Shasha, aka: Sasa, Sāsa, Śaśa, Śāśa, Shasa; 12 Definition(s)
Shasha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śaśa and Śāśa can be transliterated into English as Sasa or Shasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ayurveda (science of life)
Śaśa (शश) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “hare”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Śaśa is part of the sub-group named Jāṅgalamṛga, refering to “animals living in forests”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.
The meat of the hare (śaśa) is astringent, non-slimy, rough and cold. It is kaṭu in Vipāka. It is light, sweet and useful in sannipāta with mild vāta.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Śaśa (शश)—Sanskrit word for an animal corresponding to “hare”. This animal is from the group called Bileśaya (‘hole-dwellers’ or ‘those which have a burrow’). Bileśaya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).
The flesh of the Shasha is sweet and astringent in taste. It reduces the Pittam and Kapham and neither produces nor subdues the Vāyu owing to its moderately cooling potency.Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śaśa (शश).—The flesh of the hare, good for śrāddha.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 33.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
1) Śaśa (शश, ‘hare’) is found once in the Rigveda, where it is said to have swallowed a razor. The animal is occasionally mentioned later also.
2) Śāsa (शास) denotes in the Brāhmaṇas a ‘sword’ or ‘knife’.
3) Sasa (सस) in the Rigveda denotes ‘herb’ or ‘grass’. The word is also applied to the Soma plant and the sacrificial straw.Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Śaśa (शश, “hare”) refers to a type of gemstone described in the “the second Avalokita-sūtra” of the Mahāvastu. Accordingly, when the Buddha (as a Bodhisattva) visited the bodhi-tree, several hunderd thousands of devas, in their place in the sky, adorned the Bodhisattva with several celestial substances. Then some of them envisioned the bodhi-tree as sparkling with śaśa gems.
The stories found in this part of the Mahāvastu correspond to the stories from the avidūre-nidāna section of the Nidāna-kathā. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
sasa : (m.) a hare.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Sāsa, (Sk. śvāsa, fr. śvas) asthma A. V, 110; J. VI, 295. (Page 707)
— or —
Sasa, (Vedic śaśa, with Ohg. haso=E. hare to Lat. canus grey, greyish-brown; cp. Ags. hasu) a hare, rabbit Dh. 342; J. IV, 85; of the hare in the moon J. IV, 84 sq.; sasôlūkā (=sasā ca ulūkā ca) J. VI, 564.
—lakkhaṇa the sign of a hare J. I, 172; III, 55. —lañjana id. VvA. 314 (°vant=sasin, the moon). —visāṇa a hare’s horn (an impossibility) J. III, 477. (Page 700)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
sasā (ससा).—m (śaśa S) A hare, Lepus nigricollis. F. Cuvier. 2 (By abridgment for sasāṇā) A falcon.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sasā (ससा).—m A hare; also sasāṇā m A falcon.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) A hare, rabbit; Ms.3.27;5.18.
2) The spots on the moon (which are popularly considered to resemble the form of a hare).
3) One of the four classes into which men are divided by erotic writers; thus defined;-मृदुवचनसुशीलः कोमलाङ्गः सुकेशः सकलगुणनिधानं सत्यवादी शशोऽयम् (mṛduvacanasuśīlaḥ komalāṅgaḥ sukeśaḥ sakalaguṇanidhānaṃ satyavādī śaśo'yam) Śabdak.; see Ratimañjarī 35 also.
4) The Lodhra tree.
6) An antelope.
Derivable forms: śaśaḥ (शशः).
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Śāśa (शाश).—a. Belonging to, or coming from a hare.
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1) An order, command.
2) Praise (stuti).
Derivable forms: śāsaḥ (शासः).
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Sāsa (सास).—a. Having a bow; स सासिः सासुसूः सासो येयाययाययाययः (sa sāsiḥ sāsusūḥ sāso yeyāyayāyayāyayaḥ) Ki.15.5.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śaśa (शश).—or (v.l.) śaśaka (nt. or m.), a kind of gem: anye devā śaśehi (v.l. śaśakehi) maṇiratanehi samalaṃ- kṛtaṃ bodhivṛkṣaṃ saṃjānanti Mv ii.311.4 (prose). Un- recorded.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 18 books and stories containing Shasha, Sasa, Sāsa, Śaśa, Śāśa or Shasa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The Śaśa-Jātaka < [I. Puṇyakriyāvastu consisting of generosity]
Part 10 - Tittiriyaṃ brahmacariyaṃ (the religious life of the pheasant) < [Chapter XX - The Virtue of Generosity and Generosity of the Dharma]
Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra (by Āśvalāyana)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Book of Good Counsels (by Sir Edwin Arnold)
Chapter 3 - The Story of the Old Hare and the Elephants < [Book Three - War]