Mada, Māḍa, Māda: 24 definitions
Mada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Mada (मद) refers to “mental instability”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Mada could be “pride”, “arrogance” or “the intoxication of pride”.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Mada (मद) refers to “intoxication” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mada] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Mada (मद, “intoxication”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)
2) Mada (मद, “intoxication”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Mada (मद, “intoxication”) is caused by drinking of liquor and similar other things. It is of three kinds (viz. light, medium and excessive), and has five Determinants. While intoxicated some sing, some laugh and some use harsh words while others sleep. Among these, persons of the superior type sleep, those of the middling type laugh and sing, and those of the inferior type cry or use harsh words.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Mada (मद).—An Asura. This demon came out of the sacrificial fire of Cyavana to kill Indra. (See under Cyavana).
2) Mada (मद).—One of the Mānasaputras (spiritual sons) of Brahmā. Matsya Purāṇa states that Mada was born of the Pride of Brahmā.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Mada (मद).—Followed Satī going to Dakṣa's sacrifice.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 4. 4.
1b) A son of Kali and Surā.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 9.
1c) Born out of the ahaṅkāra of Brahmā.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 11.
1d) An Ābhūtaraya god.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 48.
1e) A lake of Kailāsa.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 3.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Mada (मद) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Mada corresponds to Puṇya. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Mada (मद) refers to “intoxication”, which is considered as harmful, according to the Manusmṛti 7.50. Accordingly, “[...] hunting (mṛgayā), dice (akṣa), sleeping during the day (divāsvapna), censoriousness (parivāda), women (strī), intoxication (mada), musical triad (tauryatrika) and listless wandering (vṛthāṭyā) constitute the ten-fold set arising from the love of pleasure (kāmaja). [...] in the set arising from love of pleasure (kāmaja),—drinking (pāna), dice (akṣa), women (strī) and hunting (mṛgayā) are to be regarded as the four most pernicious (kaṣṭatama), in the order in which they are named”.
Strī (‘women’) and Mada (‘intoxication’)—The fact of these two being evils is well known.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
Mada (“infatuation”) is of 3 kinds:
- life-infatuation" (D.33).
"Infatuated by youth-infatuation, by health-infatuation and by life-infatuation, the ignorant worldling pursues an evil course in bodily actions, speech and thought, and thereby, at the dissolution of the body, after death, passes to a lower world, to a woeful course of existence, to a state of suffering and hell" (A. III, 39).
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Mada (मद, “intoxication”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mada). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Mada also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).Source: Google Books: The Fruits of True Monkhood
Mada (“vanity”) in Buddhism refers to one of the sixteen upakilesa (subtle defilements).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga
Mada (मद).—The eight madas or “forms of vainglory” forms part of the twenty-five dṛg-doṣas (blemishes), according to Samantabhadra in his Ratna-Karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra (with commentary of Prabhācandra).
They are as follows:
- jñāna-mada (pride in one’s knowledge),
- pūjā-mada (pride in one’s worship),
- kula-mada (pride of family),
- jāti-mada (pride of caste),
- bala-mada (pride in one’s strength),
- ṛddhi-mada (pride in one’s wealth),
- tapas-mada (pride in one’s ascetic practices),
- vapus-mada (pride in one’s beauty).
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Wisdom Library: India History
Mada (or, Māḍa) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to local Gujarat tradition. The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Mada), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.
According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Mada) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).
The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (eg., Mada) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places, and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Māḍa.—(IE 8-8; EI 7), Telugu; same as Od8iyā mād8ha or mād8hā and Tamil māḍai; a coin of gold or silver; 40 ratis in weight; cf. biruda-māḍa, malla-māḍa, mallanandi-māḍa, surabhi- māḍa, gaṇḍa-māḍa, kulottuṅga-māḍa (EI 29), gandhavāraṇamāḍa (or gandhahasti-māḍa), cāmara-māḍa, uttama-gaṇḍamāḍa, padmanidhi- malla-māḍa, rājarāja-māḍa, rājendracoḻa-māḍa, etc. The gaṇḍa-māḍa is sometimes called kārṣāpaṇa, niṣka and gaṇḍaniṣka and is also characterised in a few cases with the epithet ‘small’. See māḍai, māḍha. Note names like kulottuṅga-māḍa, a coin issued by the Coḻa king Kulottuṅga. See JNSI, Vol. XVI, p. 43. (CITD), Telugu; half a pagoda; half of a dīnār or the tenth of a paṇa (cf. badi-māḍuvulu); half or 50 per cent of revenue, etc.; a weight of gold; money in general. Four māḍas are equal to one carṣam (karṣa?). (IE 8-5), probably, payment of 50 per cent; see māḍalu. Note: māḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
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Māḍa.—Telugu; gold or silver coin, 40 ratis (about 73 grains) in weight; half of a dīnāra; half of a pagoda, or tenth of a paṇa (fanam) in value; same as māḍha, māḍhā, māḍai; 50 per cent; cf. gaṇḍa-māḍa also called kārṣāpaṇa and gaṇḍa- niṣka; Tamil modification of Sanskrit māṣa. Note: māḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
mada : (m.) pride; intoxication; conceit; sexual excess.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Mada, (Vedic mada, mad (see majjati), Idg. *mad, as in Av. mata intoxication, drink, mad, to get intoxicated orig. meaning “drip, be full of liquid or fat”; cp. Gr. madάw dissolve, mastόs breast (mazόs›Amazone), Lat. madeo to be wet, Ohg. mast fattening, Sk. meda grease, fat, Gr. mέzea; mestόs full; Goth. mats eatables, Ags. mōs, Ohg. muos=gemüse, etc. Perhaps connected with *med in Lat. medeor to heal. For further relations see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. madeo.—The Dhtp (412) & Dhtm (642) explain mad by “ummāde” Dhtm 210 also by “muda, mada=santose”) 1. intoxication, sensual excess, in formula davāya madāya maṇḍanāya (for purposes of sport, excess, personal charm etc.) M. I, 355=A. II, 40= Nd1 496=Nd2 540=Pug. 21=Dhs. 1346, 1348. The commentator’s explanations bearing directly or indirectly on this passage distinguish several kinds of mada, viz. māna-mada & purisa-mada (at DhsA. 403; Vism. 293), or muṭṭhika-mall’ādayo viya madatthaṃ bala-mada-nimittaṃ porisa-mada-nimittañ cā ti vuttaṃ (at Vism. 31). Sn. 218 (mada-pamāda on which passage SnA 273 comments on mada with jāti-mad’ādi-bhedā madā).—2. (as mental state or habit) pride, conceit Miln. 289 (māna, m. , pamāda); Vbh. 345 (where 27 such states are given, beginning with jāti°, gotta°, ārogya°, yobbana°, jīvita-mada), 350 (where mada is paraphrased by majjanā majjitattaṃ māno ... uṇṇati ... dhajo sampaggāho ketukamyatā cittassa: same formula, as concluding exegesis of māna at Nd2 505 & Dhs. 1116); sometimes more def. characterised with phrase mada-matta elated with the pride or intoxication of ... (-°). e.g. A. I, 147 (yobbana°, ārogya°, jīvita°); PvA. 86 (māna°), 280 (bhoga°).—The traditional exegesis distinguishes only 3 mada’s, viz. ārogya- mada the pride of health, yobbana° of youth, jīvita° of life: D. III, 220; A. I, 146.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
maḍa (मड).—n (maḍēṃ Corpse.) A term for a hateful or troublesome fellow; a pest, plague, torment, annoyance, nuisance.
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mada (मद).—m (S) Inebriety or intoxication, lit. fig. from wine or spirits, from wealth, learning, family, fame. Ex. abhijātyādimada, dhanamada, vidyāmada, svarūpamada, tāruṇyamada. 2 Concupiscence, passion, lusting. 3 The running from an elephant's temples when in rut. 4 The nectar of flowers or juice of fruits. 5 Pride, arrogance, haughtiness. 6 Madness. 7 Spirituous or vinous liquor. 8 Wild tricks, frolics, or sportings (as of lively youth). Ex. dētī baḷēṃ cāvuni dāma dāntēṃ || sōsūṃ kitī hyā pramadāmadātēṃ ||.
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māḍa (माड).—m A Cocoanut-tree, Cocos nucifera. āḍō māḍō samudrāsārakhā vāḍhō (An ejaculation of mothers upon bathing a child.) May his branch be lofty as the Cocoanut and extend far and wide as the Ocean!
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māḍā (माडा).—m A young tree, a plantlet or sapling.
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māḍā (माडा).—a Dressed and left unsown at the sowing season of the Kharif-corn, to gather strength for the corn or grain of the Rabbi-harvest;--used of land: also corn or grain raised upon land so dressed and left. See khāṭā.
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mādā (मादा).—f (Commonly mādī) The female: opp. to nara The male.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
mada (मद).—m Intoxication. Passion. Pride. Madness. Spirituous liquor.
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māḍa (माड).—m A cocoanut-tree.
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māḍā (माडा).—m A young tree, a plantlet.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Intoxication, drunkenness, inebriety; मदेनास्पृश्ये (madenāspṛśye) Dk.; मदविकाराणां दर्शकः (madavikārāṇāṃ darśakaḥ) K.45; see comps. below.
2) Madness, insanity.
3) Ardent passion, wanton or lustful passion, lasciviousness, lust; इति मदमदनाभ्यां रागिणः स्पष्टरागान् (iti madamadanābhyāṃ rāgiṇaḥ spaṣṭarāgān) Śi.1.91.
4) Rut, ichor, or the juice that exudes from the temples of an elephant in rut; मदेन भाति कलभः प्रतापेन महीपतिः (madena bhāti kalabhaḥ pratāpena mahīpatiḥ) Chandr.5.45; so मदकलः, मदोन्मत्त (madakalaḥ, madonmatta); Me.2; R.2.7;12.12.
5) Love, desire, ardour.
6) Pride, arrogance, conceit; तं मोहाच्छ्रयते मदः स च मदाद्दास्येन निर्विद्यते (taṃ mohācchrayate madaḥ sa ca madāddāsyena nirvidyate) Pt.1.24.
7) Rapture, excessive delight.
8) Spirituous liquor; पाययित्वा मदं सम्यक् (pāyayitvā madaṃ samyak) Śukra. 4.1171.
11) Semen virile.
13) Any beautiful object.
14) A river (nada)
15) Beauty; नीलारविन्दमदभङ्गिमदैः कटाक्षैः (nīlāravindamadabhaṅgimadaiḥ kaṭākṣaiḥ) Bv.3.4.
16) Name of the 7th astrological mansion.
-dī 1 A drinking-cup.
2) Any agricultural implement (such as a plough &c.).
Derivable forms: madaḥ (मदः).
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1) A species of tree.
2) Weight, measure.
Derivable forms: māḍaḥ (माडः).
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1) Intoxication, drunkenness.
2) Joy, delight.
3) Pride, arrogance.
Derivable forms: mādaḥ (मादः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Madā (मदा).—n. of a piśācī: Māy 239.5.
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Māḍa (माड).—(compare māla 2; Pali māḷa, māla), m. pl. māḍāḥ Mvy 5548 (v.l. and Mironov māṭāḥ), some sort of building: Tibetan rṅa (drum) khaṅ (house, building), or sṅa (= pūrva) khaṅ; Chin. has two renderings, perh. intended like the two Tibetan glosses; could the first Tibetan mean drum-shaped hall? compare maṇḍala-māḍa. PTSD derives the Pali word from Tamil māḍam, house.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-daḥ) 1. Joy, pleasure, delight. 2. The juice that flows from an elephant’s temples when in rut. 3. Spirituous or vinous liquor. 4. Inebriety, intoxication. 5. Pride, arrogance. 6. Insanity, madness. 7. Semen virile. 8. Musk. 9. A male river. 10. Ardent passion, desire. 11. Love. 12. Delight. 13. Arrogance. 14. Honey. 15. Any beautiful object. f. (-dī) 1. A drinking vessel. 2. An instrument for making furrows. E. mad to be pleased, &c. aff. ac .
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(-ḍaḥ) 1. Weight or quantity. 2. A species of tree. E. māḍ to weigh, ac aff.
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(-daḥ) 1. Intoxication, literal or figurative. 2. Pride. 3. Joy, extasy. E. mad to be delighted or inebriated, and aff. ghañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Mada (मद):—[from mad] m. hilarity, rapture, excitement, inspiration, intoxication, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
2) [v.s. ...] ([dual number] with madasya Name of 2 Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa])
3) [v.s. ...] ardent passion for ([compound]), [Mahābhārata]
4) Madā (मदा):—[from mada > mad] f. sexual desire or enjoyment, wantonness, lust, ruttishness, rut ([especially] of an elephant), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
5) [v.s. ...] , pride, arrogance, presumption, conceit of or about ([genitive case] or [compound]), [ib.]
6) [v.s. ...] any exhilarating or intoxicating drink, spirituous liquor, wine, Soma, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.,
7) [v.s. ...] honey, [Raghuvaṃśa]
8) [v.s. ...] the fluid or juice that exudes from a rutting elephant’s temples, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
9) [v.s. ...] semen virile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) [v.s. ...] musk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) [v.s. ...] any beautiful object, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
12) [v.s. ...] a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
13) [v.s. ...] Name of the 7th [astrology] mansion, [Varāha-mihira]
14) [v.s. ...] Intoxication or Insanity personified (as a monster created by Cyavana), [Mahābhārata]
15) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Brahmā, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
16) [v.s. ...] of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa]
17) [v.s. ...] of a servant of Śiva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
18) Mada (मद):—[from mad] n. Name of 2 Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]
19) Māḍa (माड):—[from māḍ] m. measure, weight, quantity, [Horace H. Wilson]
20) [v.s. ...] Caryota Urens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (also maḍā-druma; cf. madya-d).
21) Māda (माद):—m. (√2. mad) drunkenness, exhilaration, delight. passion, stupor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
22) fighting war, [Sāyaṇa] (cf. gandhaand sadha-m).
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+251): Mada-badi-patuka, Mada-badipatuka, Mada-ppadi, Madabhanga, Madabhanjini, Madachyut, Madachyuta, Madacyut, Madacyuta, Madada, Madadagara, Madadagari, Madadhara, Madadhya, Madadrava, Madadru, Madadvipa, Madadya, Madaga, Madagadi.
Ends with (+140): Abhimada, Adamada, Adomada, Akshamada, Amada, Antaranarmada, Anunmada, Apamada, Appamada, Apramada, Arogyamada, Asamada, Atmada, Balamada, Bhandaramada, Bharadidasamada, Bhattasammada, Bhellamada, Bherala Mada, Bherali Mada.
Full-text (+270): Madandha, Dhanamada, Madatyaya, Madaprayoga, Padmanidhi-malla-mada, Pramadavanapalika, Sammada, Madagamana, Jnana, Vapus, Carsam, Madasthala, Kula, Bala, Jati, Tapas, Puja, Riddhi, Dvipamada, Madalasa.
Search found 53 books and stories containing Mada, Māḍa, Maḍa, Māḍā, Mādā, Māda, Madā; (plurals include: Madas, Māḍas, Maḍas, Māḍās, Mādās, Mādas, Madās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.202 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 2.4.6 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 3.2.71 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Śrī Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā (by Sarasvati Thkura)
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 24 - On the worship of the Devī < [Book 8]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.6.53 < [Chapter 6 - Abhīṣṭa-lābha: The Attainment of All Desires]
Verse 1.6.110 < [Chapter 6 - Priyatama: The Most Beloved]
Verse 1.2.49 < [Chapter 2 - Divya: In Heaven]
The Buddha (by Piyadassi Thera)