Bodhipakshika, Bodhipākṣika, Bodhi-pakshika: 3 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bodhipakshika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bodhipākṣika can be transliterated into English as Bodhipaksika or Bodhipakshika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bodhipakshika in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bodhipākṣika (बोधिपाक्षिक) refers to thirty-seven “auxiliaries” to enlightenment, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 31.—Why are they called bodhipākṣika? The two knowledges of the saint, the knowledge of the cessation of the impurities and the knowledge that they will not arise again are given the name of Bodhi because they consist of the complete understanding of the four Truths. If a dharma is favorable to this complete understanding, it is given the name of bodhipākṣika.

The thirty-seven bodhipākṣika (auxiliaries to enlightenment) are defined as:

  1. the four foundations of mindfulness (smṛtyupasthāna),
  2. the four right efforts (samyakpradhāna),
  3. the four bases of magical power (ṛddhipāda),
  4. the five faculties (indriya),
  5. the five strengths (bala),
  6. the seven members of enlightenment (saṃbodhyaṅga),
  7. the eight members of the Path (mārgaṅga).

These thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) have ten things (dravya) as roots (mūla). What are these ten?

  1. Faith (śraddhā),
  2. morality (śīla),
  3. thought (saṃkalpa),
  4. exertion (vīrya),
  5. mindfulness (smṛti),
  6. concentration (samādhi),
  7. wisdom (prajñā),
  8. relaxation (praśrabdhi),
  9. joy, (prīti),
  10. equanimity (upekṣā).

According to chapter 32: “the thirty-seven auxiliaries (bodhipākṣika) are the path (mārga) leading to nirvāṇa. When one follows this path, one reaches the city of nirvāṇa (nirvāṇagara)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (B) next»] — Bodhipakshika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bodhipakṣika (बोधिपक्षिक).—adj., = next and °pākṣika, q.v.: saptatriṃśatsu °keṣu dharmeṣu Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 458.1; °ka-dharma- saṃpannāḥ Mahāvastu ii.290.6; (dharmāṇāṃ) °kānāṃ (so, dental n, text) Bodhisattvabhūmi 227.10.

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Bodhipākṣika (बोधिपाक्षिक).—adj. (= Pali °pakkhika; compare °pakṣika, °pakṣya, °pakṣa) = bodhipakṣya, q.v.; usually with dharma, the (37) conditions favorable to enlightenment (same 37 in Pali): listed as 4 smṛtyupasthāna, 4 samyakpra- hāṇa, 4 ṛddhipāda, 5 indriya (q.v., 1), 5 bala, 7 bodhy- aṅga, and the 8-fold noble path (mārga), Dharmasaṃgraha 43; list, without the name, Divyāvadāna 208.7—9; °ka-dharma- Daśabhūmikasūtra 53.22; Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 213.7; also Abhidharmakośa LaV—P. vi.290 (otherwise Index to this text shows only form °pakṣya, vi.282); in Lalitavistara 424.12 read, with v.l., sarva-bodhipākṣika-(text °kā)- dharma-ratna-pratipūrṇatvāt; not with dharma, but °ka- mahāpuruṣa-lakṣaṇeṣu Śikṣāsamuccaya 283.11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bodhipakṣika (बोधिपक्षिक):—[=bodhi-pakṣika] [from bodhi > budh] mfn. belonging to perfect intelligence (with dharma, m. = pakṣa-dh, [Dharmasaṃgraha 43]).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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