Jvala, aka: Jvālā, Jvāla; 8 Definition(s)


Jvala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

The flame (jvālā)—held in the upper left hand of Śiva (as Naṭarāja)—represents the flame of destruction and transformation. An object when consumed by the fire is destroyed in one sense but transformed into energy and thus continues in another more subtle form. In the same way our physical bodies and the universe are destroyed but the Self (Ātman) continues to exist in a subtle form as does the universe. Nothing is destroyed absolutely — it only undergoes changes and change is the only thing constant in our world.

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Trinity
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Jvālā (ज्वाला).—A daughter of Takṣaka. The King Ṛkṣa married her. Matināra was the son born to the couple. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 95. Stanza 25).

2) Jvālā (ज्वाला).—The wife of Nīladhvaja. There is a story about this Jvālā in the "Jaimini Aśvamedha Parva", Chapter 15, as follows:

2) The Pāṇḍavas began the sacrifice of Aśvamedha. Arjuna led the sacrificial horse. He continued his victorious march defeating all Kings and reached the city of Nīladhvaja. Nīladhvaja was not prepared for a fight. Seeing this his wife Jvālā tried various ways to push her husband to war. Seeing them to be futile she approached her brother Unmūka and asked him to fight with Arjuna. He also was not prepared to fight with Arjuna. Jvālā became very angry and walked to the bank of the Ganges. When the Ganges-water touched her feet she stopped and said, "Dear me ! I am become sinful by the touch of Ganges-water." The amazed Gaṅgā took the form of Sumaṅgalādevī and stood before Jvālā and aked her the reason for saying so. Jvālā said "Gaṅgādevī submerged her seven sons and killed them. After that she took the eighth son from Śantanu. That son too was killed by Arjuna in the Bhārata-battle. Thus Gaṅgā is childless and sinful." Hearing this Gaṅgā Devī cursed Arjuna "Let his head be cut off in six months' time." Jvālā was satisfied. (For the result of the curse see under Arjuna, Para 28).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Jvālā (ज्वाला).—(Aṅgāraka) a class of piśācas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 377.

1b) After the conquest of the three worlds by Viṣṇu, the Devas, including Brahmā praised him; Brahmā was the creator while Viṣṇu was the creator and destroyer of worlds; during their discussion there was a jvālā in the north which spread over all the worlds out of which came Linga which went on growing. To see its beginning and end both agreed to go above and below respectively; they went on for 1000 years; it was beyond reckoning; hence both praised Śiva for light; Śiva said that Brahmā was the right hand and Viṣṇu his left hand and disappeared.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 55. 17-61.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Jvālā (ज्वाला) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Jvālānṛsiṃha or Jvālānarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

jvālā (ज्वाला).—f (S) pop. jvāḷā or jvāḷa f Flame, blaze, fire burning.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jvālā (ज्वाला).—f jvāḷā or jvāḷa f Flame, blaze, fire, burning.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jvala (ज्वल).—a. [jval-ac]

1) Flaming, blazing.

2) Bright, brilliant.

-laḥ Flame, blaze, light; लिम्पैरिव तनोर्वातैश्चेतयः स्याज्ज्वालो न कः (limpairiva tanorvātaiścetayaḥ syājjvālo na kaḥ) Bk.6.79.

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Jvāla (ज्वाल).—a. [jval-ṇa] Burning, blazing.

-laḥ 1 A flame, light; स ज्वालैः पवनोद्भूतैर्विस्फुलिङ्गैः समन्ततः (sa jvālaiḥ pavanodbhūtairvisphuliṅgaiḥ samantataḥ) Rām 15.149.1; दवदहनजटालज्वालजालाहतानाम् (davadahanajaṭālajvālajālāhatānām) Bv.1.36.

2) A torch.

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Jvālā (ज्वाला).—

1) A blaze, flame, illumination; R.15.16; Bh.1.95.

2) Burnt rice.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jvala (ज्वल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Blazing, shining. m.

(-laḥ) Flame, blaze, light. E. jval to blaze, affix ac; also jvāla.

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Jvāla (ज्वाल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) Burning, blazing. mf. (laḥ-lā) Flame, blaze. f.

(-lā) Burnt rice. E. jval to blaze, affix aṇ, fem. affix ṭāp or ṅīp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Jvālāvaktra (ज्वालावक्त्र).—an epithet of Śiva.Derivable forms: jvālāvaktraḥ (ज्वालावक्त्रः).Jv...

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