Parishaha, aka: Parīṣaha; 1 Definition(s)


Parishaha means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Parīṣaha can be transliterated into English as Parisaha or Parishaha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Parīṣaha (परीषह) refers to a “series of trials hard to endure” according to the Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra 10.1 (Incarnation as Nandana).

The 22 parīṣaha are:

  1. kṣudhā (hunger);
  2. tṛṣa (thirst);
  3. śīta (cold);
  4. uṣṇa (heat);
  5. daṃśa (stinging insects);
  6. acelaka (nudity);
  7. arati (discontent);
  8. strī (women);
  9. caryā (wandering);
  10. naiṣedhikī (place for meditation: must sit alone in deserted place);
  11. śayyā (lodging);
  12. ākrośa (abuse);
  13. vadha (injury);
  14. yācanā (begging);
  15. alabhā (failure in begging);
  16. roga (illness);
  17. tṛṇasparśa (injury from thorns, etc.);
  18. mala (personal uncleanliness);
  19. satkāra (kind treatment; should not be influenced by it);
  20. prajñā (knowledge, obscure);
  21. ajnāna (ignorance);
  22. samyaktva (right-belief-doubt).
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra Vol-i
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of parishaha or parisaha in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

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Sītā (सीता)is the wife of Śrī Rāma; as Śrī Rāma is an incarnation of Viṣṇu, Sītā is also a form...
Yācanā (याचना).—f. (-nā) Asking, begging. E. yāc to ask, aff. yuc .
Mala (मल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Dirty. 2. Miserly, niggardly. mn. (-laḥ-laṃ) 1. Excretion of t...
Strī (स्त्री).—(= Sanskrit), woman. ‘Even now a woman never attains five stations (sthānāni): t...
Vāḍha (वाढ).—mfn. (-ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) 1. Much, abundant, exceeding. 2. Hard, firm. Adv. n. or Ind....
Arati (अरति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) 1. Dull, languid. 2. Discontented, unhappy. m. (-tiḥ) Anger, p...
Caryā (चर्या) refers to the “four practices of the Bodhisattva”, according to the 2nd century M...
Roga (रोग).—m. (-gaḥ) 1. Sickness, disease in general, or a disease. 2. A sort of Costus, (C. s...
Ajñāna (अज्ञान).—n. (-naṃ) 1. Ignorance. 2. Spiritual ignorance, worldly illusion or belief in ...
Prajña (प्रज्ञ).—mfn. (-jñaḥ-jñā-jñaṃ) 1. Wise, learned; also prājña. 2. Bandy-legged, having t...
Uṣṇa (उष्ण, “hot”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteri...
Daṃśa (दंश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. A gadfly. 2. A tooth. 3. Biting, stinging. 4. Armour, mail. 5. Cuttin...
Tṛṣā (तृषा).—f. (-ṣā) Thirst. 2. Wish, desire. 3. The daughter of Kama: see the preceding. 4. A...
Alābha (अलाभ).—m. (-bhaḥ) 1. Non-acquirement, not getting. 2. Loss. E. a neg. lābha gain.
Kṣudhā (क्षुधा).—f. (-dhā) Hunger. E. kṣudh to be hungry, affixes aṅ and ṭāp.

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