Gurvadiguna, Gurvādiguṇa, Gurvadi-guna: 3 definitions


Gurvadiguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Gurvadiguna in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Gurvādiguṇa (गुर्वादिगुण):—The Sanskrit name for a group of 20 qualties that can be assigned to drugs. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhitā.

The different qualities can be paired in opposing groups:

  1. Guru (‘heavy’),
  2. Śīta (‘cold’),
  3. Snigdha (‘oily’),
  4. Manda (‘dull’),
  5. Ślakṣṇa (‘smooth’),
  6. Sāndra (‘dense’),
  7. Mṛdu (‘soft’),
  8. Sthira (‘stable’),
  9. Sthūla (‘gross’),
  10. Viśada (‘shiny’),
  11. Lagu (‘light’),
  12. Uṣṇa (‘warm’),
  13. Rūkṣa (‘dry’),
  14. Tīkṣṇa (‘sharp’),
  15. Khara (‘rough’),
  16. Drava (‘liquid’),
  17. Kaṭhina (‘hard’),
  18. Sara (‘mobile’),
  19. Sūkṣma (‘subtle’),
  20. Picchila (‘cloudy’).
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Gurvādiguṇa (गुर्वादिगुण):—Group of 20 pharmacological properties of the medicinal substances;

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Gurvādiguṇa (गुर्वादिगुण) is another name for Śārīraguṇa, which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body” where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas which are mentioned below:

  1. Guru-Laghu — heavy-light;
  2. Manda-Tīkṣṇa — dull-sharp;
  3. Hima-Uṣṇa — cold-hot;
  4. Snigdha-Rūkṣa — oily-dry;
  5. Ślakṣṇa-Khara — smooth-rough;
  6. Sāndra-Drava — dense-liquid;
  7. Mṛdu - Kaṭhina — soft-hard;
  8. Sthira-Cala — static-mobile;
  9. Sūkṣma-Sthūla — subtle-gross;
  10. Viśada-Picchila — clear-cloudy.
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context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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