Siromani, Siromaṇi, Shiromani: 13 definitions


Siromani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Siromani in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि) refers to a “crest-jewel”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.12.—Accordingly, after Himācala (i.e., Himālaya) brought his daughter (Pārvatī) before Śiva: “Then Śiva looked at her in the first flush of her youth. [...] Her two breasts resembling lotus-buds were stout, plump and firm. Her waist was slender and the curly locks of her hair shone well. Her feet resembled the land-lotus and were comely in appearance. She was competent to shake the minds of even the sages deeply engrossed in meditation, even at the very sight. She was a crest-jewel of all the maidens [i.e., yoṣidgaṇa-śiromaṇi] in the world”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि) refers to “(possesing) a crest jewel” which is used to describe Cakrasaṃvara, according to the Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—Accordingly, [while describing the iconography of Cakrasaṃvara]: “In the Saṃvara Maṇḍala atop Mount Sumera within a vajra-canopy there is a variegated lotus, on top of that a palace, in the middle of which is the Blessed Lord, standing in ālīḍhāsana, "archer's pose", [...] possessing a naraśiromālā-śatārdha, "garland of fifty (fresh) human heads" around the neck, the ṣaṇmudrā, "six insignia", bone ornaments, which are the kaṇṭhikā, "necklace", rucaka, "bracelets", kuṇḍala, "ear-rings", mekhalā, "girdle", śiromaṇi, "crest jewel", and bhasmitiḥ, "covered in ashes", a jaṭā-makuṭa, "crest of dreadlocks", kapālamālā, "crown of (five) skulls", topped by an ardhacandra, "crescent moon", and viśvavajra, "world vajra" or "double vajra", a vikṛitānana, "fierce face", and daṃṣṭrotkaṭa, "horrible gigantic fangs".

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Siromani in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

siromaṇi : (m.) a diadem; a jewelled crest.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śirōmaṇi (शिरोमणि).—m (S) A gem worn in a crest, or on the top of the head. 2 fig. The head, chief, most eminent or distinguished person; as paṇḍitaśirō- maṇi The head-gem or brightest ornament of a body of learned men; mūrkhaśirōmaṇi The crown or king of blockheads; adattaśirōmaṇi The prince of misers; śūraśirōmaṇi, sōdāśirōmaṇi &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śirōmaṇi (शिरोमणि).—m A gem worn in a crest. Fig. The chief. murkhaśirōmaṇi The king of blockheads.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि).—mf. (-ṇiḥ-ṇī) 1. A gem worn in a crest, or on the top of the head. 2. A title of respect conferred on learned men. E. śiras the head, and maṇi a jewel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि).—[masculine] crest-jewel; the crown, i.e. the first or chief of ([genetive] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a
—[commentary] on Gaṅgeśa’s Tattvacintāmaṇi, by Raghunātha Śiromaṇi. [Mackenzie Collection] 18. Hall. p. 31. Khn. 62. K. 148. B. 4, 32. Ben. 154. 164. 178. 179. 181. 191. 192. 205. 209. Pheh. 14. Rādh. 15. Oudh. Xv, 98. Np. I, 36. 38. Burnell. 115^b. P. 14. Bhk. 32. Oppert. 212. 2066-68. 3234. 3280. 3505. Ii, 1454. 2487. 3667. 5509. 6299. 7592. 7877. 8645. Rice. 106. Pratyakṣa. Paris. (B 34. 148^a). Ben. 154. Oppert. 3446. 8011. Ii, 5976.
—[commentary] by Gadādhara. Paris. (B 36). L. 1053. 2486.
—[commentary] by Vācaspati. Rādh. 14. Anumāna. Io. 273. 1902. W. p. 197. Oxf. 241^a. Hall. p. 37. Paris. (B 148^b. 149). L. 781. 1052. Khn. 60. Ben. 185. Tu7b. 5. NW. 354. Oudh. Ix, 14. Bh. 32. Bhr. 740. Oppert. 2268. 8010. Ii, 8802. Bühler 555.
—[commentary] by Gadādhara. Paris. (B 35. 37). L. 1006. Oppert. Ii, 3571. 8803. Sb. 168. See Anumitidīdhitiṭippaṇī.
—[commentary] by Govardhana. Oudh. V, 18.
—[commentary] by Jagadīśa. Sb. 174.
—[commentary] by Bhavānanda. Ben. 149. Oppert. Ii, 3570. Bühler 555.
—[commentary] by Mathurānātha. Rādh. 11.
—[sub-commentary] L. 1004. 1005. Upamāna. Oppert. Ii, 9562. Śabda. Oppert. 3447. Ii, 5977. Sb. 178. 184.
—[commentary] by Mathurānātha. L. 367. Khn. 66. Ben. 177. Commentaries.
—[commentary] Ben. 186. 187. Rādh. 6.
—[commentary] by Kāśīnātha. Ben. 174 ([fragmentary]).
—[commentary] Prasāriṇī by Kṛṣṇadāsa. Burnell. 117^a.
—[commentary] by Gadādhara. Io. 1707. K. 144. Ben. 170. 226. Rādh. 15. Oudh. Xv, 94. Np. I, 116. 126. Bhr. 280. Oppert. 755. 1250. 3250. 3261. 7650. 7697. 7920. Ii, 1084. Rice. 100. Bp. 306. See Gādādharī.
—[commentary] by Jagadīśa. See Jāgadīśī.
—[commentary] by Jayarāma. W. p. 198. Hall. p. 34. Ben. 163. Rādh. 13. 15.
—[commentary] by Nīlakaṇṭha Śāstrin. Hall. p. 31. Oppert. 514. 547. 1252.
—[commentary] Vedalakṣaṇa by Nṛsiṃha. Oudh. Xv, 106.
—[commentary] Tattvacintāmaṇidīdhitigūḍhārthaprakāśikā by Bhavānanda. [Mackenzie Collection] 18. Hall. p. 37. Io. 336. 337. K. 154. 156. B. 4, 32. Ben. 180. 187. Rādh. 15. NW. 356. Np. I, 116. 120. 124. Oppert. 1253. 1955. 2070. Ii, 3282. 4289. Bp. 306. Anumāna. L. 781. 849. 2916. Ben. 167. Burnell. 116^a. Oppert. Ii, 3570. See Bhavānandī.
—[commentary] by Mathurānātha. K. 156. Ben. 176. 182. 183. 228. Np. I, 116. 124. Burnell. 116^b. Mysore. 5. Oppert. 787. 1254. 5547. 5637. 5696. Ii, 8495. See Māthurī.
—[commentary] by Maheśvara. Ben. 188 (Prāmāṇyavāda).
—[commentary] by Yativarya. Hall. p. 34.
—[commentary] Līlāvatī by Rāmakṛṣṇa. Burnell. 116^a.
—[commentary] by Rudra Bhaṭṭa. Hall. p. 34. L. 1547 (Pratyakṣa). Ben. 186. 187. Rādh. 14 (Pratyakṣa). 15. Oudh. X, 16. Np. I, 118. 126.

Śiromaṇi has the following synonyms: Tattvacintāmaṇidīdhiti.

2) Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि):—alone, a title of the logician Raghunātha.

Śiromaṇi has the following synonyms: Bhaṭṭācāryaśiromaṇi.

3) Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि):—abridged from Siddhāntaśiromaṇi.

4) Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि):—a title of the logician Raghunātha, is often used by negligent writers for his principal work the Tattvacintāmaṇidīdhiti or parts of it. Kāṭm. 4. Oppert. 212. 2066-68. 3234. 3280. 3505. Ii, 675. 2279. 5582. 6861. 7246. 8965. 9370. 9676. 9997. Śiromaṇyupodghāta. Oppert. Ii, 9677.

5) Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि):—Jñānānandataraṅgiṇī.

6) Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि):—Sarvadarśanaśiromaṇi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि):—[=śiro-maṇi] [from śiro > śiras] m. ‘crest-jewel’, a jewel worn on the h°, [Ṛtusaṃhāra; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the chief of ([genitive case] or [compound]; -tā f.), [Pañcarātra; Kathāsaritsāgara; Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a title of honour conferred on Paṇḍits, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of the chief [work] on any subject and of various eminent scholars, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि):—[śiro-maṇi] (ṇiḥ) 2. m. f. A gem worn in a crest, or on the head.

[Sanskrit to German]

Siromani in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Siromani in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Śiromaṇi (शिरोमणि):—(nm) the most outstanding person; the chief (of) (as [kavi-śiromaṇi]); a jewel worn in a diadem or crown.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Śirōmaṇi (ಶಿರೋಮಣಿ):—

1) [noun] a small flat ornament, with a jewel, worn as a frontlet at the partition of hair in combing.

2) [noun] a person or thing that is par excellent in a particular class.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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