Shitavana, Sitavana, Śītavana, Sītavana, Shita-vana: 7 definitions


Shitavana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śītavana can be transliterated into English as Sitavana or Shitavana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shitavana in Purana glossary
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śītavana (शीतवन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.81.48) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śīta-vana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A grove near Rajagaha where Anathapindika first met the Buddha. In the grove was a cemetery described as bhayabherava (ThagA.i.47; cf. Dvy.264, 268), and, when Anathapindika approached it, he was filled with fear and trembling. But he was reassured by a friendly Yakkha, Sivaka (Vin.ii.155f.; when the Buddha was staying there, Mara asked him to die; D.ii.116).

In the Sitavana was the Sappasondikapabbhara (S.i.210f; Vin.ii.76; iv.159), where Upasena was killed by a snake bite (S.iv.40) and Sona Kolivisa tried, without success, to practise asceticism. (A.iii.374).

Sambhuta Thera so loved the Sitavana that he came to be called Sitavaniya.

In Asokas day his brother Tissakumara, (Ekavihariya) is also mentioned its delighting in the solitude of Sitavana (Thag.vs.540; or does this Sitavana not refer to any particular place?).

There were five hundred walks (cankamanani) in Sitavana. AA.ii.679.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shitavana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śītavana (शीतवन) is the name of an area south of Rājagṛha, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter V. Accordingly, “south of Rājagṛha, in the Che t’o lin (Śītavana), there were many corpses; vultures commonly came to devour them and then went to perch on the peak of the nearby mountain. The people then named it vulture peak (Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) mountain. It is the highest of the five mountains of Rājagṛha. It abounds in precious forests and waters. The Āryas live there”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Sītavana (सीतवन) is the name of a forest situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Sītavana is at Rājagaha.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shitavana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śītavana (शीतवन).—nt. (= Pali Sīta°), name of a cemetery at Rājagṛha; in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] always referred to as (mahā) śmaśāna: °naṃ śmaśānam abhinirharati Divyāvadāna 264.16; °naṃ mahā- śmaśānaṃ 268.8, and ff.; Avadāna-śataka ii.134.5 (°naṃ śmaśānaṃ nītvā), 10; 135.1; 182.7; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.42.20 f.; iii.139.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śītavana (शीतवन):—[=śīta-vana] [from śīta] n. Name of a place of pilgrimage, [Mahābhārata] ([varia lectio] sīta-v)

2) [v.s. ...] of a place (for receiving) corpses in Magadha, [Buddhist literature]

3) Sītāvana (सीतावन):—[=sītā-vana] [from sītā > sī] a See śītavana.

4) Sītavana (सीतवन):—[=sīta-vana] sīta-vana or sītā-vana [varia lectio] for śītavana.

5) Sītāvana (सीतावन):—[=sītā-vana] b sīta-vana or sītā-vana [varia lectio] for śītavana.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shitavana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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