Maithila: 11 definitions


Maithila means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Maithila in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Maithila (मैथिल).—Is Janaka; went to Syamantapañcaka for the solar eclipse.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 82. 26.

1b) The son of the Mithila king, Śatadhanva.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 78.

1c) A dynasty of 28 kings, contemporaneous with the 10 Śaiśunāgas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 64. 24; 74. 137; Matsya-purāṇa 272. 16.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of maithila in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Maithila (मैथिल) (or Janaka) is the son of Vipulā and Vāsavaketu, an ancient king from Mithilā, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.4 [Rāma and Lakṣmaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “Now in the city Mithilā there were a king in the Harivaṃśa, Vāsavaketu by name, and his wife, Vipulā. Their son, with no less glory, became king, Janaka by name, like a father (janaka) of his subjects, famous on earth”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of maithila in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maithila (मैथिल).—a S Relating to the city or country Mithila;--a tribe of Brahmans &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of maithila in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maithila (मैथिल).—[mithilāyāṃ bhavaḥ aṇ] A king of Mithilā; उत्पन्ना मैथिलकुले जनकस्य महात्मनः (utpannā maithilakule janakasya mahātmanaḥ) Rām.7.17.37; R.11.32,48.

-lāḥ (pl.) The people of Mithilā q.v.

-lī Name of Sītā; स जहार तयोर्मध्ये मैथिलीं लोकशोषणः (sa jahāra tayormadhye maithilīṃ lokaśoṣaṇaḥ) R.12.29.

Derivable forms: maithilaḥ (मैथिलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maithila (मैथिल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) Belonging to, born in, &c. Mithila. f. (-lī) A name of Sita. E. mithilā, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maithila (मैथिल).—i. e. mithilā + a, I. adj., f. , Born in, referring to, Mithilā, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 110, 13. Ii. m. The king of Mithilā, Ram. 3, 53, 2. Iii. f. , A name of Sītā, ib. 3, 49, 55.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maithila (मैथिल).—[feminine] ī relating to Mithilā. [masculine] sgl. & [plural] the king & the people of [Middle], [feminine] ī the princess of [Middle], i.e. Sītā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maithila (मैथिल):—mf(ī)n. relating or belonging to Mithilā, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) m. a king of M° ([plural] the people of M°), [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maithila (मैथिल):—[(laḥ-lī-laṃ) a.] Of Mithila. f. A name of Sītā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Maithila in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of maithila in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: