Parishaha, aka: Parīṣaha; 1 Definition(s)
Parishaha means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Parīṣaha can be transliterated into English as Parisaha or Parishaha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
General definition (in Jainism)
Parīṣaha (परीषह) refers to a “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana).
The 22 parīṣaha are:
- kṣudhā (hunger);
- tṛṣa (thirst);
- śīta (cold);
- uṣṇa (heat);
- daṃśa (stinging insects);
- acelaka (nudity);
- arati (discontent);
- strī (women);
- caryā (wandering);
- naiṣedhikī (place for meditation: must sit alone in deserted place);
- śayyā (lodging);
- ākrośa (abuse);
- vadha (injury);
- yācanā (begging);
- alabhā (failure in begging);
- roga (illness);
- tṛṇasparśa (injury from thorns, etc.);
- mala (personal uncleanliness);
- satkāra (kind treatment; should not be influenced by it);
- prajñā (knowledge, obscure);
- ajnāna (ignorance);
- samyaktva (right-belief-doubt).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Search found 22 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Sītā (सीता)is the wife of Śrī Rāma; as Śrī Rāma is an incarnation of Viṣṇu, Sītā is also a form...
Yācanā (याचना).—f. (-nā) Asking, begging. E. yāc to ask, aff. yuc .
Mala (मल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Dirty. 2. Miserly, niggardly. mn. (-laḥ-laṃ) 1. Excretion of t...
Strī (स्त्री).—(= Sanskrit), woman. ‘Even now a woman never attains five stations (sthānāni): t...
Vāḍha (वाढ).—mfn. (-ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) 1. Much, abundant, exceeding. 2. Hard, firm. Adv. n. or Ind....
Arati (अरति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) 1. Dull, languid. 2. Discontented, unhappy. m. (-tiḥ) Anger, p...
Caryā (चर्या) refers to the “four practices of the Bodhisattva”, according to the 2nd century M...
Roga (रोग).—m. (-gaḥ) 1. Sickness, disease in general, or a disease. 2. A sort of Costus, (C. s...
Ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Ignorance. 2. Spiritual ignorance, worldly illusion or belief in ...
Prajña (प्रज्ञ).—mfn. (-jñaḥ-jñā-jñaṃ) 1. Wise, learned; also prājña. 2. Bandy-legged, having t...
Uṣṇa (उष्ण, “hot”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteri...
Daṃśa (दंश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. A gadfly. 2. A tooth. 3. Biting, stinging. 4. Armour, mail. 5. Cuttin...
Tṛṣā (तृषा).—f. (-ṣā) Thirst. 2. Wish, desire. 3. The daughter of Kama: see the preceding. 4. A...
Alābha (अलाभ).—m. (-bhaḥ) 1. Non-acquirement, not getting. 2. Loss. E. a neg. lābha gain.
Kṣudhā (क्षुधा).—f. (-dhā) Hunger. E. kṣudh to be hungry, affixes aṅ and ṭāp.
Search found 1 books and stories containing Parishaha or Parīṣaha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 7: Birth as Dhūsarī, wife of Dhanya < [Chapter III - Vasudeva’s Marriage with Kanakavatī and her Former Incarnations]
Part 7: Ajita’s initiation < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 11: Life as a monk < [Chapter I - Previous incarnation as Vimalavāhana]