Mada, Māḍa, Māda: 41 definitions


Mada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Mada (मद) refers to “mental instability”, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Mada could be “pride”, “arrogance” or “the intoxication of pride”.

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Mada (मद) refers to “intoxication”, as mentioned in verse 5.21-23 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] among the (different kinds of milk [viz., payas]), cow’s milk [viz., gavya] (is) a vitalizer (and) elixir; (it is) wholesome for pulmonary rupture and pulmonary consumption, intellectualizing, invigorative, productive of breast-milk, (and) purgative , (and) destroys fatigue, giddiness, intoxication [viz., mada], unbeautifulness, dyspnea, cough, excessive thirst, hunger, old fever, strangury, and hemorrhage [...]”.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Mada (मद) refers to “intoxication” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning mada] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Mada (मद):—Intoxication

2) [madaḥ] The state of being emotionally aroused and worked up

Source: Asian Agri-History: Paśu Āyurvēda (Veterinary Medicine) in Garuḍapurāṇa

Mada (मद) or Madacikitsā refers to the “treatment of intoxication”, according to sections on the treatment of Horses (Gajāyurveda or Aśvāyurveda) in the Garuḍapurāṇa.—[Treatment of worms, mucous discharges, Intoxication and deranged Vāyu]—A compound formulation made up of powdered paṭola (snake gourd), nimba (neem) leaves, vacā (sweet flag), Citraka (Plumbago zeylanica), Pippalī (Piper longum), Śṛṅgavera (Zingiber officinale) should be administered to the horse with water.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Mada (मद, “intoxication”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

2) Mada (मद, “intoxication”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.

Source: Natya Shastra

Mada (मद, “intoxication”) is caused by drinking of liquor and similar other things. It is of three kinds (viz. light, medium and excessive), and has five Determinants. While intoxicated some sing, some laugh and some use harsh words while others sleep. Among these, persons of the superior type sleep, those of the middling type laugh and sing, and those of the inferior type cry or use harsh words.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mada (मद) refers to “haughtiness”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.42 (“Description of the meeting of the Lord and the Mountain”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Dressed richly and exquisitely the gods, the Gaṇas, the sages and others started towards the abode of lord Himavat. In the meantime, Menā desired to see Śiva. O sage, through her lord, you, the excellent sage, were requisitioned there. O sage, urged by the lord who desired to fulfil the task of Śiva you went there. O sage, after bowing to you, Menā with her heart full of surprise told you that she wanted to see the real form of lord Śiva that dispels haughtiness (mada-apaha). [...]”.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Mada (मद).—An Asura. This demon came out of the sacrificial fire of Cyavana to kill Indra. (See under Cyavana).

2) Mada (मद).—One of the Mānasaputras (spiritual sons) of Brahmā. Matsya Purāṇa states that Mada was born of the Pride of Brahmā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Mada (मद).—Followed Satī going to Dakṣa's sacrifice.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 4. 4.

1b) A son of Kali and Surā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 9.

1c) Born out of the ahaṅkāra of Brahmā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 11.

1d) An Ābhūtaraya god.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 48.

1e) A lake of Kailāsa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 3.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Mada (मद) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Mada corresponds to Puṇya. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Mada (मद) refers to “intoxication”, which is considered as harmful, according to the Manusmṛti 7.50. Accordingly, “[...] hunting (mṛgayā), dice (akṣa), sleeping during the day (divāsvapna), censoriousness (parivāda), women (strī), intoxication (mada), musical triad (tauryatrika) and listless wandering (vṛthāṭyā) constitute the ten-fold set arising from the love of pleasure (kāmaja). [...] in the set arising from love of pleasure (kāmaja),—drinking (pāna), dice (akṣa), women (strī) and hunting (mṛgayā) are to be regarded as the four most pernicious (kaṣṭatama), in the order in which they are named”.

Strī (‘women’) and Mada (‘intoxication’)—The fact of these two being evils is well known.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Mada (मद) or Madamiśra refers to “elephants in rut”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Hear now the effects of the heliacal rising of Canopus (Agastya), a star sacred to Agastya who suppressed the Vindhya mountains whose soaring heights obstructed the course of the Sun; to which the pictured robes of the Vidyādhara females leaning for support on their lord’s arms and flying aloft in the sky formed beautiful flowing flags; whose caves were the abodes of lions which, having drunk of the perfumed blood of elephants in rut [i.e., mada-miśra-raktāvaleha-anuvāsa] had their mouths covered with bees that looked like so many black flowers, and from which caves issued rivers; [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Mada (मद) refers to “sexual desire”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Parameśvara]:—[...] His heart is agitated with sexual desire (mada). His lotus face displays a faint smile. This is how the Yogin should visualise his body for a long time, as transformed into Śiva. All his limbs are perfumed with sandal, aloe, camphor, musk and saffron. He has a beautiful face. He is surrounded by millions of gem islands, in a chamber on a fine bed”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Mada (मद) represents the number 8 (eight) in the “word-numeral system” (bhūtasaṃkhyā), which was used in Sanskrit texts dealing with astronomy, mathematics, metrics, as well as in the dates of inscriptions and manuscripts in ancient Indian literature.—A system of expressing numbers by means of words arranged as in the place-value notation was developed and perfected in India in the early centuries of the Christian era. In this system the numerals [e.g., 8—mada] are expressed by names of things, beings or concepts, which, naturally or in accordance with the teaching of the Śāstras, connote numbers.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Mada (“infatuation”) is of 3 kinds:

  1. youth-infatuation,
  2. health-infatuation,
  3. life-infatuation" (D.33).

"Infatuated by youth-infatuation, by health-infatuation and by life-infatuation, the ignorant worldling pursues an evil course in bodily actions, speech and thought, and thereby, at the dissolution of the body, after death, passes to a lower world, to a woeful course of existence, to a state of suffering and hell" (A. III, 39).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Mada (मद, “intoxication”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., mada). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Mada also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

Source: Google Books: The Fruits of True Monkhood

Mada (“vanity”) in Buddhism refers to one of the sixteen upakilesa (subtle defilements).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Jaina Yoga

Mada (मद).—The eight madas or “forms of vainglory” forms part of the twenty-five dṛg-doṣas (blemishes), according to Samantabhadra in his Ratna-Karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra (with commentary of Prabhācandra).

They are as follows:

  1. jñāna-mada (pride in one’s knowledge),
  2. pūjā-mada (pride in one’s worship),
  3. kula-mada (pride of family),
  4. jāti-mada (pride of caste),
  5. bala-mada (pride in one’s strength),
  6. ṛddhi-mada (pride in one’s wealth),
  7. tapas-mada (pride in one’s ascetic practices),
  8. vapus-mada (pride in one’s beauty).
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Mada (मद) refers to “passion”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the world a whole multitude of objects, and the supremacy that is desired by the chiefs of snakes, men and gods, and other than [that], family, power, prosperity, and wanton women [com.—wanton women (uddāmarāmāḥ) are women (striyaḥ) intoxicated with passion (madonmattāḥ)] , etc. is easily obtained. On the contrary, that very same jewel of enlightenment alone is difficult to obtain. [Thus ends the reflection on] enlightenment”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Mada (or, Māḍa) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to local Gujarat tradition. The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Mada), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Mada) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (e.g., Mada) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places, and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Māḍa.—(IE 8-8; EI 7), Telugu; same as Od8iyā mād8ha or mād8hā and Tamil māḍai; a coin of gold or silver; 40 ratis in weight; cf. biruda-māḍa, malla-māḍa, mallanandi-māḍa, surabhi- māḍa, gaṇḍa-māḍa, kulottuṅga-māḍa (EI 29), gandhavāraṇamāḍa (or gandhahasti-māḍa), cāmara-māḍa, uttama-gaṇḍamāḍa, padmanidhi- malla-māḍa, rājarāja-māḍa, rājendracoḻa-māḍa, etc. The gaṇḍa-māḍa is sometimes called kārṣāpaṇa, niṣka and gaṇḍaniṣka and is also characterised in a few cases with the epithet ‘small’. See māḍai, māḍha. Note names like kulottuṅga-māḍa, a coin issued by the Coḻa king Kulottuṅga. See JNSI, Vol. XVI, p. 43. (CITD), Telugu; half a pagoda; half of a dīnār or the tenth of a paṇa (cf. badi-māḍuvulu); half or 50 per cent of revenue, etc.; a weight of gold; money in general. Four māḍas are equal to one carṣam (karṣa?). (IE 8-5), probably, payment of 50 per cent; see māḍalu. Note: māḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Māḍa.—Telugu; gold or silver coin, 40 ratis (about 73 grains) in weight; half of a dīnāra; half of a pagoda, or tenth of a paṇa (fanam) in value; same as māḍha, māḍhā, māḍai; 50 per cent; cf. gaṇḍa-māḍa also called kārṣāpaṇa and gaṇḍa- niṣka; Tamil modification of Sanskrit māṣa. Note: māḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Mada [ಮದ] in the Kannada language is the name of a plant identified with Avicennia officinalis L. from the Acanthaceae (Acanthus) family having the following synonyms: Avicennia obovata, Avicennia oepata, Racka ovata. For the possible medicinal usage of mada, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Mada in India is the name of a plant defined with Avicennia officinalis in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Avicennia germinans (L.) Stearn (among others).

2) Mada is also identified with Caryota urens It has the synonym Caryota urens Jacq. (etc.).

3) Mada is also identified with Cocos nucifera It has the synonym Cocos indica Royle (etc.).

4) Mada is also identified with Vigna mungo It has the synonym Phaseolus radiatus Roxb. non L. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Botanica Acta (1997)
· Flora de Filipinas (1837)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Mantissa Plantarum (1767)
· Hortus Malabaricus
· Lloydia (1967)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Mada, for example extract dosage, health benefits, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mada : (m.) pride; intoxication; conceit; sexual excess.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mada, (Vedic mada, mad (see majjati), Idg. *mad, as in Av. mata intoxication, drink, mad, to get intoxicated orig. meaning “drip, be full of liquid or fat”; cp. Gr. madάw dissolve, mastόs breast (mazόs›Amazone), Lat. madeo to be wet, Ohg. mast fattening, Sk. meda grease, fat, Gr. mέzea; mestόs full; Goth. mats eatables, Ags. mōs, Ohg. muos=gemüse, etc. Perhaps connected with *med in Lat. medeor to heal. For further relations see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. madeo.—The Dhtp (412) & Dhtm (642) explain mad by “ummāde” Dhtm 210 also by “muda, mada=santose”) 1. intoxication, sensual excess, in formula davāya madāya maṇḍanāya (for purposes of sport, excess, personal charm etc.) M. I, 355=A. II, 40= Nd1 496=Nd2 540=Pug. 21=Dhs. 1346, 1348. The commentator’s explanations bearing directly or indirectly on this passage distinguish several kinds of mada, viz. māna-mada & purisa-mada (at DhsA. 403; Vism. 293), or muṭṭhika-mall’ādayo viya madatthaṃ bala-mada-nimittaṃ porisa-mada-nimittañ cā ti vuttaṃ (at Vism. 31). Sn. 218 (mada-pamāda on which passage SnA 273 comments on mada with jāti-mad’ādi-bhedā madā).—2. (as mental state or habit) pride, conceit Miln. 289 (māna, m. , pamāda); Vbh. 345 (where 27 such states are given, beginning with jāti°, gotta°, ārogya°, yobbana°, jīvita-mada), 350 (where mada is paraphrased by majjanā majjitattaṃ māno ... uṇṇati ... dhajo sampaggāho ketukamyatā cittassa: same formula, as concluding exegesis of māna at Nd2 505 & Dhs. 1116); sometimes more def. characterised with phrase mada-matta elated with the pride or intoxication of ... (-°). e.g. A. I, 147 (yobbana°, ārogya°, jīvita°); PvA. 86 (māna°), 280 (bhoga°).—The traditional exegesis distinguishes only 3 mada’s, viz. ārogya- mada the pride of health, yobbana° of youth, jīvita° of life: D. III, 220; A. I, 146.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

maḍa (मड).—n (maḍēṃ Corpse.) A term for a hateful or troublesome fellow; a pest, plague, torment, annoyance, nuisance.

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mada (मद).—m (S) Inebriety or intoxication, lit. fig. from wine or spirits, from wealth, learning, family, fame. Ex. abhijātyādimada, dhanamada, vidyāmada, svarūpamada, tāruṇyamada. 2 Concupiscence, passion, lusting. 3 The running from an elephant's temples when in rut. 4 The nectar of flowers or juice of fruits. 5 Pride, arrogance, haughtiness. 6 Madness. 7 Spirituous or vinous liquor. 8 Wild tricks, frolics, or sportings (as of lively youth). Ex. dētī baḷēṃ cāvuni dāma dāntēṃ || sōsūṃ kitī hyā pramadāmadātēṃ ||.

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māḍa (माड).—m A Cocoanut-tree, Cocos nucifera. āḍō māḍō samudrāsārakhā vāḍhō (An ejaculation of mothers upon bathing a child.) May his branch be lofty as the Cocoanut and extend far and wide as the Ocean!

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māḍā (माडा).—m A young tree, a plantlet or sapling.

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māḍā (माडा).—a Dressed and left unsown at the sowing season of the Kharif-corn, to gather strength for the corn or grain of the Rabbi-harvest;--used of land: also corn or grain raised upon land so dressed and left. See khāṭā.

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mādā (मादा).—f (Commonly mādī) The female: opp. to nara The male.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mada (मद).—m Intoxication. Passion. Pride. Madness. Spirituous liquor.

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māḍa (माड).—m A cocoanut-tree.

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māḍā (माडा).—m A young tree, a plantlet.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mada (मद).—[mad-ac]

1) Intoxication, drunkenness, inebriety; मदेनास्पृश्ये (madenāspṛśye) Dk.; मदविकाराणां दर्शकः (madavikārāṇāṃ darśakaḥ) K.45; see comps. below.

2) Madness, insanity.

3) Ardent passion, wanton or lustful passion, lasciviousness, lust; इति मदमदनाभ्यां रागिणः स्पष्टरागान् (iti madamadanābhyāṃ rāgiṇaḥ spaṣṭarāgān) Śiśupālavadha 1.91.

4) Rut, ichor, or the juice that exudes from the temples of an elephant in rut; मदेन भाति कलभः प्रतापेन महीपतिः (madena bhāti kalabhaḥ pratāpena mahīpatiḥ) Chandr.5.45; so मदकलः, मदोन्मत्त (madakalaḥ, madonmatta); Meghadūta 2; R.2.7;12.12.

5) Love, desire, ardour.

6) Pride, arrogance, conceit; तं मोहाच्छ्रयते मदः स च मदाद्दास्येन निर्विद्यते (taṃ mohācchrayate madaḥ sa ca madāddāsyena nirvidyate) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.24.

7) Rapture, excessive delight.

8) Spirituous liquor; पाययित्वा मदं सम्यक् (pāyayitvā madaṃ samyak) Śukra. 4.1171.

9) Honey.

1) Musk.

11) Semen virile.

12) Soma.

13) Any beautiful object.

14) A river (nada)

15) Beauty; नीलारविन्दमदभङ्गिमदैः कटाक्षैः (nīlāravindamadabhaṅgimadaiḥ kaṭākṣaiḥ) Bv.3.4.

16) Name of the 7th astrological mansion.

-dī 1 A drinking-cup.

2) Any agricultural implement (such as a plough &c.).

Derivable forms: madaḥ (मदः).

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Māḍa (माड).—

1) A species of tree.

2) Weight, measure.

Derivable forms: māḍaḥ (माडः).

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Māda (माद).—[mad-ghañ]

1) Intoxication, drunkenness.

2) Joy, delight.

3) Pride, arrogance.

4) War.

Derivable forms: mādaḥ (मादः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Madā (मदा).—name of a piśācī: Mahā-Māyūrī 239.5.

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Māḍa (माड).—(compare māla 2; Pali māḷa, māla), m. pl. māḍāḥ Mahāvyutpatti 5548 (v.l. and Mironov māṭāḥ), some sort of building: Tibetan rṅa (drum) khaṅ (house, building), or sṅa (= pūrva) khaṅ; Chin. has two renderings, perhaps intended like the two Tibetan glosses; could the first Tibetan mean drum-shaped hall? compare maṇḍala-māḍa. [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] derives the Pali word from Tamil māḍam, house.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mada (मद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Joy, pleasure, delight. 2. The juice that flows from an elephant’s temples when in rut. 3. Spirituous or vinous liquor. 4. Inebriety, intoxication. 5. Pride, arrogance. 6. Insanity, madness. 7. Semen virile. 8. Musk. 9. A male river. 10. Ardent passion, desire. 11. Love. 12. Delight. 13. Arrogance. 14. Honey. 15. Any beautiful object. f. (-dī) 1. A drinking vessel. 2. An instrument for making furrows. E. mad to be pleased, &c. aff. ac .

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Māḍa (माड).—m.

(-ḍaḥ) 1. Weight or quantity. 2. A species of tree. E. māḍ to weigh, ac aff.

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Māda (माद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Intoxication, literal or figurative. 2. Pride. 3. Joy, extasy. E. mad to be delighted or inebriated, and aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mada (मद).—[mad + a] 1., I. m. 1. Intoxication, Chr. 292, 10 = [Rigveda.] i. 85, 10; [Pañcatantra] 202, 25. 2. Insanity, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 68; rut of an elephant, 87, 16. 3. Pride, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 175, M. M. 4. Joy, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 32; sensual enjoyment, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 12. 5. Passion, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 214; love, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 59, 2. 6. Spirituous liquor. 7. The juice that flows from an elephant’s temples when in rut, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 139. 8. Semen virile. 9. Musk. Ii. f. . 1. A drinking vessel. 2. An instrument for making furrows.

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Māda (माद).—i. e. mad + a, m. 1. Intoxication. 2. Joy. 3. Pride.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mada (मद).—[masculine] excitement, inspiration, enthusiasm, intoxication, ardent passion, lust, rut, the rut-juice of an elephant; arrogance, conceit, pride in ([genetive] or —°); any intoxicating drink, as spirituous liquor, Soma, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mada (मद):—[from mad] m. hilarity, rapture, excitement, inspiration, intoxication, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] ([dual number] with madasya Name of 2 Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa])

3) [v.s. ...] ardent passion for ([compound]), [Mahābhārata]

4) Madā (मदा):—[from mada > mad] f. sexual desire or enjoyment, wantonness, lust, ruttishness, rut ([especially] of an elephant), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] , pride, arrogance, presumption, conceit of or about ([genitive case] or [compound]), [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] any exhilarating or intoxicating drink, spirituous liquor, wine, Soma, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.,

7) [v.s. ...] honey, [Raghuvaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] the fluid or juice that exudes from a rutting elephant’s temples, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] semen virile, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] musk, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] any beautiful object, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a river, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of the 7th [astrology] mansion, [Varāha-mihira]

14) [v.s. ...] Intoxication or Insanity personified (as a monster created by Cyavana), [Mahābhārata]

15) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Brahmā, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

16) [v.s. ...] of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa]

17) [v.s. ...] of a servant of Śiva, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

18) Mada (मद):—[from mad] n. Name of 2 Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

19) Māḍa (माड):—[from māḍ] m. measure, weight, quantity, [Horace H. Wilson]

20) [v.s. ...] Caryota Urens, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (also maḍā-druma; cf. madya-d).

21) Māda (माद):—m. (√2. mad) drunkenness, exhilaration, delight. passion, stupor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

22) fighting war, [Sāyaṇa] (cf. gandhaand sadha-m).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mada (मद):—(daḥ) 1. m. Joy; temporal juice of the elephant; vinous liquor; inebriety; pride; madness; semen virile; musk; desire; f. Drinking vessel; furrowing instrument

2) Māḍa (माड):—(ḍaḥ) 1. m. Weight.

3) Māda (माद):—(daḥ) 1. m. Intoxication; pride.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mada (मद) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Mae, Maya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mada in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Mada (मद) [Also spelled mad]:—(nm) intoxication; passion; arrogance, pride; a fluid substance which oozes out from the temple of a passionate male elephant; (nf) item; head; category; ~[kara/prada] intoxicating; provoking; [bhaṃga karanā] to knock out pride/arrogance; -[bhaṃga honā] passion to be shed out; to be deflated; —[bharā] intoxicated; intoxicative; arrogant; full of passion; ~[matta] passionate; intoxicated; full of passion; in a fit of passion; —[cūra karanā/jhāḍanā] to deflate a swollen head, to knock out one’s arrogance, to fix in one’s proper place.

2) Mādā (मादा):—(a) female; of female sex (used only with animals as- [cītā]).

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Maḍa (मड) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Mṛta.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Maḍa (ಮಡ):—

1) [noun] the back part of the human foot; the heel.

2) [noun] the structure of a chariot.

3) [noun] the fleshy part on the back of the shank.

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Maḍa (ಮಡ):—

1) [noun] a dam constructed across a river for storing and diverting water for irrigational purpose.

2) [noun] a small opening made on the side of a channel through which water is drawn to a field.

3) [noun] an agricultural land given as a gift to a temple.

4) [noun] a food offered to a deity.

5) [noun] the leavings in a dining plate, in which someone has taken the food.

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Maḍa (ಮಡ):—

1) [noun] a religious institution usu. headed by a monk.

2) [noun] a place or institution for taching and learning; a school.

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Mada (ಮದ):—

1) [noun] the state in which the nervous system is affected by an intoxicant, as alcohol; intoxication.

2) [noun] excitement beyond self-control; a feeling of wild excitement; frenzy.

3) [noun] a strong sexual desire.

4) [noun] the state of being carried away with joy, love, etc.; ecstasy.

5) [noun] the feeling, attitude or expression of disdaining; overbearing, haughty behaviour.

6) [noun] the state of being young, characterised by immature, impetuous, lively and vigorous qualities.

7) [noun] something that intoxicates as an alcoholic liquor; an intoxicant.

8) [noun] a sweet, viscid fluid produced by bees from the nectar collected from flowers, and stored in nests or hives as food; honey.

9) [noun] a liquid exuded from the temples of a sexually excited elephant.

10) [noun] a honey-bee.

11) [noun] cotton got from the plants Gossypium arboreum and other akin plants.

12) [noun] a wave formed on the surface of a water body, caused by friction of wind or internal disturbance.

13) [noun] the viscid, whitish fluid secreted by the male reproductive organs, containing spermatozoa; the semen.

14) [noun] a substance with a strong, penetrating odour, obtained from a small sac (musk bag) under the skin of the abdomen in the male musk-deer; musk.

15) [noun] the quality of being beautiful, attractive; beauty.

16) [noun] the tree Avicennia officinalis ( = A. tomentosa) of Verbenaceae family.

17) [noun] (rhet.) the state of being carried away by joy, as one of the minor sentiments.

18) [noun] (math.) a symbol for the number eight.

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Māḍa (ಮಾಡ):—

1) [noun] a multi-storeyed building.

2) [noun] a house.

3) [noun] any of the storeys above the ground floor; upstairs.

4) [noun] the end of the slanting rMof of a house.

5) [noun] the roof of a house in gen.

6) [noun] the frame of the door at the entrance of a building, to which door panels are attached.

7) [noun] a little house of the plainest or crudest kind with a thatched roof.

8) [noun] a portable structure for carrying a corpse in sitting position.

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Māḍa (ಮಾಡ):—

1) [noun] a recess or hollow in a wall, for keeping small things; a niche.

2) [noun] a hole; a cavity.

3) [noun] one opening more or less horizontally into a hill, mountain, etc.; a cave.

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Māda (ಮಾದ):—[noun] = ಮಾದಿಗ [madiga].

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Māda (ಮಾದ):—[noun] a kind of tree.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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