Shariraguna, Śārīraguṇa, Sharira-guna: 2 definitions



Shariraguna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śārīraguṇa can be transliterated into English as Sariraguna or Shariraguna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shariraguna in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Śārīraguṇa (शारीरगुण):—Synonym of gurvadi-gunas; Properties of substances that relates with the body and used for therapeutics.

Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Śārīraguṇa (शारीरगुण) (or Śārīrakaguṇa, Śarīrakaguṇa) refers to the “twenty qualities of the body” where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas which are mentioned below:

  1. Guru-Laghu — heavy-light;
  2. Manda-Tīkṣṇa — dull-sharp;
  3. Hima-Uṣṇa — cold-hot;
  4. Snigdha-Rūkṣa — oily-dry;
  5. Ślakṣṇa-Khara — smooth-rough;
  6. Sāndra-Drava — dense-liquid;
  7. Mṛdu - Kaṭhina — soft-hard;
  8. Sthira-Cala — static-mobile;
  9. Sūkṣma-Sthūla — subtle-gross;
  10. Viśada-Picchila — clear-cloudy.

These śārīraguṇas are also pāñcabhautika and they have specified action on the body:

GuṇaBhūtas (predominant)Actions:
Guru — earth, water — building/bṛṃhaṇa;
Laghu — fire, air, ether, space — reducing/laṅghana;
Śīta — water — Cooling/stambha [stambhana?];
Uṣṇa — agni — healing/svedana;
Snigdha — water — Moistening/kledana;
Rūkṣa — earth, fire, air — absorbing/śoṣaṇa;
Manda — earth, water — slowing/pacifying/śamana;
Tīkṣṇa — fire — penetrating/purifying/śodhana;
Sthira — earth — stabilising/dharṇā [dhāraṇa?];
Cala — air — stimulating/preraṇa;
Mṛdu — water — loosening/ślathana;
Kaṭhina — earth — hardening/dried/dṛḍhīkaraṇa;
Viśada — fire, air, ether (space) — Cleansing/kṣālana;
Picchila — earth, water — Adhering/lepana;
Ślakṣṇa — earth, water — healing/ropaṇa;
Khara — air — scraping/lekhana;
Sūkṣma — air, space — pervading/vivaraṇa;
Sthūla — earth — covering/saṃvaraṇa;
Sāndra — earth, water — solidifying/prasādana;
Drava — water — liquifying/viloḍana;

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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