Atisara, Atisāra, Atīsāra: 21 definitions



Atisara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Atisāra refers to “diarrhea” and is a Sanskrit term used in Ayurveda.

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhea”, as mentioned in verse 5.13-14 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] as concerns (water from) wells, ponds, etc., one should know (if it comes) from jungle, swamp, or rock. No water or, in case of incapability, little (is) to be drunk by those suffering from weak digestion and visceral induration (and) by those suffering from jaundice, abdominal swellings, diarrhea [viz., atisāra], hemorrhoids, dysentery, and cutaneous swellings. Except in autumn and summer, even a healthy man shall drink only little”.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 44 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (30) dosage form in the management of Atisāra. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Atisāra (अतिसार) or Sāmātisāra refers to “diarrhoea”, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., Atisāra).

Only one decoction of Indrayava (Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall.), Ativiṣā (Aconitum heterophyllum Wall.), Bilva (Aegle marmelos Linn.), Uṣīra (Vetiveria zizanioides Linn.) and Mustā is indicated in sāma-atisāra (diarrhoea) and chronic Atisāra. This is also indicated in painful or Raktātisāra (bloody diarrhoea).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea” (also spelt as diarrhea), and as per ‘world health organization’, is a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. It is an intestinal infection due to a virus, bacteria or parasite. Mādhava Cikitsā in its Chapter 2 on atisāra-cikitsā explains several preparations through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhea” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning atisāra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “dysentery” (intestinal inflammation) and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the bodily (śārīra) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (e.g., atisāra) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea” defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, jvarātisāra: fever with diarrhoea). The disease is called atisāra (diarrhoea) simply because it literally means an excessive discharge. What actually happens in this disease is this; the watery portion of the polluted dhātus (such constituents of the body as chyle) lessens the intensity of the digesting fire (heat in the stomach), is mixed with the stool, and is driven down by vāyu in excessive quantities.

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Atisara in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

atisāra : (m.) 1. overstepping; 2. dysentery.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Atisara, (adj.) (fr. atisarati; cp. accasara) transgressing, sinning J. IV, 6; cp. atisāra. (Page 21)

— or —

Atisāra, (fr. ati + sṛ, see atisarati. Cp. Sk. atisāra in diff. meaning but BSk. atisāra (sâtisāra) in the same meaning) going too far, overstepping the limit, trespassing, false step, slip, danger Vin. I, 55 (sâtisāra), 326 (id.); S. I, 74; M. III, 237; Sn. 889 (atisāraṃ diṭṭhiyo = diṭṭhigatāni Nd1 297; going beyond the proper limits of the right faith), J. V, 221 (dhamm°), 379; DhA. I, 182; DhsA. 28. See also atisara. (Page 21)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atisāra (अतिसार).—m (S) Diarrhœa or dysentery. Some forms are āmātisāra, jvarātisāra, pittātisāra, raktātisāra, śrlēṣmātisāra, & sarvasādhāraṇātisāra or sarvasāmānyātisāra.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

atisāra (अतिसार).—m Dysentery, diarrhœa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atisara (अतिसर).—a.

1) One who goes beyond or exceeds.

2) Leader, foremost.

-raḥ Effort or exertion.

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Atisāra (अतिसार) or Atīsāra (अतीसार).—[atisārayati malaṃ dravīkṛtya, vā aterdīrghaḥ] Dysentery, violent straining at stool.

Derivable forms: atisāraḥ (अतिसारः), atīsāraḥ (अतीसारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Atisāra (अतिसार).—(= Pali id.), sin, in sātisāra (= Pali id.), singul, guilty: Mahāvyutpatti 9336 = Tibetan ḥgal tshabs can. Here, and seemingly always, used in nom. with bhavati, becomes guilty of a sin. So Divyāvadāna 275.18; 330.1; Śikṣāsamuccaya 63.8; Bodhisattvabhūmi 160.24; °rā (fem.) Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 10a. 3—4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atisāra (अतिसार).—m.

(-raḥ) Diarrhœa or dysentery. E. ati, and sāra what goes; from sṛ to go, with ghañ affix; also atīsāra.

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Atīsāra (अतीसार).—m. (raḥ) Diarrhœa or dysentery. See atisāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atisāra (अतिसार).—atīsāra, i. e. ati-sṛ + a, m. Diarrhœa.

Atisāra can also be spelled as Atīsāra (अतीसार).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atisāra (अतिसार).—[masculine] diarrhoea.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Atisara (अतिसर):—[=ati-sara] [from ati-sṛ] m. effort, exertion, [Atharva-veda]

2) Atisāra (अतिसार):—[=ati-sāra] [from ati-sṛ] m. purging, dysentery.

3) [v.s. ...] transgression (in ti-s°), ibidem

4) Atīsāra (अतीसार):—[=atī-sāra] [from ati-sṛ] a m. purging, dysentery.

5) [=atī-sāra] b See and ati-√sṛ.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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