Parishaha, Parīṣaha: 1 definition
Parishaha means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Parīṣaha can be transliterated into English as Parisaha or Parishaha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i
Parīṣaha (परीषह) refers to a “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana).
The 22 parīṣaha are:
- kṣudhā (hunger);
- tṛṣa (thirst);
- śīta (cold);
- uṣṇa (heat);
- daṃśa (stinging insects);
- acelaka (nudity);
- arati (discontent);
- strī (women);
- caryā (wandering);
- naiṣedhikī (place for meditation: must sit alone in deserted place);
- śayyā (lodging);
- ākrośa (abuse);
- vadha (injury);
- yācanā (begging);
- alabhā (failure in begging);
- roga (illness);
- tṛṇasparśa (injury from thorns, etc.);
- mala (personal uncleanliness);
- satkāra (kind treatment; should not be influenced by it);
- prajñā (knowledge, obscure);
- ajnāna (ignorance);
- samyaktva (right-belief-doubt).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 2 books and stories containing Parishaha, Parīṣaha, Parisaha, Pariṣahā, Pari-shaha, Pari-ṣahā, Pari-saha, Parīṣahā, Parī-ṣahā; (plurals include: Parishahas, Parīṣahas, Parisahas, Pariṣahās, shahas, ṣahās, sahas, Parīṣahās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 7: Ajita’s initiation < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 11: Life as a monk < [Chapter I - Previous incarnation as Vimalavāhana]
Part 7: Birth as Dhūsarī, wife of Dhanya < [Chapter III - Vasudeva’s Marriage with Kanakavatī and her Former Incarnations]
The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha (by E. B. Cowell)