Sagara, aka: Sāgara, Sāgāra; 21 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Sagara in Natyashastra glossaries]

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Sagara: Alapadma hands on the head.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana

[Sagara in Purana glossaries]

Sagara (बाहुक):—Son of Bāhuka (son of Vṛka). His name means “one who is born with poison”. He later became the emperor. He had two wives, named Sumati and Keśinī. He is mentioned to have at least sixty thousand sons. One of them was named Asamañjasa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.8.4,8-14)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Sagara (सगर).—A king of the solar dynasty, Sagara ruled Ayodhyā. Genealogy. Descended from Brahmā thus: Brahmā-Kaśyapa-Vivasvān-Vaivasvata Manu-Ikṣvāku-Vikukṣi-Saśāda-Purañjaya-Kākutstha-Anenas-Pṛthulāśva-Prasenajit-Yuvanāśva-Māndhātā-Purukutsa-Trasadasyu-Anaraṇya-Aryaśva-Vasumanas-Sudhanvā-Traiyāruṇa-Satyavrata (Triśaṅku)-Hariścandra-Rohitāśva-Harita-Cuñcu-Sudeva-Bharuka-Bāhuka-Sagara. (See full article at Story of Sagara from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sāgara (सागर).—Ocean. Samudra (ocean) got the name Sāgara as it was formed later at the place where the 60,000 sons of King Sagara dug the earth in the course of their quest for the missing yājñic horse. (See under Sagara).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Sagara (सगर).—A son of Bāhu, (Phalgutantra) born with gara (poison) administered to his mother by the co-wives of her husband and after 7 years' stay in his mother's womb; brought up by sage Aurva; Keśinī was one of his queens and Sumatī was another. Prabhā, and Bhānumatī, mother of Asamanjasa were also his queens. Father of Asamanjasa who was abandoned by his father for misconduct.*

  • * A Cakravarti. His sons 60,000 in number by Sumati, excavated the sea and dug all over the earth in their search for the consecrated horse. Helped by Aurva, he propitiated Hari with sacrifices. Once Indra stole his sacrificial horse, and this was discovered near Kapila's hermitage in the N. E. by his sons who imputed the theft to the sage. The latter burnt them to ashes. But Aṃśumat, son of Asamanjasa got back the horse, and enabled his grandfather to complete the sacrifice. Anointed Aṃśumat on the throne in the presence of Paurajānapada and devoted himself to attaining salvation through the path prescribed by Aurva. Greed for more territory; conquered Tālajanghas, Yavanas, Śakas, Haihayas and Barbaras. On the advice of his guru, Vasiṣṭha, he spared their lives but punished them by disfiguring them— some wholly shaven, and some half-shaven. They became ancestors of Mlecchas and Vrātyas. 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 8 (whole); X. 41. 15: XII. 3. 9: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 52. 37 Chh. 53 and 54 (whole) 55. 22: 58. 37. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 8. 3: 17. 1: Vī. IV. 3. 35-41: 4. 1-29, 32. 63. 121-151: Matsya-purāṇa 12. 39-43. Realised the yoga power of Hari. 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 44. Addressed by him Vasiṣṭha narrated the story of Paraśurāma. In the case of Haihayas, he conquered the king and burnt the city. When he invaded the Vidarbhas, its king sought alliance by offering his daughter in marriage; was honoured by Śurasenas and Yādavas. 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 31. 1: 47. 93-100: Chh. 48 (whole). During his rule, nowhere was heard rāja śabdha; ruled like Dharma himself, maintained castes and orders, earned the title of Aṣṭamaṇḍalādhipati; had an erudite assembly. 4) Ib. III. Chh. 49-51. The jewel of the solar race. Sumatī brought forth a mass of flesh which ultimately through the blessings of Aurva was converted into 60,000 sons.

1b) The sons of Sagara who created eight extra countries (upadvīpas) near Jambūdvīpa, when they dug up the earth in search of their father's sacrificial horse;1 purified by the Ganges.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19-29-30.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 115.

2a) Sāgara (सागर).—(Sindhu): one of the principal kṣetrams.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 110. 1.

2b) The lord of rivers;1 married Velā, the daughter of Meru;2 had a daughter Savarṇā married to Prācinabarhis.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 9.
  • 2) Ib. 30. 35.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 38.

2c) A son of Śakti.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 83.

2d) (also Sagaras s.v.) were purified by the waters of the Ganges flowing from the foot of Viṣṇu. 60,000 sons of Sumatī who were unrighteous; sent by Sagara to seize the sacrificial horse; finding it near Kapila they treated him as thief but perished by the fire of his wrath; as they dug up the earth, the sea got enlarged and came to be known as Sāgara; ruled Campā.*

  • * ^1 Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 41. 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. chh. 52-3; 54. 11; 56. 3. ^2 Ib. III. 74. 197.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sagara (सगर), after his education at the āśrama of the sage Cyavana, with the might of his own arm conquers back the lost kingdom of his ancestors and becomes the king of Ayodhyā. He prays to Śiva to bless him with children. According to the blessings of Śiva, the king begot one son named Aṃśumat from his first wife and sixty thousand from the other.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[Sagara in Vaishnavism glossaries]

Sagara (“one who is born with poison”). He later became the emperor. The place known as Gaṅgāsāgara was excavated by his sons. Following the instructions of the great sage Aurva, Sagara Mahārāja performed aśvamedha sacrifices.

(Source): VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Sagara in Itihasa glossaries]

Sagara (सगर).—According to the Harivaṃśa, Bāhuka, (also known as Asita in some texts), was the father of Sagara. In consequence of his leading a debauched life, Bāhuka lost his kingdom. He was in exile with his two spouses. Yādavī, his elder wife, was preparing to commit satī, when he breathed his last. But she was forbidden from her act by the sage Bhārgava because she was pregnant. The second wife, owing to jealousy, administered poison to the pregnant lady. But the child was born in spite of the poison. That is the reason why the new born baby was named Sagara (sa -gara: sa, with; gara, poison).

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (harivaṃśa)
context information

Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Itihasa from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

[Sagara in Shilpashastra glossaries]

Sagara (सगर) is depicted as a sculpture on the third pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—Probably, the story from the Viṣṇudharmottara is the source for the visualization of three sequences here, from left to right. A lady lying on a bed is feeding her baby. The baby is sucking her breast. By the side of her bed are sitting a man and his consort. We venture to think that it is Bāhuka who is holding the hand of his second wife to forbid her from doing some nasty act to the child. And the lady with the child is Yādavī. The next scene is, about the two ladies after the death of their husband, Bāhuka. The third sequence is that of Yādavī in the āśrama of Sage Cyavana. The sage is sitting to the right and the child Sagara is on the left lap of his mother. There is an attendant at the pavilion door.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Sagara in Shaivism glossaries]

Sāgara (सागर) refers to one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to the Matsyendrasaṃhitā.

(Source): academia.edu: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Sagara in Hinduism glossaries]

Sagara was an emperor of the Solar dynasty, the son of Asita, and an ancestor of Rama. After being defeated in battle, his father fled to the Himalayas with his two wives. He died there, both his wives being pregnant at that time. One of his wives, Kalindi by name, gave poison to the other with the intention of inducing abortion. However, by the grace of the sage Chyavana, her child Sagara was born alive, but with toxin in his blood.

(Source): Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Sagara (सगर): King Sagar is one of the greatest kings of Suryavansha in the Satya Yuga. He was king of Ayodhya, ancestor to King Dasharatha. He had two wives Keshini and Sumati. Asamanja was his son from Keshini.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Sagara in Theravada glossaries]

1. Sagara. The personal attendant of Sumedha Buddha. J.i.38; Bu.xii.23.

2. Sagara. A khattiya, father of Atthadassi Buddha and husband of Sudassana. He lived in Sobhana (Bu.xv.14; J.i.39). The Apadana (Ap.i.153; cf. ThagA.i.153) mentions a monk, named Sagara, a disciple of Atthadassi Buddha, who continued to live after the Buddhas death. The two may have been identical.

3. Sagara. See Gunasagara.

4. Sagara. A king of long ago, mentioned in a list of persons, who, though they held great almsgivings, could not attain beyond the Kamavacara worlds (J.vi.99). It is probably the same king that is mentioned in the Bhuridatta Jataka (J.vi.203) as having become a mahesakkha deva after death.

5. Sagara. Elder son of Mahasagara, king of Uttaramadhura. Upasagara was his younger brother. Sagara was killed by the Andhakavenhuputta. The story is given in the Ghata Jataka. J.iv.79f.

6. Sagara. A king of the line of Mahasammata. He was the son of Mucalinda and father of Sagaradeva. Dpv.iii.6; Mhv.ii.3.

7. Sagara. One of the eminent monks present at the Foundation Ceremony of the Maha Thupa. Dpv.xix.8; MT.525.

-- or --

. A mythical king of the line of Okkaka. He had sixty thousand sons, who ruled in as many towns in Jambudipa. Cv.lxxxvii.34; the legend of Sagara and his sons is given in the Mahabharata (iii.106ff.).

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[Sagara in Mahayana glossaries]

1) Sāgara (सागर) or Sāgaranāgarāja is the name of a Nāga king (nāgarāja) that had a cintāmaṇi jewel in his head according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX). Accordingly, “The bodhisattva, who had heard that there was a cintāmaṇi in the head of the Nāga king Sāgara (read So k’ie lo), asked the crowd: ‘Does anyone know the way leading to this Nāga’s palace?’ A blind man (andhapuruṣa) named T’o chö (Dāsa), who seven times previously had been on the high seas knew the sea route in question.

2) Sāgara (सागर) is the name of a king belonging to the ‘sun-king lineage’ into which Buddha was previously born according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “The Buddha himself from the very beginning has always taken birth in the lineage of noble cakravartin kings. He was born into the families of the lineage of ‘sun kings’: king So-kie (Sāgara), etc. This is why he has no fear”.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Sagara in Buddhism glossaries]

Sāgara (सागर) or Saptasāgara refers to the “seven oceans” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 126):

  1. kṣāra (salty),
  2. kṣīra (milky),
  3. dadhi (coagulated),
  4. udadhi (watery),
  5. ghṛta (buttery),
  6. madhu (sweet),
  7. surā (spirituous).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., sāgara). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

India history and geogprahy

[Sagara in India history glossaries]

Sagara (सगर) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (eg., Sagara) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions
India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Sagara in Pali glossaries]

sāgara : (m.) the sea; ocean. || sāgāra (adj.) living in a house.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sāgara, (cp. Epic Sk. sāgara) the ocean D. I, 89; A. II, 56, 140; III, 52; V, 116 sq.; Vin. I, 246; Sn. 568; PvA. 29; sāgara‹-› ūmi a wave of the ocean, a flood J. IV, 165; °-vāri the ocean J. IV, 165; sāgaranta or sāgarapariyanta bounded or surrounded by the ocean (said of the earth) J. VI, 203; °-kuṇḍala the same J. III, 32; VI, 278. (Page 702)

— or —

Sāgāra, (adj.) (sa3+agāra) living in a house, It. 111; sleeping under the same roof Vin. II, 279. (Page 702)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

[Sagara in Marathi glossaries]

sāgara (सागर).—m (S) A sea or the ocean.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāgara (सागर).—m A sea or the ocean.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Sagara in Sanskrit glossaries]

Sagara (सगर).—a. [gareṇa viṣeṇa sahitaḥ] Poisonous, having poison,

-raḥ Name of a king of the Solar race. [He was a son of Bāhu and was called Sagara because he was born together with gara or poison given to his mother by the other wife of his father. By his wife Sumati he had 6 sons. He successfully performed 99 sacrifices but when he commenced the hundredth, his sacrificial horse was stolen by Indra and carried down to the Pātāla. Sagara thereupon commanded his 6 sons to search it out. Finding no trace of the animal on earth they began to dig down towards the Pātāla, and in doing this they naturally increased the boundaries of the ocean which was therefore called Sāgara; cf. R.13.3. Meeting with the sage Kapila they rashly accused him of having stolen their horse, as a punishment for which they were instantly reduced to ashes by that sage. It whas after several thousands of years that Bhagīratha (q. v.) succeeded in bringing down to the Pātāla the celestial river Ganges to water and purify their ashes and thus to convey their souls to heaven.]

--- OR ---

Sāgara (सागर).—[sāgareṇa nirvṛttaḥ aṇ]

1) The ocean, sea; सागरः सागरोपमः (sāgaraḥ sāgaropamaḥ); (fig. also); दयासागर, विद्यासागर (dayāsāgara, vidyāsāgara) &c.; cf. सगर (sagara).

2) The number 'four' or 'seven'.

3) A kind of deer.

4) Name of Bhagīratha; शंकरस्य जटाजूटाद् भ्रष्टां सागरतेजसा (śaṃkarasya jaṭājūṭād bhraṣṭāṃ sāgaratejasā) Rām.2.5.25.

Derivable forms: sāgaraḥ (सागरः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of sagara in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 271 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kshirasagara
Kṣīrasāgara (क्षीरसागर).—the sea of milk. यथा भगवता ब्रह्मन्मथितः क्षीरसागरः (yathā bhagavatā b...
Gunasagara
Guṇasāgara (गुणसागर) is the name of an ancient king from Kaṭāha-dvīpa, as mentioned in the Kath...
Sagara Brahmadatta
Sāgara, (cp. Epic Sk. sāgara) the ocean D. I, 89; A. II, 56, 140; III, 52; V, 116 sq.; Vin....
Sagaramekhala
Sāgaramekhalā (सागरमेखला).—the earth. Sāgaramekhalā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Saptasagara
Saptasāgara (सप्तसागर) or simply Sāgara refers to the “seven oceans” as defined in the Dharma-s...
Sagaralaya
Sāgarālaya (सागरालय).—Name of Varuṇa. Derivable forms: sāgarālayaḥ (सागरालयः).Sāgarālaya is a S...
Sagaragamini
Sāgaragāminī (सागरगामिनी).—a river. Sāgaragāminī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...
Sagaraga
Sāgaragā (सागरगा).—1) a river; दिवि वा सागरगमास्तेन वो मानयाम्यहम् (divi vā sāgaragamāstena vo ...
Karunyasagara
Kāruṇyasāgara (कारुण्यसागर) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of ...
Sagaranukula
Sāgarānukūla (सागरानुकूल).—a. situated along the seacoast. Sāgarānukūla is a Sanskrit compound ...
Sagarottha
Sāgarottha (सागरोत्थ).—sea-salt. Derivable forms: sāgarottham (सागरोत्थम्).Sāgarottha is a Sans...
Sagaravarta
Sāgarāvarta (सागरावर्त).—an island or bay of the sea; स मया सागरावर्ते दृष्ट आसीत् परीप्सता (sa...
Sindhusagara
Sindhusāgara (सिन्धुसागर).—the country between the mouths of the Indus and the sea. Derivable f...
Anandasagara
Ānandasāgara (आनन्दसागर) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the...
Buddhica Sagara
buddhīcā sāgara (बुद्धीचा सागर).—m (An ocean of understanding or wisdom.) A term for a profound...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: