Virya, aka: Vīrya, Vīryā; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Virya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

vīrya (Creative Potency) defined as immutability unaffectedness or changelessness in spite of being the material cause of the universe the Lord is in no way changed or effected by this.

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Vīrya (वीर्य) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to the “potency” of a plant. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Vīrya (वीर्य) refers to the classification of medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravy) according to “potency and efficacy”, as defined in the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “these seven [eg., Vīrya] are the everlasting sources of the names i.e. names spoken in different regions or countries such as Kāśmīraja, Kāmbojī, Magadhodbhavā or Vālhikā”.

2) Vīrya (वीर्य) refers to a property of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the Rasa, Vīrya and Vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By Vīrya, the working capacity and potency is meant”.

The following are the eight types of Vīrya:

  1. Śīta (cold),
  2. Uṣṇa (hot),
  3. Rūkṣa (dry),
  4. Snigdha (unctuous),
  5. Tīkṣṇa (sharp),
  6. Mṛdu (soft),
  7. Picchilla (slimy),
  8. Viṣad [Viśada?] (non-slimy).
Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Drugs when taken in exert certain actions. The potency or power inherent in dravya which is responsible for action is termed as Vīrya. It is generally held that the qualities which are powerful enough to prodce action are, in fact, Vīryas.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

1) Vīrya (वीर्य).—A son of Akrūra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 29.

2) Vīryā (वीर्या).—The Kṣatriya Brahmans of Angirasa line.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 164.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Vīryā (वीर्या) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Mukula in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

1) Vīrya (वीर्य, “exertion”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVI).—Accordingly, “What are the benefits (anuśaṃsa) of exertion (vīrya), benefits that the Bodhisattva will investigate diligently and without slackening? Answer:—All the virtues and all the benefits of the Path, in the present lifetime and in future lifetimes, come from exertion. Moreover, if a person who wants to save himself already gives evidence of his eagerness and exertion, what can be said about the Bodhisattva who has taken the vow to save all beings?”.

2) Vīrya (वीर्य, “exertion”) refers to one of the “five dharma practices” (pañcāṅga) for obtaining the first dhyāna according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “Vīrya (exertion) in the observance of the precepts (śīla), in leaving family life, concentrated zeal without laziness (kausīdya) during the two watches of the night, limited food (mitabhojana) and one-pointedness of mind (citta-saṃgrahaṇa) without distraction (vikṣepa)”.

Note: This exertion manifests in the pursuit of the four qualities that make a monk incapable of falling back and close to nirvāṇa: observance of morality (śīlasaṃpatti), guarding the senses, moderation in eating and effort in the vigil. These qualities are defined in Aṅguttara II, p. 39-10; see also Saṃyutta II, p. 219; Aṅguttara I, p. 113; Tseng yi a han T 125, k. 12, p. 603c; Mahāniddesa II, p. 483-484.

3) Vīrya (वीर्य, “exertion”) refers to one of ten constituents (dravya) of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “these thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) have ten things (dravya) as roots (mūla). Exertion (vīrya) constitutes: a. the four right efforts (samyakpradhāna); b. the faculty of exertion (vīryendriya); c. the power of exertion (vīryabala); d. the factor-of-enlightenment called exertion (vīryasaṃbodhyaṅga); e. the [factor-of-the path] called right effort (samyagvyāyāma)”.

4) Vīrya (वीर्य, “energy”) refers to one of the twenty-two faculties (indriya), according to chapter 38. The word indriya, derived from the root id or ind, is synonymous with great power, with control. The twenty-two Dharmas in question [viz., vīrya] have the characteristic of being dominant in regard to the living being (sattva) in that which concerns: his primary constitution, his distinctiveness, his duration, his moral defilement and his purification.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

1) Vīrya (वीर्य, “energy”) or vīryapāramitā represents the fourth of the “six perferctions” (ṣaṭpāramitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 17). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., ṣaṣ-pāramitā and vīrya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Vīrya forms, besides a part of the “six perferctions” (ṣaṭpāramitā), also a part of the “ten perfections” (daśa-pāramitā).

Vīrya also refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30).

Vīrya also refers to one of the “five faculties” (pañcendriya), one of the “five strengths” (pañcabala) as well as one of the “seven factors of awakening” (bodhyaṅga), as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 47-49), all forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma).

2) Vīrya (वीर्य, “energy”) or Trivīrya refers to the “three kinds of energy” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 109):

  1. saṃnāha-vīrya (energy as armour),
  2. prayoga-vīrya (energy as practice),
  3. pariniṣṭhā-vīrya (energy as accomplishment).
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Vīrya (वीर्य, “energy”) or Vīryāntarāya refers to “gain obstructing karmas” and represents one of the dive types of Antarāya (obstructing karmas), representing one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by energy obstructing (vīrya-antrāya) karmas? The rise of which obstructs using one’s energy even though he has it is called energy obstructing karmas.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

vīrya (वीर्य).—n (S) Sperma genitale (viri vel mulieris). 2 Strength, vigor, virility, power, virtue; potency, firmness, or excellence generally (of things animate or inanimate). Ex. of comp. mandavīrya, hata- vīrya, naṣṭavīrya, uṣṇavīrya, tīvravīrya. 3 Heroism.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vīrya (वीर्य).—n Strength. Vigour. Heroism.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vīrya (वीर्य).—[vīr-yat, vīrasya bhāvo yat vā]

1) Heroism, prowess, valour; वीर्यावदानेषु कृतावमर्षः (vīryāvadāneṣu kṛtāvamarṣaḥ) Ki.3.43; R.2.4, 3.62;11.72; Ve.3.3.

2) Vigour, strength.

3) Virility; वीर्यशौर्याभ्यां च पिता ऋषभ इतीदं नाम चकार (vīryaśauryābhyāṃ ca pitā ṛṣabha itīdaṃ nāma cakāra) Bhāg.5.4.2.

4) Energy, firmness, courage.

5) Power, potency; जाने तपसो वीर्यम् (jāne tapaso vīryam) Ś.3.2.

6) Efficacy (of medicines); अतिवीर्यवतीव भेषजे बहुरल्पीयसि दृश्यते गुणः (ativīryavatīva bheṣaje bahuralpīyasi dṛśyate guṇaḥ) Ki.2.4; Ku.2. 48.

7) Semen virile; अमी हि वीर्यप्रभवं भवस्य (amī hi vīryaprabhavaṃ bhavasya) Ku.3.15; वसोर्वीर्योत्पन्नामभजत मुनिर्मत्स्यतनयाम् (vasorvīryotpannāmabhajata munirmatsyatanayām) Pt.4.5.

8) Splendour, lustre.

9) The seed of plants.

1) Dignity, consequence.

11) Poison.

12) Gold (hiraṇya); अन्नं वीर्यं ग्रहीतव्यं प्रेतकर्मण्य- पातिते (annaṃ vīryaṃ grahītavyaṃ pretakarmaṇya- pātite) Mb.12.165.39.

Derivable forms: vīryam (वीर्यम्).

--- OR ---

Vīryā (वीर्या).—f. (= vīryam); L. D. B.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 155 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Vicitravirya
Vicitravīrya (विचित्रवीर्य) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.95, I.63) and rep...
Mahavirya
Mahāvīrya (महावीर्य).—a. of great valour, very powerful. (-ryaḥ) 1 Name of Brahman. 2) the Supr...
Hatavirya
Hatavīrya (हतवीर्य).—a. bereft of power or vigour; मन्त्रेण हतवीर्यस्य फणिनो दैत्यमाश्रितः (man...
Viryashulka
Vīryaśulka (वीर्यशुल्क).—In ancient days the Kings wanted to give their daughters in marriage t...
Kritavirya
1) Kṛtavīrya (कृतवीर्य).—Father of the famous Kārtavīryārjuna (For genealogy see under Kārtavīr...
Prayogavirya
Prayogavīrya (प्रयोगवीर्य).—(with Buddhists) energy in practice. Derivable forms: prayogavīryam...
Viryaparamita
Vīryapāramitā (वीर्यपारमिता) or simply vīrya refers to the “perfection of energy” and represent...
Viryendriya
Vīryendriya (वीर्येन्द्रिय) refers to the “faculty of exertion” and represents one of the five ...
Bahuvirya
Bahuvīrya (बहुवीर्य).—a. very powerful or efficacious. -ryaḥ Name of various plants (such as Te...
Suvirya
Suvīrya (सुवीर्य).—a. 1) having great vigour. 2) of heroic strength, heroic, chivalrous. (-ryam...
Ushnavirya
Uṣṇavīrya (उष्णवीर्य).—Delphinus Gangeticus (śapharī matsya).Derivable forms: uṣṇavīryaḥ (उष्णव...
Mandavirya
Mandavīrya (मन्दवीर्य).—a. weak. Mandavīrya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mand...
Ugravirya
Ugravīrya (उग्रवीर्य).—Assafœtida (Mar. hiṃga). Derivable forms: ugravīryaḥ (उग्रवीर्यः).Ugravī...
Agnivirya
Agnivīrya (अग्निवीर्य).—1) power or might of Agni. 2) gold. Derivable forms: agnivīryam (अग्निव...
Trivirya
Trivīrya (त्रिवीर्य, “energy”) or simply Vīrya refers to the “three kinds of energy” as defined...

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