Sagara, Sāgara, Sāgāra, Sāgarā: 50 definitions


Sagara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.—Sagara: Alapadma hands on the head.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Sagara (बाहुक):—Son of Bāhuka (son of Vṛka). His name means “one who is born with poison”. He later became the emperor. He had two wives, named Sumati and Keśinī. He is mentioned to have at least sixty thousand sons. One of them was named Asamañjasa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.8.4,8-14)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Sagara (सगर).—A king of the solar dynasty, Sagara ruled Ayodhyā. Genealogy. Descended from Brahmā thus: Brahmā-Kaśyapa-Vivasvān-Vaivasvata Manu-Ikṣvāku-Vikukṣi-Saśāda-Purañjaya-Kākutstha-Anenas-Pṛthulāśva-Prasenajit-Yuvanāśva-Māndhātā-Purukutsa-Trasadasyu-Anaraṇya-Aryaśva-Vasumanas-Sudhanvā-Traiyāruṇa-Satyavrata (Triśaṅku)-Hariścandra-Rohitāśva-Harita-Cuñcu-Sudeva-Bharuka-Bāhuka-Sagara. (See full article at Story of Sagara from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Sāgara (सागर).—Ocean. Samudra (ocean) got the name Sāgara as it was formed later at the place where the 60,000 sons of King Sagara dug the earth in the course of their quest for the missing yājñic horse. (See under Sagara).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sagara (सगर).—A son of Bāhu, (Phalgutantra) born with gara (poison) administered to his mother by the co-wives of her husband and after 7 years' stay in his mother's womb; brought up by sage Aurva; Keśinī was one of his queens and Sumatī was another. Prabhā, and Bhānumatī, mother of Asamanjasa were also his queens. Father of Asamanjasa who was abandoned by his father for misconduct.*

  • * A Cakravarti. His sons 60,000 in number by Sumati, excavated the sea and dug all over the earth in their search for the consecrated horse. Helped by Aurva, he propitiated Hari with sacrifices. Once Indra stole his sacrificial horse, and this was discovered near Kapila's hermitage in the N. E. by his sons who imputed the theft to the sage. The latter burnt them to ashes. But Aṃśumat, son of Asamanjasa got back the horse, and enabled his grandfather to complete the sacrifice. Anointed Aṃśumat on the throne in the presence of Paurajānapada and devoted himself to attaining salvation through the path prescribed by Aurva. Greed for more territory; conquered Tālajanghas, Yavanas, Śakas, Haihayas and Barbaras. On the advice of his guru, Vasiṣṭha, he spared their lives but punished them by disfiguring them— some wholly shaven, and some half-shaven. They became ancestors of Mlecchas and Vrātyas. 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 8 (whole); X. 41. 15: XII. 3. 9: Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 52. 37 Chh. 53 and 54 (whole) 55. 22: 58. 37. Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 8. 3: 17. 1: Vī. IV. 3. 35-41: 4. 1-29, 32. 63. 121-151: Matsya-purāṇa 12. 39-43. Realised the yoga power of Hari. 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 44. Addressed by him Vasiṣṭha narrated the story of Paraśurāma. In the case of Haihayas, he conquered the king and burnt the city. When he invaded the Vidarbhas, its king sought alliance by offering his daughter in marriage; was honoured by Śurasenas and Yādavas. 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 31. 1: 47. 93-100: Chh. 48 (whole). During his rule, nowhere was heard rāja śabdha; ruled like Dharma himself, maintained castes and orders, earned the title of Aṣṭamaṇḍalādhipati; had an erudite assembly. 4) Ib. III. Chh. 49-51. The jewel of the solar race. Sumatī brought forth a mass of flesh which ultimately through the blessings of Aurva was converted into 60,000 sons.

1b) The sons of Sagara who created eight extra countries (upadvīpas) near Jambūdvīpa, when they dug up the earth in search of their father's sacrificial horse;1 purified by the Ganges.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19-29-30.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 8. 115.

2a) Sāgara (सागर).—(Sindhu): one of the principal kṣetrams.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 110. 1.

2b) The lord of rivers;1 married Velā, the daughter of Meru;2 had a daughter Savarṇā married to Prācinabarhis.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 9.
  • 2) Ib. 30. 35.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 13. 38.

2c) A son of Śakti.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 83.

2d) (also Sagaras s.v.) were purified by the waters of the Ganges flowing from the foot of Viṣṇu. 60,000 sons of Sumatī who were unrighteous; sent by Sagara to seize the sacrificial horse; finding it near Kapila they treated him as thief but perished by the fire of his wrath; as they dug up the earth, the sea got enlarged and came to be known as Sāgara; ruled Campā.*

  • * ^1 Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 41. 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. chh. 52-3; 54. 11; 56. 3. ^2 Ib. III. 74. 197.
Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (harivaṃśa)

Sagara (सगर).—According to the Harivaṃśa, Bāhuka, (also known as Asita in some texts), was the father of Sagara. In consequence of his leading a debauched life, Bāhuka lost his kingdom. He was in exile with his two spouses. Yādavī, his elder wife, was preparing to commit satī, when he breathed his last. But she was forbidden from her act by the sage Bhārgava because she was pregnant. The second wife, owing to jealousy, administered poison to the pregnant lady. But the child was born in spite of the poison. That is the reason why the new born baby was named Sagara (sa -gara: sa, with; gara, poison).

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (purāṇa)

Sagara (सगर), after his education at the āśrama of the sage Cyavana, with the might of his own arm conquers back the lost kingdom of his ancestors and becomes the king of Ayodhyā. He prays to Śiva to bless him with children. According to the blessings of Śiva, the king begot one son named Aṃśumat from his first wife and sixty thousand from the other.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Sagara (सगर) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.116.69, XIII.115) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Sagara) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

1) Sagara (सगर) is the son of Bāhu and grandson of Kuruka, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] Dhundhu had two sons—Sudeva and Vijaya. Kuruka was born to Vijaya. Vṛka was born of Kuruka, and from Vṛka was born Bāhu. The illustrious king Sagara was the son of Bāhu and Aṃśumān was born from Sagara.

2) Sāgara (सागर) refers to the “ocean” and is extolled as Tīrtharāja, according to the Saurapurāṇa.—Accordingly, The Saurapurāṇa extolls the ocean (sāgara) as tīrtharāja. It is supposed to be the Parāmūrti of Śiva. In it Varuṇa, Nārāyaṇa, Brahmā and other gods reside. Jambudvīpa is virtuous and Lavaṇodadhi (the ocean of salt) in it is also sacred.

By the sight of the ocean (sāgara) the sin of a person done day and night is destroyed. By touch of its water the sin incurred in three days are destroyed and by sprinkling its water over the body relieves of sins committed for seven days. By drinking its water the sin committed in a fortnight are destroyed and by a bath in its water the sins of one month are destroyed. The Purāṇa enjoins a bath in ocean (sāgara) on 8th tithi and on annual parva-day which is very auspicious. A bath there in the eclipses of the moon and the sun is enjoined. The meeting places of the rivers Gaṅgā, Godāvarī, Revā (Narmadā), Candrabhāgā and Vedikā with the ocean are considered to be holy places and a bath at these meeting places is highly extolled in this Purāṇa.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Sagara (“one who is born with poison”). He later became the emperor. The place known as Gaṅgāsāgara was excavated by his sons. Following the instructions of the great sage Aurva, Sagara Mahārāja performed aśvamedha sacrifices.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Sagara (सगर) is depicted as a sculpture on the third pillar of the southern half of the maṇḍapa of the temple of Lokeśvara.—Probably, the story from the Viṣṇudharmottara is the source for the visualization of three sequences here, from left to right. A lady lying on a bed is feeding her baby. The baby is sucking her breast. By the side of her bed are sitting a man and his consort. We venture to think that it is Bāhuka who is holding the hand of his second wife to forbid her from doing some nasty act to the child. And the lady with the child is Yādavī. The next scene is, about the two ladies after the death of their husband, Bāhuka. The third sequence is that of Yādavī in the āśrama of Sage Cyavana. The sage is sitting to the right and the child Sagara is on the left lap of his mother. There is an attendant at the pavilion door.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: The Yoga of the Mālinīvijayottaratantra

Sāgara (सागर) refers to one of the ten kinds of sounds (śabda) according to the Matsyendrasaṃhitā.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Sāgara (सागर) refers to the “sea”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the sun and moon should begin to be eclipsed when only half risen, deceitful men will suffer as well as sacrificial rites. [...] If they should be eclipsed when in the sign of Aquarius (Kumbha), hill men, men of western countries, carriers, robbers, shephards, serpents, worthy men, lions, citizens and the people of Barbara will perish. If when in the sign of Pisces (Mīna), the products of the sea beach and of the sea [i.e., sāgara], man of respectability and of learning and persons that live by water will suffer. Also those provinces will be affected which correspond to particular lunar mansions in which the eclipses happen to occur, as will be explained in the chapter (14) on Kūrmavibhāga”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sāgarā (सागरा) refers to one of the eight Kaula consorts (dūtī-aṣṭaka) associated with Pūrṇagiri or Pūrṇapīṭha (which is located in the northern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Kaula consorts (dūtyaṣṭaka): Lokadūtī, Mahāmālā, Lalitā, Sāgarā, Laṃkadūtī, Lampā, Bhīmā, Ucchuṣmā.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Sāgara (सागर) refers to “oceans”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “There are oceans (sāgara), rivers, regions [and] guardians of the regions; gathering places, sacred sites, seats [of deities and] the deities of the seats”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Sāgara (सागर) represents the number 4 (four) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 4—sāgara] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Sagara was an emperor of the Solar dynasty, the son of Asita, and an ancestor of Rama. After being defeated in battle, his father fled to the Himalayas with his two wives. He died there, both his wives being pregnant at that time. One of his wives, Kalindi by name, gave poison to the other with the intention of inducing abortion. However, by the grace of the sage Chyavana, her child Sagara was born alive, but with toxin in his blood.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sagara (सगर): King Sagar is one of the greatest kings of Suryavansha in the Satya Yuga. He was king of Ayodhya, ancestor to King Dasharatha. He had two wives Keshini and Sumati. Asamanja was his son from Keshini.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Sagara. The personal attendant of Sumedha Buddha. J.i.38; Bu.xii.23.

2. Sagara. A khattiya, father of Atthadassi Buddha and husband of Sudassana. He lived in Sobhana (Bu.xv.14; J.i.39). The Apadana (Ap.i.153; cf. ThagA.i.153) mentions a monk, named Sagara, a disciple of Atthadassi Buddha, who continued to live after the Buddhas death. The two may have been identical.

3. Sagara. See Gunasagara.

4. Sagara. A king of long ago, mentioned in a list of persons, who, though they held great almsgivings, could not attain beyond the Kamavacara worlds ( It is probably the same king that is mentioned in the Bhuridatta Jataka ( as having become a mahesakkha deva after death.

5. Sagara. Elder son of Mahasagara, king of Uttaramadhura. Upasagara was his younger brother. Sagara was killed by the Andhakavenhuputta. The story is given in the Ghata Jataka. J.iv.79f.

6. Sagara. A king of the line of Mahasammata. He was the son of Mucalinda and father of Sagaradeva. Dpv.iii.6; Mhv.ii.3.

7. Sagara. One of the eminent monks present at the Foundation Ceremony of the Maha Thupa. Dpv.xix.8; MT.525.

-- or --

. A mythical king of the line of Okkaka. He had sixty thousand sons, who ruled in as many towns in Jambudipa. Cv.lxxxvii.34; the legend of Sagara and his sons is given in the Mahabharata (iii.106ff.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Sāgara (सागर) or Sāgaranāgarāja is the name of a Nāga king (nāgarāja) that had a cintāmaṇi jewel in his head according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XX). Accordingly, “The bodhisattva, who had heard that there was a cintāmaṇi in the head of the Nāga king Sāgara (read So k’ie lo), asked the crowd: ‘Does anyone know the way leading to this Nāga’s palace?’ A blind man (andhapuruṣa) named T’o chö (Dāsa), who seven times previously had been on the high seas knew the sea route in question.

2) Sāgara (सागर) is the name of a king belonging to the ‘sun-king lineage’ into which Buddha was previously born according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XL.1.4. Accordingly, “The Buddha himself from the very beginning has always taken birth in the lineage of noble cakravartin kings. He was born into the families of the lineage of ‘sun kings’: king So-kie (Sāgara), etc. This is why he has no fear”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Sāgara (सागर) refers to the “ocean (of good)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Then again, the Bodhisattva, the great being Gaganagañja uttered these verses to that Bodhisattva, the great being Guṇarājaprabhāsa: ‘(30) [...] The one who takes pleasure in the dharma which is to keep the lineage of the Buddhas (buddhavaṃsa), who constantly praises the Buddhas, who is highly renowned in the three worlds, I ask the Lord in order to worship the ocean of good (guṇa-sāgara). [...]’”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Sāgara (सागर) is the name of a Nāga king (Nāgarāja), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān witnessed the drought at the lotus-lake near Aḍakavatī], “Then Sāgara, the Nāga king, having contemplated this [realized] that the rays were created by the power of the Bhagavān. Then Sāgara, the Nāga king, together with other Nāga kings of great supernatural power, approached the Bhagavān, went up to him and having bowed down at his feet said, ‘O Bhagavān, what is the reason for emitting rays? What is the cause? Having emitted them, they illuminated all residences, and then returned again’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Sāgara (सागर) refers to a group of deities summoned by the Yamāntaka-mantra and mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Sāgara).

2) Sāgara (सागर) is also the name of a Nāga mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Sāgara (सागर) refers to an “ocean” (of unfailing virtues), according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Naturally gentle Lokeśvara, an ocean of unfailing virtues (amogha-guṇasāgara), An Amitābha adorned crown, I give homage, Amoghapāśa”

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): (Tibetan Buddhism)

Sāgara (सागर) refers to an “ocean”, according to verse 14.24bd-27 of the Laghuśaṃvara, an ancient Buddhist Yoginī Tantra.—Accordingly, [while describing the Siddhi of speech]: “The Sādhaka [who has] the Siddhi of speech can certainly attract a king or queen by [merely] thinking [it]. He quickly controls gods, demons and men. When angry, he can kill with his speech and drive away his adversary. The practitioner can thus effect a curse with his speech. And he can stop a river, a cart, a machine [like a water-wheel,] the ocean (sāgara), elephants and horses, clouds, a man or bird merely by means of his speech. He achieves everything which he desires by his speech”.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Sāgara (सागर) refers to an “ocean”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: “Now, [the Blessed One] has taught [holy sites] such as the pīṭha and upapīṭha in sequence. [...] (7) The melāpaka [sites] are proclaimed to be a bank of a river, a garden, an ocean (sāgara), and a place where four roads meet. (8) The upamelāpaka [sites] are on the summit of a mountain, the center of a village, and Vṛndākaumāriparvaka (or a mountain [where there is] a flock of maidens). A lineage land is [also] the upamelāpaka. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Sāgara (सागर) or Saptasāgara refers to the “seven oceans” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 126):

  1. kṣāra (salty),
  2. kṣīra (milky),
  3. dadhi (coagulated),
  4. udadhi (watery),
  5. ghṛta (buttery),
  6. madhu (sweet),
  7. surā (spirituous).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., sāgara). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Sāgara (सागर) (son of Mucalinda and father of Sāgaradeva) is the name of an ancient king from the Solar dynasty (sūryavaṃśa) and a descendant of Mahāsaṃmata, according to the Mahābuddhavaṃsa or Maha Buddhavamsa (the great chronicle of Buddhas) Anudīpanī chapter 1, compiled by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw. These twenty-eight kings were of long lives of asaṅkhyeyya (asaṃkhyeya) years. The twenty-seven kings [viz., Sāgara] after Mahāsammata were his descendants. Some of these twenty-eight kings reigned in Kusavatī City, others in Rājagaha and still others in Mithilā.

Sāgara is also mentioned in the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra, an encyclopedic work on Buddhism written by Nāgārjuna.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Sāgara (सागर) is another name for Sāgaracandra, the son of Candanadāsa: a wealthy merchant from Aparājitā, according to chapter 1.2 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

2) Sagara (सगर) is the son of Sumitra (or Sumitravijaya) and Yaśomatī (or Vaijayantī) and represents one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. Sagara will be like you in Ayodhyā, when Ajita is like me. The son of Sumitra and Yaśomatī, four hundred and fifty bows tall, he will live for seventy-two lacs of pūrvas”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sāgara (सागर) refers to the “ocean”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “This most powerful [and] cruel death devours against their will the life of those who possess a body that has settled in the middle world, in hell, in the world of Brahmā, in Indra’s abode, in the middle of the ocean (sāgara-anta), inside the forest, at all quarters of the globe, on a mountain-peak, in a place difficult of access on account of fire, forest, cold, darkness, thunderbolts [and] swords, or in [a place] crowded with a troop of ruttish elephants”.

Synonyms: Samudra, Abdhi, Vārdhi, Ambudhi.

Source: Tessitori Collection I

1) Sāgara (सागर) refers to one of the sons of Malayāgarī and king Candana from Kusumapura, according to the Candanamalayāgarīcaupaī by Bhadrasena (dealing with the lives of Jain teachers), which is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—Accordingly, “King Candana and his wife Malayāgarī (various spellings) lived happily in Kusumapura with their two young sons Sāgara and Nīra. One night the family’s deity (kuladevatā) manifested herself to the king, saying that she would always assist him but that he would have to go through a period of difficulties. When the king asked her advice on what to do, she told him that together with his family he should live in a forest (vanavāsa, 1v10) for some time. [...]”.

2) Sāgara (सागर) or Sāgaradatta is the name of a character featured in the Sāgaradattaśreṣṭhisaṃbandha by Śāntisūri (dealing with the lives of Jain teachers).—The merchant Sāgara-datta of this story does not seem to feature among well-known Jain characters, although a few narrative poems in Gujarati have been devoted to him. He illustrates the importance of spending money properly and the notion of gift (dāna) to a Jain monk. Once as Sāgara-datta was ready to eat, a Jain monk arrived. He gave him his food and stayed hungry.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Sagara (सगर) is an example of a name based on an Epic or Purana mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Derivation of personal names (e.g., Sagara) during the rule of the Guptas followed patterns such as tribes, places, rivers and mountains.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sagara.—(IE 7-1-2), confused with sāgara and rarely used to indicate ‘seven’. Note: sagara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Sāgara.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’; used in the sense of ‘seven’ by some late writers (IA 19). Note: sāgara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sagara in India is the name of a plant defined with Cheilocostus speciosus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Costus sericeus Blume (among others).

2) Sagara is also identified with Ipomoea pes-caprae It has the synonym Latrienda brasiliensis (L.) Raf. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Transactions of the Linnean Society of London (1791)
· Supplementum Plantarum (1782)
· The Flora of British India (1890)
· Journal of Natural Products (2007)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Bulletin de la Société Botanique de Belgique (1898)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sagara, for example chemical composition, health benefits, extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sāgara : (m.) the sea; ocean. || sāgāra (adj.) living in a house.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāgara, (cp. Epic Sk. sāgara) the ocean D. I, 89; A. II, 56, 140; III, 52; V, 116 sq.; Vin. I, 246; Sn. 568; PvA. 29; sāgara‹-› ūmi a wave of the ocean, a flood J. IV, 165; °-vāri the ocean J. IV, 165; sāgaranta or sāgarapariyanta bounded or surrounded by the ocean (said of the earth) J. VI, 203; °-kuṇḍala the same J. III, 32; VI, 278. (Page 702)

— or —

Sāgāra, (adj.) (sa3+agāra) living in a house, It. 111; sleeping under the same roof Vin. II, 279. (Page 702)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāgara (सागर).—m (S) A sea or the ocean.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāgara (सागर).—m A sea or the ocean.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sagara (सगर).—a. [gareṇa viṣeṇa sahitaḥ] Poisonous, having poison,

-raḥ Name of a king of the Solar race. [He was a son of Bāhu and was called Sagara because he was born together with gara or poison given to his mother by the other wife of his father. By his wife Sumati he had 6 sons. He successfully performed 99 sacrifices but when he commenced the hundredth, his sacrificial horse was stolen by Indra and carried down to the Pātāla. Sagara thereupon commanded his 6 sons to search it out. Finding no trace of the animal on earth they began to dig down towards the Pātāla, and in doing this they naturally increased the boundaries of the ocean which was therefore called Sāgara; cf. R.13.3. Meeting with the sage Kapila they rashly accused him of having stolen their horse, as a punishment for which they were instantly reduced to ashes by that sage. It whas after several thousands of years that Bhagīratha (q. v.) succeeded in bringing down to the Pātāla the celestial river Ganges to water and purify their ashes and thus to convey their souls to heaven.]

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Sāgara (सागर).—[sāgareṇa nirvṛttaḥ aṇ]

1) The ocean, sea; सागरः सागरोपमः (sāgaraḥ sāgaropamaḥ); (fig. also); दयासागर, विद्यासागर (dayāsāgara, vidyāsāgara) &c.; cf. सगर (sagara).

2) The number 'four' or 'seven'.

3) A kind of deer.

4) Name of Bhagīratha; शंकरस्य जटाजूटाद् भ्रष्टां सागरतेजसा (śaṃkarasya jaṭājūṭād bhraṣṭāṃ sāgaratejasā) Rām.2.5.25.

Derivable forms: sāgaraḥ (सागरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sagara (सगर).—(?) [ see Sāgara 1.]

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Sāgara (सागर).—(1) (see also Upasāgara, and compare Sāgaranā- garājaparipṛcchā), name of a nāga king, often mentioned in close association with Anavatapta 2; lives in the ocean, compare samudramadhyāt sāgaranāgarājabhavanāt Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 261.3: Mahāvyutpatti 3238 = Tibetan rgya mtsho, ocean; Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 4.11; 263.3, 14, etc.; Lalitavistara 204.9; 219.9 (misprinted māgara); 270.6; 435.14; Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 85.5; 91.19; 158.14; 162.8; Kāraṇḍavvūha 68.5; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 2.3; 4.8; (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 18.12; 452.17, 21; in nearly all these identifiable by association with Anavatapta, or with the ocean; (2) name of another nāga king, mentioned later in the same list: Mahāvyutpatti 3264; here Tibetan dug can, poisonous, which sug- gests sa-gara; this word exists in Sanskrit as an adj. but seems not recorded as name of a nāga; Mironov also sāgara; (3) name of a former Buddha: Lalitavistara 171.20; (4) nt., a high number, = 10 mahāsamudra: (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 343.22. (Sanskrit Lex. has sāgara, m., as a different high number.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sagara (सगर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Poisonous. m.

(-raḥ) A sovereign of Ayod'hya, the father of Asamanja by Kesini, and sixty-thousand sons by Sumati: the latter being turned into a heap of ashes by the sage Kapila. Garuda instructed the king to perform their funeral ceremonies with the waters of Ganga, to be brought from heaven for that purpose; this was finally accomplished by the devotion of Bhagirat'Ha, the great-grandson of Asamanja, who having led the river to the sea, denominated it Sagara, in honour of his ancestor. E. sa for saha with gara poison; being born together with a poison given to his mother by the other wife of his father.

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Sāgara (सागर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The ocean. 2. A sort of deer. 3. The number “four.” 4. The number “seven”. E. sagara a king and aṇ aff.; to bathe the bones of Sagara'S 60,000 sons the Ganges is said to have been led by Bhagiratha, his great-great-grandson, to the ocean, at the place now called Ganga-Sagar.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sagara (सगर).—[sa-gara], 1. adj. Poisonous. 2. The name of a king, whose greatgrandson brought the Ganges from heaven to the earth, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 269; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 40, sqq. Gorr.; [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 197, 21.

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Sāgara (सागर).— (cf. sagara), m. 1. The ocean, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 240. 2. A kind of deer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sagara (सगर).—[masculine] the atmosphere; [Name] of a myth. king,

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Sāgara (सागर).—1. [masculine] the ocean (said to have been dug by Sagara's sons); [plural] Sagara's sons.

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Sāgara (सागर).—2. [feminine] ī relating to the sea, maritime.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Sāgara (सागर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] Quoted by Raghunandana Oxf. 292^b, in Dvaitapariśiṣta. See Adbhuta, Tattva, Dāna, Smṛti.

2) Sāgara (सागर):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

3) Sāgara (सागर):—an author. Quoted by Raṅganātha Oxf. 135^b.

4) Sāgara (सागर):—father of Acyuta Bhaṭṭa (Bhāsvatīratnamālā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sagara (सगर):—[=sa-gara] [from sa > sa-gajāroha] 1. sa-gara (sa-). mfn. (for 2. etc. See below) accompanied by praise ([from] gara, √1. gṝ; said of the fires), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] ([Scholiast or Commentator]; [according to] to others, ‘swallowing’, ‘devouring’, [from] gara, √2. gṝ).

2) [=sa-gara] 2. sa-gara mfn. ([from] 7. sa + gara, ‘poison’, √2. gṝ; for 1. sa-gara See above) containing poison, poisonous (n. ‘poisonous food’), [Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] m. ‘provided with moisture’, the atmosphere, air, [Ṛg-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka] (cf. [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 3])

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a king of the solar race, sovereign of Ayodhyā (son of Bāhu; he is said to have been called Sa-gara, as born together with a poison given to his mother by the other wife of his father; he was father of Asamañja by Keśinī and of sixty thousand sons by Su-mati; the latter were turned into a heap of ashes by the sage Kapila [see bhagīratha], and their funeral ceremonies could only be performed by the waters of Gaṅgā to be brought from heaven for the purpose of purifying their remains ; this was finally accomplished by the devotion of Bhagīratha, who having led the river to the sea, called it Sāgara in honour of his ancestor: Sagara is described as having subdued the Śakas, Yavanas, and other barbarous tribes; [plural] ‘the sons of Sagara’), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc. ([Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 361])

5) [v.s. ...] Name of a [particular] Arhat, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) a m. and f(ā). (for 1. 2. sa-g See [column]1) night (?), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] : [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (in a formula).

7) Sāgara (सागर):—m. (ifc. f(ā). ; [from] 2. sa-gara) the ocean (said to have been named so by Bhagīratha after his son Sagara [see 2. sa-gara, p.1125]; another legend asserts that the bed of the ocean was dug by the sons of Sagara; 3 or 4 or 7 oceans are reckoned cf. 1, sam-udra; sāgarasya phenaḥ = samudraph), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

8) an ocean (as expressing any vast body or inexhaustible mass; often ifc. cf. guṇa-śoka-, saṃsāra-s)

9) a symbolical expression for the number, ‘four’ (like other words signifying ‘ocean’), [Gaṇitādhyāya]

10) a [particular] high number (= 10 Padmas), [Purāṇa]

11) a sort of deer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Name of a serpent-demon, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

13) (with Jainas) of the third Arhat of the past Utsarpiṇī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) of one of the 10 orders of mendicants traced back to disciples of Śaṃkarācārya, [Catalogue(s)]

15) of various persons, [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan]

16) of two authors and of a [work] on Dharma, [Catalogue(s)]

17) of a place, [ib.]

18) ([plural]) the sons of Sagara, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

19) n. Name of a town, [Buddhist literature]

20) mf(ī)n. relating to the sea, marine, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sagara (सगर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ)] 1. m. Sagar, sovereign of Ayodhya. a. Poisonous.

2) Sāgara (सागर):—(raḥ) 1. m. The ocean; a sort of deer.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sagara (सगर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sagara, Sāgara, Sāgāra, Sāyara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sagara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Sāgara (सागर) [Also spelled sagar]:—(nm) the ocean, sea; ~[gāmī] sea-faring; -[saṃgama] estuary.

2) Sāgara (सागर) [Also spelled sagar]:—(nm) a peg, (wine) cup.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Sagara (सगर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Sagara.

2) Sāgara (सागर) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sāgara.

3) Sāgāra (सागार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sākāra.

4) Sāgāra (सागार) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sāgāra.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sagara (ಸಗರ):—[adjective] containing or full of venom; poisonous; venomous.

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Sagara (ಸಗರ):—

1) [noun] name of a country.

2) [noun] a man belonging to this country.

3) [noun] name of a king of solar race who ruled Ayōdhya.

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Sāgara (ಸಾಗರ):—

1) [noun] the ocean.

2) [noun] any of the four principal oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian or Arctic).

3) [noun] the Lord of the Ocean.

4) [noun] a water-tank or reservoir.

5) [noun] (math.) a symbol for the number four.

6) [noun] (math.) a symbol for the number seven.

7) [noun] a huge number, one followed by thirty seven zeros.

8) [noun] the position of the first digit from the left in that number.

9) [noun] (jain.) an age extending over several million years.

10) [noun] ಸಾಗರಕ್ಕೆ ಸೇತುವೆ ಕಟ್ಟು [sagarakke setuve kattu] sāgarakke sētuve kaṭṭu (prov.) to attempt to do something that is definitely not possible.

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Sāgāra (ಸಾಗಾರ):—

1) [noun] (jain.) the moral, social and religious way of life prescribed for a Jaina householder.

2) [noun] (jain.) a Jaina householder.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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