Atisara, aka: Atisāra, Atīsāra; 11 Definition(s)


Atisara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Atisāra refers to “diarrhea” and is a Sanskrit term used in Ayurveda.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 44 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (30) dosage form in the management of Atisāra. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Atisara in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “dysentery” (intestinal inflammation) and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the bodily (śārīra) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., atisāra) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea” defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, jvarātisāra: fever with diarrhoea). The disease is called atisāra (diarrhoea) simply because it literally means an excessive discharge. What actually happens in this disease is this; the watery portion of the polluted dhātus (such constituents of the body as chyle) lessens the intensity of the digesting fire (heat in the stomach), is mixed with the stool, and is driven down by vāyu in excessive quantities.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Atisara in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

atisāra : (m.) 1. overstepping; 2. dysentery.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Atisara, (adj.) (fr. atisarati; cp. accasara) transgressing, sinning J. IV, 6; cp. atisāra. (Page 21)

— or —

Atisāra, (fr. ati + sṛ, see atisarati. Cp. Sk. atisāra in diff. meaning but BSk. atisāra (sâtisāra) in the same meaning) going too far, overstepping the limit, trespassing, false step, slip, danger Vin. I, 55 (sâtisāra), 326 (id.); S. I, 74; M. III, 237; Sn. 889 (atisāraṃ diṭṭhiyo = diṭṭhigatāni Nd1 297; going beyond the proper limits of the right faith), J. V, 221 (dhamm°), 379; DhA. I, 182; DhsA. 28. See also atisara. (Page 21)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Atisara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

atisāra (अतिसार).—m (S) Diarrhœa or dysentery. Some forms are āmātisāra, jvarātisāra, pittātisāra, raktātisāra, śrlēṣmātisāra, & sarvasādhāraṇātisāra or sarvasāmānyātisāra.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atisāra (अतिसार).—m Dysentery, diarrhœa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atisara (अतिसर).—a.

1) One who goes beyond or exceeds.

2) Leader, foremost.

-raḥ Effort or exertion.

--- OR ---

Atisāra (अतिसार) or Atīsāra (अतीसार).—[atisārayati malaṃ dravīkṛtya, vā aterdīrghaḥ] Dysentery, violent straining at stool.

Derivable forms: atisāraḥ (अतिसारः), atīsāraḥ (अतीसारः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Atisāra (अतिसार).—m.

(-raḥ) Diarrhœa or dysentery. E. ati, and sāra what goes; from sṛ to go, with ghañ affix; also atīsāra.

--- OR ---

Atīsāra (अतीसार).—m. (raḥ) Diarrhœa or dysentery. See atisāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 38 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jvarātisāra (ज्वरातिसार) refers to “fever with diarrhoea” defined in the fourth volume of the R...
āmātisāra (आमातिसार).—m Dysentery.
Pākātīsāra (पाकातीसार).—chronic dysentery. Derivable forms: pākātīsāraḥ (पाकातीसारः).Pākātīsāra...
Vātātisāra (वातातिसार).—dysentery caused by some derangement or vitiation of the bodily wind. D...
Mūtrātīsāra (मूत्रातीसार).—diabetes. Derivable forms: mūtrātīsāraḥ (मूत्रातीसारः).Mūtrātīsāra i...
Śleṣmātisāra (श्लेष्मातिसार).—dysentery produced by vitiated phlegm. Derivable forms: śleṣmātis...
Pakvātisāra (पक्वातिसार).—chronic dysentery. Derivable forms: pakvātisāraḥ (पक्वातिसारः).Pakvāt...
Pittātīsāra (पित्तातीसार).—a bilious form of diarrhœa. Derivable forms: pittātīsāraḥ (पित्तातीस...
Dardura (दर्दुर) is the name of a singing-teaching (gītācārya) from Vidiśā, according to the Ka...
Dākṣāyaṇi (दाक्षायणि).—Daughter of Dakṣa. This name is generally used for all the daughters of ...
Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी) refers to “chronic diarrhoea” defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidh...
Ati (अति).—[, read Atri, n. of a Prajāpati: Māy 257.18.]--- OR --- Ati (अति).—[ tvāṃ: LV 253.8 ...
Viśvanātha (विश्वनाथ) is the author of the Muktāvalī-ullāsa: a commentary on the Bhāṣāparicched...
Abhisāra (अभिसार) is the name of a tribe mentioned as inhabiting the region around ancient Kaśm...
Ānandabhairava (आनन्दभैरव) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of t...

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