Mrigaya, Mṛgaya, Mṛgayā: 20 definitions


Mrigaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛgaya and Mṛgayā can be transliterated into English as Mrgaya or Mrigaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Mragya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mṛgayā (मृगया) refers to “hunting”, which is considered as having evil influences (vyasana), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17. Accordingly, “[...] who is he that is not broken up by the evil influences (vyasana) of hunting (mṛgayā), wine (madya), slander (paiśunya), untruth (anṛta), theft (caura), gambling (durodara) and prostitutes (vāradāra)? The wicked fellow (Guṇanidhi) used to lay his hands on whatever he could see in the house, a cloth, a base metal etc. and take it to the gambling den, there to lose the same to his brother gamblers (dyūtakāra)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Mṛgaya (मृगय).—Kaśyapa gotrakāras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 3.

2) Mṛgayā (मृगया).—Hunting;1 to be avoided by kings.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 20; Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 20; 85. 27; 88. 13; 96. 37; 99. 204.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 220. 80
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Mṛgayā (मृगया) refers to the “pleasure of hunting”, which is considered as very harmful (kaṣṭatama), according to the Manusmṛti 7.50. Accordingly, “[...] hunting (mṛgayā), dice (akṣa), sleeping during the day (divāsvapna), censoriousness (parivāda), women (strī), intoxication (mada), musical triad (tauryatrika) and listless wandering (vṛthāṭyā) constitute the ten-fold set arising from the love of pleasure (kāmaja). [...] in the set arising from love of pleasure (kāmaja),—drinking (pāna), dice (akṣa), women (strī) and hunting (mṛgayā) are to be regarded as the four most pernicious (kaṣṭatama), in the order in which they are named”.

Mṛgayā (‘hunting’) refers to the “killing of animals for purposes of the chase”.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Cracow Indological Studies: Virūpākṣa-vasantotsava-campū of Ahobala

Mṛgayā (मृगया) refers to the “hunting” tradition of ancient India.—The divisions of hunting and benefits of hunting were explained in a treatise titled the Śyainika-śāstra by Rājā Rudradeva of Kumaon (16 th century CE?). In Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra hunting is mentioned among addictions or vices (vyasana) of the human race. It is stated that if we were to choose between hunting (mṛgayā) and gambling, hunting is the worse vice since falling into the hands of robbers and enemies, getting into wild fire, fear, inability to distinguish between the cardinal points, hunger, thirst and loss of life are evils consequent upon hunting. But there are also positive things which should be said about hunting (mṛgayā), remarks Kauṭilya: it is an exercise which brings the disappearance of phlegm, bile, fat and sweat and results in the acquisition of skills such as aiming at stationary and moving bodies and the ability to predict from the appearance of a provoked beast how it would behave, etc.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Mrigaya in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Mṛgayā (मृगया) refers to “hunting”, and represents one of the eighteen Addictions or Vices (vyasana) which are to be practised within proper bounds for the delight of the enjoyments of the world, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Now will be given a brief but complete account of mṛgayā or hunting. Though one art, it has infinite varieties, eight of which only are going to be described here. The killing of any animal by whatever means, either for the sake of its flesh or for mere pleasure, is called mṛgayā or hunting. [...]”.

There are eight subdivisions of Hunting (mṛgayā):

  1. āśvīna—hunting on horseback,
  2. sajāla—hunting by means of snares and nets,
  3. kālyā—hunting by means of artifice (strategem),
  4. yāvaśī—hunting by means of the motion of standing corn,
  5. sāpekṣā—hunting by means of lying in wait,
  6. padaprekṣā—hunting by means of a close inspection of footprints,
  7. śvagaṇika—hunting by means of dogs, and
  8. śyenapāta—hunting by means of hawks.
Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Cracow Indological Studies: Paḷḷivēṭṭa, or the ‘Royal Hunt’, in Prescriptive Literature and in Present-day Practice in Kerala

Mṛgayā (मृगया) (also: Paḷḷivēṭṭa) refers to the “royal hunt” as part of the “great annual festival” (mahotsava).—Festivals (utsava) are an important feature of Indian temple culture. [...] Kerala, a state in the south-west region of India, is well known for its temple festivals. The ritual manuals produced in Kerala also describe such festivals, and it is common knowledge that the temples in Kerala, perform a ‘great annual festival’ (mahotsava) that usually goes on for ten days. During this festival, several rituals are performed and among these, on the ninth day, a ritual called Paḷḷi-vēṭṭa (in local vernacular Malayalam) or ‘royal hunt’, known in some texts of other regions as mṛgayā, is performed with pomp and ceremony.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Heidelberg: Glory of the Tiruvanantapuram Padmanabhasvami Temple

Mṛgayā (मृगया) or Mṛgayāvarṇana is the seventh chapter of the Syānandūrapuravarṇana-prabandha by Svāti-Tirunāḷ (1813-1846) (one of the rulers of Travancore) which deals with the different activities of the Thiruvananthapuram Temple, including ceremonies and festivals.—The seventh chapter, Mṛgayā-varṇana, gives the sequence of the royal hunt held on the ninth day of the annual festival. Its description is very close to the way it is celebrated today. [...]

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mṛgayā (मृगया).—f S Chase, hunting, venery.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mṛgayā (मृगया).—f Chase, hunting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया).—[mṛgaṃ yātyanayā yā ghañarthe ka] Hunting, chase; मिथ्यैव व्यसनं वदन्ति मृगयामीदृग्विनोदः कुतः (mithyaiva vyasanaṃ vadanti mṛgayāmīdṛgvinodaḥ kutaḥ) Ś.2.5; मृगयाप- वादिना माठव्येन (mṛgayāpa- vādinā māṭhavyena) Ś.2; so मृगयावेष, मृगयाविहारिन् (mṛgayāveṣa, mṛgayāvihārin) &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया).—f.

(-yā) Chase, hunting. E. mṛg to search or seek, yat aff., deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया).—i. e. mṛg, i. 10, + a, f. Chase, hunting, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया).—[feminine] hunting, chase.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛgaya (मृगय):—[from mṛg] m. Name of a demon conquered by Indra, [Ṛg-veda]

2) Mṛgayā (मृगया):—[from mṛgaya > mṛg] a f. See below.

3) [from mṛg] b f. hunting, the chase ([accusative] with √at, gam, car etc. [dative case] with √, nir-√yā and vi√har, to go hunting), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Chase personified (as one of the attendants of Revanta), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया):—(yā) 1. f. Chase, hunting.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mṛgayā (मृगया) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Maaā, Maiā, Miaā, Migayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mrigaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrigaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया) [Also spelled mragya]:—(nf) hunting.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया):—n. hunting;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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