Prabala, Prabāla: 21 definitions


Prabala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Prabala (प्रबल) refers to “being strong”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.43 (“Description of Śiva’s wonderful sport”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Immediately the army of Śiva came there consisting of wonderful arrays of Bhūtas, Pretas and Gaṇas.  [...] Some had no eyes. Some had many eyes. Some had no head. Some had deformed heads. Some had no ears. Some had many ears. The Gaṇas had all types of dresses and features. Such and other innumerable deformed Gaṇas, heroic and terrible, strong (prabala) and strenuous passed by, O dear. O sage, you pointed out the Gaṇas of Śiva to her with your finger and said—‘O lovely lady, see the attendants of Śiva and Śiva Himself’. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Prabala (प्रबल).—An attendent of Hari; attacked the Asura followers of Bali.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 9. 14; VIII. 21. 16.

1b) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Mādrī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 15.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Prabala in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Prabala (प्रबल) is the name of a Daitya who was reborn as Prabhāsa: minister of Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 45. Accordingly, as Kaśyapa said to Maya, Sunītha and Sūryaprabha: “... and the other Asuras, who were your companions, have been born as his friends; for instance,... his minister Prabhāsa is an incarnation of a Daitya named Prabala. He was a great-hearted Daitya, with a frame composed of jewels, who, when asked by the gods, though they were his enemies, hewed his body to pieces, and so passed into another state of existence, and from that body of his all the jewels in the world have originated. The goddess Durgā was so pleased at that that she granted him a boon, accompanied by another body, by virtue of which he has now been born as Prabhāsa, mighty, and hard to be overcome by his enemies”.

According to chapter 46, Prabala is the incarnation of Namuci who was slain by Indra: “then he [Namuci] was again conceived in her [Danu’s] womb, and born as an Asura composed all of jewels, named Prabala on account of his strength. Then he performed asceticism, and satisfying suppliants even with his life, became successful, and as Prince of the Dānavas conquered Indra a hundred times”.

The story of Prabala was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Prabala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Prabāla (प्रबाल) refers to a “young leaf” of a tree or plant, as mentioned in a list of four synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Prabāla] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Prabalā (प्रबला) is another name for Prasāriṇī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Paederia foetida Linn. or “skunkvine” from the Rubiaceae or “coffee” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.36-38 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Prabalā and Prasāriṇī, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Prabala (प्रबल) refers to “powerful”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 8), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The years of Jupiter (bṛhaspati) take their names from the several Nakṣatras in which he reappears after his conjunction with the Sun; and these names are identical with the names of the lunar months. [...] In the Phālguna year of Jupiter, there will be prosperity, rain and crops, here and there; women will suffer miseries; thieves will become powerful [i.e., prabala] and rulers cruel”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Prabāla (प्रबाल) refers to “coral”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] May the goddess Vajreśvarī give me all objects of my desire. She is known to have her abode at the right corner [of the central triangle]. She is resplendent like a thunderbolt, beautiful like fresh coral (bāla-prabāla-rucirā), and has a bow, arrows, a snare, a hook, a shield, and a mātuluṅga fruit attached to her six arms. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Prabala in India is the name of a plant defined with Paederia foetida in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Apocynum foetidum Burm.f. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Sunyatsenia (1937)
· Contributions from the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University (1934)
· Acta Phytotax. Geobot. (1939)
· Bulletin of the Tokyo Science Museum (1948)
· FBI (1881)
· Flora Indica, or ‘Descriptions of Indian Plants’ (1768)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Prabala, for example chemical composition, pregnancy safety, side effects, extract dosage, diet and recipes, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prabala (प्रबल).—a S pop. prabaḷa a Powerful, mighty, strong.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prabala (प्रबल).—a prabaḷa a Powerful, mighty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल).—a.

1) Very stong or powerful, mighty, valorous (as a man); प्रणाशनाय प्रबलस्य विद्विषः (praṇāśanāya prabalasya vidviṣaḥ) R.3.6; Ṛtusaṃhāra 3.23.

2) Violent, strong, intense, excessive, very great; प्रबलतमसामेवंप्रायाः शुभेषु हि वृत्तयः (prabalatamasāmevaṃprāyāḥ śubheṣu hi vṛttayaḥ) Ś.7.24; प्रबलपुरोवातया वृष्ट्या (prabalapurovātayā vṛṣṭyā) M.4.2; प्रबलां वेदनाम् (prabalāṃ vedanām) R.8.5; अबला यत्र प्रबला, बालो राजा, निरक्षरो मन्त्री (abalā yatra prabalā, bālo rājā, nirakṣaro mantrī) Udb.; Śivamahimna 3.

3) Important.

4) Abounding with.

5) Dangerous, destructive.

-laḥ 1 Name of a Daitya.

2) A sprout (pallava).

-lam ind. Exceedingly, much.

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Prabāla (प्रबाल).—1 A sprout, shoot, new leaf; अपि (api)......प्रवालमासामनुबन्धि वीरुधाम् (pravālamāsāmanubandhi vīrudhām) Kumārasambhava 5.34;1.44;3.8; R.6.12;13.49.

2) Coral; शुद्धं दृढं घनं वृत्तं स्निग्धं पात्र- सुरङ्गकम् । समं गुरु सिराहीनं प्रबालं धारयेच्छुभम् (śuddhaṃ dṛḍhaṃ ghanaṃ vṛttaṃ snigdhaṃ pātra- suraṅgakam | samaṃ guru sirāhīnaṃ prabālaṃ dhārayecchubham) || Rājanighaṇṭu.

3) The neck of the Indian lute.

-laḥ 1 A pupil.

2) An animal.

Derivable forms: prabālaḥ (प्रबालः), prabālam (प्रबालम्).

See also (synonyms): pravāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Strong, powerful. 2. Important. 3. Violent. 4. Dangerous. m.

(-laḥ) A sprout, a shoot. E. pra before, bal to be strong, aff. ac .

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Prabāla (प्रबाल).—mn.

(-laḥ-laṃ) 1. Coral. 2. A shoot, a sprout, a new leaf. 3. The neck of a lute, m.

(-laḥ) 1. An animal. 2. A pupil. E. pra before, bala to be strong, and aff. ghañ; also prabālaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल).—[pra-bala], I. adj., f. . 1. Prevailing, [Hiḍimbavadha] 4, 46; strong, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 24; powerful. 2. Violent, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 81. 3. Much, Rājat, 5, 68. Ii. m. A sprout.

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Prabāla (प्रबाल).—[pra-bāla], m. and n. 1. Coral, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 4. 2. A sprout, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 18. 3. A new leaf. 4. The bridge of a lute, through which the strings are drawn.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल).—[adjective] strong, mighty, intense, violent, important, great (also vant; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]); [neuter] lam greatly, much; [masculine] a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabala (प्रबल):—[=pra-bala] 1. pra-bala mf(ā)n. strong, powerful, mighty, great, important (as a word), violent (as pain), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] dangerous, pernicious, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) abounding in [Suśruta]

4) [=pra-bala] m. Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of an attendant of Viṣṇu, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for pra-vāla, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Prabalā (प्रबला):—[=pra-balā] [from pra-bala] f. Paederia Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Prabala (प्रबल):—[=pra-bala] 2. pra-bala [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] lati, to become strong or powerful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Prabāla (प्रबाल):—[=pra-bāla] See pra-vāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabala (प्रबल):—[pra-bala] (laḥ) 1. m. A sprout, a shoot. a. Strong, powerful, prevalent.

2) Prabāla (प्रबाल):—[pra-bāla] (laḥ-laṃ) 1. m. n. Coral; a shoot; neck of a lute. m. Animal.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Prabala (प्रबल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pabala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prabala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabala in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल) [Also spelled prabal]:—(a) strong, mighty; forceful; powerful; violent, vigorous; predominant, dominant; ~[] strength, force, power; vigorousness, predominance, dominance, loudness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Prabala (ಪ್ರಬಲ):—

1) [adjective] very strong, powerful, robust or sturdy.

2) [adjective] very harsh, pungent.

3) [adjective] principal; important; main.

4) [adjective] causing great injury, destruction or ruin; fatal; deadly; pernicious.

5) [adjective] plentiful; replete with.

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Prabala (ಪ್ರಬಲ):—

1) [noun] a very strong, powerful man.

2) [noun] young leaves putforth by a plant.

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Prabaḷa (ಪ್ರಬಳ):—[adjective] = ಪ್ರಬಲ [prabala]1.

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Prabaḷa (ಪ್ರಬಳ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರಬಲ [prabala]2.

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Prabāla (ಪ್ರಬಾಲ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರಬಲ [prabala]2 - 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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