Atisara, aka: Atisāra, Atīsāra; 9 Definition(s)


Atisara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Atisāra refers to “diarrhea” and is a Sanskrit term used in Ayurveda.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea”. These includes 44 references of Vatsanābha usages. Guṭikā is maximum (30) dosage form in the management of Atisāra. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

(Source): Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.


Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “dysentery” (intestinal inflammation) and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the bodily (śārīra) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., atisāra) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Atisāra (अतिसार) refers to “diarrhoea” defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, jvarātisāra: fever with diarrhoea). The disease is called atisāra (diarrhoea) simply because it literally means an excessive discharge. What actually happens in this disease is this; the watery portion of the polluted dhātus (such constituents of the body as chyle) lessens the intensity of the digesting fire (heat in the stomach), is mixed with the stool, and is driven down by vāyu in excessive quantities.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasashastra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

In Buddhism


atisāra : (m.) 1. overstepping; 2. dysentery.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Atisara, (adj.) (fr. atisarati; cp. accasara) transgressing, sinning J. IV, 6; cp. atisāra. (Page 21)

— or —

Atisāra, (fr. ati + sṛ, see atisarati. Cp. Sk. atisāra in diff. meaning but BSk. atisāra (sâtisāra) in the same meaning) going too far, overstepping the limit, trespassing, false step, slip, danger Vin. I, 55 (sâtisāra), 326 (id.); S. I, 74; M. III, 237; Sn. 889 (atisāraṃ diṭṭhiyo = diṭṭhigatāni Nd1 297; going beyond the proper limits of the right faith), J. V, 221 (dhamm°), 379; DhA. I, 182; DhsA. 28. See also atisara. (Page 21)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

atisāra (अतिसार).—m (S) Diarrhœa or dysentery. Some forms are āmātisāra, jvarātisāra, pittātisāra, raktātisāra, śrlēṣmātisāra, & sarvasādhāraṇātisāra or sarvasāmānyātisāra.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

atisāra (अतिसार).—m Dysentery, diarrhœa.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 31 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jvarātisāra (ज्वरातिसार) refers to “fever with diarrhoea” defined in the fourth volume of the R...
Pakvātisāra (पक्वातिसार).—chronic dysentery. Derivable forms: pakvātisāraḥ (पक्वातिसारः).Pakvāt...
Pittātīsāra (पित्तातीसार).—a bilious form of diarrhœa. Derivable forms: pittātīsāraḥ (पित्तातीस...
Dardura (दर्दुर).—[dṛṇāti karṇau śabdena urac ni° Tv.]1) A frog; पङ्कक्लिन्नमुखाः पिबन्ति सलिलं...
Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी) refers to “chronic diarrhoea” defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidh...
Ati (अति).—ind. [at-i]1) A prefix used with adjectives and adverbs, meaning 'very', 'too', 'exc...
Dākṣāyaṇī (दाक्षायणी) or Dākṣāyaṇīrasa is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth...
Ānandabhairava (आनन्दभैरव) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of t...
Viśvanātha (विश्वनाथ) is the name of a teacher of Gaṅgādharakavi (19th century): the son of Viṭ...
Kuk (कुक्).—Augment क् (k) (1) added to ङ् (ṅ) at the end of a word before a sibilant letter; e...
Pūrṇacandrodaya (पूर्णचन्द्रोदय) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volum...
Sudhāsindhu (सुधासिन्धु).—Śaṃkarācārya talks about ocean of nectar (sudhā-sindhu). Nectarine oc...
Accasara, (adj.) (a form. fr. aor. accasari (ati + sṛ), influenced in meaning by analogy of ati...
Satīsara (सतीसर) refers to an ancient lake that was situated at the valley of Kaśmīra according...
Rasajalanidhi (रसजलनिधि) is the name of a compilation of 5 volumes dealing with Rasaśāstra (Ind...

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