Balya, Bālya, Balyā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Balya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Balya (बल्य) is the Sanskrit name for a group of medicinal plants, classified as “increasing strength”, and originally composed by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna IV. The name is derived from the word bala, translating to “strength”. It is a technical term used throughout Āyurveda. Examples of plants pertaining to this category include Riṣavī (Mucana pruriens), Atirasa (Asparagus racemosus), Payasya (Convovulus paniculatus), Aśvagandhā (Physalis flexuosa), Sthirā (Desmodium gangeticum) and Rohiṇī (Picrorrhiza kurroa). The collection of herbs named Balya is one of the fifty Mahākaṣāya.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Balya (बल्य) is a particular dietetic effect which “imparts strength” according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Accordingly, the dietetic effect balya is associated with the following conditions: Food utensils made of iron (āyasa) and glass (kācapātra).

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Balyā (बल्या) is another name for Nāgabalā, a medicinal plant identified with Grewia tenax Forsk. (“white Crossberry”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.96-97 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Balyā and Nāgabalā, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Balyā (बल्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Atibalā, a medicinal plant identified with Abutilon indicum Linn. (“Indian mallow”) from the Malvaceae or mallows family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.101-102. Together with the names Balyā and Atibalā, there are a total of ten Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

3) Balyā (बल्या) is also mentioned as a synonym for Aśvagandhā, a medicinal plant identified with Withania somnifera Dunal. (“Indian ginseng” or “Winter Cherry”) from the Solanaceae or Nightshade family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.109-112. Together with the names Balyā and Aśvagandhā, there are a total of twenty-two Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bālya (बाल्य) refers to the “state of early youth”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.15. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Thus with various charming girlish sports the Goddess [viz., Devī as Satī] who is favourably disposed to her devotees and who had assumed human form out of her own will passed the state of girlhood (kaumāra). After passing her girlhood and reaching the state of early youth (bālya) she attained beauty in every limb which blazed forth brilliantly”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Bālya (बाल्य) or Bālyabhoga refers to “early morning offering”, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—The procedure for offering foodstuffs (bhoga) is the same throughout the day. Bālya-bhoga refers to early morning offering of foodstuffs to the Lord, generally sweets or mākhana (churned cream) and miśri (sugar).

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bālya : (nt.) childhood; folly.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bālya, (nt.) (fr. bāla) 1. childhood, youth S. III, 1.—2. ignorance, folly Dh. 63; J. II, 220 (=bāla-bhāva); III, 278 (balya); PvA. 40. Also used as adj. in compar. bālyatara more foolish, extremely foolish Vv 836 sq. =DhA. I, 30 (=bālatara, atisayena bāla VvA. 326).—3. weakness (?) J. VI, 295 (balya, but C. bālya=dubbala-bhāva). (Page 486)

— or —

1) Balya, 2 (fr. bāla, cp. P. & Sk. bālya) foolishness, stupidity Dh. 63 (v. l. bālya); J. III, 278 (C. bālya); DhA. II, 30. (Page 484)

2) Balya, 1 (nt.) (der. fr. bala) belonging to strength, only in cpd. dub° weakness M. I, 364; Pug. 66; also spelt dubballa M. I, 13.—Abl. dubbalyā as adv. groundlessly, without strong evidence Vin. IV, 241 (cp. J. P. T. S. 1886, 129). (Page 484)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bālya (बाल्य).—n or bālyāvasthā f (S) Childhood, the period under the fifth year: also youth or adolescence, the period from infancy to puberty (the age of the sixteenth year).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bālya (बाल्य).—n bālyāvasthā f Childhood.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Balya (बल्य).—a. [balāya hitaṃ yat]

1) Strong, powerful.

2) Giving strength.

-lyaḥ A Buddhist mendicant.

-lyam Semen virile.

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Bālya (बाल्य).—[bālasya bhāvaḥ ṣyañ]

1) Boyhood, childhood; बाल्यात् परामिव दशां मदनोऽध्युवास (bālyāt parāmiva daśāṃ madano'dhyuvāsa) R.5.63; Ku.1.29.

2) The period or state of waxing, crescent-state (as of the moon); दिवापि निष्ठ्यूतमरीचिभासा बाल्यादनाबिष्कृतलाञ्छनेन (divāpi niṣṭhyūtamarīcibhāsā bālyādanābiṣkṛtalāñchanena) Ku.7. 35.

3) Immaturity of understanding, folly, puerility.

4) Ignorance; न चापि जननीं बाल्यात्त्वं विगर्हितुमर्हसि (na cāpi jananīṃ bālyāttvaṃ vigarhitumarhasi) Rām. 2.11.17.

5) Humility, being without any pride; तस्माद् ब्राह्मणः पाण्डित्यं निर्विद्य बाल्येन तिष्ठासेत् (tasmād brāhmaṇaḥ pāṇḍityaṃ nirvidya bālyena tiṣṭhāset) Bṛ. Up.3.5.1 (some take as 'inner seeing', ātmadṛṣṭi).

Derivable forms: bālyam (बाल्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balya (बल्य).—mfn.

(-lyaḥ-lyā-lyaṃ) Strong, vigorous. n.

(-lyaṃ) Semen virile. m.

(-lyaḥ) A Baud'dha mendicant. E. bala strength, yat aff.

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Bālya (बाल्य).—n.

(-lyaṃ) 1. Childhood. 2. Immaturity of understanding. 3. A state of waxing. E. bāla a child. ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bālya (बाल्य).—i. e. bāla + ya, n. 1. Childhood, [Pañcatantra] 219, 14. 2. Youth, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 15, 1. 3. Foolishness, [Draupadīpramātha] 5, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balya (बल्य).—[adjective] strengthening.

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Bālya (बाल्य).—[neuter] childhood, infancy; childishness, simplicity, stupidity.

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Bālya (बाल्य).—[neuter] childhood, infancy; childishness, simplicity, stupidity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Balya (बल्य):—[from bal] a mf(ā)n. (cf. [Pāṇini 4-2, 80]) strengthening, giving strength, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] powerful, strong, vigorous, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a Buddhist mendicant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Balyā (बल्या):—[from balya > bal] f. Name of various plants (Sida Cordifolia or Rhombifolia, Physalis Flexuosa, Paederia Foetida etc.), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) Balya (बल्य):—b See p. 723, col. 2.

6) Bālya (बाल्य):—[from bāla] bālya or bālya, n. boyhood, childhood, infancy, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] crescent state (of the moon), [Kumāra-sambhava vii, 35]

8) [v.s. ...] = bāliśya, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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