Shasha, Sasa, Sāsa, Śaśa, Śāśa, Shasa, Sasha: 17 definitions

Introduction

Shasha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaśa and Śāśa can be transliterated into English as Sasa or Shasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śaśa (शश) is a Sanskrit word referring to the animal “hare”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Śaśa is part of the sub-group named Jāṅgalamṛga, refering to “animals living in forests”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

The meat of the hare (śaśa) is astringent, non-slimy, rough and cold. It is kaṭu in Vipāka. It is light, sweet and useful in sannipāta with mild vāta.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

Śaśa (शश)—Sanskrit word for an animal corresponding to “hare”. This animal is from the group called Bileśaya (‘hole-dwellers’ or ‘those which have a burrow’). Bileśaya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

The flesh of the Shasha is sweet and astringent in taste. It reduces the Pittam and Kapham and neither produces nor subdues the Vāyu owing to its moderately cooling potency.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śaśa (शश) refers to the “rabbit”, whose meat (māṃsa) is classified as “terrestrial” (bhūcara) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The text [māṃsa-prakaraṇa] says the three fold division of meat [such as terrestrial (bhūcara)...]. Here different types of meat and their properties are discussed in detail. The terrestrial animals are [viz., śaśa (rabbit)].

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of shasha or sasa in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śaśa (शश).—The flesh of the hare, good for śrāddha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 17. 33.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of shasha or sasa in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Śaśa (शश, ‘hare’) is found once in the Rigveda, where it is said to have swallowed a razor. The animal is occasionally mentioned later also.

2) Śāsa (शास) denotes in the Brāhmaṇas a ‘sword’ or ‘knife’.

3) Sasa (सस) in the Rigveda denotes ‘herb’ or ‘grass’. The word is also applied to the Soma plant and the sacrificial straw.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Lokottaravāda

Śaśa (शश, “hare”) refers to a type of gemstone described in the “the second Avalokita-sūtra” of the Mahāvastu. Accordingly, when the Buddha (as a Bodhisattva) visited the bodhi-tree, several hunderd thousands of devas, in their place in the sky, adorned the Bodhisattva with several celestial substances. Then some of them envisioned the bodhi-tree as sparkling with śaśa gems.

The stories found in this part of the Mahāvastu correspond to the stories from the avidūre-nidāna section of the Nidāna-kathā. The Mahāvastu is an important text of the Lokottaravāda school of buddhism, dating from the 2nd century BCE.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of shasha or sasa in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Śaśa (शश) is the name of a Vīra (hero) who, together with the Ḍākinī named Śaśī forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Medinīcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the medinīcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the dharma-puṭa (‘dharma layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs and Vīras [viz., Śaśa] are yellow in color; the shapes of their faces are in accordance with their names; they have four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of shasha or sasa in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sasa : (m.) a hare.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sāsa, (Sk. śvāsa, fr. śvas) asthma A. V, 110; J. VI, 295. (Page 707)

— or —

Sasa, (Vedic śaśa, with Ohg. haso=E. hare to Lat. canus grey, greyish-brown; cp. Ags. hasu) a hare, rabbit Dh. 342; J. IV, 85; of the hare in the moon J. IV, 84 sq.; sasôlūkā (=sasā ca ulūkā ca) J. VI, 564.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of shasha or sasa in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sasā (ससा).—m (śaśa S) A hare, Lepus nigricollis. F. Cuvier. 2 (By abridgment for sasāṇā) A falcon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sasā (ससा).—m A hare; also sasāṇā m A falcon.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of shasha or sasa in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaśa (शश).—

1) A hare, rabbit; Ms.3.27;5.18.

2) The spots on the moon (which are popularly considered to resemble the form of a hare).

3) One of the four classes into which men are divided by erotic writers; thus defined;-मृदुवचनसुशीलः कोमलाङ्गः सुकेशः सकलगुणनिधानं सत्यवादी शशोऽयम् (mṛduvacanasuśīlaḥ komalāṅgaḥ sukeśaḥ sakalaguṇanidhānaṃ satyavādī śaśo'yam) Śabdak.; see Ratimañjarī 35 also.

4) The Lodhra tree.

5) Gum-myrrh.

6) An antelope.

Derivable forms: śaśaḥ (शशः).

--- OR ---

Śāśa (शाश).—a. Belonging to, or coming from a hare.

--- OR ---

Śāsa (शास).—Ved.

1) An order, command.

2) Praise (stuti).

Derivable forms: śāsaḥ (शासः).

--- OR ---

Sāsa (सास).—a. Having a bow; स सासिः सासुसूः सासो येयाययाययाययः (sa sāsiḥ sāsusūḥ sāso yeyāyayāyayāyayaḥ) Ki.15.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śaśa (शश).—or (v.l.) śaśaka (nt. or m.), a kind of gem: anye devā śaśehi (v.l. śaśakehi) maṇiratanehi samalaṃ- kṛtaṃ bodhivṛkṣaṃ saṃjānanti Mv ii.311.4 (prose). Un- recorded.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaśa (शश).—m.

(-śaḥ) 1. A hare or rabbit. 2. The Lod'h-tree, (Symplocos racemosa.) 3. Gum myrrh. 4. A man of mild and virtuous character, but uxorous and woman-led, one of the four characters in which men are classed by erotic writers. 5. The spots on the moon, supposed to resemble the figure of a hare. E. śaś to go by leaps or jumps, aff. ac .

--- OR ---

Sāsa (सास).—f.

(-sā) Having a bow.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of shasha or sasa in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: