Mrigaya, Mṛgaya, Mṛgayā: 15 definitions


Mrigaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Mṛgaya and Mṛgayā can be transliterated into English as Mrgaya or Mrigaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Mragya.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mṛgayā (मृगया) refers to “hunting”, which is considered as having evil influences (vyasana), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.17. Accordingly, “[...] who is he that is not broken up by the evil influences (vyasana) of hunting (mṛgayā), wine (madya), slander (paiśunya), untruth (anṛta), theft (caura), gambling (durodara) and prostitutes (vāradāra)? The wicked fellow (Guṇanidhi) used to lay his hands on whatever he could see in the house, a cloth, a base metal etc. and take it to the gambling den, there to lose the same to his brother gamblers (dyūtakāra)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Mṛgaya (मृगय).—Kaśyapa gotrakāras.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 199. 3.

2) Mṛgayā (मृगया).—Hunting;1 to be avoided by kings.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa I. 2. 20; Vāyu-purāṇa 2. 20; 85. 27; 88. 13; 96. 37; 99. 204.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 220. 80
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Mṛgayā (मृगया) refers to the “pleasure of hunting”, which is considered as very harmful (kaṣṭatama), according to the Manusmṛti 7.50. Accordingly, “[...] hunting (mṛgayā), dice (akṣa), sleeping during the day (divāsvapna), censoriousness (parivāda), women (strī), intoxication (mada), musical triad (tauryatrika) and listless wandering (vṛthāṭyā) constitute the ten-fold set arising from the love of pleasure (kāmaja). [...] in the set arising from love of pleasure (kāmaja),—drinking (pāna), dice (akṣa), women (strī) and hunting (mṛgayā) are to be regarded as the four most pernicious (kaṣṭatama), in the order in which they are named”.

Mṛgayā (‘hunting’) refers to the “killing of animals for purposes of the chase”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mṛgayā (मृगया).—f S Chase, hunting, venery.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mṛgayā (मृगया).—f Chase, hunting.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया).—[mṛgaṃ yātyanayā yā ghañarthe ka] Hunting, chase; मिथ्यैव व्यसनं वदन्ति मृगयामीदृग्विनोदः कुतः (mithyaiva vyasanaṃ vadanti mṛgayāmīdṛgvinodaḥ kutaḥ) Ś.2.5; मृगयाप- वादिना माठव्येन (mṛgayāpa- vādinā māṭhavyena) Ś.2; so मृगयावेष, मृगयाविहारिन् (mṛgayāveṣa, mṛgayāvihārin) &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया).—f.

(-yā) Chase, hunting. E. mṛg to search or seek, yat aff., deriv. irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया).—i. e. mṛg, i. 10, + a, f. Chase, hunting, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 18.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया).—[feminine] hunting, chase.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛgaya (मृगय):—[from mṛg] m. Name of a demon conquered by Indra, [Ṛg-veda]

2) Mṛgayā (मृगया):—[from mṛgaya > mṛg] a f. See below.

3) [from mṛg] b f. hunting, the chase ([accusative] with √at, gam, car etc. [dative case] with √, nir-√yā and vi√har, to go hunting), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Chase personified (as one of the attendants of Revanta), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया):—(yā) 1. f. Chase, hunting.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mṛgayā (मृगया) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Maaā, Maiā, Miaā, Migayā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mrigaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mrigaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mṛgayā (मृगया) [Also spelled mragya]:—(nf) hunting.

context information


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