Ashvina, Aśvina, Aśvīna, Āśvina, Āśvīna: 17 definitions


Ashvina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aśvina and Aśvīna and Āśvina and Āśvīna can be transliterated into English as Asvina or Ashvina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Aśvina (अश्विन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.164.49, IX.44.6, IX.44.34, XIV.8.5, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aśvina) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Āśvina (आश्विन), corresponding to “September-October”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, āśvina-māsi.

The presiding deity of Āśvina is Padmanābha.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Ashvina in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Āśvīna (आश्वीन) refers to “hunting on horseback”, and represents one of the eight subdivisions of Hunting (mṛgayā) which in turn represents one of the eighteen Addictions or Vices (vyasana), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting on horseback (āśvīna) leads to intense delight. In this kind, running animals are killed with arrows and with the help of horses. The ground should be without mud and without stones, without trees, and without pits, the appropriate time being from the middle of the cold season to the middle of Jyaiṣṭha. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Āśvina (आश्विन) (presided over by Śakra) is the seventh of twelve months, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Accordingly, there are altogether twelve months [viz., Āśvina] having twelve deities as given in the kālacakra-maṇḍala.—“here they are all accompanied with their Śaktis, mostly four-armed and have their distinctive vehicles”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āśvina.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’; cf. Aśvin. See IHQ, Vol. XXXIII, p. 101. Note: āśvina is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aśvina (अश्विन).—m The seventh month from caitra.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvīna (अश्वीन).—a. [aśva-kha] Distant, a day's journey for a horse.

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Āśvina (आश्विन).—a. (- f.)

1) Belonging or sacred to the Aśvins (aśvinau devate asya).

2) Pervading.

-naḥ 1 Name of a month (in which the moon is near the constellation Aśvini).

2) A sacrifice or a weapon presided over by the Aśvins.

3) (du.) The Aśvins.

-nī 1 Name of certain bricks.

2) A pile, stack (citibhedaḥ).

-nam A day's journey for a horse or rider (Ved.).

-cihnitam The autumnal equinox.

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Āśvīna (आश्वीन).—a. (- f.) [अश्व-खञ् (aśva-khañ)] Made or traversed by a horse as a journey &c; °नोऽध्वा (no'dhvā) Sk.

-naḥ, -nam The distance travelled by a horse in a day; सहस्राश्वीने वा इतः स्वर्गो लोकः (sahasrāśvīne vā itaḥ svargo lokaḥ) Ait. Br.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvīna (अश्वीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Distant a day’s journey for a horse, more usually āśvīna.

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Āśvina (आश्विन).—m.

(-naḥ) The month Aswin, (September-October.) E. aśvinī the constellation, aṇ deriv. affix: when the moon is in Aswini.

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Āśvīna (आश्वीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) A day’s journey for a horse. E. aśva a horse, and khañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśvina (आश्विन).—i. e. aśvin + a, adj. Directed to the Aśvins, Chr. 296.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśvina (आश्विन).—1. [feminine] ī [adjective] resembling riders.

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Āśvina (आश्विन).—2. [adjective] belonging or consecrated to the Acvins; [masculine] a cert. mouth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āśvina (आश्विन):—[from āśva] 1. āśvina mf(ī)n. like riders or horsemen, [Ṛg-veda ix, 86, 4]

2) [v.s. ...] n. a day’s journey for a horseman, [Atharva-veda vi, 131, 3.]

3) [v.s. ...] 2. āśvina mfn. ([from] aśvin), belonging or devoted to the Aśvins, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a month in the rainy season (during which the moon is near to the constellation Aśvinī)

5) [from āśva] n. the Nakṣatra Aśvinī, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] n. (also) a cup of Soma consecrated to the Aśvins, [Lāṭyāyana]

7) Āśvīna (आश्वीन):—[from āśva] mfn. as much as can be passed over by a horse in one day (as a way or road), [Pāṇini 5-2, 19]

8) [v.s. ...] n. a day’s journey for a horse, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśvīna (अश्वीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Distant a day’s journey for a horse.

2) Āśvina (आश्विन):—(naḥ) 1. m. Month Āshwin.

3) Āśvīna (आश्वीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) m. f. n.] A day’s journey for a horse.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āśvina (आश्विन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āsiṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ashvina in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashvina in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āśvina (आश्विन) [Also spelled asvin]:—(nm) the seventh month of the Hindu calendar; also called [kvāra].

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āśvina (ಆಶ್ವಿನ):—

1) [noun] the seventh month in the lunar Hindu calendar.

2) [noun] that distance, which a horse can carry its rider in one day.

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Āśvīna (ಆಶ್ವೀನ):—[noun] = ಆಶ್ವಿನ - [ashvina -] 2.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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