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Mada, 7 Definition(s)


Mada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Āyurveda (science of life)

Mada (मद) refers to “mental instability”, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Mada could be “pride”, “arrogance” or “the intoxication of pride”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botanyĀyurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Mada (मद, “intoxication”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

2) Mada (मद, “intoxication”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mada (मद, “intoxication”) is caused by drinking of liquor and similar other things. It is of three kinds (viz. light, medium and excessive), and has five Determinants. While intoxicated some sing, some laugh and some use harsh words while others sleep. Among these, persons of the superior type sleep, those of the middling type laugh and sing, and those of the inferior type cry or use harsh words.

Source: archive.org: Natya ShastraNāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


1a) Mada (मद).—Followed Satī going to Dakṣa's sacrifice.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 4. 4.

1b) A son of Kali and Surā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 9.

1c) Born out of the ahaṅkāra of Brahmā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 11.

1d) An Ābhūtaraya god.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 48.

1e) A lake of Kailāsa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 3.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

'infatuation'. "Infatuation is of 3 kinds:

  • youth-infatuation,

  • health-infatuation,

  • life-infatuation" (D.33).

"Infatuated by youth-infatuation, by health-infatuation and by life-infatuation, the ignorant worldling pursues an evil course in bodily actions, speech and thought, and thereby, at the dissolution of the body, after death, passes to a lower world, to a woeful course of existence, to a state of suffering and hell" (A. III, 39).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


mada : (m.) pride; intoxication; conceit; sexual excess.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Mada, (Vedic mada, mad (see majjati), Idg. *mad, as in Av. mata intoxication, drink, mad, to get intoxicated orig. meaning “drip, be full of liquid or fat”; cp. Gr. madάw dissolve, mastόs breast (mazόs›Amazone), Lat. madeo to be wet, Ohg. mast fattening, Sk. meda grease, fat, Gr. mέzea; mestόs full; Goth. mats eatables, Ags. mōs, Ohg. muos=gemüse, etc. Perhaps connected with *med in Lat. medeor to heal. For further relations see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. madeo.—The Dhtp (412) & Dhtm (642) explain mad by “ummāde” Dhtm 210 also by “muda, mada=santose”) 1. intoxication, sensual excess, in formula davāya madāya maṇḍanāya (for purposes of sport, excess, personal charm etc.) M. I, 355=A. II, 40= Nd1 496=Nd2 540=Pug. 21=Dhs. 1346, 1348. The commentator’s explns bearing directly or indirectly on this passage distinguish several kinds of mada, viz. māna-mada & purisa-mada (at DhsA. 403; Vism. 293), or muṭṭhika-mall’ādayo viya madatthaṃ bala-mada-nimittaṃ porisa-mada-nimittañ cā ti vuttaṃ (at Vism. 31). Sn. 218 (mada-pamāda on which passage SnA 273 comments on mada with jāti-mad’ādi-bhedā madā).—2. (as mental state or habit) pride, conceit Miln. 289 (māna, m. , pamāda); Vbh. 345 (where 27 such states are given, beginning with jāti°, gotta°, ārogya°, yobbana°, jīvita-mada), 350 (where mada is paraphrased by majjanā majjitattaṃ māno ... uṇṇati ... dhajo sampaggāho ketukamyatā cittassa: same formula, as concluding exegesis of māna at Nd2 505 & Dhs. 1116); sometimes more def. characterised with phrase mada-matta elated with the pride or intoxication of ... (-°). e.g. A. I, 147 (yobbana°, ārogya°, jīvita°); PvA. 86 (māna°), 280 (bhoga°).—The traditional exegesis distinguishes only 3 mada’s, viz. ārogya- mada the pride of health, yobbana° of youth, jīvita° of life: D. III, 220; A. I, 146.

—nimmadana “disintoxication from intoxication, ” freedom from pride or conceit A. II, 34; Bu I. 81; Vism. 293. (Page 518)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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