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Sira, aka: Sīra, Sirā, Śira, Shira; 8 Definition(s)


Sira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śira can be transliterated into English as Sira or Shira, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Sīra (सीर) refers to a “plough”. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Source: Wisdom Library: DhanurvedaDhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Āyurveda (science of life)

1) Śira (शिर) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to the “brain”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

2) Sirā (सिरा) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to “blood vessels” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

The Sanskrita term Sirā (सिरा) denotes veins, nerves, arteries and lymphatic vessels as well. Some read Śirā-varna (different colours of the Sirās) in lieu of Sirā-varnana (description of Sirās).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume IIĀyurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sirā is a medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "veins".

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism


sira : (m.; nt.) (mano-group) the head. || sirā (f.) a tendon; vein.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Sira, (nt. and m.) (cp. Vedic śiras, śīan; Av. sarō, Gr. karaρa head, kέras horn, krani/on; Lat. cerebrum; Ohg. hirni brain) head, Nom. siraṃ Th. 2, 255, Acc. siraṃ A. I, 141; siro Sn. 768; sirasaṃ J. V, 434; Instr. sirasā Vin. I, 4; D. I, 126; Sn. 1027; Loc. sirasmiṃ M. I, 32; sire DA. I, 97; in compounds siro- A. I, 138.—sirasā paṭiggaṇhāti to accept with reverence J. I, 65; pādesu sirasā nipatati to bow one’s head to another’s feet, to salute respectfully Vin. I, 4, 34; Sn. p. 15, p. 101. siraṃ muñcati to loosen the hair J. V, 434; cp. I. 47; mutta° with loose hair KhA 120=Vism. 415; adho-siraṃ with bowed head, head down A. I, 141; IV, 133; J. VI, 298; cp. avaṃ°; dvedhā° with broken head J. V, 206; muṇḍa° a shaven head DhA. II, 125. (Page 711)

— or —

Sirā, (Sk. sirā) (f.) a bloodvessel, vein Mhvs 37, 136; nerve, tendon, gut J. V, 344, 364; °-jāla the network of veins J. V, 69; PvA. 68. (Page 711)

— or —

Sīra, (Vedic sīra) plough ThA. 270 (=naṅgala). (Page 712)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

śira (शिर).—n The head. The top of a tree. The van of an army. śira surī tujhyā hātī (My, &c.) life awaits your disposal. śira hātāṃvara ghēṇēṃ. Take one's head in one's hand; be reckless of life. śirīṃ On the head of, i. e. at the very moment of. Ex. prasaṅgācyā śirīṃ. śirī asaṇēṃ Be at or over the head of.

--- OR ---

śirā (शिरा).—m Syrup. A sweetmeat. f A vein. a Excellent.

--- OR ---

śīra (शीर).—n The head. f A vein. A fibre. śirā ghēṇēṃ Undergo venesection. śirā ghēṇēṃ-kāḍhaṇēṃ Perform venesection. śirā tāṇaṇēṃ or śirā tāṇūna ōraḍaṇēṃ-bōlaṇēṃ-bhāṇḍaṇēṃ Call, speak, quarrel or dispute loudly or with vehement straining or effort. śirā phugaviṇēṃ To puff and pout (in anger).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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Revacinica Shira
rēvācinīcā śirā (रेवाचिनीचा शिरा).—m rēvandasāra m Gamboge, Stalagmitis cambogioides.
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kama (कम).—a Less, wanting, short of.--- OR --- kāma (काम).—n An action. A work. Use. Need of. ...
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Magga, (cp. Epic Sk. mārga, fr. mṛg to track, trace) 1. a road (usually high road), way, foot-p...
1a) Śāva (शाव).—A son of Yuvanāśva and father of Bṛhadaśva; founded the city Śāvastī.** B...
muṇḍa (मुंड).—n (muḍū Three. Telangi word.) The number three, and the stroke given, upon that n...
dhamanī (धमनी).—f S A small tube through which to puff the fire. 2 Any tubular vessel of the bo...
śirī (शिरी).—f (śira Head.) The ornamental cloth on the head (of elephants, horses &c.)
marma (मर्म).—n (S) Secret quality; the latent power, property, or virtue of. Ex. sarva padārth...
hirā (हिरा).—m A diamond.--- OR --- hīra (हीर).—m A rib of the leaf (of trees of the palm-tribe...
khāṇēṃ (खाणें).—v t Eat; swallow up; consume. Bite. Embezzle. n An eatable thing. khāyacēṃ dānt...

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