Madhyaloka, aka: Madhya-loka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madhyaloka means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Madhyaloka consists of many continent-islands surrounded by oceans, first eight whose names are :-

  1. Jambūdvīpa – Lavanoda (Salt-ocean)
  2. Ghatki Khand – Kaloda (Black sea)
  3. Puskarvardvīpa – Puskaroda (Lotus Ocean)
  4. Varunvardvīpa – Varunoda (Varun Ocean)
  5. Kshirvardvīpa – Kshiroda (Ocean of milk)
  6. Ghrutvardvīpa – Ghrutoda (Ghee ocean)
  7. Ikshuvardvīpa – Iksuvaroda (Ocean of Sugarcane Juice)
  8. Nandishwardvīpa – Nandishwaroda

Jambūdvīpa is at the centre of Madhyaloka, or the middle part of the universe, where the humans reside.

Mount Meru is at the centre of the world surrounded by Jambūdvīpa, in form of a circle forming a diameter of 100,000 yojanas.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism

Madhyaloka (मध्यलोक).—The middle world (madhya-loka), a rather circular body, consists of numerous concentric dvīpas or island continents with intervening oceans separating any two of them. In its center is the Mount Meru, golden and surrounded by the Jambūdvīpa, the latter being encircled by the lavaṇoda ocean. Then comes the dhātaki-khaṇḍa-dvīpa and the vāruṇīvara-samudra, the kṣīravara and the kṣīroda, the ghṛtavara and the ghṛtoda, the ikṣuvara and the ikṣuvaroda, the nandīśvara and the nandīśvaroda. Human beings are found only in the first two dvīpas and the first half of the third one. At the end of countless continents and oceans is the great ocean known as the Svayambhuramaṇa.

(Source): Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Madhyaloka (मध्यलोक).—Madhya-loka or the “middle world” is horizontal and always shown is full face-like a disk or plate or an immense cymbal or denoted by the central parts of the man’s abdomen where human beings live.

The middle world (madhya-loka) is the only one of the three worlds where it is possible for men to be born, Even there, rebirth and death are restricted to a relatively small area.

(Source): Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Madhyaloka (मध्यलोक).—according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.7, what constitute the middle-world (madhya-loka)? Continents with auspicious names like Jambūdvīpa and oceans with auspicious names like Lavaṇasāgara (Ocean Salt) constitute the middle world. Lavaṇa means salt. There are innumerable continents and oceans in the middle world.

What are names of most known continents of the middle world? Jambūdvīpa, Dhātakīdvīpa, Puṣkaradvīpa (Puṣkaravaradvīpa), Vāruṇīvaradvīpa, Kṣīravaradvīpa, Gṛhatavaradvīpa, Ikṣuvaradvīpa, Nandīśvaradvīpa, Aruṇavaradvīpa, Kuṇḍalavaradvīpa, Saṅkhavaradvīpa, Rucakavaradvīpa and so on innumerable continents till the last one known as Svayambhūramaṇa are names of the famous continents of the middle world.

What are the names of the famous oceans of the middle world? Names of the famous oceans of the middle world are; Lavaṇa, Kālodadhi, Puṣkaravara, Vāruṇīvara, Kṣīravara, Ghrhatvara, Ikṣuvara, Nandīśvara, Aruṇavara, Kundalavara, Saṅkhavara, Rucakavara and so on innumerable oceans till the last one known as Svayambhūramaṇa.

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

madhyalōka (मध्यलोक).—m The earth.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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