Sira, aka: Sīra, Sirā, Śira, Shira; 8 Definition(s)
Sira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Śira can be transliterated into English as Sira or Shira, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dhanurveda (science of warfare)
Sīra (सीर) refers to a “plough”. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda
Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.
Āyurveda (science of life)
1) Śira (शिर) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to the “brain”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.
2) Sirā (सिरा) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to “blood vessels” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhitā.Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
The Sanskrita term Sirā (सिरा) denotes veins, nerves, arteries and lymphatic vessels as well. Some read Śirā-varna (different colours of the Sirās) in lieu of Sirā-varnana (description of Sirās).Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Sirā is a medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "veins".Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
sira : (m.; nt.) (mano-group) the head. || sirā (f.) a tendon; vein.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Sira, (nt. and m.) (cp. Vedic śiras, śīan; Av. sarō, Gr. karaρa head, kέras horn, krani/on; Lat. cerebrum; Ohg. hirni brain) head, Nom. siraṃ Th. 2, 255, Acc. siraṃ A. I, 141; siro Sn. 768; sirasaṃ J. V, 434; Instr. sirasā Vin. I, 4; D. I, 126; Sn. 1027; Loc. sirasmiṃ M. I, 32; sire DA. I, 97; in compounds siro- A. I, 138.—sirasā paṭiggaṇhāti to accept with reverence J. I, 65; pādesu sirasā nipatati to bow one’s head to another’s feet, to salute respectfully Vin. I, 4, 34; Sn. p. 15, p. 101. siraṃ muñcati to loosen the hair J. V, 434; cp. I. 47; mutta° with loose hair KhA 120=Vism. 415; adho-siraṃ with bowed head, head down A. I, 141; IV, 133; J. VI, 298; cp. avaṃ°; dvedhā° with broken head J. V, 206; muṇḍa° a shaven head DhA. II, 125. (Page 711)
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Sirā, (Sk. sirā) (f.) a bloodvessel, vein Mhvs 37, 136; nerve, tendon, gut J. V, 344, 364; °-jāla the network of veins J. V, 69; PvA. 68. (Page 711)
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Sīra, (Vedic sīra) plough ThA. 270 (=naṅgala). (Page 712)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Languages of India and abroad
śira (शिर).—n The head. The top of a tree. The van of an army. śira surī tujhyā hātī (My, &c.) life awaits your disposal. śira hātāṃvara ghēṇēṃ. Take one's head in one's hand; be reckless of life. śirīṃ On the head of, i. e. at the very moment of. Ex. prasaṅgācyā śirīṃ. śirī asaṇēṃ Be at or over the head of.
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śirā (शिरा).—m Syrup. A sweetmeat. f A vein. a Excellent.
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śīra (शीर).—n The head. f A vein. A fibre. śirā ghēṇēṃ Undergo venesection. śirā ghēṇēṃ-kāḍhaṇēṃ Perform venesection. śirā tāṇaṇēṃ or śirā tāṇūna ōraḍaṇēṃ-bōlaṇēṃ-bhāṇḍaṇēṃ Call, speak, quarrel or dispute loudly or with vehement straining or effort. śirā phugaviṇēṃ To puff and pout (in anger).Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Search found 50 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
rēvācinīcā śirā (रेवाचिनीचा शिरा).—m rēvandasāra m Gamboge, Stalagmitis cambogioides.
Kūrcaśiras (कूर्चशिरस्) is the name of a specific marma (vital points) of the human body, accor...
Patala is the name of a flower (pushpa) mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th cen...
kama (कम).—a Less, wanting, short of.--- OR --- kāma (काम).—n An action. A work. Use. Need of. ...
kuśala (कुशल).—n (S) pop. kuśaḷa n Well-being, happiness, ease; state of comfort and security.-...
Jala (जल, “water”), Ap or Āpas refers to one of the five types of immobile beings (sthāvara), a...
Venu, Vamsa or Kicaka is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th...
Magga, (cp. Epic Sk. mārga, fr. mṛg to track, trace) 1. a road (usually high road), way, foot-p...
1a) Śāva (शाव).—A son of Yuvanāśva and father of Bṛhadaśva; founded the city Śāvastī.** B...
muṇḍa (मुंड).—n (muḍū Three. Telangi word.) The number three, and the stroke given, upon that n...
dhamanī (धमनी).—f S A small tube through which to puff the fire. 2 Any tubular vessel of the bo...
śirī (शिरी).—f (śira Head.) The ornamental cloth on the head (of elephants, horses &c.)
marma (मर्म).—n (S) Secret quality; the latent power, property, or virtue of. Ex. sarva padārth...
hirā (हिरा).—m A diamond.--- OR --- hīra (हीर).—m A rib of the leaf (of trees of the palm-tribe...
khāṇēṃ (खाणें).—v t Eat; swallow up; consume. Bite. Embezzle. n An eatable thing. khāyacēṃ dānt...
Search found books containing Sira, Sīra, Sirā, Śira or Shira. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Sushruta)
Chapter XV - Treatment of eye-diseases which require Excision < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter VI - Pathology of the diseases affecting the eyes as a whole < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter I - Diseases of the eye and its appendages < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 3: Sharirasthana (by Sushruta)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Satapatha Brahmana (by Julius Eggeling)
Kāṇḍa II, adhyāya 6, brāhmaṇa 3 < [Second Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa VII, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 2 < [Seventh Kāṇḍa]
Kāṇḍa V, adhyāya 2, brāhmaṇa 4 < [Fifth Kāṇḍa]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 10 - The Circulatory and the Nervous System < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 3 - Organs in the Atharva-veda and Āyurveda < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 9 - Head and Heart < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
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