Sisa, Sīsa, Śiśa, Shisa, Shisha: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Sisa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śiśa can be transliterated into English as Sisa or Shisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images

Sīsa (सीस) refers to “icons made of lead”, as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—The Āgamas prescribe the metals and the results. The icon made of different metals brings different results. The icon made of lead (sīsa) is for disease-free health. [...] According to Atri the icon made of iron, tin, brass, lead and bell metal results in ābhicārika.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Śiśa (शिश) refers to the “winter” season and represents the months Pauṣa to Phālguna (mid January to mid March) and is one of the six “seasons” (ṛtu).—According to the Vedic calendar, there are six different seasons, which correspond to the twelve months of the year.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Sīsa (सीस) refers to “lead”, representing the material to be used for the images (pratimā) of Rāhu, according to the grahaśānti (cf. grahayajña) section of the Yājñavalkyasmṛti (1.295-309), preceded by the section called vināyakakalpa (1.271-294), prescribing a rite to be offered to Vināyaka.—[Images of and offerings to grahas]—The materials which are used to compose the images (pratimā) of the grahas are prescribed: red copper (Sun), crystal (Moon), red sandal-wood (Mars), gold (Mercury and Jupiter), silver (Venus), iron (Saturn), lead (Rāhu) [i.e., sīsa] and white copper (Ketu). Such prescriptions for the planetary images are not found in gṛhya texts except in the Āśvalāyanagṛhyapariśiṣṭa (2.3) where the materials are almost the same as those in Yājñavalkyasmṛti, the only difference being the use of saffron for Mercury instead of gold. According to the Śāntikalpa (13.3), red copper (Sun and Mars), gold (Mercury and Jupiter), silver (Moon and Venus), and black iron (Saturn, Rāhu, and Ketu) are used.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Sīsa (सीस, ‘lead’) occurs first in the Atharvaveda, where it is mentioned as used for amulets. The word is then quite common. The use of lead by the weaver as a weight is perhaps also referred to.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sīsa : (nt.) the head; the highest point; an ear of corn; heading of an article; the lead.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Sīsa, 2 (nt.) (Vedic śīrṣa: see under sira) 1. the head (of the body) Vin. I, 8; A. I, 207; Sn. 199, 208, p. 80; J. I, 74; II, 103; sīsaṃ nahāta, one who has performed an ablution of the head D. II, 172; PvA. 82; āditta-sīsa, one whose turban has caught fire S. I, 108; III, 143; V, 440; A. II, 93; sīsato towards the head Mhvs 25, 93; adho-sīsa, head first J. I, 233.—2. highest part, top, front: bhūmi° hill, place of vantage Dpvs 15, 26; J. II, 406; caṅkamana° head of the cloister Vism. 121; saṅgāma° front of the battle Pug. 69; J. I, 387; megha° head of the cloud J. I, 103. In this sense also opposed to pāda (foot), e.g. sopāṇa° head (& foot) of the stairs DhA. I, 115. Contrasted with sama (plain) Ps. I, 101 sq.—3. chief point Ps. I, 102.—4. panicle, ear (of rice or crops) A. IV, 169; DA. I, 118.—5. head, heading (as subdivision of a subject), as “chanda-sīsa citta-sīsa” grouped under chanda & citta Vism. 376. Usually instr °sīsena “under the heading (or category) of, ” e.g. citta° Vism. 3; paribhoga° J. II, 24; saññā° DhsA. 200; kammaṭṭhāna° DhA. III, 159.

2) Sīsa, 1 (nt.) (cp. Sk. sīsa) lead D. II, 351; S. V, 92; Miln. 331; VbhA. 63 (=kāḷa-tipu); a leaden coin J. I, 7; °-kāra a worker in lead Miln. 331; °-maya leaden Vin. I, 190. (Page 713)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śisā (शिसा).—m ( P) A bottle, a decanter, a flagon, a goblet, a glass jug. 2 also śiṃsā A honey-comb. 3 (Or śisavā) Blackwood tree, Dalbergia Sisu.

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śīsa (शीस) [or शींस, śīṃsa].—n (śīrṣa S Head.) The just-formed fruit of cucurbitaceous plants appearing as a knob or head behind the flower.

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sīsa (सीस).—& sīsaka n S Lead.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sīsa (सीस).—or-sīsa m A Frenchman.

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śisā (शिसा).—m A bottle, a flagon, a decanter.

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śisā (शिसा).—m A honeycomb.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sīsa (सीस).—Lead; ताम्रायः कांस्यरैत्यानां त्रपुणः सीसकस्य च । शौचं यथार्हं कर्तव्यं क्षारा- म्लोदकवारिभिः (tāmrāyaḥ kāṃsyaraityānāṃ trapuṇaḥ sīsakasya ca | śaucaṃ yathārhaṃ kartavyaṃ kṣārā- mlodakavāribhiḥ) || Ms.5.114; Y.1.19.

Derivable forms: sīsam (सीसम्).

See also (synonyms): sīsaka, sīsapatraka, sīsapatra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sīsa (सीस).—n.

(-saṃ) Lead. E. ṣi to bind, kvip aff.; or ṣo to destroy, aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sīsa (सीस).—sīsaka sīsa + ka, and sīsapatraka sīsa-patra + ka, n. Lead, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 114 (saka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sīsa (सीस).—[neuter] lead.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sīsa (सीस):—n. (of doubtful derivation) lead (also used as money), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) the leaden weight used by weavers, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā]

3) mf(ā)n. leaden, of lead, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Lāṭyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sīsa (सीस):—(saṃ) 1. n. Lead.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sīsa (सीस) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sīsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sisa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Śīśa (शीश) [Also spelled shish]:—(nm) the head; an allomorph of [śīśā] used as the first member in compound words; -[e-dila] heart—as brittle as glass; ~[phūla] a head ornament; ~[mahala] a palace fitted with mirrors all round; •[meṃ baṃdara] a bull in China shop; —[jhukānā/navānā] to bow (in reverence/deference/obeisance).

2) Śīśā (शीशा):—(nf) glass, a mirror, looking glass; ~[śe meṃ utāranā] to confine (a ghost etc.) into a glass bottle; to bring under control; ~[śe meṃ muṃha to dekho] lit. have a look at yourself in the looking glass—Damn it ! You don't deserve it; what nonsense!.

3) Sīsa (सीस) [Also spelled sis]:—(nm) the head; ~[phūla] an ornament worn on the head.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Sīsa (सीस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Śiṣ.

2) Sīsa (सीस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Katha.

3) Sīsa (सीस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Sīsa.

4) Sīsa (सीस) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Śīrṣa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sīsa (ಸೀಸ):—

1) [noun] a particular lock or hold in wrestling.

2) [noun] (pros.) a metrical verse of four lines, each line having six Viṣṇugaṇas followed by two Brahmagaṇas.

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Sīsa (ಸೀಸ):—[noun] the upper part of the body in humans, joined to the trunk by the neck, containing the brain, eyes, ears, nose, and mouth; the head.

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Sīsa (ಸೀಸ):—

1) [noun] 'a heavy, comparatively soft, malleable, bluish-gray metal, sometimes found in its natural state but usu. combined as a sulfide, esp. in galena; lead (symbol: Pb).'2) [noun] ಸೀಸದ ಉಳಿಯಾದ ಮಾತ್ರಕ್ಕೆ ಶೈಲವನ್ನು ಸೀಳಬಹುದೇ [sisada uliyada matrakke shailavannu silabahude]? sīsada uḷiyāda mātrakke śailavannu sīḷabahudē? (prov.) only adequate means help you achieve your goal; long ere you cut down an oak with a pen-knife; ಸೀಸದಕಡ್ಡಿ [sisadakaddi] sīsada kaḍḍi a slender, rod-shaped instrument of wood, plastic, with a stick of graphite inserted in, that is sharpened, used for writing; a pencil.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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