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Sira, aka: Shira, Sīra, Sirā, Śira; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śira can be transliterated into English as Sira or Shira, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Sīra (सीर) refers to a “plough”. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Source: Wisdom Library: DhanurvedaDhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Āyurveda (science of life)

1) Śira (शिर) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to the “brain”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

2) Sirā (सिरा) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to “blood vessels” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

The Sanskrita term Sirā (सिरा) denotes veins, nerves, arteries and lymphatic vessels as well. Some read Śirā-varna (different colours of the Sirās) in lieu of Sirā-varnana (description of Sirās).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sirā is a medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "veins".

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

sira : (m.; nt.) (mano-group) the head. || sirā (f.) a tendon; vein.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sira, (nt. and m.) (cp. Vedic śiras, śīan; Av. sarō, Gr. karaρa head, kέras horn, krani/on; Lat. cerebrum; Ohg. hirni brain) head, Nom. siraṃ Th. 2, 255, Acc. siraṃ A. I, 141; siro Sn. 768; sirasaṃ J. V, 434; Instr. sirasā Vin. I, 4; D. I, 126; Sn. 1027; Loc. sirasmiṃ M. I, 32; sire DA. I, 97; in compounds siro- A. I, 138.—sirasā paṭiggaṇhāti to accept with reverence J. I, 65; pādesu sirasā nipatati to bow one’s head to another’s feet, to salute respectfully Vin. I, 4, 34; Sn. p. 15, p. 101. siraṃ muñcati to loosen the hair J. V, 434; cp. I. 47; mutta° with loose hair KhA 120=Vism. 415; adho-siraṃ with bowed head, head down A. I, 141; IV, 133; J. VI, 298; cp. avaṃ°; dvedhā° with broken head J. V, 206; muṇḍa° a shaven head DhA. II, 125. (Page 711)

— or —

Sirā, (Sk. sirā) (f.) a bloodvessel, vein Mhvs 37, 136; nerve, tendon, gut J. V, 344, 364; °-jāla the network of veins J. V, 69; PvA. 68. (Page 711)

— or —

Sīra, (Vedic sīra) plough ThA. 270 (=naṅgala). (Page 712)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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