Ashvina, Aśvina, Aśvīna, Āśvina, Āśvīna: 14 definitions



Ashvina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Aśvina and Aśvīna and Āśvina and Āśvīna can be transliterated into English as Asvina or Ashvina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Aśvina (अश्विन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.164.49, IX.44.6, IX.44.34, XIV.8.5, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aśvina) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Āśvina (आश्विन), corresponding to “September-October”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, āśvina-māsi.

The presiding deity of Āśvina is Padmanābha.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Āśvina (आश्विन) (presided over by Śakra) is the seventh of twelve months, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Accordingly, there are altogether twelve months [viz., Āśvina] having twelve deities as given in the kālacakra-maṇḍala.—“here they are all accompanied with their Śaktis, mostly four-armed and have their distinctive vehicles”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āśvina.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’; cf. Aśvin. See IHQ, Vol. XXXIII, p. 101. Note: āśvina is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aśvina (अश्विन).—m The seventh month from caitra.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aśvīna (अश्वीन).—a. [aśva-kha] Distant, a day's journey for a horse.

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Āśvina (आश्विन).—a. (- f.)

1) Belonging or sacred to the Aśvins (aśvinau devate asya).

2) Pervading.

-naḥ 1 Name of a month (in which the moon is near the constellation Aśvini).

2) A sacrifice or a weapon presided over by the Aśvins.

3) (du.) The Aśvins.

-nī 1 Name of certain bricks.

2) A pile, stack (citibhedaḥ).

-nam A day's journey for a horse or rider (Ved.).

-cihnitam The autumnal equinox.

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Āśvīna (आश्वीन).—a. (- f.) [अश्व-खञ् (aśva-khañ)] Made or traversed by a horse as a journey &c; °नोऽध्वा (no'dhvā) Sk.

-naḥ, -nam The distance travelled by a horse in a day; सहस्राश्वीने वा इतः स्वर्गो लोकः (sahasrāśvīne vā itaḥ svargo lokaḥ) Ait. Br.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aśvīna (अश्वीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Distant a day’s journey for a horse, more usually āśvīna.

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Āśvina (आश्विन).—m.

(-naḥ) The month Aswin, (September-October.) E. aśvinī the constellation, aṇ deriv. affix: when the moon is in Aswini.

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Āśvīna (आश्वीन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) A day’s journey for a horse. E. aśva a horse, and khañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśvina (आश्विन).—i. e. aśvin + a, adj. Directed to the Aśvins, Chr. 296.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āśvina (आश्विन).—1. [feminine] ī [adjective] resembling riders.

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Āśvina (आश्विन).—2. [adjective] belonging or consecrated to the Acvins; [masculine] a cert. mouth.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Āśvina (आश्विन):—[from āśva] 1. āśvina mf(ī)n. like riders or horsemen, [Ṛg-veda ix, 86, 4]

2) [v.s. ...] n. a day’s journey for a horseman, [Atharva-veda vi, 131, 3.]

3) [v.s. ...] 2. āśvina mfn. ([from] aśvin), belonging or devoted to the Aśvins, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a month in the rainy season (during which the moon is near to the constellation Aśvinī)

5) [from āśva] n. the Nakṣatra Aśvinī, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

6) [v.s. ...] n. (also) a cup of Soma consecrated to the Aśvins, [Lāṭyāyana]

7) Āśvīna (आश्वीन):—[from āśva] mfn. as much as can be passed over by a horse in one day (as a way or road), [Pāṇini 5-2, 19]

8) [v.s. ...] n. a day’s journey for a horse, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aśvīna (अश्वीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Distant a day’s journey for a horse.

2) Āśvina (आश्विन):—(naḥ) 1. m. Month Āshwin.

3) Āśvīna (आश्वीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) m. f. n.] A day’s journey for a horse.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Āśvina (आश्विन):—

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Āśvina (आश्विन):—2. (von aśva oder aśvin) n. Tagereise für ein Pferd, einen Reiter: yaddhāvasi triyoja.aṃ pañcayojana.āśvinam [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 6, 131, 3.] — Vgl. āśvīna .

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Āśvīna (आश्वीन):—(von aśva) adj. (der Weg.) den ein Pferd in einem Tage zurücklegt [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 19.] no dhvā [Scholiast] [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 15.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1250.] n. Tagereise für ein Pferd: sahasrāśvīne vā itaḥ svargo lokaḥ [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 2, 17.] catuścatvāriṃśadāśvīnāni [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 34.]

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Āśvina (आश्विन):—1.

2) [Oxforder Handschriften 284,a,7 v. u. b,12. 25. 27. 35. 47. 285,a,8. 9. 16. 21.] —

4) n. das Nakṣatra Aśvinī [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 7, 6. 15, 29. 98, 9.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Āśvina (आश्विन):—1. —

1) Adj. (f. ī) Reitern gleichend.

2) n. Tagereise für einen Reiter.

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Āśvina (आश्विन):—2. —

1) Adj. den Aśvin gehörig , — geweiht.

2) m. — a) ein best. Regenmonat , in dem der Vollmond im Mondhaus Aśvinī steht. — b) *Du. die beiden Aśvin [Galano's Wörterbuch] —

3) f. ī Bez. best. Backsteine.

4) n. das Mondhaus Aśvinī.

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Āśvīna (आश्वीन):——

1) *Adj. von einem Pferde in einem Tage zurückzulegen (Weg). —

2) n. Tagereise eines Pferdes [Tāṇḍyabrāhmaṇa 25,10,16.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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