Rishta, Riṣṭā, Riṣṭa: 16 definitions


Rishta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Riṣṭā and Riṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Rista or Rishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Riṣṭa (रिष्ट).—A king. He worships Yama in his assembly. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 8).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Riṣṭā (रिष्टा).—An apsaras; mother of the Vegavatī group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 12 and 21.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Riṣṭa (रिष्ट) is the name of a Pratyekabuddha mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Riṣṭa).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Riṣṭa (रिष्ट) refers to one of the nine divisions of the Lokāntika-gods, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, “[...] while in this way the Supreme Lord’s mind was woven with the threads of continuity of disgust with saṃsāra, then the Lokāntika-gods who have nine sub-divisions—Sārasvatas, Ādityas, Vahnis, Aruṇas, Gardatoyas, Tuṣitas, Avyābādhas, Maruts, and Riṣṭas, living at the end of Brahmaloka, having additional ornaments made by folded hands like lotus-buds on their heads, came to the feet of the Lord of the World”.

2) Riṣṭa (रिष्ट) refers to a kind of (dark) jewel, according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra].—Accordingly, “[...] In the broad central part of the great caitya Siṃhaniṣadyā was a large jeweled platform. [...] On the dais were shining jeweled statues of the twenty-four Arhats, beginning with Ṛṣabha Svāmin. [...] The navel, scalp, tongue, palate, śrīvatsa, nipple, soles, and palms were gold. Eyelashes, pupils, beard, eyebrows, hair of the body, and hair of the head, were made of riṣṭa, and the lips of coral. [...] The statues shone, made of various jewels as described”.

Source: Prakrit Bharati Academy: Death with Equanimity

Riṣṭa (रिष्ट) refers to “death-signs”, according to the Riṣṭasamuccaya by Durgadevācārya (Ācārya Durgadeva): a Jain work from the 11th century devoted to the study of death signs.—The Riṣṭasamuccaya mentions three types of death-signs (riṣṭa), namely:

  1. piṇḍastha-riṣṭa (bodily death-signs),
  2. padastha-riṣṭa (environmental death-signs such),
  3. rūpastha-riṣṭa (visual or virtual death-signs).
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Rishta in India is the name of a plant defined with Sapindus emarginatus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Sapindus trifoliatus Turcz. (among others).

2) Rishta is also identified with Sapindus laurifolius It has the synonym Sapindus laurifolius Balb. ex DC..

3) Rishta is also identified with Sapindus saponaria It has the synonym Cupania saponarioides Sw. (etc.).

4) Rishta is also identified with Sapindus trifoliatus It has the synonym Sapindus emarginatus Hort. Alger. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botanica Acta (1990)
· Flora Cochinchinensis (1790)
· Taxon (1982)
· Investigatio et Studium Naturae (1992)
· Symbolae Botanicae (Vahl) (1794)
· Catalogue des Plantes de Madagascar, Sapind. (1931)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Rishta, for example health benefits, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Riṣṭa (रिष्ट).—p. p.

1) Injured, hurt.

2) Unlucky.

-ṣṭam 1 Mischief, injury, harm.

2) Misfortune, ill-luck.

3) Destruction, loss.

4) Sin.

5) Good luck, prosperity.

6) Welfare (kṣema); शान्तिरिष्टेन पोषयेत् (śāntiriṣṭena poṣayet) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.9.23.

-ṣṭaḥ 1 A sword.

2) The soap plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ṛṣṭa (ऋष्ट).—(?) , name of a pratyekabuddha: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 111.10; in a list, followed by Upāriṣṭa; this suggests that Ṛṣṭa may be a corruption for Ariṣṭa = Pali Ariṭṭha, preceding Upariṭṭha in a list, of paccekabuddhas Majjhimanikāya (Pali) iii.69.29.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Riṣṭa (रिष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Hurt, injured. 2. Unlucky. 3. Lucky. n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Happiness, prosperity. 2. Good-luck, fortune. 3. Bad-luck, illfortune. 4. Destruction, loss, privation. 5. Mischief, harm. 6. Sin. m.

(-ṣṭaḥ) 1. A sword. 2. The soap-nut-tree. 3. A demon, destroyed by Vishnu. E. riṣ to hurt or injure, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Riṣṭa (रिष्ट).—[adjective] torn, rent asunder, broken, hurt, destroyed, missed, failed; [neuter] = seq.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṛṣṭa (ऋष्ट):—[from ṛṣ] mfn. pushed, thrust.

2) Riṣṭa (रिष्ट):—[from riś] 1. riṣṭa mfn. (for 2. See below) torn off, broken, injured, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

3) [from riṣ] 2. riṣṭa mfn. hurt, injured wounded (cf. ariṣṭa and 1. riṣṭa)

4) [v.s. ...] failed, miscarried, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a sword, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. riṣṭi)

6) [v.s. ...] Sapindus Detergens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. a-riṣṭa)

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Daitya, [Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] of a king, [Mahābhārata]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Manu, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

10) Riṣṭā (रिष्टा):—[from riṣṭa > riṣ] f. Name of the mother of the Apsarasas, [ib.] ([probably] [wrong reading] for a-riṣṭā)

11) Riṣṭa (रिष्ट):—[from riṣ] n. misfortune, calamity, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

12) [v.s. ...] a bad omen, [Suśruta]

13) [v.s. ...] good luck, fortune, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Riṣṭa (रिष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) a.] Injured; lucky. n. Happiness; fortune; sin; loss. m. Sword; soap plant; demon.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rishta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Riśtā (रिश्ता):—(nm) relation, relationship; affinity; connection; [riśte-nāte] relations and connections.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Riṣṭa (ರಿಷ್ಟ):—

1) [noun] bad luck; ill fortune; trouble; adversity; misfortune; calamity.

2) [noun] the quality of being inauspicious; inauspiciousness.

3) [noun] a transgression of a divine law; the condition or state resulting from such transgression; sin.

4) [noun] good luck; success; prosperity; fortune.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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