Wisdom Library Logo

Sira, aka: Sīra, Sirā, Śira, Shira; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Sira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

The Sanskrit term Śira can be transliterated into English as Sira or Shira, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Sīra (सीर) refers to a “plough”. It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

about this context:

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

Āyurveda (science of life)

1) Śira (शिर) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to the “brain”. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā.

2) Sirā (सिरा) is a Sanskrit technical term, referring to “blood vessels” and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Carakasaṃhitā and the Suśrutasaṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

The Sanskrita term Sirā (सिरा) denotes veins, nerves, arteries and lymphatic vessels as well. Some read Śirā-varna (different colours of the Sirās) in lieu of Sirā-varnana (description of Sirās).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume II

about this context:

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

General definition (in Hinduism)

Sirā is a medical term used in Ayurveda meaning "veins".

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

Pali

Sira, (nt. and m.) (cp. Vedic śiras, śīan; Av. sarō, Gr. karaρa head, kέras horn, krani/on; Lat. cerebrum; Ohg. hirni brain) head, Nom. siraṃ Th. 2, 255, Acc. siraṃ A. I, 141; siro Sn. 768; sirasaṃ J. V, 434; Instr. sirasā Vin. I, 4; D. I, 126; Sn. 1027; Loc. sirasmiṃ M. I, 32; sire DA. I, 97; in compounds siro- A. I, 138.—sirasā paṭiggaṇhāti to accept with reverence J. I, 65; pādesu sirasā nipatati to bow one’s head to another’s feet, to salute respectfully Vin. I, 4, 34; Sn. p. 15, p. 101. siraṃ muñcati to loosen the hair J. V, 434; cp. I. 47; mutta° with loose hair KhA 120=Vism. 415; adho-siraṃ with bowed head, head down A. I, 141; IV, 133; J. VI, 298; cp. avaṃ°; dvedhā° with broken head J. V, 206; muṇḍa° a shaven head DhA. II, 125. (Page 711)

— or —

Sirā, (Sk. sirā) (f.) a bloodvessel, vein Mhvs 37, 136; nerve, tendon, gut J. V, 344, 364; °-jāla the network of veins J. V, 69; PvA. 68. (Page 711)

— or —

Sīra, (Vedic sīra) plough ThA. 270 (=naṅgala). (Page 712)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

sira : (m.; nt.) (mano-group) the head. || sirā (f.) a tendon; vein.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Relevant definitions

Search found 26 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kama
Kāma (काम, “longing”) refers to one of the sixteen words that together make up the elā musical ...
Patala
Pātāla (पाताल, “nether regions”) is the name of a region where Nāgas are born and assume forms ...
Magga
Magga, (cp. Epic Sk. mārga, fr. mṛg to track, trace) 1. a road (usually high road), way, foot-p...
Jala
Jala (जल).—One of the five types of retentions (dhāraṇā) of saṃsthānavicaya (contemplation of o...
Veṇu
Veṇu (वेणु).—Flute;1 in Rāma's abhiṣeka;2 in Pātālam.31) Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 40; 56. 32; 10...
Munda
Muṇḍa (मुण्ड, “pumpkin gourd”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇa...
Dhamani
Dhamanī (धमनी).—The queen of Hrāda and mother of Vātāpi and Ilvala.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI...
Sisa
Sīsa (सीस, ‘lead’) occurs first in the Atharvaveda, where it is mentioned as use...
Mutta
1) Mutta, 2 (nt.) (cp. Vedic mūtra; Idg. *meud to be wet, as in Gr. mu/zw to suck, mudάw to be...
Kama Sutta
Kāma, (m. nt.) (Dhtp (603) & Dhtm (843) paraphrase by “icchāyaṃ, ” cp. Vedic kāma, kam=Idg. *qā...
Adho
Adho, (adv.) (Vedic adhaḥ; compar. adharaḥ = Lat. inferus, Goth. undar, E. under, Ind. * n̊dhe...
Nangala
Naṅgala, (nt.) (Ved. lāṅgala; naṅgala by dissimilation through subsequent nasal, cp. Milinda›M...
Goṇa
1) Goṇa, 2 =goṇaka2, in °santhata (of a pallaṅka), covered with a woollen rug Vv 818; Pv III, ...
Srotas
Srotas (स्रोतस्, “channels”).—The channels in the form of tracts, veins, a...
Bhinna
Bhinna, (pp. of bhindati) 1. broken, broken up (lit. & fig.) Sn. 770 (nāvā); J. I, 98 (abhinna ...

Relevant text

Search found 57 books containing Sira, Sīra, Sirā, Śira or Shira. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:


» Click here to see all 57 search results in a detailed overview.

- Was this explanation helpufll? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.