Virya, Vīrya, Vīryā: 25 definitions



Virya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Viry.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

vīrya (Creative Potency) defined as immutability unaffectedness or changelessness in spite of being the material cause of the universe the Lord is in no way changed or effected by this.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Vīrya (वीर्य) is a Sanskrit technical term, translating to the “potency” of a plant. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

1) Vīrya (वीर्य) refers to the classification of medicinal drugs (auṣadhi) and substances (dravy) according to “potency and efficacy”, as defined in the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “these seven [eg., Vīrya] are the everlasting sources of the names i.e. names spoken in different regions or countries such as Kāśmīraja, Kāmbojī, Magadhodbhavā or Vālhikā”.

2) Vīrya (वीर्य) refers to a property of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the Rasa, Vīrya and Vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By Vīrya, the working capacity and potency is meant”.

The following are the eight types of Vīrya:

  1. Śīta (cold),
  2. Uṣṇa (hot),
  3. Rūkṣa (dry),
  4. Snigdha (unctuous),
  5. Tīkṣṇa (sharp),
  6. Mṛdu (soft),
  7. Picchilla (slimy),
  8. Viṣad [Viśada?] (non-slimy).
Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Drugs when taken in exert certain actions. The potency or power inherent in dravya which is responsible for action is termed as Vīrya. It is generally held that the qualities which are powerful enough to prodce action are, in fact, Vīryas.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Vīrya (वीर्य):—1. The principle responsible for the therapeutic action of the substance; may be compared with the fraction of a substance containing the active principles; it is ascertained either by contact or duration of its stay in the body. 2. One of the basis of nomenclature of plants.

2) 1. Strength, power, energy, efficacy 2. Semen.

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Vīrya (वीर्य, “potency”) refers to the “potency of drugs” and represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—The drug/dravya, if is properly used it is equivalent to amṛta (nectar) and if improperly used it is like viṣa (poison). According to Āyurveda, dravya or drug is comprised of rasa (taste), guṇa (properties and qualities), vīrya (potency), vipāka (post-digestive-taste), prabhāva (serendipity—specific effect of a drug) and karma (targeted action of a drug).

Vīrya (potency) is mentioned as two in number though eight numbers are mentioned. But all these eight potencies come under two, i.e. hot and cold. Hot potency is fully controlled by sun and cold potency is controlled by moon.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Vīrya (वीर्य).—A son of Akrūra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 45. 29.

2) Vīryā (वीर्या).—The Kṣatriya Brahmans of Angirasa line.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 164.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Vīryā (वीर्या) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) defined by Bharata, to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Mukula in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vīrya (वीर्य) refers to one’s “seed”, according to Tantric texts such as the Kubjikāmata-tantra, the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “As long as Śambhu does not come into the world of mortals with all his being (sarvabhāva), bearing the form of the teacher, the Śāmbhava form of the “descent (of power)” does not take place. Just as my seed (vīrya), like (the alchemical) mercury (pārada), upon falling to the ground splits into (many) drops, similarly I wander around (in the world) in the form of the most excellent teachers. These teachers are born from my seed (vīrya). They are (my) sons (sūtaka). Purified, they achieve (the goal) by virtue of the fine condiment of the herb of devotion. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Vīrya (वीर्य, “exertion”) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVI).—Accordingly, “What are the benefits (anuśaṃsa) of exertion (vīrya), benefits that the Bodhisattva will investigate diligently and without slackening? Answer:—All the virtues and all the benefits of the Path, in the present lifetime and in future lifetimes, come from exertion. Moreover, if a person who wants to save himself already gives evidence of his eagerness and exertion, what can be said about the Bodhisattva who has taken the vow to save all beings?”.

2) Vīrya (वीर्य, “exertion”) refers to one of the “five dharma practices” (pañcāṅga) for obtaining the first dhyāna according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “Vīrya (exertion) in the observance of the precepts (śīla), in leaving family life, concentrated zeal without laziness (kausīdya) during the two watches of the night, limited food (mitabhojana) and one-pointedness of mind (citta-saṃgrahaṇa) without distraction (vikṣepa)”.

Note: This exertion manifests in the pursuit of the four qualities that make a monk incapable of falling back and close to nirvāṇa: observance of morality (śīlasaṃpatti), guarding the senses, moderation in eating and effort in the vigil. These qualities are defined in Aṅguttara II, p. 39-10; see also Saṃyutta II, p. 219; Aṅguttara I, p. 113; Tseng yi a han T 125, k. 12, p. 603c; Mahāniddesa II, p. 483-484.

3) Vīrya (वीर्य, “exertion”) refers to one of ten constituents (dravya) of the thirty-seven auxiliaries to enlightenment (bodhipākṣika), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI.—Accordingly, “these thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) have ten things (dravya) as roots (mūla). Exertion (vīrya) constitutes: a. the four right efforts (samyakpradhāna); b. the faculty of exertion (vīryendriya); c. the power of exertion (vīryabala); d. the factor-of-enlightenment called exertion (vīryasaṃbodhyaṅga); e. the [factor-of-the path] called right effort (samyagvyāyāma)”.

4) Vīrya (वीर्य, “energy”) refers to one of the twenty-two faculties (indriya), according to chapter 38. The word indriya, derived from the root id or ind, is synonymous with great power, with control. The twenty-two Dharmas in question [viz., vīrya] have the characteristic of being dominant in regard to the living being (sattva) in that which concerns: his primary constitution, his distinctiveness, his duration, his moral defilement and his purification.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

1) Vīrya (वीर्य, “energy”) or vīryapāramitā represents the fourth of the “six perferctions” (ṣaṭpāramitā) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 17). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., ṣaṣ-pāramitā and vīrya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Vīrya forms, besides a part of the “six perferctions” (ṣaṭpāramitā), also a part of the “ten perfections” (daśa-pāramitā).

Vīrya also refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30).

Vīrya also refers to one of the “five faculties” (pañcendriya), one of the “five strengths” (pañcabala) as well as one of the “seven factors of awakening” (bodhyaṅga), as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 47-49), all forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma).

2) Vīrya (वीर्य, “energy”) or Trivīrya refers to the “three kinds of energy” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 109):

  1. saṃnāha-vīrya (energy as armour),
  2. prayoga-vīrya (energy as practice),
  3. pariniṣṭhā-vīrya (energy as accomplishment).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Vīrya (वीर्य, “energy”) or Vīryāntarāya refers to “gain obstructing karmas” and represents one of the dive types of Antarāya (obstructing karmas), representing one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by energy obstructing (vīrya-antrāya) karmas? The rise of which obstructs using one’s energy even though he has it is called energy obstructing karmas.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vīrya (वीर्य).—n (S) Sperma genitale (viri vel mulieris). 2 Strength, vigor, virility, power, virtue; potency, firmness, or excellence generally (of things animate or inanimate). Ex. of comp. mandavīrya, hata- vīrya, naṣṭavīrya, uṣṇavīrya, tīvravīrya. 3 Heroism.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vīrya (वीर्य).—n Strength. Vigour. Heroism.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vīrya (वीर्य).—[vīr-yat, vīrasya bhāvo yat vā]

1) Heroism, prowess, valour; वीर्यावदानेषु कृतावमर्षः (vīryāvadāneṣu kṛtāvamarṣaḥ) Ki.3.43; R.2.4, 3.62;11.72; Ve.3.3.

2) Vigour, strength.

3) Virility; वीर्यशौर्याभ्यां च पिता ऋषभ इतीदं नाम चकार (vīryaśauryābhyāṃ ca pitā ṛṣabha itīdaṃ nāma cakāra) Bhāg.5.4.2.

4) Energy, firmness, courage.

5) Power, potency; जाने तपसो वीर्यम् (jāne tapaso vīryam) Ś.3.2.

6) Efficacy (of medicines); अतिवीर्यवतीव भेषजे बहुरल्पीयसि दृश्यते गुणः (ativīryavatīva bheṣaje bahuralpīyasi dṛśyate guṇaḥ) Ki.2.4; Ku.2. 48.

7) Semen virile; अमी हि वीर्यप्रभवं भवस्य (amī hi vīryaprabhavaṃ bhavasya) Ku.3.15; वसोर्वीर्योत्पन्नामभजत मुनिर्मत्स्यतनयाम् (vasorvīryotpannāmabhajata munirmatsyatanayām) Pt.4.5.

8) Splendour, lustre.

9) The seed of plants.

1) Dignity, consequence.

11) Poison.

12) Gold (hiraṇya); अन्नं वीर्यं ग्रहीतव्यं प्रेतकर्मण्य- पातिते (annaṃ vīryaṃ grahītavyaṃ pretakarmaṇya- pātite) Mb.12.165.39.

Derivable forms: vīryam (वीर्यम्).

--- OR ---

Vīryā (वीर्या).—f. (= vīryam); L. D. B.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vīryā (वीर्या).—name of a nāga maid: Kāraṇḍavvūha 4.10.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīrya (वीर्य) or Vīryya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) 1. Strength, vigour, power. 2. Dignity, consequence. 3. Fortitude, firmness. 4. Semen virile. 5. Splendour, lustre. 6. Heroism, valour. 7. Seed, (of plants, &c.) 8. Efficacy. E. vīra a hero, and yat aff.; or vīr to be strong, and ac and yat affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīrya (वीर्य).—i. e. vīra + ya, n. 1. Strength, power, Chr. 23, 33; [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 16. 2. Fortitude, Chr. 4, 14. 3. Heroism. 4. Dignity. 5. Splendour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīrya (वीर्य).—[neuter] manliness, courage, strength, heroic deed, semen virile.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vīrya (वीर्य):—[from vīr] n. (ifc. f(ā). ) manliness, valour, strength, power, energy, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] heroism, heroic deed, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] manly vigour, virility, semen virile, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] efficacy (of medicine), [Kumāra-sambhava; Kirātārjunīya]

5) [v.s. ...] poison, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] splendour, lustre, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] dignity, consequence, [ib.]

8) Vīryā (वीर्या):—[from vīrya > vīr] f. vigour, energy, virility, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Name of a serpent-maid, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vīrya (वीर्य):—(ryyaṃ) 1. n. Nobility, dignity, fortitude, splendor, heroism, vigour, seed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vīrya (वीर्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vīrii.

[Sanskrit to German]

Virya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vīrya (वीर्य) [Also spelled viry]:—(nm) semen; potency, manly vigour, virility; heroism, valour; ~[kara] strength-giving, raising virility, marrow; -[kīṭāṇu] spermatozoon; ~[pāta] discharge of semen; -[pāramitā] (with Buddhists) the highest degree of fortitude or energy (one of the six perfections); ~[vāna/śālī] virile, potent, manly; powerful; -[saṃbaṃdhī] seminal, spermatic; -[hāni] loss of virility, impotency; ~[hīna] impotent; weak, feeble; hence ~[hīnatā] (nf).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vīrya (ವೀರ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] vigour; bravery; courageousness.

2) [noun] strength; power.

3) [noun] any of the qualities generally regarded as those that a man should have, as virility, resoluteness, honourablness, magnanimity, nobility, etc.

4) [noun] the thick, whitish fluid secreted by the male reproductive organs and containing the spermatozoa; the semen.

5) [noun] brightness; lustre.

6) [noun] power to produce effects or intended results; effectiveness; efficacy.

7) [noun] a seed of a plant, that contains the embryo.

8) [noun] any poisonous substance.

9) [noun] gold.

10) [noun] reputation based on brilliance of achievement, character, etc.; prestige.

11) [noun] (viṣṭādvaita phil.) one of the attributes of the Supreme Being.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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