Sparsha, Sparśa: 32 definitions


Sparsha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sparśa can be transliterated into English as Sparsa or Sparsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to “wind”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.15 (“The penance and reign of Tārakāsura”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] At the same time, several phenomena of evil portent forboding misery and distress happened, when the son of Varāṅgī was born making the gods miserable. [...] The earth with all the mountains quaked; the quarters blazed; the rivers and oceans were particularly agitated. The rough wind [i.e., khara-sparśa] blew with a hissing noise. Gusts of wind with troops of tempests and dust for banner uprooted several trees. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sparśa (स्पर्श).—A Tuṣita.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.

1b) The guṇa of Vāyu devoured by Ākāśa when Vāyu cools down.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 102. 15.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaisheshika (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vaiśeṣika

Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) is one of the seventeen guṇas (‘qualities’), according to the Vaiśeṣika-sūtras. These guṇas are considered as a category of padārtha (“metaphysical correlate”). These padārthas represent everything that exists which can be cognized and named. Together with their subdivisions, they attempt to explain the nature of the universe and the existence of living beings.

Vaisheshika book cover
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Vaisheshika (वैशेषिक, vaiśeṣika) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. Vaisheshika deals with subjects such as logic, epistemology, philosophy and expounds concepts similar to Buddhism in nature

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) refers to an aspect of the representation of objects and senses, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. Accordingly, “by slightly narrowing down the eyes, raising the eyebrows in the like manner as well as by touching (sparśa) the shoulder and the cheek, the wise one should represent the form”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Sparśa (स्पर्श).—A contact consonant; a term used in connection with the consonants of the five classes, verily because the karana or the tip of the tongue touches the place of utterance in the mouth in their pronunciation; cf. कादयो भावसानाः स्पर्शाः (kādayo bhāvasānāḥ sparśāḥ) S.K. Samjnaprakarana on P. VIII. 2.1; cf. also आद्याः स्पर्शाः पञ्च ते पञ्चवर्गाः (ādyāḥ sparśāḥ pañca te pañcavargāḥ) R.Pr. I.78: cf. also T.Pr.I.7.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Sparśa (स्पर्श).—First contact of an eclipse. Note: Sparśa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sparsha in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories

Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) or Sparśaguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) according to all the modern works on Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika.—Sparśa is the fourth guṇa. It is a special guṇa. It can be apprehended through the organ of skin. Praśastapāda gives the definition of sparśa as sparśa is perceived by skin. Śivāditya states that touch is that quality which is apprehended by skin only and which possesses the generic attribute sparśatva. Viśvanātha also gives the similar definition of touch that sparśa is perceived by the sense of touch. Annaṃbhaṭṭa gives similar definition. He says “tvagindriyamātragrāhyo guṇah sparśaḥ”. In this definition the word mātra is necessary to avoid saṃyoga, saṃkhyā etc. because these qualities are perceived by the sense of touch and by the eye also. The word guṇa is added in this definition to exclude the jāti sparśatva.

Sparśa (touch) is threefold–cool, hot and tepid. It subsists in earth, water, light and air. Of them cool touch resides in water, hot touch in light, tepid touch in earth and air. When this quality is in the earth, it is produced and it is non-eternal. But when this quality is in water, light and air etc., it is not produced by heat, it is natural. Sparśa becomes eternal things and it becomes non-eternal when it is found in noneternal things. This sparśaguṇa is mūrtaguṇa and it resides in one substance, therefore, it is known as ekadravyavṛtti. Moreover it is ekendriyagrāhya because it is apprehended by the one external sense only.

Nyaya book cover
context information

Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to a type of dīkṣā (initiation) performed by a healthy Ādiśaiva as part of his essential priestly duties in the Śiva temple.—Dīkṣā is popularly understood as “dīyate kṣīyate iti dīkṣā”—“that which grants mokṣa, while destroying the karma of the initiate”. Sparśa-dīkṣā is the process by which the Guru invokes Śiva in his right hand and destroys the bonds of the śiṣya by touching him on the head with the energized hand.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to “(the sense of) touch”, according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 8.41-44, while describing the purification process of the initiand]—“[...] [He needs {note?} focus upon] that which is inside the body or outside of it. He does not have to see the sky or that which is below. He does not have to close the eyes, nor open them. He does not have to rest upon, lack support, or act as a support [for anything]. He need not concentrate on the five senses, what is real, sound, touch, essence, etc. (sparśaśabdasparśarasādi yat) Once he has abandoned all that he presides over, he becomes absorbed in kevala”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Sparśa (स्पर्श):—Touch : the finest and subtle source of proto-element of vayu

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Sparśa (स्पर्श) (Cf. Saṃsparśa) refers to “touching” (one’s heart), according to the Devyāmata (in the section śalyoddhāra-paṭala or “excavation of extraneous substances”).—Accordingly, “[...] If [someone] scratches his breast, there is the bone of an animal or hair [at a depth of] one and a half cubits underground. [The officiant] should remove that extraneous thing carefully. If [someone] touches his heart (hṛdaya-sparśahṛdaye hṛdayasparśāt), there is [an extraneous thing] related to it at a depth up to the heart. [...]

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sparsha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to the “(feeling of) touch”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] In four days and nights, there is no doubt that the best of Yogins knows [the feeling of] touch (sparśa) even from afar, by virtue of the state of absorption. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Sparsha in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

1) Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to “physical touching” (i.e., the essence of love), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] Wise men speak of that wife as a wife who has auspicious marks and who knows the fine arts, who is clever, who is loved by her husband, and who is young and modest. [...] The love which a devoted husband and wife bear to cach other is known to themselves alone and cannot be expressed to others. Love is in reality physical touching (sparśa). [...]”.

2) Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to “touching (the hawk)” (as part of their training), according to the Śyainika-śāstra.—Accordingly, [while discussing the training of hawks]: “[...] Thus gradually by touching (sparśa) it with the hand, by rousing it with soft words, by giving it water and meat at regular intervals, by petting it, by protecting it from heat and cold, and by degrees opening the eyes, it should be tamed carefully. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sparśa (स्पर्श, “contact”) (pali phassa) refers to the sixth of twelve pratītyasamutpāda (dependent origination) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. From nāmarūpa there arise the six sense organs, eye (cakṣus), etc. These are the ṣaḍāyatanas, the six inner bases of consciousness. The meeting (saṃnipāta) of organ (indriya), object (viṣaya) and a consciousness (vijñāna) is called sparśa, contact. From sparśa there arises vedanā, sensation.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to “tangibles”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Since reflecting on the thought is not distracted by tangibles (sparśa), knowing body, tangibles, and [body]-consciousness he practices meditation purified in respect of its proper essential character. Since reflecting on the thought is not distracted by the dharmas, knowing mind, dharmas, and [mind]-consciousness he practices meditation purified in respect of its proper essential character”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: An Illustrated History of the Mandala

Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) refers to one of the Seventeen Viśuddhipadas (“stations of purity”) and is associated with the deity Vajrakīlikīla, according to the Prajñāpāramitānayasūtra: an ancient Buddhist Tantric text recited daily in the Japanese Shingon sect which is closely related to the Sarvatathāgatatattvasaṃgraha.—The visualization of the seventeen-deity maṇḍala, representing the deification of the seventeen Viśuddhipadas [e.g., sparśa], was thought to facilitate the attainment of enlightenment through the sublimation of the defilements into the mind of enlightenment (bodhicitta).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Sparśa (स्पर्श, “tangible”) or sparśāyatana refers to one of the “twelve sense spheres” (āyatana) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 24). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., sparśa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Sparśa also represents one of the “eighteen elements” (dhātu) as well as one of the “eleven form components” (rūpaskandha).

Sparśa also refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30).

Sparśa also refers to one of the “six spheres” (ṣaḍviṣaya) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 33).

Sparśa also refers to the “five qualities” (pāñcabhautika) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 40).

Sparśa also refers to the sixth of the “twelve factors of conditional origination” (pratītyasamutpāda) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 42).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) refers to the object of sparśana (touching), which represents one of the “five sense-organs” (pañcendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.19. Cognition which results by touching the object of knowledge is called touch (sparśa). How many kinds of touch are there? There are eight namely cold-hot, oily-dry or smooth-rough, soft-hard and heavy-light. What is the form of touch sense organ? There are innumerable forms of touch sense organ.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Sparśa (स्पर्श, “touch”) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.23.—“The forms of matter (pudgala) are characterized by touch (sparśa), taste (rasa), smell (gandha) and colour (varṇa)”. What is the meaning of touch (sparśa)? What is touched or just touching alone is touch. How many types of touch are there? There are eight types of touch namely light and heavy, rough and smooth, hard and soft, cold and hot.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Sparśa (स्पर्श) refers to “touch karma” and represents one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is the touch (sparśa) body-making karma? The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch body-making karma.

How many types of touch (sparśa) body-making karma are there? These are of eight types, namely:

  1. smooth (kaṭhora), 
  2. dry (komala), 
  3. cold (guru), 
  4. hot (laghu), 
  5. soft (rūkṣa), 
  6. hard (snigdha), 
  7. light (śīta), 
  8. heavy (uṣṇa).
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sparśa (स्पर्श).—m (S) Touch, taction, contact. 2 The sense of touch. 3 That property of bodies which constitutes them objects of the sense of touch, tactility or tangibility. 4 A consonant of any of the first five classes of the alphabet; i. e. from ka, kha &c. to pa, pha, ba, bha, ma. 5 A gem or stone of which the touch turns iron into gold, the philosopher's stone. 6 (Figuratively of the sense Touch or contact.) A whit, jot, iota, tittle, bit, the merest tangible point. Ex. hṛdayānta dayēcā sparśa nāhīṃ; tyālā adattaśirōmaṇī hmaṇūna hmaṇāvēṃ udāratvācā kiṃvā nustyā snēhācā tyālā sparśa nāhīṃ. 7 S Air or wind.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sparśa (स्पर्श).—m Touch; the sense of touch. Tan- gibility. A little, a bit, as tyācyā anta:- karaṇāta dayēcā sparśahī nāhī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sparśa (स्पर्श).—1 [स्पर्श्, स्पृश् वा-घञ् (sparś, spṛś vā-ghañ)] Touch, contact (in all senses); स्पर्शान् कृत्वा बहिर्बाह्यांश्चक्षुश्चैवान्तरे भ्रुवोः (sparśān kṛtvā bahirbāhyāṃścakṣuścaivāntare bhruvoḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 5.27; तदिदं स्पर्शक्षमं रत्नम् (tadidaṃ sparśakṣamaṃ ratnam) Ś.1.28;2.7.

2) Contact (in astr.).

3) Conflict, encounter.

4) Feeling, sensation, the sense of touch.

5) The quality of touch or tangibility, touch, the object or विषय (viṣaya) of skin (tvac); स्पर्शगुणो वायुः (sparśaguṇo vāyuḥ) T. S.; स्पर्शनं स्पर्शती स्पर्शान् बुद्धिर्विक्रियतेऽसकृत् (sparśanaṃ sparśatī sparśān buddhirvikriyate'sakṛt) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 12.285.2.

6) That which affects or influences, affection, seizure.

7) Disease, illness, disorder, distemper.

8) A consonant of any of the five classes of letters (from k to m); कादयो मान्ताः स्पर्शाः (kādayo māntāḥ sparśāḥ); स्पर्शस्तस्याभवज्जीवः स्वरो देह उदाहृतः (sparśastasyābhavajjīvaḥ svaro deha udāhṛtaḥ) Bhāgavata 3.12.46.

9) A gift, donation, presentation.

1) Air, wind.

11) The sky.

12) Sexual union; स्त्रीपुंसयोः संप्रयोगे स्पर्शः कस्याधिको भवेत् (strīpuṃsayoḥ saṃprayoge sparśaḥ kasyādhiko bhavet) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.12.1.

13) A secret spy.

-rśā An unchaste woman.

Derivable forms: sparśaḥ (स्पर्शः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sparśa (स्पर्श).—m.

(-rśaḥ) 1. Touch, contact. 2. The thing touching or feeling. 3. Gift, donation. 4. Sickness, disease. 5. Morbid heat. 6. A consonant of either of the five first classes of the alphabet. 7. An enemy, a disease, &c., the agent or instrument of pain, trouble, or distress. 8. Air, wind. 9. Sexual union. 10. Collision, conflict, encounter. 11. Contact, (in astronomy.) 12. The quality of tangitility. 13. Feeling, sensation. 14. Anything which touches or comes in contact. 15. A spy. f.

(-rśā) A wanton, an unchaste woman. E. spṛś to touch, aff. ghañ; or sparś to take, &c., ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sparśa (स्पर्श).—i. e. spṛś + a, I. m. 1. Touch, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 47, 12; feeling, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 76; [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 208, 23; Bhāṣāp. 3; touching, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 27; [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 29, 13; contact, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 14. 2. Sexual intercourse, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 401. 3. Gift, donation. 4. The thing touching. 5. Air, wind, [Arjunasamāgama] 5, 14. 6. The agent of pain, as sickness ([Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 190, 19, śiras-śūla-, headache, or literally, ‘the perceiving as of a sharp spear in my head’). 7. Morbid heat. Ii. f. śā, A wanton woman.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sparśa (स्पर्श).—[adjective] touching, penetrating (—°); [masculine] touch, contact; perception of touch, feeling, sensation. Abstr. † [feminine], tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sparśa (स्पर्श):—a śana etc. See p.1269.

2) [from spṛś] b mfn. touching (in a-bhūtala-sp, manaḥ-sp, q.v.)

3) [v.s. ...] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) touch, sense of touch (-tas ind. e.g. sparśa-taḥ sukhaṃ tat, ‘that is pleasant to the touch’), contact ([figuratively] applied to the beginning of an eclipse or to any [astronomy] contact), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] m. (in gram.) collective Name of the twenty-five consonants constituting the five classes from k to m (so-called because formed by complete contact of the organs of utterance; cf. sthāna and spṛṣṭa), [Prātiśākhya; Chāndogya-upaniṣad; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] (in [philosophy]) the quality of tangibility (which constitutes the skin’s viṣaya q.v.), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 68]

6) [v.s. ...] any quality which is perceptible by touching any object (e.g. heat, cold, smoothness, softness etc.), [Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] feeling, sensation (e.g. siraḥ-śūla-sp, ‘sensation of headache’), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

8) [v.s. ...] pleasant feeling, [Mahābhārata v, 1366]

9) [v.s. ...] unpleasant or morbid sensation, illness, [Pāṇini 3-3, 16], [vArttika] 1, [Patañjali]

10) [v.s. ...] air, wind, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] ([according to] to some) temperature, [Nyāya]

12) [v.s. ...] a kind of sexual union, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] a gift, offering (See kāka-sp and sp-yajña below)

14) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for spaśa, a spy, [Mahābhārata; Śiśupāla-vadha]

15) Sparśā (स्पर्शा):—[from sparśa > spṛś] f. an unchaste woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] (a word of unknown meaning), [Harivaṃśa 10243.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sparśa (स्पर्श):—(rśaḥ) 1. m. Touch, the thing touching; air; gift; sickness; cause of trouble. 1. f. A wanton woman.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sparśa (स्पर्श) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pharisa, Pharisaga, Phāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sparsha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sparsha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sparśa (स्पर्श) [Also spelled sparsh]:—(nm) touch, contact, feel; stop (as —[vyaṃjana] stop consonant); ~[ka] feeler; ~[gocara] palpable, perceptible through touch; ~[ja/janya] contagious, caused by touch/contagion; ~[jyā] a tangent; -[jñāna] felling; perception through touch; ~[na] touching; contacting; -[nīya] tangible; •[] tangibility; ~[rekhā] a tangent; -[saṃgharṣī] affricate; -[saṃbaṃdhī] pertaining to touch/contact; tactile, imparted through touch/contact.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sparśa (ಸ್ಪರ್ಶ):—

1) [noun] a touching or being touched; a physical contact; a touch.

2) [noun] a mode or manner of religious initiation in which the spiritual teacher touches the head of a person being initiated and symbolically admits him to the fraternity.

3) [noun] the state of being associated; association; companionship.

4) [noun] anything that comes into contact.

5) [noun] a spreading (of a disease) by direct contact; communication (of diseases).

6) [noun] any departure from health; a disease; sickness.

7) [noun] a gift; a donation.

8) [noun] a kind of stone believed to convert any base metal into gold by its physical contact.

9) [noun] air or wind.

10) [noun] the sky.

11) [noun] sexual intercourse; coitus.

12) [noun] a man who keeps close and secret watch on another or others.

13) [noun] (buddh.) knowledge received through sensual organs.

14) [noun] (gram.) any of the classified consonants (from [ka] to ಮ).

15) [noun] any consonant pronounced by complete stopping of the outgoing breath as with the lips, tongue or velum; a stop.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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