Ashvina, Aśvina, Aśvīna, Āśvina, Āśvīna: 16 definitions
Ashvina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Aśvina and Aśvīna and Āśvina and Āśvīna can be transliterated into English as Asvina or Ashvina, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Aśvina (अश्विन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.164.49, IX.44.6, IX.44.34, XIV.8.5, XIV.8) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aśvina) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)
Āśvina (आश्विन), corresponding to “September-October”, refers to one of the months (māsa) in the Vedic calendar.—There are twelve months in a Vedic lunar calendar, and approximately every three years, there is a thirteenth month. Each month has a predominating deity and approximately corresponds with the solar christian months. [...] In accordance with the month of the year, one would utter the Vedic month, for example, āśvina-māsi.
The presiding deity of Āśvina is Padmanābha.
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)
Āśvina (आश्विन) (presided over by Śakra) is the seventh of twelve months, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—Accordingly, there are altogether twelve months [viz., Āśvina] having twelve deities as given in the kālacakra-maṇḍala.—“here they are all accompanied with their Śaktis, mostly four-armed and have their distinctive vehicles”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
India history and geography
Āśvina.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘two’; cf. Aśvin. See IHQ, Vol. XXXIII, p. 101. Note: āśvina is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
aśvina (अश्विन).—m The seventh month from caitra.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Aśvīna (अश्वीन).—a. [aśva-kha] Distant, a day's journey for a horse.
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Āśvina (आश्विन).—a. (-nī f.)
1) Belonging or sacred to the Aśvins (aśvinau devate asya).
-naḥ 1 Name of a month (in which the moon is near the constellation Aśvini).
2) A sacrifice or a weapon presided over by the Aśvins.
3) (du.) The Aśvins.
-nī 1 Name of certain bricks.
2) A pile, stack (citibhedaḥ).
-nam A day's journey for a horse or rider (Ved.).
-cihnitam The autumnal equinox.
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Āśvīna (आश्वीन).—a. (-nī f.) [अश्व-खञ् (aśva-khañ)] Made or traversed by a horse as a journey &c; °नोऽध्वा (no'dhvā) Sk.
-naḥ, -nam The distance travelled by a horse in a day; सहस्राश्वीने वा इतः स्वर्गो लोकः (sahasrāśvīne vā itaḥ svargo lokaḥ) Ait. Br.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Distant a day’s journey for a horse, more usually āśvīna.
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(-naḥ) The month Aswin, (September-October.) E. aśvinī the constellation, aṇ deriv. affix: when the moon is in Aswini.
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(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) A day’s journey for a horse. E. aśva a horse, and khañ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āśvina (आश्विन).—i. e. aśvin + a, adj. Directed to the Aśvins,
Āśvina (आश्विन).—1. [feminine] ī [adjective] resembling riders.
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Āśvina (आश्विन).—2. [adjective] belonging or consecrated to the Acvins; [masculine] a cert. mouth.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Āśvina (आश्विन):—[from āśva] 1. āśvina mf(ī)n. like riders or horsemen, [Ṛg-veda ix, 86, 4]
2) [v.s. ...] n. a day’s journey for a horseman, [Atharva-veda vi, 131, 3.]
3) [v.s. ...] 2. āśvina mfn. ([from] aśvin), belonging or devoted to the Aśvins, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra]
4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a month in the rainy season (during which the moon is near to the constellation Aśvinī)
5) [from āśva] n. the Nakṣatra Aśvinī, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]
6) [v.s. ...] n. (also) a cup of Soma consecrated to the Aśvins, [Lāṭyāyana]
7) Āśvīna (आश्वीन):—[from āśva] mfn. as much as can be passed over by a horse in one day (as a way or road), [Pāṇini 5-2, 19]
8) [v.s. ...] n. a day’s journey for a horse, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Aśvīna (अश्वीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) a.] Distant a day’s journey for a horse.
2) Āśvina (आश्विन):—(naḥ) 1. m. Month Āshwin.
3) Āśvīna (आश्वीन):—[(naḥ-nā-naṃ) m. f. n.] A day’s journey for a horse.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Āśvina (आश्विन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āsiṇa.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Āśvina (आश्विन) [Also spelled asvin]:—(nm) the seventh month of the Hindu calendar; also called [kvāra].
1) [noun] the seventh month in the lunar Hindu calendar.
2) [noun] that distance, which a horse can carry its rider in one day.
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Āśvīna (ಆಶ್ವೀನ):—[noun] = ಆಶ್ವಿನ - [ashvina -] 2.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Ashvinacihnita, Ashvinagra, Ashvinakrita, Ashvinapatra, Ashvinashastra, Ashvinau.
Ends with: Adyashvina, Sahasrashvina.
Full-text (+128): Ashvayuja, Rangabhuti, Kojagara, Bhutapurnima, Akshayyanavami, Karakacaturthi, Kaumudicara, Mahanavami, Vijayadashami, Ashvayujaka, Putrasaptami, Navaratra, Papankusha, Jimutashtami, Mahashtami, Rathasaptami, Vijayotsava, Lakshmipuja, Dasara, Pretapaksha.
Search found 51 books and stories containing Ashvina, Aśvina, Asvina, Aśvīna, Āśvina, Āśvīna; (plurals include: Ashvinas, Aśvinas, Asvinas, Aśvīnas, Āśvinas, Āśvīnas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 10.25.5 < [Sukta 25]
Rig Veda 5.4.11 < [Sukta 4]
Rig Veda 10.75.9 < [Sukta 75]
Satapatha-brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa IV, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 6 < [Fourth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa IV, adhyāya 1, brāhmaṇa 5 < [Fourth Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa XI, adhyāya 5, brāhmaṇa 5 < [Eleventh Kāṇḍa]
Rivers in Ancient India (study) (by Archana Sarma)
4. Disappearance of Sarasvatī < [Chapter 6 - Changing trends of the Rivers from Vedic to Purāṇic Age]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CXXII - The Masopavasa Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CXVII - The Ananga trayodasi Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Chapter CXX - The Rambha Trtiya Vratam < [Brihaspati (Nitisara) Samhita]
Vedic influence on the Sun-worship in the Puranas (by Goswami Mitali)
Sun-worship Vratas (19) Trigati-saptamī < [Chapter 5 - Rituals Related to the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]
Part 5 - The twelve Ādityas in the form of the twelve months < [Chapter 4 - Vedic Influence on the Sun-Worship in the Purāṇas]