Atisara, Atisāra, Atīsāra: 25 definitions
Atisara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Atisar.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Atisāra refers to “diarrhea” and is a Sanskrit term used in Ayurveda.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhea”, as mentioned in verse 5.13-14 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] as concerns (water from) wells, ponds, etc., one should know (if it comes) from jungle, swamp, or rock. No water or, in case of incapability, little (is) to be drunk by those suffering from weak digestion and visceral induration (and) by those suffering from jaundice, abdominal swellings, diarrhea [viz., atisāra], hemorrhoids, dysentery, and cutaneous swellings. Except in autumn and summer, even a healthy man shall drink only little”.Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea”. Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 44 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (30) dosage form in the management of Atisāra. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci
Atisāra (अतिसार) or Sāmātisāra refers to “diarrhoea”, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., Atisāra).
Only one decoction of Indrayava (Holarrhena antidysenterica Wall.), Ativiṣā (Aconitum heterophyllum Wall.), Bilva (Aegle marmelos Linn.), Uṣīra (Vetiveria zizanioides Linn.) and Mustā is indicated in sāma-atisāra (diarrhoea) and chronic Atisāra. This is also indicated in painful or Raktātisāra (bloody diarrhoea).Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā
Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea” (also spelt as diarrhea), and as per ‘world health organization’, is a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal. It is an intestinal infection due to a virus, bacteria or parasite. Mādhava Cikitsā in its Chapter 2 on atisāra-cikitsā explains several preparations through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhea” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning atisāra] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa
Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “dysentery” (intestinal inflammation) and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the bodily (śārīra) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”
Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (e.g., atisāra) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.
The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea” defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, jvarātisāra: fever with diarrhoea). The disease is called atisāra (diarrhoea) simply because it literally means an excessive discharge. What actually happens in this disease is this; the watery portion of the polluted dhātus (such constituents of the body as chyle) lessens the intensity of the digesting fire (heat in the stomach), is mixed with the stool, and is driven down by vāyu in excessive quantities.
Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.
Kavya (poetry)Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ (Kāvya)
Atisāra (अतिसार) in Sanskrit (or Aīsāra in Prakrit) refers to “dysentery”, as is mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
atisāra : (m.) 1. overstepping; 2. dysentery.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Atisara, (adj.) (fr. atisarati; cp. accasara) transgressing, sinning J. IV, 6; cp. atisāra. (Page 21)
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Atisāra, (fr. ati + sṛ, see atisarati. Cp. Sk. atisāra in diff. meaning but BSk. atisāra (sâtisāra) in the same meaning) going too far, overstepping the limit, trespassing, false step, slip, danger Vin. I, 55 (sâtisāra), 326 (id.); S. I, 74; M. III, 237; Sn. 889 (atisāraṃ diṭṭhiyo = diṭṭhigatāni Nd1 297; going beyond the proper limits of the right faith), J. V, 221 (dhamm°), 379; DhA. I, 182; DhsA. 28. See also atisara. (Page 21)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
atisāra (अतिसार).—m (S) Diarrhœa or dysentery. Some forms are āmātisāra, jvarātisāra, pittātisāra, raktātisāra, śrlēṣmātisāra, & sarvasādhāraṇātisāra or sarvasāmānyātisāra.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
atisāra (अतिसार).—m Dysentery, diarrhœa.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) One who goes beyond or exceeds.
2) Leader, foremost.
-raḥ Effort or exertion.
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Atisāra (अतिसार) or Atīsāra (अतीसार).—[atisārayati malaṃ dravīkṛtya, vā aterdīrghaḥ] Dysentery, violent straining at stool.
Derivable forms: atisāraḥ (अतिसारः), atīsāraḥ (अतीसारः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Atisāra (अतिसार).—(= Pali id.), sin, in sātisāra (= Pali id.), singul, guilty: Mahāvyutpatti 9336 = Tibetan ḥgal tshabs can. Here, and seemingly always, used in nom. with bhavati, becomes guilty of a sin. So Divyāvadāna 275.18; 330.1; Śikṣāsamuccaya 63.8; Bodhisattvabhūmi 160.24; °rā (fem.) Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 10a. 3—4.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) Diarrhœa or dysentery. E. ati, and sāra what goes; from sṛ to go, with ghañ affix; also atīsāra.
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Atīsāra (अतीसार).—m. (raḥ) Diarrhœa or dysentery. See atisāra.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atisāra (अतिसार).—atīsāra, i. e. ati-sṛ + a, m. Diarrhœa.
Atisāra can also be spelled as Atīsāra (अतीसार).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Atisāra (अतिसार).—[masculine] diarrhoea.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Atisara (अतिसर):—[=ati-sara] [from ati-sṛ] m. effort, exertion, [Atharva-veda]
2) Atisāra (अतिसार):—[=ati-sāra] [from ati-sṛ] m. purging, dysentery.
3) [v.s. ...] transgression (in sāti-s°), ibidem
4) Atīsāra (अतीसार):—[=atī-sāra] [from ati-sṛ] a m. purging, dysentery.
5) [=atī-sāra] b See and ati-√sṛ.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) Dysentery or diarrhœa, described as pro-duced by vitiated bile or air or phlegm or by these three humours collectively or by grief or by vitiated mucus in the abdomen; according to others also by various other reasons and comprised under acute and chronic dysentery. (See pittātisāra, vātātisāra, śleṣmātisāra, śokātisāra, āmātisāra, pakvātisāra.) An older division is that in jvarātisāra, vātātisāra, pittātisāra, śleṣmātisāra, raktātisāra, sannipātātisāra (qq. vv.). Also written atīsāra. E. sṛ with ati, kṛt aff. ghañ.
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(-raḥ) Diarrhœa or dysentery. See atisāra.
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Atisara (अतिसर):—(von sar mit ati) m. Anlauf, Anstrengung: yā~ a.āvatisa.āṃśca.āra [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 5, 8, 7. 2. 4.]
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Atisāra (अतिसार):—(von sar mit ati) m. Durchfall [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 6, 15.] [Suśruta 1, 106, 14. 116, 8. 120, 14.] u. s. w. sātisāro tisārakī [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 10.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 460.] — Vgl. atīsāra .
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Atīsāra (अतीसार):—m. = atisāra [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 129. 3, 3, 17, Vārttika von Kātyāyana.] [Suśruta 1, 120, 7. 121, 4.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Atisāra (अतिसार) [Also spelled atisar]:—(nm) dysentery.
See also (Relevant definitions)