Parishaha, aka: Parīṣaha; 1 Definition(s)


Parishaha means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parīṣaha can be transliterated into English as Parisaha or Parishaha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Parīṣaha (परीषह) refers to a “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana).

The 22 parīṣaha are:

  1. kṣudhā (hunger);
  2. tṛṣa (thirst);
  3. śīta (cold);
  4. uṣṇa (heat);
  5. daṃśa (stinging insects);
  6. acelaka (nudity);
  7. arati (discontent);
  8. strī (women);
  9. caryā (wandering);
  10. naiṣedhikī (place for meditation: must sit alone in deserted place);
  11. śayyā (lodging);
  12. ākrośa (abuse);
  13. vadha (injury);
  14. yācanā (begging);
  15. alabhā (failure in begging);
  16. roga (illness);
  17. tṛṇasparśa (injury from thorns, etc.);
  18. mala (personal uncleanliness);
  19. satkāra (kind treatment; should not be influenced by it);
  20. prajñā (knowledge, obscure);
  21. ajnāna (ignorance);
  22. samyaktva (right-belief-doubt).
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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