Vagbhata, Vāgbhata: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Vagbhata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vagbhata in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट).—A Sanskrit scholar who lived in the 12th century A.D. He is the author of the two medical books 'Aṣṭāṅga-saṅgraha' and 'Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya'. Another work called 'Neminirvāṇa' is also written by Vāgbhaṭa. This work deals with the story of Neminātha, a Jain hermit.

Not much is known about Vāgbhaṭa. He was a scholar in rhetorical science. There are certain stories about his writing the medical books. It was a period when the muslims had beaten down the Brahmins. They had taken away the medical science also from them. The Brahmins considered this to be a disgrace to them. They decided to select an intelligent boy and send him to a Muslim physician. They selected Vāgbhaṭa. The Brahmins disguised Vāgbhaṭa as a Muslim boy and sent him to the Muslim Physician on the other side of the river. The boy went to the physician and told him that he was coming from far away with the intention of learning medical science. The teacher put certain questions and understood that the boy possessed extraordinary intelligence. He began to teach the boy the science of medicine. Seeing the interest of the boy the teacher asked the boy to eat food from his house and to learn day and night. The Brahmin boy did not like to eat the food of Muslims. The boy said that he had a relative on the other side of the river and that he would go there and have his supper and return for the night study. The teacher agreed and thenceforward Vāgbhaṭa began to learn day and night. Within a short time he completed learning. (See full article at Story of Vāgbhaṭa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट) is the name of an author of works dealing with prosodoy (chandas or chandaśśāstra) quoted by Kṣemendra (11th century) in his Suvṛttatilaka. The Suvṛttatilaka is a monumental work of Sanskrit prosody in which the author discusses 27 popular metres which were used frequently by the poets (eg., Vāgbhaṭa).

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट) is the author of three voluminous works in the medical literature of the Hindus.—They are the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (“collection of the essence of the octopartite (science)”), the Aṣṭāṅgasaṃgraha (“compendium of the octopartite (science)”) and the Rasaratnasamuccaya (“jewel accumulation of metallic preparations”). The colophons of both works give Vāgbhaṭa, the son of Siṃhagupta, as the author, Indian commentators often refer to the former simply as Vāgbhaṭa, but to the latter as Vṛddha-Vāgbhaṭa, a term that is usually interpreted as “elder Vāgbhaṭa”.

Vāgbhaṭa is further credited with an auto-commentary on his Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā, which is extant only in Tibetan, as well as with the following works: Bāhaṭanighaṇṭu, Bhāvaprakāśa, Padārthacandrikā, Śāstradarpaṇa, Śataślokī, Vāgbhaṭīya, and Vamanakalpa. It is virtually certain, however, that the bulk of these works originate from different authors, the name Vāgbhaṭa being fairly common after all. [Note: Another Vāgbhaṭa is mentioned as the author of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayanāmavaiḍūryakabhāṣya]

Tradition now takes [Vāgbhaṭa] for Dhanvantari, the physician of the gods and founder of Āyurveda, identifying him with one of the fourteen gems obtained at the churning of the ocean; then for the great sage of the present Kaliyuga as opposed to Atri (Caraka) and Suśruta, who are related to the past Kṛtayuga and Dvaparayuga respectively; then for an incarnation of Buddha; and then again for a voluptuous Brahmin given to all sorts of revelries and lost in love with a low-caste woman. There is also a story current among the learned pundits of South-India that Vāgbhaṭa, formerly a Brahmin, was persuaded by a Buddhist priest to adopt his religion, which he embraced in the latter part of his life.

Note: Other forms are Bābhaṭa (Bengal) and Vāhaṭa (South India). The Tibetans have reproduced the name with Pha-gol or Pha-khol, which comes nearest to the Bengali spelling.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vāgbhata (वाग्भट) is one of the most influential classical writers of ayurveda. Several works are associated with his name as author, principally the Ashtāṅgasaṅgraha (अष्टाङ्गसंग्रह) and the Ashtāngahridayasaṃhitā (अष्टाङ्गहृदयसंहिता).

Vāgbhata is said, in the closing verses of the Ashtānga sangraha, to have lived in Sind (today in Pakistan), and to have been the son of Simhagupta and pupil of Avalokita. He was a Buddhist, as is shown by his explicit praise for the Buddha by name at the start of the Ashtāngasangraha, and his praise of the Buddha under the title "Unprecedented Teacher" in the opening verse of the Ashtānga hridayasamhitā. His work contains syncretic elements.

Vagbhata was a disciple of Charaka. Both of his books were originally written in Sanskrit with 7000 sutra. According to Vagbhata, 85% of diseases can be cured without a doctor; only 15% of diseases require a doctor.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट).—[masculine] [Name] of [several] scholars.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Tīsaṭa (Cikitsākalikā). Peters. 2, 195.

2) Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट):—minister of Mālavendra, father of Deveśvara (Kavikalpalatā). Oxf. 211^a.

3) Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट):—Nighaṇṭu med. Oppert. 5108 (Bāhaṭanighaṇṭu).

4) Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट):—son of Nemikumāra, a Jaina: Alaṃkāratilaka. Chandonuśāsana and—[commentary]. Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra. Śṛṅgāratilaka kāvya.

5) Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट):—son of Siṃhagupta, grandson of Vāgbhaṭa: Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā. Nidāna, the third book of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdaya. Rādh. 32. Vamanakalpa. B. 4, 240. Vāgbhaṭīya med. Oppert. Ii, 6601. The following works are not by the same Vāgbhaṭa. Padārthacandrikā. Bhāvaprakāśa. Rasaratnasamuccaya. Śāstradarpaṇa. Vṛddhavāgbhaṭa. Quoted in Ṭodarānanda W. p. 290, in Bhāvaprakāśa Oxf. 311^b.

6) Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट):—son of Soma, a Jaina: Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vāgbhaṭa (वाग्भट):—[=vāg-bhaṭa] [from vāg > vāc] m. Name of a writer on rhetoric (author of the Vāg-bhaṭālaṃkāra), [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] of a writer on medicine, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] of other authors and learned men, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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