Prativasudeva, aka: Prativāsudeva; 2 Definition(s)

Introduction

Prativasudeva means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[Prativasudeva in Jainism glossaries]

Prativāsudeva (प्रतिवासुदेव).—Baladevas, Vāsudevas and the Prativāsudevas are three heroes who appear always simultaneously, and that too on the whole nine times in a world-period. Baladeva and Vāsudeva are half-brothers, sons of a king from different wives; the Prativāsudeva is their antagonist.

Prativāsudeva is a powerful evil ruler; his birth is announced through a dream. Baladeva and Vāsudeva are closely linked through a series of existences and hostile to the Prativāsudeva. The battle is caused by Prativāsudeva subjugating a large part of the Bharata-land and demanding as a ruler of the half of the world obedience from Vāsudeva. Irritated by this or by other challenges of Prativāsudeva, Vāsudeva attacks him and kills him finally so that he comes to hell to atone for his evil deeds.

(Source): Google Books: Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation

Prativāsudeva (प्रतिवासुदेव).—The Prati-Vāsudevas or the enemies of Vāsudevas are also nine in Jaina Purāṇas, each Vāsudevas having one such opponent.

Both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara give the same list. They are

  1. Aśvagrīva,
  2. Tāraka,
  3. Meraka,
  4. Madhukaiṭabha,
  5. Niśumbha,
  6. Bali,
  7. Prahlāda,
  8. Rāvaṇa or Laṅkeśa,
  9. Jarāsandha or Magadheśvara.

The first eight are supposed to have been Vidyādharas while the last was a man of the earth. The Prati-Vāsudevas, fighting with the cakra-weapon, perished from their own cakras, which went into the service of the Vāsudevas at the last moment.

(Source): Google Books: Jaina Iconography
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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