Jambudvipa, aka: Jambudvīpa, Jambu-dvipa; 20 Definition(s)


Jambudvipa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

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In Jambūdvīpa there are nine divisions of land, each with a length of 9,000 yojanas [72,000 miles]. There are eight mountains that mark the boundaries of these divisions and separate them nicely.

Source: VedaBase: Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Jambudvipa in Purana glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप) is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Āgnīdhra, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 74. Priyavrata was a son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

These are the seven major mountains in Jambūdvīpa:

  1. Himavān,
  2. Hemakūṭa,
  3. Niṣadha,
  4. Meru,
  5. Nīla,
  6. Gandhamādana,
  7. Mālyavān.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Jambudvīpa (जम्बुद्वीप) refers to one of the seven continents mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. Jambudvīpa has nine varṣas, namely, Uttarakuru, Ramya, Hairaṇvata, Bhadrāśva, Ketumāla, Ilāvṛta, Harivarṣa, Kimpuruṣa and Bhāratavarṣa, and the last one is further divided into nine parts of which the ninth one alone seems to represent India proper.

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—One of the Purāṇically famous Saptadvīpas (seven continents). These seven continents are embankments separating the seven seas. Jambūdvīpa, Krauñcadvīpa, Śākadvīpa and Puṣkaradvīpa are included in the seven islands. (See full article at Story of Jambū-dvīpa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—People of, described. See Jambū.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 46. 25-37.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

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Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—One of the seven continents (dvīpa) of Bhūrloka (earth).—In the midst of all dvīpas there is Jambūdvīpa. It is situated in the middle of the other dvīpas having, three dvīpas on each side. It consists of a big tree named Jambū and also the river and the mountain of the same name and hence it is said to be Jambūdvīpa. The Jambūdvīpa is encircled by the salt ocean, Lavaṇa-samudra.

A number of mountains in Jambūdvīpa are mentioned by Soḍḍhala. They are as under:—

  1. Mandara,
  2. Gandhamādana,
  3. Vipula,
  4. Supārśva,
  5. Niṣadha,
  6. Hemakūṭa,
  7. Himādri,
  8. Śṛṅgavān,
  9. Śvetācala,
  10. Nīlagiri
  11. and Sumeru.
Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप) refers to one of the seven continents (saptadvīpa) situated within the world of the earth (pṛthivī), according to Parākhyatantra 5.61. It is also known as plainly Jambū. These continents are located above the seven pātālas and may contain even more sub-continents within them, are round in shape, and are encircled within seven concentric oceans.

Jambūdvīpa is divided into the following nine landmasses (navakhaṇḍa):

  1. Bhārata-khaṇḍa,
  2. Hari-khaṇḍa,
  3. Kimpuruṣa-khaṇḍa,
  4. Ramyaka-khaṇḍa,
  5. Ramaṇa-khaṇḍa,
  6. Kuru-khaṇḍa,
  7. Bhadrāśva-khaṇḍa,
  8. Ketumāla-khaṇḍa,
  9. Ilāvṛta-khaṇḍa.

In the middle of them is situated the golden mountain named Meru which rises above the surface of the earth by 84,000 yojanas while it penetrates the circle of the earth to a depth of sixteen yojanas.

According to the Parākhya-tantra, “all this is called the continent Jambu, where the Jambu tree with large fruits grows. Because of contact with the juices that come from those arises the gold known as Jāmbūnada. outside that is the ocean (sāgara) of salt water that was created bythe sons of Sagara”.

The Parākhyatantra is an old Śaiva-siddhānta tantra dating from before the 10th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

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Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—It is the famous one of the seven Dvīpas in the world. This is situated in the middle of three Dvīpas on both sides. At present times this Dvīpa may identified with the Asia and the mountain Mahāmeru, is situated in the middle of this Jambūdvīpa. According to Purāṇas and Rājaśekhara’s Kāvyamīmāṃsā, this Jambūdvīpa is consists of seven varṣas or parts and seven mountains. The Bhāratavarṣa is the southern-most varṣa or country in the Jambūdvīpa and includes within its boundary the mighty Himālayas.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

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Continent Jambudvipa (Indian Blackberry Island), also known as Sudarshanadvipa, forms the innermost concentric island in the above scheme. Its name is said to derive from a Jambu tree (another name for the Indian Blackberry). The fruits of the Jambu tree are said, in the Viṣṇupurāṇa (ch.2) to be as large as elephants and when they become rotten and fall upon the crest of the mountains, a river of juice is formed from their expressed juice. The river so formed is called Jambunadi (Jambu river) and flows through Jambudvipa, whose inhabitants drink its waters. Insular continent Jambudvipa is said to comprise nine varshas (zones) and eight significant parvatas (mountains).

Markandeya Purana portrays Jambudvipa as being depressed on its south and north and elevated and broad in the middle. The elevated region forms the varsha named Ila-vrta or Meruvarsha. At the center of Ila-vrta lies the golden Mount Meru, the king of mountains. On the summit of Mount Meru, is the vast city of Lord Brahma, known as Brahmapuri. Surrounding Brahmapuri are 8 cities - the one of Lord Indra and of seven other Devatas.

Markandeya Purana and Brahmanda Purana divide Jambudvipa into four vast regions shaped like four petals of a lotus with Mount Meru being located at the center like a pericarp. The city of Brahmapuri is said to be enclosed by a river, known as Akash Ganga. Akash Ganga is said to issue forth from the foot of Lord Vishnu and after washing the lunar region falls "through the skies" and after encircling the Brahmapuri "splits up into four mighty streams", which are said to flow in four opposite directions from the landscape of Mount Meru and irrigate the vast lands of Jambudvipa.

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Jambudvīpa (जम्बुद्वीप): The name of the dvipa ("continent") of the terrestrial world, as envisioned in the cosmologies of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, which is the realm where ordinary human beings live. Its name is said to derive from a Jambu tree.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jambūdvīpa there are nine divisions of land, each with a length of 9,000 yojanas, 72,000 miles: Bhārata-varṣa, Kimpuruṣa-varṣa, Hari-varṣa, Bhadra-varṣa, Ilāvṛta-varṣa, Ketumāla-varṣa, Ramyaka-varṣa, Hiraṇmaya-varṣa, and Kuru-varṣa.

Source: Vaniquotes: Hinduism

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

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Jambudvīpa is the region where the humans live and is the only place where a being may become enlightened by being born as a human being. It is in Jambudvīpa that one may receive the gift of Dharma and come to understand the Four Noble Truths, the Noble Eightfold Path and ultimately realize the liberation from the cycle of life and death. Another reference is from the Buddhist text Mahavamsa, where the emperor Ashoka's son Mahinda introduces himself to the Sri Lankan king Devanampiyatissa as from Jambudvipa, referring to what is now the Indian subcontinent.

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Jambudvīpa (जम्बुद्वीप) in the centre refers to one of the “four continents” (dvīpa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 120). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., jambu-dvīpa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

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Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप) is one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka), encircled by the ocean named Lavaṇasamudra (or simply Lavaṇa), according to Jain cosmology. The middle-world contains innumerable concentric dvīpas and, as opposed to the upper-world (adhaloka) and the lower-world (ūrdhvaloka), is the only world where humans can be born. Jambūdvīpa is also known as plainly Jambū.

Jambūdvīpa continent has 6 mountains, dividing the continent into 9 zones (Ksetra). The names of these zones are:

  1. Bharat Kshetra
  2. Mahavideha Kshetra
  3. Airavat Kshetra
  4. Ramyakwas
  5. Hariwas
  6. Hairanyvat Kshetra
  7. Haimavat Kshetra
  8. Devkuru
  9. Uttarkuru

Jambūdvīpa is recorded in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—The Jambū-dvīpa, placed in the center of the middle world, is the most important of all the continents.

Six ranges of mountains divide this Jambū-dvīpa into seven regions (kṣetras):

  1. Bhārata (rivers Gaṅgā and Sindhu),
  2. Haimavanta (rivers Rohit and Rohitāsyā),
  3. Hari (rivers Harit and Harikāntā),
  4. Videha (rivers Sitā and Sitodā),
  5. Ramyaka (rivers Nārī and Narakāntā),
  6. Hairaṇyavata (rivers Suvarṇakūlā and Rūpyakūlā),
  7. Airāvata (rivers Raktā and Raktodā).

The six mountain ranges known as varṣadhara-parvatas are:

  1. Haimavat,
  2. Mahāhimavat,
  3. Niṣadha,
  4. Nīla,
  5. Rukmin,
  6. Śikharin.

On their tops are six lakes, namely,

  1. Padma,
  2. Mahāpadma,
  3. Tigiñcha,
  4. Kesarī,
  5. Mahāpuṇḍarīka,
  6. Puṇḍarīka.

Each having a big lotus-island (padmahrada) in its center.

In these islands live the six goddesses

  1. Śrī,
  2. Hrī,
  3. Dhṛti,
  4. Kīrti,
  5. Buddhi,
  6. Lakṣmī.

Attended by sāmānikas, gods of councils, bodyguards and armies.

Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

The innermost island-continent in the Middle World, in Jain cosmology. It is divided into seven continents separated by six mountain ranges. It takes its name - 'Rose-Apple Continent' - from a rock formation that resembles a rose-apple tree, which is found on Mount Meru in the centre of the island.

Source: JAINpedia: Glossary

Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—The regions which the soul which is capable of gaining release will do are all situated in the middle world. Although much smaller in size than the lower and upper worlds. It is arranged around the “continent of the rose-apple tree” (jambūdvīpa), surrounded by precious, highly-wrought walls and a lotus terrace. Surrounding this disk, whose diameter is 100,000 yojanas, are set out horizontally to the farthest sea, which is impossible to reach, an incalculable series of concentric rings, of alternate oceans (samudras) and islands or continents (dvīpas).

Jambūdvīpa, especially is painted with long chains of mountains running from east to west divide it into seven countries, great rivers flow from peaks to the oceans and the division of the provinces can be seen in the large middle zone of videha, to the east and west of Mount Meru, whose peak dominates uttarakuru in the north, and devakuru in the south with their trees, jambuvṛkṣa and śālmalī.

The disk of jambūdvīpa is set within its rampart of diamonds which is surrounded by a fence of jewels crowned by a high garland of lotuses made from gems. It is washed by the lavaṇasamundra where the tides which regulate its months rise, where the islands of its moon and sun are situated and into which some of the mountains project.

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप) refers to the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.7. Jambūdvīpa derives its name from the Jambū tree which abounds on this continent. What type of tree is the Jambū tree? The Jambū tree is eternal, natural (not planted by anyone) and has ‘earth’ as its body (pṛhthivīkāyika).

Jambūdvīpa is divided into seven regions (separated by six dividing mountain ranges):

  1. Bhārata-varṣa,
  2. Haimavata-varṣa,
  3. Hari-varṣa,
  4. Videha-varṣa,
  5. Ramyaka-varṣa,
  6. Airāvata-varṣa,
  7. Hairaṇyavata-varṣa.

Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

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jambudvīpa (जंबुद्वीप).—n (S jambu Rose-apple, said to abound there, and dvīpa A division of the earth.) The central division of the seven, i. e. the known continent, the real earth, as disting. from the fabulous six.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

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Jambudvīpa (जम्बुद्वीप) or Jambūdvīpa (जम्बूद्वीप).—Name of one of the seven continents surrounding the mountain Meru.

Derivable forms: jambudvīpaḥ (जम्बुद्वीपः), jambūdvīpaḥ (जम्बूद्वीपः).

Jambudvīpa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms jambu and dvīpa (द्वीप). See also (synonyms): jambukhaṇḍa, jambuparvata.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 859 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Jambu is the name of a sage (Munivar) whose story explains the sthala-purāṇa of the Jambukeswar...
Puṣkaradvīpa (पुष्करद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvya...
Dvīpa (द्वीप).—[dvirgatā dvayordiśorvā gatā āpo yatra; dvi-ap, apa īp]1) An island.2) A place o...
Saptadvīpā (सप्तद्वीपा).—an epithet of the earth; पुरा सप्तद्वीपां जयति वसुधामप्रतिरथः (purā sa...
Śākadvīpa (शाकद्वीप).—One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). Sañjaya once gave Dhṛtarāṣṭra a d...
Nāgadvīpa (नागद्वीप).—A region inside the island Sudarśana. This region has the shape of the ea...
Kuśadvīpa (कुशद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. Kuśa island is rich in pearls. (Bhīṣma Parva, C...
Śālmalidvīpa (शाल्मलिद्वीप).—One of the seven islands. General. Śālmali island, which is double...
Krauñcadvīpa (क्रौञ्चद्वीप).—(ISLAND OF KRAUÑCA). One of the Saptadvīpas (seven islands). The s...
Maṇidvīpa (मणिद्वीप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. The crest or hood of the great serpent Ananta. 2. Name of an...
Sindhudvīpa (सिन्धुद्वीप).—A King of the Solar dynasty. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter ...
Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyam...
Nandīśvaradvīpa (नन्दीश्वरद्वीप).—According to both Digambaras and Śvetāmbaras, Nandīśvara Dvīp...
Jambunadī (जम्बुनदी) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.29)...
Śvetadvīpa (श्वेतद्वीप).—An island. It was on this island that Mahāviṣṇu performed his austere ...

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