).—

1) A beast of prey.

2) The birch tree.

Derivable forms: śiviḥ (शिविः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śivi (शिवि).—name of the well-known king (also spelled Śibi); besides versions in Avadāna-śataka No. 34 and Jātakamālā No. 2, which resemble those of Sanskrit and Pali, a new version occurs in Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.132.12 ff.; the king bleeds himself daily for six months to supply a prescription for a sick man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivi (शिवि).—m.

(-viḥ) 1. A beast of prey. 2. The Bhurja-patra or birch-tree. 3. A king so named.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivi (शिवि).—m. 1. A beast of prey. 2. The name of a king, [Sāvitryupākhyāna] 2, 17; Mahābhārata 13, 2046, sqq.; pl. his descendants, [Draupadīpramātha] 8, 3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivi (शिवि).—v. śibi etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivi (शिवि):—śivikā etc. See śibi, p.1072.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivi (शिवि):—(viḥ) 2. m. A beast of prey; a birch tree; name of a king.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śivi (शिवि):—m.

1) Nomen proprium a) eines Mannes mit dem patron. Auśīnara, Liedverfassers von [Ṛgveda 10, 179.] ein wegen seiner Freigebigkeit und Uneigennützigkeit hochgerühmter Fürst, der seinen Leib hingab um eine Taube zu retten (dasselbe wird übrigens auch von seinem Sohne Vṛṣadarbha erzählt). [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 539.] [Medinīkoṣa v. 25. 27] (hier śiva). [Mahābhārata.1,3539. 3669. fgg. 6996.3,16674.4,1768.5,4000.7,2209. fgg. 12,932. fgg. 1794. 6199. 8593. 13,3093. 14,2790.] [Harivaṃśa 1677. fgg.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio.2,116,30.] [Kathāsaritsāgara.7,88. fgg. 62,110.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa.4,18,2.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.1,12,20.2,7,45.4,13,16.8,20,7.9,23,2. 3. 10,72,21.] [Oxforder Handschriften.5,b,13. 13,a,21. 166,b, No. 370.] Śākyamuni als Śibi [VYĀḌI] beim Schol. zu [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 233] (śiti die Hdschr.); vgl. śibika 1). — b) eines Sohnes des Indra [Mahābhārata 1, 7304.] — c) des Indra im 4ten Manvantara [Viṣṇupurāṇa 262.] śikhin der gedr. Text. — d) eines Daitya [Mahābhārata 1, 2526. 2644.] [Harivaṃśa 189. 2281. 12938. 13092. 14282.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 1, 21, 1.] — e) pl. eines Volkes, das auf Śibi Auśīnara zurückgeführt wird, [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 52. 5, 3, 112.] [Lassen’s Indische Alterthumskunde 1, 644. 2, 168.] [Mahābhārata 2, 1189. 3, 15626. 15718. 8, 2106.] [Harivaṃśa 1678.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 4, 24. 5, 67. 16, 26. 17, 19.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 113, 17.] [Daśakumāracarita 153, 13.] śibestu śibayaḥ (patron.) putrāścatvāraḥ [Harivaṃśa 1679.] sg. ein Fürst der Śibi [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 11, 59.] —

2) Raubthier [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 5, 3.] —

3) eines Art Birke (bhūrja; vgl. śiti, śili) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa 25. 27] (hier śiva). — Wird häufig śivi (aber nie in den Bomb. Ausgg.) geschrieben. Vgl. śaibya .

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Śivi (शिवि):—, śivika, śivikā und śivikāla s. u. śibi u. s. w.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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