Sparsha, Sparśa: 23 definitions
Sparsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Sparśa can be transliterated into English as Sparsa or Sparsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Sparśa (स्पर्श).—A Tuṣita.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.
1b) The guṇa of Vāyu devoured by Ākāśa when Vāyu cools down.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 15.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika
Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.
Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) refers to an aspect of the representation of objects and senses, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “by slightly narrowing down the eyes, raising the eyebrows in the like manner as well as by touching (sparśa) the shoulder and the cheek, the wise one should represent the form”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Sparśa (स्पर्श).—A contact consonant; a term used in connection with the consonants of the five classes, verily because the karana or the tip of the tongue touches the place of utterance in the mouth in their pronunciation; cf. कादयो भावसानाः स्पर्शाः (kādayo bhāvasānāḥ sparśāḥ) S.K. Samjnaprakarana on P. VIII. 2.1; cf. also आद्याः स्पर्शाः पञ्च ते पञ्चवर्गाः (ādyāḥ sparśāḥ pañca te pañcavargāḥ) R.Pr. I.78: cf. also T.Pr.I.7.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Sparśa (स्पर्श).—First contact of an eclipse. Note: Sparśa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
Nyaya (school of philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories
Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) or Sparśaguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to all the modern works on Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.—Sparśa is the fourth guṇa. It is a special guṇa. It can be apprehended through the organ of skin. Praśastapāda gives the definition of sparśa as sparśa is perceived by skin. Śivāditya states that touch is that quality which is apprehended by skin only and which possesses the generic attribute sparśatva. Viśvanātha also gives the similar definition of touch that sparśa is perceived by the sense of touch. Annaṃbhaṭṭa gives similar definition. He says “tvagindriyamātragrāhyo guṇah sparśaḥ”. In this definition the word mātra is necessary to avoid saṃyoga, saṃkhyā etc. because these qualities are perceived by the sense of touch and by the eye also. The word guṇa is added in this definition to exclude the jāti sparśatva.
Sparśa (touch) is threefold–cool, hot and tepid. It subsists in earth, water, light and air. Of them cool touch resides in water, hot touch in light, tepid touch in earth and air. When this quality is in the earth, it is produced and it is non-eternal. But when this quality is in water, light and air etc., it is not produced by heat, it is natural. Sparśa becomes eternal things and it becomes non-eternal when it is found in noneternal things. This sparśaguṇa is mūrtaguṇa and it resides in one substance, therefore, it is known as ekadravyavṛtti. Moreover it is ekendriyagrāhya because it is apprehended by the one external sense only.
Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to a type of dīkṣā (initiation) performed by a healthy Ādiśaiva as part of his essential priestly duties in the Śiva temple.—Dīkṣā is popularly understood as “dīyate kṣīyate iti dīkṣā”—“that which grants mokṣa, while destroying the karma of the initiate”. Sparśa-dīkṣā is the process by which the Guru invokes Śiva in his right hand and destroys the bonds of the śiṣya by touching him on the head with the energized hand.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Sparśa (स्पर्श, “contact”) (pali phassa) refers to the sixth of twelve pratītyasamutpāda (dependent origination) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. From nāmarūpa there arise the six sense organs, eye (cakṣus), etc. These are the ṣaḍāyatanas, the six inner bases of consciousness. The meeting (saṃnipāta) of organ (indriya), object (viṣaya) and a consciousness (vijñāna) is called sparśa, contact. From sparśa there arises vedanā, sensation.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Sparśa (स्पर्श, “tangible”) or sparśāyatana refers to one of the “twelve sense spheres” (āyatana) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 24). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., sparśa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Sparśa also refers to one of the “six spheres” (ṣaḍviṣaya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 33).
Sparśa also refers to the “five qualities” (pāñcabhautika) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 40).
Sparśa also refers to the sixth of the “twelve factors of conditional origination” (pratītyasamutpāda) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 42).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living
Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) refers to the object of sparśana (touching), which represents one of the “five sense-organs” (pañcendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.19. Cognition which results by touching the object of knowledge is called touch (sparśa). How many kinds of touch are there? There are eight namely cold-hot, oily-dry or smooth-rough, soft-hard and heavy-light. What is the form of touch sense organ? There are innumerable forms of touch sense organ.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living
Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.23.—“The forms of matter (pudgala) are characterized by touch (sparśa), taste (rasa), smell (gandha) and colour (varṇa)”. What is the meaning of touch (sparśa)? What is touched or just touching alone is touch. How many types of touch are there? There are eight types of touch namely light and heavy, rough and smooth, hard and soft, cold and hot.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to “touch karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is the touch (sparśa) body-making karma? The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch body-making karma.
How many types of touch (sparśa) body-making karma are there? These are of eight types, namely:
- smooth (kaṭhora),
- dry (komala),
- cold (guru),
- hot (laghu),
- soft (rūkṣa),
- hard (snigdha),
- light (śīta),
- heavy (uṣṇa).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
sparśa (स्पर्श).—m (S) Touch, taction, contact. 2 The sense of touch. 3 That property of bodies which constitutes them objects of the sense of touch, tactility or tangibility. 4 A consonant of any of the first five classes of the alphabet; i. e. from ka, kha &c. to pa, pha, ba, bha, ma. 5 A gem or stone of which the touch turns iron into gold, the philosopher's stone. 6 (Figuratively of the sense Touch or contact.) A whit, jot, iota, tittle, bit, the merest tangible point. Ex. hṛdayānta dayēcā sparśa nāhīṃ; tyālā adattaśirōmaṇī hmaṇūna hmaṇāvēṃ udāratvācā kiṃvā nustyā snēhācā tyālā sparśa nāhīṃ. 7 S Air or wind.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
sparśa (स्पर्श).—m Touch; the sense of touch. Tan- gibility. A little, a bit, as tyācyā anta:- karaṇāta dayēcā sparśahī nāhī.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sparśa (स्पर्श).—1 [स्पर्श्, स्पृश् वा-घञ् (sparś, spṛś vā-ghañ)] Touch, contact (in all senses); स्पर्शान् कृत्वा बहिर्बाह्यांश्चक्षुश्चैवान्तरे भ्रुवोः (sparśān kṛtvā bahirbāhyāṃścakṣuścaivāntare bhruvoḥ) Bg.5.27; तदिदं स्पर्शक्षमं रत्नम् (tadidaṃ sparśakṣamaṃ ratnam) Ś.1.28;2.7.
2) Contact (in astr.).
3) Conflict, encounter.
4) Feeling, sensation, the sense of touch.
5) The quality of touch or tangibility, touch, the object or विषय (viṣaya) of skin (tvac); स्पर्शगुणो वायुः (sparśaguṇo vāyuḥ) T. S.; स्पर्शनं स्पर्शती स्पर्शान् बुद्धिर्विक्रियतेऽसकृत् (sparśanaṃ sparśatī sparśān buddhirvikriyate'sakṛt) Mb.12.285.2.
6) That which affects or influences, affection, seizure.
7) Disease, illness, disorder, distemper.
8) A consonant of any of the five classes of letters (from k to m); कादयो मान्ताः स्पर्शाः (kādayo māntāḥ sparśāḥ); स्पर्शस्तस्याभवज्जीवः स्वरो देह उदाहृतः (sparśastasyābhavajjīvaḥ svaro deha udāhṛtaḥ) Bhāg.3.12.46.
9) A gift, donation, presentation.
1) Air, wind.
11) The sky.
12) Sexual union; स्त्रीपुंसयोः संप्रयोगे स्पर्शः कस्याधिको भवेत् (strīpuṃsayoḥ saṃprayoge sparśaḥ kasyādhiko bhavet) Mb.13.12.1.
13) A secret spy.
-rśā An unchaste woman.
Derivable forms: sparśaḥ (स्पर्शः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rśaḥ) 1. Touch, contact. 2. The thing touching or feeling. 3. Gift, donation. 4. Sickness, disease. 5. Morbid heat. 6. A consonant of either of the five first classes of the alphabet. 7. An enemy, a disease, &c., the agent or instrument of pain, trouble, or distress. 8. Air, wind. 9. Sexual union. 10. Collision, conflict, encounter. 11. Contact, (in astronomy.) 12. The quality of tangitility. 13. Feeling, sensation. 14. Anything which touches or comes in contact. 15. A spy. f.
(-rśā) A wanton, an unchaste woman. E. spṛś to touch, aff. ghañ; or sparś to take, &c., ac aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sparśa (स्पर्श).—i. e. spṛś + a, I. m. 1. Touch, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 47, 12; feeling, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 76; [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in
Sparśa (स्पर्श).—[adjective] touching, penetrating (—°); [masculine] touch, contact; perception of touch, feeling, sensation. Abstr. tā† [feminine], tva† [neuter]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sparśa (स्पर्श):—a śana etc. See p.1269.
2) [from spṛś] b mfn. touching (in a-bhūtala-sp, manaḥ-sp, q.v.)
3) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) touch, sense of touch (-tas ind. e.g. sparśa-taḥ sukhaṃ tat, ‘that is pleasant to the touch’), contact ([figuratively] applied to the beginning of an eclipse or to any [astronomy] contact), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] m. (in gram.) collective Name of the twenty-five consonants constituting the five classes from k to m (so-called because formed by complete contact of the organs of utterance; cf. sthāna and spṛṣṭa), [Prātiśākhya; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
5) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) the quality of tangibility (which constitutes the skin’s viṣaya q.v.), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 68]
6) [v.s. ...] any quality which is perceptible by touching any object (e.g. heat, cold, smoothness, softness etc.), [Mahābhārata] etc.
7) [v.s. ...] feeling, sensation (e.g. siraḥ-śūla-sp, ‘sensation of headache’), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.
8) [v.s. ...] pleasant feeling, [Mahābhārata v, 1366]
9) [v.s. ...] unpleasant or morbid sensation, illness, [Pāṇini 3-3, 16], [vArttika] 1, [Patañjali]
10) [v.s. ...] air, wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] ([according to] to some) temperature, [Nyāya]
12) [v.s. ...] a kind of sexual union, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] a gift, offering (See kāka-sp and sp-yajña below)
14) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for spaśa, a spy, [Mahābhārata; Śiśupāla-vadha]
15) Sparśā (स्पर्शा):—[from sparśa > spṛś] f. an unchaste woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
16) [v.s. ...] (a word of unknown meaning), [Harivaṃśa 10243.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sparśa (स्पर्श):—(rśaḥ) 1. m. Touch, the thing touching; air; gift; sickness; cause of trouble. 1. f. A wanton woman.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+57): Sparshabindu, Sparshadhatu, Sparshadvesha, Sparshaguna, Sparshahani, Sparshahara, Sparshaja, Sparshajna, Sparshajnata, Sparshaka, Sparshakarnika, Sparshakaya, Sparshaklishta, Sparshakshama, Sparshalajja, Sparshamani, Sparshamaniprabhava, Sparshamatra, Sparshana, Sparshanaka.
Ends with (+36): Abhutalasparsha, Agnisparsha, Alpasparsha, Angasparsha, Antarasparsha, Apasparsha, Asparsha, Atalasparsha, Atisparsha, Bahyasparsha, Bhusparsha, Dhatusparsha, Divasparsha, Duhkhasamsparsha, Duhkhasparsha, Duhsparsha, Dusparsha, Gatrasparsha, Ghorasamsparsha, Indriyasparsha.
Full-text (+203): Sparshalajja, Duhsparsha, Atalasparsha, Sparshananda, Tanmatra, Sparshamaniprabhava, Sparshata, Sparshashuddha, Sparshaspanda, Sukhasparsha, Tryahasparsha, Sparshamani, Sparshaguna, Samsparsha, Sparshendriya, Mridusparsha, Matrasparsha, Sparshatanmatra, Samasparsha, Sparshavarga.
Search found 45 books and stories containing Sparsha, Sparśa, Sparsa, Sparśā; (plurals include: Sparshas, Sparśas, Sparsas, Sparśās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Śrī Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā (by Sarasvati Thkura)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 20 - Mercurial operations (18): Transformation of base metals into gold by mercury (bedhana) < [Chapter IV-V - Mercurial operations]
Shrimad Bhagavad-gita (by Narayana Gosvami)
Verse 2.14 < [Chapter 2 - Sāṅkhya-yoga (Yoga through distinguishing the Soul from the Body)]
Verses 5.27-28 < [Chapter 5 - Karma-sannyāsa-yoga (Yoga through Renunciation of Action)]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Bodhisattva quality 14: skilled in teaching dependent origination < [Chapter X - The Qualities of the Bodhisattvas]
III. The concept of non-self (anātman-saṃjñā) < [Chapter XXXVII - The Ten Concepts]
Preliminary note on the three meditative stabilizations (samādhi) < [Class 1: The three meditative stabilizations]
Siddhanta Sangraha of Sri Sailacharya (by E. Sowmya Narayanan)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)