Ashtangahridayasamhita, Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā, Ashtanga-hridaya-samhita: 3 definitions


Ashtangahridayasamhita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā can be transliterated into English as Astangahrdayasamhita or Ashtangahridayasamhita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ashtangahridayasamhita in Yoga glossary
Source: Yoga Aphorisms of Patanjali with Bhoja Vritti

Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता) [aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya-saṃhitā] is the name of a work dealing with the Yoga system of Philosophy. It deals with—Meditation on eight particular parts of the body. Cf. Buhler’s Guzarat Catalogue. IV.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ashtangahridayasamhita in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता) (“collection of the essence of the octopartite (science)”) refers to one of the three great works of Vāgbhaṭa.—The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā consists only of verses. The eight-fold division is observed in the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā too, though not as strictly as in the Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha. According to Aruṇadatta, the first part is treated in the first five sections, whereas the other five parts are dealt with in the sixth section. And by the same scholiast, the chapters on poisons and elixirs are both called “treatises” (tantra), a term synonymous with “part” (aṅga).

Numerous commentaries on the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (as against only three on the Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha), many of them unedited so far, can be traced in manuscripts, catalogues, publishers’ lists, etc.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Ashtangahridayasamhita in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

The Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Ah, "Heart of Medicine") is written in poetic language. The Aṣṭāṅgasaṅgraha (As, "Compendium of Medicine") is a longer and less concise work, containing many parallel passages and extensive passages in prose. The Ah is written in 7120 easily understood Sanskrit verses that present a coherent account of Ayurvedic knowledge.

Ashtanga in Sanskrit means ‘eight components’ and refers to the eight sections of Ayurveda: internal medicine, surgery, gynaecology and paediatrics, rejuvenation therapy, aphrodisiac therapy, toxicology, and psychiatry or spiritual healing, and ENT (ear, nose and throat).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashtangahridayasamhita in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—med. by Vagbhaṭa. Cop. 103. Io. 72 (fr). 2455. 2787. W. p. 278. Oxf. 303^a. 357^a. K. 210. B. 4, 216. Ben. 65. Bik. 629. 661. Pheh. 2. Rādh. 31. 32. 44. NW. 584. 586. Np. I, 10. 12. 14. V, 30. Burnell. 65^a. P. 15. Bhr. 363. H. 340. Taylor. 1, 254. Oppert. 1171. 2561. 2756. 3946. 4050. 4051. 5896. 6616. 7833. Ii, 6196. Rice. 292. 294. Peters. Ii, 195. 196. Sūtrasthāna.
—[commentary] by Aruṇadatta. Io. 985. Śarīrasthāna and—[commentary] by Aruṇadatta. B. 4, 218. Nidānasthāna and—[commentary] by Aruṇadatta. B. 4, 218. Cikitsāsthāna. B. 4, 218 (and—[commentary]). Kalpasthāna. B. 4, 218 (and—[commentary]).
—[commentary] by Aruṇadatta. Io. 2455.
—[commentary] Oppert. 2757. 7832.
—[commentary] Sarvāṅgasundarī by Aruṇadatta. W. p. 280. 281. Oxf. 303^b. K. 222. B. 4, 218. Bik. 629. Rādh. 32. Burnell. 65^a. P. 15. Taylor. 1, 254. Oppert. 2730. 8328. Ii, 6493. Peters. 3, 399.
—[commentary] by Āśādhara. Peters. 2, 86.
—[commentary] Padārthacandrikā by Candracandana. K. 214. Peters. 1, 113.
—[commentary] by Rāmanātha. Io. 985. NW. 584.
—[commentary] Āyurvedarasāyana by Hemādri. W. p. 280. K. 210. Bik. 632. Rādh. 32. Np. I, 14. Bhr. 366. Oppert. 2758. Peters. 2, 196. Bp. 86. 274. 373. The Bālaprabodhikā and Hṛdayabodhikā commentaries are mentioned Burnell. 65^a. Bṛhadaṣṭāṅgahṛdaya. Rādh. 33.

2) Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता):—yoga. B. 4, 2.

3) Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता):—add L. 3129 (sūtrasthāna). read Ben. 64.
—[commentary] by Aruṇadatta. add Io. 985.
—[commentary] Saṃketamañjarī by Dāmodara. W. p. 281 ([fragmentary]).
—[commentary] by Hemādri. add Oppert. 4092. read Burnell. 65^b.

4) Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता):—med. by Vāgbhaṭa. [Bhau Dāji Memorial] 115. Bl. 222-27. Io. 72 (sthāna 5. 6). 1195 (sthāna 2, 1 and 3). 1351 (Cikitsāsthāna 1-3). 2787 (sthāna 1. 2). 2455. 3217. Rgb. 908 A (inc.). Stein 180. Nidānasthāna and—[commentary] by Ṭoḍaramalla. Peters. 4, 39.
—[commentary] Sarvāṅgasūndarī by Aruṇadatta. Stein 181 (adhy. 1-30, and Uttarasthāna 8-16).
—[commentary] Āyurvedarasāyana by Hemādri. Bl. 245 (Sūtrasthāna). Io. 927 (dto). Stein 181 (Sūtrasthāna 1-7).

5) Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता):—med. by Vāgbhaṭa. Ulwar 1615.
—[commentary] Sarvāṅgasundarī by Aruṇadatta, son of Mṛgāṅkadatta. Ulwar 1616.

6) Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता):—by Vāgbhaṭa. Ak 910. 920 (first six chapters only). As p. 16 (3 Mss. without the Sūtrasthāna). Bc 10. 11 (Sūtrasthāna). Bd. 884 (Sūtrasthāna). 922. Peters. 5, 532. Tb. 148 (Sūtrasthāna). 149 (Uttarasthāna). 156 (the greater part of the Śarīrasthāna). Whish 117 (1-4, 18). C. Bc 398. Tb. 152 (parts of the Sūtrasthāna). C. Pathya. Bc 395. C. Hṛdayaprabodhikā. Bc 279 (inc.). C. Sarvāṅgasundarī by Aruṇadatta. Bc 12. Tb. 150 (Uttarasthāna). C. Padārthacandrikā by Candranandana (not Candracandana). Cordier in Journal Asiatique 1901, p. 185. C. Vāgbhaṭakhaṇḍanamaṇḍana by Bhaṭṭa Narahari or Nṛsiṃhakavi, son of Bhaṭṭa Śivadeva. Cordier in Journal Asiatique 1901, p. 187. C. Ayurvedarasāyana by Hemādri. Hpr. 2, 266. Tb. 151 (Sūtrasthāna).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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