Prabala, Prabāla: 15 definitions



Prabala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Prabala (प्रबल).—An attendent of Hari; attacked the Asura followers of Bali.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 9. 14; VIII. 21. 16.

1b) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Mādrī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 15.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Prabala in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Prabala (प्रबल) is the name of a Daitya who was reborn as Prabhāsa: minister of Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 45. Accordingly, as Kaśyapa said to Maya, Sunītha and Sūryaprabha: “... and the other Asuras, who were your companions, have been born as his friends; for instance,... his minister Prabhāsa is an incarnation of a Daitya named Prabala. He was a great-hearted Daitya, with a frame composed of jewels, who, when asked by the gods, though they were his enemies, hewed his body to pieces, and so passed into another state of existence, and from that body of his all the jewels in the world have originated. The goddess Durgā was so pleased at that that she granted him a boon, accompanied by another body, by virtue of which he has now been born as Prabhāsa, mighty, and hard to be overcome by his enemies”.

According to chapter 46, Prabala is the incarnation of Namuci who was slain by Indra: “then he [Namuci] was again conceived in her [Danu’s] womb, and born as an Asura composed all of jewels, named Prabala on account of his strength. Then he performed asceticism, and satisfying suppliants even with his life, became successful, and as Prince of the Dānavas conquered Indra a hundred times”.

The story of Prabala was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Prabala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Prabāla (प्रबाल) refers to a “young leaf” of a tree or plant, as mentioned in a list of four synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Prabāla] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Prabalā (प्रबला) is another name for Prasāriṇī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Paederia foetida Linn. or “skunkvine” from the Rubiaceae or “coffee” family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.36-38 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Prabalā and Prasāriṇī, there are a total of fifteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prabala (प्रबल).—a S pop. prabaḷa a Powerful, mighty, strong.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

prabala (प्रबल).—a prabaḷa a Powerful, mighty.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल).—a.

1) Very stong or powerful, mighty, valorous (as a man); प्रणाशनाय प्रबलस्य विद्विषः (praṇāśanāya prabalasya vidviṣaḥ) R.3.6; Ṛs.3.23.

2) Violent, strong, intense, excessive, very great; प्रबलतमसामेवंप्रायाः शुभेषु हि वृत्तयः (prabalatamasāmevaṃprāyāḥ śubheṣu hi vṛttayaḥ) Ś.7.24; प्रबलपुरोवातया वृष्ट्या (prabalapurovātayā vṛṣṭyā) M.4.2; प्रबलां वेदनाम् (prabalāṃ vedanām) R.8.5; अबला यत्र प्रबला, बालो राजा, निरक्षरो मन्त्री (abalā yatra prabalā, bālo rājā, nirakṣaro mantrī) Udb.; Śivamahimna 3.

3) Important.

4) Abounding with.

5) Dangerous, destructive.

-laḥ 1 Name of a Daitya.

2) A sprout (pallava).

-lam ind. Exceedingly, much.

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Prabāla (प्रबाल).—1 A sprout, shoot, new leaf; अपि (api)......प्रवालमासामनुबन्धि वीरुधाम् (pravālamāsāmanubandhi vīrudhām) Ku.5.34;1.44;3.8; R.6.12;13.49.

2) Coral; शुद्धं दृढं घनं वृत्तं स्निग्धं पात्र- सुरङ्गकम् । समं गुरु सिराहीनं प्रबालं धारयेच्छुभम् (śuddhaṃ dṛḍhaṃ ghanaṃ vṛttaṃ snigdhaṃ pātra- suraṅgakam | samaṃ guru sirāhīnaṃ prabālaṃ dhārayecchubham) || Rājanighaṇṭu.

3) The neck of the Indian lute.

-laḥ 1 A pupil.

2) An animal.

Derivable forms: prabālaḥ (प्रबालः), prabālam (प्रबालम्).

See also (synonyms): pravāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) 1. Strong, powerful. 2. Important. 3. Violent. 4. Dangerous. m.

(-laḥ) A sprout, a shoot. E. pra before, bal to be strong, aff. ac .

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Prabāla (प्रबाल).—mn.

(-laḥ-laṃ) 1. Coral. 2. A shoot, a sprout, a new leaf. 3. The neck of a lute, m.

(-laḥ) 1. An animal. 2. A pupil. E. pra before, bala to be strong, and aff. ghañ; also prabālaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल).—[pra-bala], I. adj., f. . 1. Prevailing, [Hiḍimbavadha] 4, 46; strong, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 1, 24; powerful. 2. Violent, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 81. 3. Much, Rājat, 5, 68. Ii. m. A sprout.

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Prabāla (प्रबाल).—[pra-bāla], m. and n. 1. Coral, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 49, 4. 2. A sprout, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 25, 18. 3. A new leaf. 4. The bridge of a lute, through which the strings are drawn.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल).—[adjective] strong, mighty, intense, violent, important, great (also vant; [abstract] [feminine], tva [neuter]); [neuter] lam greatly, much; [masculine] a man’s name.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabala (प्रबल):—[=pra-bala] 1. pra-bala mf(ā)n. strong, powerful, mighty, great, important (as a word), violent (as pain), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] dangerous, pernicious, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) abounding in [Suśruta]

4) [=pra-bala] m. Name of a son of Kṛṣṇa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of an attendant of Viṣṇu, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] of a Daitya, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

7) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for pra-vāla, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Prabalā (प्रबला):—[=pra-balā] [from pra-bala] f. Paederia Foetida, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Prabala (प्रबल):—[=pra-bala] 2. pra-bala [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] lati, to become strong or powerful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Prabāla (प्रबाल):—[=pra-bāla] See pra-vāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prabala (प्रबल):—[pra-bala] (laḥ) 1. m. A sprout, a shoot. a. Strong, powerful, prevalent.

2) Prabāla (प्रबाल):—[pra-bāla] (laḥ-laṃ) 1. m. n. Coral; a shoot; neck of a lute. m. Animal.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Prabala (प्रबल):—(1. pra + bala)

1) adj. f. ā stark, mächtig; von Personen [Hiḍimbavadha 4, 46.] [Mahābhārata 8, 2044] (su). [KĀM. NĪTIS. 4, 80.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 60.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 19, 90.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 8, 40. 16, 16.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 2, 4] (prabalatara). Inschr. in [Journ. of the Am. Or. S. 6, 543, 5. 7, 7,] [Śloka 22.] [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 371.] madana [Ṛtusaṃhāra 3, 23.] bala Heer [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 537. 6, 200.] bhuja [Prabodhacandrodaja 81, 7.] purovāta [Mālavikāgnimitra 60.] [Vikramorvaśī 81.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 1, 24.] [Pañcatantra 165, 7.] sūtimārutāḥ [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 83.] vega [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 406.] manas [Oxforder Handschriften 80,a,2 v. u.] sattva [Kathāsaritsāgara 27, 208.] prekṣā Einsicht [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 112.] vedanā heftiger Schmerz [Raghuvaṃśa 8, 49.] [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 185, 3.] rudita [Meghadūta 82.] cintā [Prabodhacandrodaja 83, 16.] patnī dharmārthakāmānāṃ kāraṇaṃ prabalaṃ nṛṇām [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 71, 9.] tamas [Śākuntala 183.] śruti vielsagend, bedeutsam [Vedānta lecture No. 90] (pradala gedruckt). vāryoghāḥ prabalā iva mächtige, grosse Wassermassen [Mahābhārata 7, 3497. 6, 5117] (wo vāryoghān st. vīryaughān zu lesen ist). toya wasserreich (deśa) [Rājataraṅgiṇī 5, 68.] gṛhavātāyana mächtig so v. a. gross [Pañcatantra ed. orn. 49, 21.] pitta, vāta, rakta, śleṣma einen Ueberfluss an Galle u.s.w. habend [Suśruta 2, 39, 2. 3. 12. 14.] kṣuttaṣṇāprabalāḥ upadravāḥ mächtig so v. a. von verderblicher Wirkung [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 12, 12.] prabalam adv. stark, sehr [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 11, 5. 6, 9.] —

2) m. a) Nomen proprium eines Wesens im Gefolge Viṣṇu’s [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 9, 14. 8, 21, 16.] eines Daitya [Kathāsaritsāgara 45, 379. 46, 236. fg.] — b) = pravāla Schoss, Trieb [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] —

3) f. ā eine best. Pflanze, = prasāriṇī [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. prābalya .

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Prabāla (प्रबाल):—(1. pra + bāla) m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 4, 31.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 5, 12.]

1) Schoss, Trieb, junger Zweig [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 26, 206.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3. 3, 399.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1124.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 660.] [Medinīkoṣa l. 106.] [Halāyudha 2, 29.] prabāleṣu puṣpabhārāvanāmiṣu [Mahābhārata 1, 2855.] [Harivaṃśa 3611. 3847. 15445.] kṣīravṛkṣa [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2, 12, 7.] [Suśruta 1, 33, 8. 376, 10. 2, 2, 10. 366, 4.] [Spr. 840.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 12. 13, 49. 18, 51.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 1, 45. 3, 8. 5, 34.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 59.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 24, 7. 54, 14.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 45, 336.] [kāvyādarśa 2, 290.] pada [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 12, 19.] adharoṣṭha [Pañcatantra 45, 11.] prabālābharadanacchada [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 7.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [Bhagavadgītā 15, 2.] [Ṛtusaṃhāra 3, 18.] utpravālānyaraṇyāni [kāvyādarśa 2, 242.] —

2) Koralle [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 93.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 9, 30. 3, 3, 399.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1066.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 138.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 329. 11, 167. 12, 61.] [Mahābhārata 1, 4439. 4458. 3, 11063. 5, 3576. 7, 672. 8, 4913. 12, 7487. 13, 5261.] [Harivaṃśa 5235.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 49, 4. 21. 6, 93, 9.] [Suśruta 2, 468, 6.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 41 (40), 10. 50, 37.] [Sânkhya Philosophy 24.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 68, 14.] varṇa [Suśruta 1, 118, 2.] pravāḍa geschrieben [SADDH. Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.4,8,b. 33,a.] —

3) der Hals der indischen Laute [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 7.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 399.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 291.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — Nach [ŚABDĀRTHAK.] bei [WILSON] m. Thier; Schüler; nach [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] (u. jīvaśāka) eine best. Gemüsepflanze; s. prabālika . — Häufig pravāla geschrieben. Vgl. prābālika .

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Prabala (प्रबल):—

2) a) eines Sohnes des Kṛṣṇa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 61, 15.]

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Prabāla (प्रबाल):—, die Bomb. Ausgg. schreiben richtig pravāla .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Prabala (प्रबल):——

1) Adj. (f. ā) stark , mächtig , bedeutend , gewichtig (Ausspruch [273,6]) heftig (Schmerz u.s.w.) gross Am Ende eines Comp. einen Ueberfluss an — habend. prabalam Adv. stark , sehr.

2) m. — a) Nomen proprium — α) eines Sohnes der Kṛṣṇa — β) eines Wesens im Gefolge Viṣṇu's. — γ) eines Daitya. — b) *fehlerhaft für pravāla Schoss , Trieb.

3) *f. ā paederia foetida [Rājan 5,34.] —

4) f. ī in einer Inschrift nach [HALL.] Classe.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prabala in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Prabala (प्रबल) [Also spelled prabal]:—(a) strong, mighty; forceful; powerful; violent, vigorous; predominant, dominant; ~[] strength, force, power; vigorousness, predominance, dominance, loudness.

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