Mada, aka: Māḍa, Māda; 17 Definition(s)


Mada means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Mada (मद) refers to “mental instability”, and is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The literal translation of Mada could be “pride”, “arrogance” or “the intoxication of pride”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Mada (मद, “intoxication”).—One of the thirty-three vyabhicāribhāva (transitory states), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

2) Mada (मद, “intoxication”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Mada (मद, “intoxication”) is caused by drinking of liquor and similar other things. It is of three kinds (viz. light, medium and excessive), and has five Determinants. While intoxicated some sing, some laugh and some use harsh words while others sleep. Among these, persons of the superior type sleep, those of the middling type laugh and sing, and those of the inferior type cry or use harsh words.

Source: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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1) Mada (मद).—An Asura. This demon came out of the sacrificial fire of Cyavana to kill Indra. (See under Cyavana).

2) Mada (मद).—One of the Mānasaputras (spiritual sons) of Brahmā. Matsya Purāṇa states that Mada was born of the Pride of Brahmā.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Mada (मद).—Followed Satī going to Dakṣa's sacrifice.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 4. 4.

1b) A son of Kali and Surā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 59. 9; Vāyu-purāṇa 84. 9.

1c) Born out of the ahaṅkāra of Brahmā.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 3. 11.

1d) An Ābhūtaraya god.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 48.

1e) A lake of Kailāsa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 3.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Mada (मद) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Mada corresponds to Puṇya. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Mada (“infatuation”) is of 3 kinds:

  1. youth-infatuation,
  2. health-infatuation,
  3. life-infatuation" (D.33).

"Infatuated by youth-infatuation, by health-infatuation and by life-infatuation, the ignorant worldling pursues an evil course in bodily actions, speech and thought, and thereby, at the dissolution of the body, after death, passes to a lower world, to a woeful course of existence, to a state of suffering and hell" (A. III, 39).

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Mada (मद, “intoxication”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mada). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Mada also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Mada (“vanity”) in Buddhism refers to one of the sixteen upakilesa (subtle defilements).

Source: Google Books: The Fruits of True Monkhood

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Mada (मद).—The eight madas or “forms of vainglory” forms part of the twenty-five dṛg-doṣas (blemishes), according to Samantabhadra in his Ratna-Karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra (with commentary of Prabhācandra).

They are as follows:

  1. jñāna-mada (pride in one’s knowledge),
  2. pūjā-mada (pride in one’s worship),
  3. kula-mada (pride of family),
  4. jāti-mada (pride of caste),
  5. bala-mada (pride in one’s strength),
  6. ṛddhi-mada (pride in one’s wealth),
  7. tapas-mada (pride in one’s ascetic practices),
  8. vapus-mada (pride in one’s beauty).
Source: Jaina Yoga
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Mada (or, Māḍa) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to local Gujarat tradition. The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Mada), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Mada) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (eg., Mada) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places, and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

Source: Wisdom Library: India History
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

mada : (m.) pride; intoxication; conceit; sexual excess.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Mada, (Vedic mada, mad (see majjati), Idg. *mad, as in Av. mata intoxication, drink, mad, to get intoxicated orig. meaning “drip, be full of liquid or fat”; cp. Gr. madάw dissolve, mastόs breast (mazόs›Amazone), Lat. madeo to be wet, Ohg. mast fattening, Sk. meda grease, fat, Gr. mέzea; mestόs full; Goth. mats eatables, Ags. mōs, Ohg. muos=gemüse, etc. Perhaps connected with *med in Lat. medeor to heal. For further relations see Walde, Lat. Wtb. s. v. madeo.—The Dhtp (412) & Dhtm (642) explain mad by “ummāde” Dhtm 210 also by “muda, mada=santose”) 1. intoxication, sensual excess, in formula davāya madāya maṇḍanāya (for purposes of sport, excess, personal charm etc.) M. I, 355=A. II, 40= Nd1 496=Nd2 540=Pug. 21=Dhs. 1346, 1348. The commentator’s explns bearing directly or indirectly on this passage distinguish several kinds of mada, viz. māna-mada & purisa-mada (at DhsA. 403; Vism. 293), or muṭṭhika-mall’ādayo viya madatthaṃ bala-mada-nimittaṃ porisa-mada-nimittañ cā ti vuttaṃ (at Vism. 31). Sn. 218 (mada-pamāda on which passage SnA 273 comments on mada with jāti-mad’ādi-bhedā madā).—2. (as mental state or habit) pride, conceit Miln. 289 (māna, m. , pamāda); Vbh. 345 (where 27 such states are given, beginning with jāti°, gotta°, ārogya°, yobbana°, jīvita-mada), 350 (where mada is paraphrased by majjanā majjitattaṃ māno ... uṇṇati ... dhajo sampaggāho ketukamyatā cittassa: same formula, as concluding exegesis of māna at Nd2 505 & Dhs. 1116); sometimes more def. characterised with phrase mada-matta elated with the pride or intoxication of ... (-°). e.g. A. I, 147 (yobbana°, ārogya°, jīvita°); PvA. 86 (māna°), 280 (bhoga°).—The traditional exegesis distinguishes only 3 mada’s, viz. ārogya- mada the pride of health, yobbana° of youth, jīvita° of life: D. III, 220; A. I, 146.

—nimmadana “disintoxication from intoxication, ” freedom from pride or conceit A. II, 34; Bu I. 81; Vism. 293. (Page 518)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

maḍa (मड).—n (maḍēṃ Corpse.) A term for a hateful or troublesome fellow; a pest, plague, torment, annoyance, nuisance.

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mada (मद).—m (S) Inebriety or intoxication, lit. fig. from wine or spirits, from wealth, learning, family, fame. Ex. abhijātyādimada, dhanamada, vidyāmada, svarūpamada, tāruṇyamada. 2 Concupiscence, passion, lusting. 3 The running from an elephant's temples when in rut. 4 The nectar of flowers or juice of fruits. 5 Pride, arrogance, haughtiness. 6 Madness. 7 Spirituous or vinous liquor. 8 Wild tricks, frolics, or sportings (as of lively youth). Ex. dētī baḷēṃ cāvuni dāma dāntēṃ || sōsūṃ kitī hyā pramadāmadātēṃ ||.

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māḍa (माड).—m A Cocoanut-tree, Cocos nucifera. āḍō māḍō samudrāsārakhā vāḍhō (An ejaculation of mothers upon bathing a child.) May his branch be lofty as the Cocoanut and extend far and wide as the Ocean!

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māḍā (माडा).—m A young tree, a plantlet or sapling.

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māḍā (माडा).—a Dressed and left unsown at the sowing season of the Kharif-corn, to gather strength for the corn or grain of the Rabbi-harvest;--used of land: also corn or grain raised upon land so dressed and left. See khāṭā.

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mādā (मादा).—f (Commonly mādī) The female: opp. to nara The male.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mada (मद).—m Intoxication. Passion. Pride. Madness. Spirituous liquor.

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māḍa (माड).—m A cocoanut-tree.

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māḍā (माडा).—m A young tree, a plantlet.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mada (मद).—[mad-ac]

1) Intoxication, drunkenness, inebriety; मदेनास्पृश्ये (madenāspṛśye) Dk.; मदविकाराणां दर्शकः (madavikārāṇāṃ darśakaḥ) K.45; see comps. below.

2) Madness, insanity.

3) Ardent passion, wanton or lustful passion, lasciviousness, lust; इति मदमदनाभ्यां रागिणः स्पष्टरागान् (iti madamadanābhyāṃ rāgiṇaḥ spaṣṭarāgān) Śi.1.91.

4) Rut, ichor, or the juice that exudes from the temples of an elephant in rut; मदेन भाति कलभः प्रतापेन महीपतिः (madena bhāti kalabhaḥ pratāpena mahīpatiḥ) Chandr.5.45; so मदकलः, मदोन्मत्त (madakalaḥ, madonmatta); Me.2; R.2.7;12.12.

5) Love, desire, ardour.

6) Pride, arrogance, conceit; तं मोहाच्छ्रयते मदः स च मदाद्दास्येन निर्विद्यते (taṃ mohācchrayate madaḥ sa ca madāddāsyena nirvidyate) Pt.1.24.

7) Rapture, excessive delight.

8) Spirituous liquor; पाययित्वा मदं सम्यक् (pāyayitvā madaṃ samyak) Śukra. 4.1171.

9) Honey.

1) Musk.

11) Semen virile.

12) Soma.

13) Any beautiful object.

14) A river (nada)

15) Beauty; नीलारविन्दमदभङ्गिमदैः कटाक्षैः (nīlāravindamadabhaṅgimadaiḥ kaṭākṣaiḥ) Bv.3.4.

16) Name of the 7th astrological mansion.

-dī 1 A drinking-cup.

2) Any agricultural implement (such as a plough &c.).

Derivable forms: madaḥ (मदः).

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Māḍa (माड).—

1) A species of tree.

2) Weight, measure.

Derivable forms: māḍaḥ (माडः).

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Māda (माद).—[mad-ghañ]

1) Intoxication, drunkenness.

2) Joy, delight.

3) Pride, arrogance.

4) War.

Derivable forms: mādaḥ (मादः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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