Sagara, Sāgara, Sāgāra: 28 definitions

Introduction

Sagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Sagara: Alapadma hands on the head.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Sagara (बाहुक):—Son of Bāhuka (son of Vṛka). His name means “one who is born with poison”. He later became the emperor. He had two wives, named Sumati and Keśinī. He is mentioned to have at least sixty thousand sons. One of them was named Asamañjasa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.8.4,8-14)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sagara (सगर).—A king of the solar dynasty, Sagara ruled Ayodhyā. Genealogy. Descended from Brahmā thus: Brahmā-Kaśyapa-Vivasvān-Vaivasvata Manu-Ikṣvāku-Vikukṣi-Saśāda-Purañjaya-Kākutstha-Anenas-Pṛthulāśva-Prasenajit-Yuvanāśva-Māndhātā-Purukutsa-Trasadasyu-Anaraṇya-Aryaśva-Vasumanas-Sudhanvā-Traiyāruṇa-Satyavrata (Triśaṅku)-Hariścandra-Rohitāśva-Harita-Cuñcu-Sudeva-Bharuka-Bāhuka-Sagara. (See full article at Story of Sagara from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sāgara (सागर).—Ocean. Samudra (ocean) got the name Sāgara as it was formed later at the place where the 60,000 sons of King Sagara dug the earth in the course of their quest for the missing yājñic horse. (See under Sagara).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sagara (सगर).—A son of Bāhu, (Phalgutantra) born with gara (poison) administered to his mother by the co-wives of her husband and after 7 years' stay in his mother's womb; brought up by sage Aurva; Keśinī was one of his queens and Sumatī was another. Prabhā, and Bhānumatī, mother of Asamanjasa were also his queens. Father of Asamanjasa who was abandoned by his father for misconduct.*

  • * A Cakravarti. His sons 60,000 in number by Sumati, excavated the sea and dug all over the earth in their search for the consecrated horse. Helped by Aurva, he propitiated Hari with sacrifices. Once Indra stole his sacrificial horse, and this was discovered near Kapila's hermitage in the N. E. by his sons who imputed the theft to the sage. The latter burnt them to ashes. But Aṃśumat, son of Asamanjasa got back the horse, and enabled his grandfather to complete the sacrifice. Anointed Aṃśumat on the throne in the presence of Paurajānapada and devoted himself to attaining salvation through the path prescribed by Aurva. Greed for more territory; conquered Tālajanghas, Yavanas, Śakas, Haihayas and Barbaras. On the advice of his guru, Vasiṣṭha, he spared their lives but punished them by disfiguring them— some wholly shaven, and some half-shaven. They became ancestors of Mlecchas and Vrātyas. 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 8 (whole); X. 41. 15: XII. 3. 9: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 52. 37 Chh. 53 and 54 (whole) 55. 22: 58. 37. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 8. 3: 17. 1: Vī. IV. 3. 35-41: 4. 1-29, 32. 63. 121-151: Matsya-purāṇa 12. 39-43. Realised the yoga power of Hari. 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 44. Addressed by him Vasiṣṭha narrated the story of Paraśurāma. In the case of Haihayas, he conquered the king and burnt the city. When he invaded the Vidarbhas, its king sought alliance by offering his daughter in marriage; was honoured by Śurasenas and Yādavas. 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 31. 1: 47. 93-100: Chh. 48 (whole). During his rule, nowhere was heard rāja śabdha; ruled like Dharma himself, maintained castes and orders, earned the title of Aṣṭamaṇḍalādhipati; had an erudite assembly. 4) Ib. III. Chh. 49-51. The jewel of the solar race. Sumatī brought forth a mass of flesh which ultimately through the blessings of Aurva was converted into 60,000 sons.

1b) The sons of Sagara who created eight extra countries (upadvīpas) near Jambūdvīpa, when they dug up the earth in search of their father's sacrificial horse;1 purified by the Ganges.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19-29-30.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 115.

2a) Sāgara (सागर).—(Sindhu): one of the principal kṣetrams.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 110. 1.

2b) The lord of rivers;1 married Velā, the daughter of Meru;2 had a daughter Savarṇā married to Prācinabarhis.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 9.
  • 2) Ib. 30. 35.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 38.

2c) A son of Śakti.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 83.

2d) (also Sagaras s.v.) were purified by the waters of the Ganges flowing from the foot of Viṣṇu. 60,000 sons of Sumatī who were unrighteous; sent by Sagara to seize the sacrificial horse; finding it near Kapila they treated him as thief but perished by the fire of his wrath; as they dug up the earth, the sea got enlarged and came to be known as Sāgara; ruled Campā.*

  • * ^1 Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 41. 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. chh. 52-3; 54. 11; 56. 3. ^2 Ib. III. 74. 197.
Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (harivaṃśa)

Sagara (सगर).—According to the Harivaṃśa, Bāhuka, (also known as Asita in some texts), was the father of Sagara. In consequence of his leading a debauched life, Bāhuka lost his kingdom. He was in exile with his two spouses. Yādavī, his elder wife, was preparing to commit satī, when he breathed his last. But she was forbidden from her act by the sage Bhārgava because she was pregnant. The second wife, owing to jealousy, administered poison to the pregnant lady. But the child was born in spite of the poison. That is the reason why the new born baby was named Sagara (sa -gara: sa, with; gara, poison).

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Sagara (सगर), after his education at the āśrama of the sage Cyavana, with the might of his own arm conquers back the lost kingdom of his ancestors and becomes the king of Ayodhyā. He prays to Śiva to bless him with children. According to the blessings of Śiva, the king begot one son named Aṃśumat from his first wife and sixty thousand from the other.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sagara (सगर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.116.69, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sagara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Sagara (“one who is born with poison”). He later became the emperor. The place known as Gaṅgāsāgara was excavated by his sons. Following the instructions of the great sage Aurva, Sagara Mahārāja performed aśvamedha sacrifices.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Sagara (सगर) is depicted as a sculpture on the third pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—Probably, the story from the Viṣṇudharmottara is the source for the visualization of three sequences here, from left to right. A lady lying on a bed is feeding her baby. The baby is sucking her breast. By the side of her bed are sitting a man and his consort. We venture to think that it is Bāhuka who is holding the hand of his second wife to forbid her from doing some nasty act to the child. And the lady with the child is Yādavī. The next scene is, about the two ladies after the death of their husband, Bāhuka. The third sequence is that of Yādavī in the āśrama of Sage Cyavana. The sage is sitting to the right and the child Sagara is on the left lap of his mother. There is an attendant at the pavilion door.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: academia.edu: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Sāgara (सागर) refers to one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to the Matsyendrasaṃhitā.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Sagara was an emperor of the Solar dynasty, the son of Asita, and an ancestor of Rama. After being defeated in battle, his father fled to the Himalayas with his two wives. He died there, both his wives being pregnant at that time. One of his wives, Kalindi by name, gave poison to the other with the intention of inducing abortion. However, by the grace of the sage Chyavana, her child Sagara was born alive, but with toxin in his blood.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sagara (सगर): King Sagar is one of the greatest kings of Suryavansha in the Satya Yuga. He was king of Ayodhya, ancestor to King Dasharatha. He had two wives Keshini and Sumati. Asamanja was his son from Keshini.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sagara. The personal attendant of Sumedha Buddha. J.i.38; Bu.xii.23.

2. Sagara. A khattiya, father of Atthadassi Buddha and husband of Sudassana. He lived in Sobhana (Bu.xv.14; J.i.39). The Apadana (Ap.i.153; cf. ThagA.i.153) mentions a monk, named Sagara, a disciple of Atthadassi Buddha, who continued to live after the Buddhas death. The two may have been identical.

3. Sagara. See Gunasagara.

4. Sagara. A king of long ago, mentioned in a list of persons, who, though they held great almsgivings, could not attain beyond the Kamavacara worlds (J.vi.99). It is probably the same king that is mentioned in the Bhuridatta Jataka (J.vi.203) as having become a mahesakkha deva after death.

5. Sagara. Elder son of Mahasagara, king of Uttaramadhura. Upasagara was his younger brother. Sagara was killed by the Andhakavenhuputta. The story is given in the Ghata Jataka. J.iv.79f.

6. Sagara. A king of the line of Mahasammata. He was the son of Mucalinda and father of Sagaradeva. Dpv.iii.6; Mhv.ii.3.

7. Sagara. One of the eminent monks present at the Foundation Ceremony of the Maha Thupa. Dpv.xix.8; MT.525.

-- or --

. A mythical king of the line of Okkaka. He had sixty thousand sons, who ruled in as many towns in Jambudipa. Cv.lxxxvii.34; the legend of Sagara and his sons is given in the Mahabharata (iii.106ff.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Sāgara (सागर) or Sāgaranāgarāja is the name of a Nāga king (nāgarāja) that had a cintāmaṇi jewel in his head according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX). Accordingly, “The bodhisattva, who had heard that there was a cintāmaṇi in the head of the Nāga king Sāgara (read So k’ie lo), asked the crowd: ‘Does anyone know the way leading to this Nāga’s palace?’ A blind man (andhapuruṣa) named T’o chö (Dāsa), who seven times previously had been on the high seas knew the sea route in question.

2) Sāgara (सागर) is the name of a king belonging to the ‘sun-king lineage’ into which Buddha was previously born according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “The Buddha himself from the very beginning has always taken birth in the lineage of noble cakravartin kings. He was born into the families of the lineage of ‘sun kings’: king So-kie (Sāgara), etc. This is why he has no fear”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Sāgara (सागर) or Saptasāgara refers to the “seven oceans” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 126):

  1. kṣāra (salty),
  2. kṣīra (milky),
  3. dadhi (coagulated),
  4. udadhi (watery),
  5. ghṛta (buttery),
  6. madhu (sweet),
  7. surā (spirituous).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., sāgara). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Sagara (सगर) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Sagara) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sagara.—(IE 7-1-2), confused with sāgara and rarely used to indicate ‘seven’. Note: sagara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

--- OR ---

Sāgara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’; used in the sense of ‘seven’ by some late writers (IA 19). Note: sāgara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sāgara : (m.) the sea; ocean. || sāgāra (adj.) living in a house.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāgara, (cp. Epic Sk. sāgara) the ocean D. I, 89; A. II, 56, 140; III, 52; V, 116 sq.; Vin. I, 246; Sn. 568; PvA. 29; sāgara‹-› ūmi a wave of the ocean, a flood J. IV, 165; °-vāri the ocean J. IV, 165; sāgaranta or sāgarapariyanta bounded or surrounded by the ocean (said of the earth) J. VI, 203; °-kuṇḍala the same J. III, 32; VI, 278. (Page 702)

— or —

Sāgāra, (adj.) (sa3+agāra) living in a house, It. 111; sleeping under the same roof Vin. II, 279. (Page 702)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāgara (सागर).—m (S) A sea or the ocean.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāgara (सागर).—m A sea or the ocean.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sagara (सगर).—a. [gareṇa viṣeṇa sahitaḥ] Poisonous, having poison,

-raḥ Name of a king of the Solar race. [He was a son of Bāhu and was called Sagara because he was born together with gara or poison given to his mother by the other wife of his father. By his wife Sumati he had 6 sons. He successfully performed 99 sacrifices but when he commenced the hundredth, his sacrificial horse was stolen by Indra and carried down to the Pātāla. Sagara thereupon commanded his 6 sons to search it out. Finding no trace of the animal on earth they began to dig down towards the Pātāla, and in doing this they naturally increased the boundaries of the ocean which was therefore called Sāgara; cf. R.13.3. Meeting with the sage Kapila they rashly accused him of having stolen their horse, as a punishment for which they were instantly reduced to ashes by that sage. It whas after several thousands of years that Bhagīratha (q. v.) succeeded in bringing down to the Pātāla the celestial river Ganges to water and purify their ashes and thus to convey their souls to heaven.]

--- OR ---

Sāgara (सागर).—[sāgareṇa nirvṛttaḥ aṇ]

1) The ocean, sea; सागरः सागरोपमः (sāgaraḥ sāgaropamaḥ); (fig. also); दयासागर, विद्यासागर (dayāsāgara, vidyāsāgara) &c.; cf. सगर (sagara).

2) The number 'four' or 'seven'.

3) A kind of deer.

4) Name of Bhagīratha; शंकरस्य जटाजूटाद् भ्रष्टां सागरतेजसा (śaṃkarasya jaṭājūṭād bhraṣṭāṃ sāgaratejasā) Rām.2.5.25.

Derivable forms: sāgaraḥ (सागरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sagara (सगर).—(?) [ see Sāgara 1.]

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Sāgara (सागर).—(1) (see also Upasāgara, and compare Sāgaranā- garājaparipṛcchā), n. of a nāga king, often mentioned in close association with Anavatapta 2; lives in the ocean, compare samudramadhyāt sāgaranāgarājabhavanāt SP 261.3: Mvy 3238 = Tibetan rgya mtsho, ocean; SP 4.11; 263.3, 14, etc.; LV 204.9; 219.9 (misprinted māgara); 270.6; 435.14; Suv 85.5; 91.19; 158.14; 162.8; Kv 68.5; Laṅk 2.3; 4.8; Mmk 18.12; 452.17, 21; in nearly all these identifiable by association with Anavatapta, or with the ocean; (2) n. of another nāga king, mentioned later in the same list: Mvy 3264; here Tibetan dug can, poisonous, which sug- gests sa-gara; this word exists in Sanskrit as an adj. but seems not recorded as n. of a nāga; Mironov also sāgara; (3) n. of a former Buddha: LV 171.20; (4) nt., a high number, = 10 mahāsamudra: Mmk 343.22. (Sanskrit Lex. has sāgara, m., as a different high number.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sagara (सगर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Poisonous. m.

(-raḥ) A sovereign of Ayod'hya, the father of Asamanja by Kesini, and sixty-thousand sons by Sumati: the latter being turned into a heap of ashes by the sage Kapila. Garuda instructed the king to perform their funeral ceremonies with the waters of Ganga, to be brought from heaven for that purpose; this was finally accomplished by the devotion of Bhagirat'Ha, the great-grandson of Asamanja, who having led the river to the sea, denominated it Sagara, in honour of his ancestor. E. sa for saha with gara poison; being born together with a poison given to his mother by the other wife of his father.

--- OR ---

Sāgara (सागर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The ocean. 2. A sort of deer. 3. The number “four.” 4. The number “seven”. E. sagara a king and aṇ aff.; to bathe the bones of Sagara'S 60,000 sons the Ganges is said to have been led by Bhagiratha, his great-great-grandson, to the ocean, at the place now called Ganga-Sagar.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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