Kantakari, Kaṇṭakārī, Kamtakari, Kantakāri: 16 definitions


Kantakari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Kantakari in Ayurveda glossary

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी) is a Sanskrit word referring to Solanum xanthocarpum, a species of plant from the Solanaceae (nightshades) family of flowering plants. It is also known as Nidigdhikā. In English, the plant is known as the “yellow-berried nightshade” or the “Thai green eggplant” Among the botanical synonyms are: Solanum virginianum, Solanum Surattense, Solanum mairei. It is a suffrutescent perennial undershrub, growing in dry situations throughout India. It has zigzag branches spread close to the ground and covered with strong, broad, sharp yellowish white prickles. The leaves are armed with yellow sharp prickles. The flowers are blue and the fruits are yellow or white berries.

This plant (Kaṇṭakārī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the names Kṣudrā, Kaṇṭakārīkā, Vyāghrī, Nidigdhīkā, Kakṣmaṇā. In this work, the plant is mentioned being part of both the Daśamūla, the Pañcamūla, Bṛhatīdvaya and the Bṛhatyādigaṇa group of medicinal drugs.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी) (one of the pāñcamūlikā) refers to the medicinal plant Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. & Wendl., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Kaṇṭakārī] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Solanum xanthacarpum, a synonym of Solanum virginianum L. (“surattense nightshade” or “Thai eggplant”) from the Solanaceae or “nightshades” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.30-32 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Kaṇṭakārī is commonly known in Hindi as Choṭīkaṭerī or Bhaṭkaṭaiyā; in Bengali as Kaṇṭakārī; in Telugu as Vankudā; in Tamil as Kandan-kaṭīrī; in Gujarati as Bhoya-riṅgaṇī; and in Marathi as Bhūiriṅgiṇī.

Śvetabṛhatī is mentioned as having fourteen synonyms: Kaṇṭakinī, Dusparśā, Duṣpradharṣiṇī, Kṣudrā, Vyāghrī, Nidigdhā, Dhāvinī, Kṣudrakaṇṭikā, Bahukaṇṭā, Kṣudrakaṇṭā, Kṣudraphalā, Kaṇṭārikā and Citraphalā.

Properties and characteristics: “the smaller Kaṇṭakārī is pungent and hot, increases appetite and is effective in asthma and cough. It cures rhinitis and its complications. It cures the fevers due to Kapha and Vāta doṣas”.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी) refers to a medicinal plant known as Solanum surattense Burm., and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs (viz., Kaṇṭakārī). It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Evaluation of Cyavanaprāśa on Health and Immunity related Parameters in Healthy Children

Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी) refers to the medicinal plant known as Solanum surattense, Pl., and is used in the Ayurvedic formulation known as Cyavanaprāśa: an Ayurvedic health product that helps in boosting immunity.—Cyavanaprāśa has been found to be effective as an immunity booster, vitalizer and a preventer of day to day infections and allergies such as common cold and cough etc. It is a classical Ayurvedic formulation comprising ingredients such as Kaṇṭakārī. [...] Cyavanaprāśa can be consumed in all seasons as it contains weather friendly ingredients which nullify unpleasant effects due to extreme environmental and climatic conditions.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी) refers to an herbal ingredient which is included in a (snake) poison antidote recipe, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The antidote given by Kāśyapa for Darvīkara poison reads thus (Cf. verse VIII.6-7): The root of Aṅkola tree, salt, two palas or measures (roughly 96 grams) of the two types of Bṛhatī, Bṛhatī and Kaṇṭakārī belonging to Vidārādi-gaṇa are called dve bṛhatyau, kaṭutrayam, mustard seeds, kitchen soot (gṛhadhūma), a paste of of all these in equal quantities prepared with water, serves as a life-saving drug.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Kaṇṭakāri (कण्टकारि).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—Vyāghrī and Nidigdhikā are its synonyms. The plant is fully covered with thorns. Kaṇṭakārī is pungent, bitter, useful for throat and alleviates cough, bronchial asthma and fever.

Source: eJournal of Indian Medicine: Jajjaṭa’s Nirantarapadavyākhyā and Other Commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā

Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी) refers to Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad & Wendle., and is the name of a medicinal plant mentioned in the 7th-century Nirantarapadavyākhyā by Jejjaṭa (or Jajjaṭa): one of the earliest extant and, therefore, one of the most important commentaries on the Carakasaṃhitā.—Note: Kaṇṭakārikā is a synonym of Kaṇṭakārī.—(Cf. Glossary of Vegetable Drugs in Bṛhattrayī 68-69, Singh and Chunekar, 1999 ).—Note: Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad & H.Wendle is a synonym of Solanum virginianum L.— (Cf. The Plant List, A Working List of All Plant Species, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Garden).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Kantakari in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kantakari [ಕಂಟಕಾರಿ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Solanum virginianum L. from the Solanaceae (Potato) family having the following synonyms: Solanum surattense, Solanum xanthocarpum. For the possible medicinal usage of kantakari, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Kantakari [কংটকরী] in the Bengali language, ibid. previous identification.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kantakari in India is the name of a plant defined with Aristolochia bracteata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices.

2) Kantakari is also identified with Bombax ceiba It has the synonym Gossampinus malabarica (DC.) Merr. (etc.).

3) Kantakari is also identified with Solanum anguivi It has the synonym Solanum richardii Sieber ex Dunal (etc.).

4) Kantakari is also identified with Solanum myriacanthum It has the synonym Solanum macranthum M. Martens & Galeotti, nom. illeg. (etc.).

5) Kantakari is also identified with Solanum virginianum It has the synonym Solanum virginianum Pav. ex Dunal (etc.).

6) Kantakari in Nepal is also identified with Solanum capsicoides It has the synonym Solanum capsicoides Hort. Par. ex Lam. (etc.).

7) Kantakari is also identified with Sorbaria tomentosa It has the synonym Schizonotus tomentosus Lindl..

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Willdenowia (1991)
· Flora Brasiliensis (1846)
· Taxon (1961)
· Denkschriften der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Mathematischnaturwissenschaftliche Klasse (1910)
· Beskr. Guin. Pl. (1827)
· Hortus Malabaricus

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kantakari, for example side effects, health benefits, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, chemical composition, extract dosage, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kantakari in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṇṭakārī (कंटकारी).—f C A kind of prickly nightshade, Solanum Jacquini.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kantakari in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी).—f. (-rī) 1. A prickly nightshade: see the preceding. 2. The silk cotton tree, (Bombax heptaphyllum.) 3. Another plant, commonly Buinchi'hi, (Flacourtia sapida, Rox.) E. As before.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी):—[=kaṇṭa-kārī] [from kaṇṭa-kāra > kaṇṭa] f. Solanum Jacquini, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] Bombax Heptaphyllum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Flacourtia Sapida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṇṭakārī (कण्टकारी):—[kaṇṭakā+rī] (rī) 3. f. Idem; silk-cotton tree and flacourtia sapidā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kantakari in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaṃṭakāri (ಕಂಟಕಾರಿ):—

1) [noun] the plant Solanum surattense (=S. xanthocarpum) of Solanaceae family.

2) [noun] its fruit; wild brinjal.

3) [noun] foot coverings, as shoes, boots, slippers, etc.; footwear.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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