Shataratha, Śataratha: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Shataratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śataratha can be transliterated into English as Sataratha or Shataratha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shataratha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śataratha (शतरथ).—A King in ancient India. He lives in the court of Yama and worships him. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 8, Verse 26).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śataratha (शतरथ).—A son of Mūlaka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 180; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 180.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Śataratha (शतरथ) is the son of Nakula and grandson of sage Vasiṣṭha, according to the Vaṃśānucarita section of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, [...] From the sage Vasiṣṭha, Nakula was born. From Nakula was born the celebrated king Śataratha. Ilavila was born of Śataratha.

Śataratha is known as Daśaratha in the Viṣṇupurāṇa chapter IV.4.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Shataratha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Śataratha (शतरथ) is the name of an ancient king, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Siṃharatha’s son, Brahmaratha, became king next, then Cāturmukha, Hemaratha, Śataratha, Udayapṛthu, Vāriratha, Induratha, Ādityaratha, Māndhātṛ, Vīrasena in turn, King Pratimanyu, King Pratibandhu, King Ravimanyu, Vasantatilaka, Kuberadatta, Kunthu, Śarabha, Dvirada in turn, then Siṃhadaśana, Hiraṇyakaśipu, Puñjasthala, Kakutstha, Raghu. Among these kings some reached emancipation and some heaven”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shataratha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śataratha (शतरथ):—[=śata-ratha] [from śata] m. Name of a king, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shataratha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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