Suratha, Surathā: 6 definitions



Suratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

1) Suratha (सुरथ):—Son of Raṇaka (son of Kṣudraka). He will be born in the future and become a king. He will have a son called Sumitra (who ends the Bṛhadbala dynasty). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.12.15)

2) Suratha (सुरथ):—Son of Jahnu (one of the four sons of Kuru). He had a son named Vidūratha. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.9-10)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Suratha (सुरथ).—A king in ancient India. (See under Samādhi Cheṭṭiyār).

2) Suratha (सुरथ).—A king of the Puru dynasty. Suratha was one of the sons of Jahnu, the other sons being Śrutasena, Ugrasena and Bhīmasena. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278).

3) Suratha (सुरथ).—One of the two sons of Janamejaya, the other one being Mahimān. Suratha had a son called Viḍūratha. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278).

4) Suratha (सुरथ).—Husband of Citrāṅgadā, daughter of Viśvakarman. See under Viśvakarmā, Para 2.

5) Suratha (सुरथ).—A king born from an aspect of asura called Krodhavaśa. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Verse 62).

6) Suratha (सुरथ).—Father of King Koṭikāsya of Śibideśa. (Vana Parva, Chapter 265, Verse 6).

7) Suratha (सुरथ).—A king of Trigarta. He was a dependant of Jayadratha. In the battle that followed Jayadratha’s abduction of Draupadī, Suratha was killed. (Vana Parva, Chapter 271, Verse 18)

8) Suratha (सुरथ).—A warrior who fought against the Pāṇḍavas in the great war. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 18, Verse 20).

9) Suratha (सुरथ).—A son of Drupada. He was killed by Aśvatthāmā in the great war. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 156, Verse 180).

10) Suratha (सुरथ).—A Pāñcāla mahāratha who fought on the Pāṇḍava side in the great war. He was killed in battle by Aśvatthāmā. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 14, Verse 37).

11) Suratha (सुरथ).—Son of Jayadratha by his wife Duśśalā. Jayadratha was killed by Arjuna. When Suratha got the news that Arjuna, leading the yājñic horse had reached Sindhudeśa, he ended his life in great fright. (Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 78, Verse 28).

12) Suratha (सुरथ).—A king who ruled over Kuṇḍalanagarī. He captured Śrī Rāma’s yājñic horse and also took Hanūmān, Sugrīva etc. prisoners. At last Śrī Rāma himself appeared on the scene, defeated Suratha and released the captives: (Padma Purāṇa, Pātāla Khaṇḍa, 49, 52).

13) Surathā (सुरथा).—Mother of Emperor Śibi. (Vana Parva, Chapter 197 Verse 25).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Suratha (सुरथ).—The son of Raṇaka and father of Sumitra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 12. 15.

1b) A son of Janhu and father of Vidūratha.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 9-10; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 230; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 2-3.

1c) A son of Kulaka.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 271. 13; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 230.

1d) A son of Janamejaya.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 229.

1e) A son of Kuṇḍaka and father of Sumitra.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 22. 9-10.

2) Surathā (सुरथा).—A daughter of Dakṣa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 29.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Suratha (सुरथ).—1. [masculine] a fine chariot.

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Suratha (सुरथ).—2. [adjective] having a fine chariot; [masculine] charioteer, a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Suratha (सुरथ):—[=su-ratha] [from su > su-yaj] mfn. having a good chariot, a g° charioteer, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] yoked to a g° chariot (as horses), [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] consisting in g° ch° (as wealth), [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. a good chariot, [Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] ‘having a good chariot’, Name of various kings, (e.g.) of the father of Koṭikāsya, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dru-pada, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Jayadratha, [ib.]

8) [v.s. ...] of a son of Su-deva, [Rāmāyaṇa]

9) [v.s. ...] of a son of Janam-ejaya, [Harivaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] a son of Adhiratha, [Catalogue(s)]

11) [v.s. ...] of a son of Jahnu, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] of a son of Kuṇḍaka, [ib.]

13) [v.s. ...] of a son of Raṇaka, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

14) [v.s. ...] of a son of Caitra, [Brahma-purāṇa]

15) Surathā (सुरथा):—[=su-rathā] [from su-ratha > su > su-yaj] f. Name of an Apsaras, [Harivaṃśa]

16) [v.s. ...] of a river, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

17) Suratha (सुरथ):—[=su-ratha] [from su > su-yaj] n. Name of a Varṣa in Kuśa-dvīpa, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

18) Sūratha (सूरथ):—[=sū-ratha] m. (for su-r) Name of an author, [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Suratha (सुरथ):—1. m. ein schöner Wagen [Mahābhārata 3, 15672.]

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Suratha (सुरथ):—2.

1) adj. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 119, Scholiast] einen guten Wagen habend, ein guter Wagenkämpfer [Ṛgveda 1, 22, 2. 4, 2, 4. 4, 8. 5, 57, 2. 10, 75, 8.] [Taittirīyabrāhmaṇa 3, 7, 4, 3.] tvaṃ viśvasya su.athasya bodhi [Ṛgveda 3, 14, 7.] einen guten Wagen oder guten Führer habend: Rosse [2, 18, 5. 7, 36, 4. 8, 57, 16. 63, 14.] rayi in guten Wagen bestehend [8, 5, 10.] —

2) m. Nomen proprium verschiedener Fürsten [Mahābhārata.1,2697.] [Rāmāyaṇa.7,19,5.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 113,11. fgg.] [Oxforder Handschriften 13,b,26. fg.] Vater Koṭikāsya’s [Mahābhārata 3, 15593.] Sohn Drupada's [7, 6910.] Jayadratha's [14, 2276. 2288.] Sudeva's [Rāmāyaṇa 7, 78, 4.] Janamejaya's [Harivaṃśa 1815. fg.] Adhiratha's [Oxforder Handschriften 25,b,2. 3.] Jahnu's [Viṣṇupurāṇa 457.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 22, 9.] Kuṇḍaka’s [Viṣṇupurāṇa 464.] Raṇaka’s [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 12, 14.] Caitra's [Śabdakalpadruma] nach dem [BRAHMAVAIV. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher] —

3) f. ā Nomen proprium a) einer Apsaras [Harivaṃśa 14164]; vgl. suratā . — b) eines Flusses [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 57, 21.] —

4) n. Nomen proprium eines Varṣa in Kuśadvīpa [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 53, 25]; vgl. surathākāra .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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