Hasyarasa, Hasya-rasa, Hāsyarasa: 10 definitions


Hasyarasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Hāsyarasa (शृङ्गाररस) refers to the “comic sentiment” used in dramatic performance (nāṭya). It is a Sanskrit compound composed of the words of hāsya (comic) and rasa (‘sentiment’). This sentiment is produced from a combination of determinants, consequents and complementary psychological states.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Hāsyarasa (हास्यरस) or simply Hāsya refers to the “comic sentiment” and represents one of the nine kinds of Rasa (“soul of Drama”), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa says that hāsyarasa is generated from some irrelevant or funny conversations or attires which bring humour to the viewers’ mind and the viewers start laughing. The Nāṭyaśāstra speaks that, the comic sentiment is created through the determinants like deformed dress or ornaments, impudence, greediness, quarrel, use of irrelevant and inappropriate words etc. According to the Sāhityadarpaṇa, deformed movements of hands and feet are also the cause of laughing. Hāsa is the sthāyibhāva of this sentiment. Sita i.e., white is the colour and Pramatha is the God of this sentiment.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (kavyashastra)

Hāsyarasa (हास्यरस) refers to the “comic sentiment” or “sentiment of laughter” as defined by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century).According to Cirañjīva the basic feeling of hāsya is laughter (hāsa). This laughter comes out by the excitant (vibhāva) like deformity, ensuants (anubhāva) like expanded cheek etc., and variants like dissimulation etc. It is according to Mammaṭa and others one of the thirty three variants. Though Cirañjīva has not given any variety of laughter, Bharata, the author of Nāṭyaśāstra, has given two varieties of laughter. Those are ātmastha and parastha or laughing with and laughing at.

Example of hāsya-rasa (sentiment of laughter):—

digambaro baddhajaṭākirīṭo bhasmāṅgarāgaḥ phaṇibhūṣaṇāḍhyaḥ |
jarāskhalatpuṅgavavāhanena samāgato gauri! varastavāyam ||

“Oh Gouri! This is your husband who having the quarters of the globe as his sole garment, wearing a crown in the form of matted hair, besmeared with ashes, bedecked with ornaments in the form of serpents, has arrived riding on a ox stumbling on account of old age”.

Notes: Here the lord Śiva is described, his condition as depicted in the verse is not natural and as such it is to be taken as vairūpya. Gouri is surely concealing her feeling at the sight of Śiva. With all these the sentiment of laughter or hāsa is aroused. This illustrative verse of hāsya rasa has been composed by the author himself in upendrabajrā metre. In expressing the condition of Śiva, the husband of Gouri, this verse is appropriate and excites the sentiment of laughter.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Hāsyarasa (हास्यरस) refers to:—The radiant mellow of humor, one of the indirect relationships with Śrī Kṛṣṇa. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Hasyarasa in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Hāsyarasa (हास्यरस) refers to “(various sorts of) jokes”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.52 (“The bridegroom’s party is fed and Śiva retires to bed”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the mountain invited all the gods and others along with the lord for taking food, through his sons and others. [...] Nandin, Bhṛṅgi, Vīrabhadra and his Gaṇas took their meals separately. The fortunate people took food enthusiastically. The gods, with Indra, the guardians of the quarters all forunate and brilliant took their food cracking jokes and talking (nānā-hāsyarasa). [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hasyarasa in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hāsyarasa (हास्यरस).—m (S) The fifth of the nine rasa or sentiments,--that of laughter or delight.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hasyarasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Hāsyarasa (हास्यरस).—the sentiment of mirth or humour; see हास्य (hāsya) above.

Derivable forms: hāsyarasaḥ (हास्यरसः).

Hāsyarasa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms hāsya and rasa (रस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hāsyarasa (हास्यरस).—m.

(-saḥ) The sentiment of humour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hāsyarasa (हास्यरस):—[=hāsya-rasa] [from hāsya > has] m. the sense of humour (See rasa)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Hasyarasa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Hāsyarasa (ಹಾಸ್ಯರಸ):—[noun] = ಹಾಸ್ಯ - [hasya -] 4.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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