Jvala, Jvālā, Jvāla: 27 definitions


Jvala means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Jwala.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Trinity

The flame (jvālā)—held in the upper left hand of Śiva (as Naṭarāja)—represents the flame of destruction and transformation. An object when consumed by the fire is destroyed in one sense but transformed into energy and thus continues in another more subtle form. In the same way our physical bodies and the universe are destroyed but the Self (Ātman) continues to exist in a subtle form as does the universe. Nothing is destroyed absolutely — it only undergoes changes and change is the only thing constant in our world.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Jvālā (ज्वाला).—A daughter of Takṣaka. The King Ṛkṣa married her. Matināra was the son born to the couple. (Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 95. Stanza 25).

2) Jvālā (ज्वाला).—The wife of Nīladhvaja. There is a story about this Jvālā in the "Jaimini Aśvamedha Parva", Chapter 15, as follows:

2) The Pāṇḍavas began the sacrifice of Aśvamedha. Arjuna led the sacrificial horse. He continued his victorious march defeating all Kings and reached the city of Nīladhvaja. Nīladhvaja was not prepared for a fight. Seeing this his wife Jvālā tried various ways to push her husband to war. Seeing them to be futile she approached her brother Unmūka and asked him to fight with Arjuna. He also was not prepared to fight with Arjuna. Jvālā became very angry and walked to the bank of the Ganges. When the Ganges-water touched her feet she stopped and said, "Dear me ! I am become sinful by the touch of Ganges-water." The amazed Gaṅgā took the form of Sumaṅgalādevī and stood before Jvālā and aked her the reason for saying so. Jvālā said "Gaṅgādevī submerged her seven sons and killed them. After that she took the eighth son from Śantanu. That son too was killed by Arjuna in the Bhārata-battle. Thus Gaṅgā is childless and sinful." Hearing this Gaṅgā Devī cursed Arjuna "Let his head be cut off in six months' time." Jvālā was satisfied. (For the result of the curse see under Arjuna, Para 28).

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jvāla (ज्वाल) refers to “fiery flames”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.19 (“Jalandhara’s emissary to Śiva”).—Accordingly, after Rāhu spoke to Śiva: “When Rāhu spoke thus, a terrific being resonant like the thunder came out from the space between the eyebrows of the trident-bearing deity. He had a leonine mouth with a moving tongue; his eyes shed fiery flames (jvāla-nayana); his hair stood at its end; his body was dry and rough. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Jvālā (ज्वाला).—(Aṅgāraka) a class of piśācas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 377.

1b) After the conquest of the three worlds by Viṣṇu, the Devas, including Brahmā praised him; Brahmā was the creator while Viṣṇu was the creator and destroyer of worlds; during their discussion there was a jvālā in the north which spread over all the worlds out of which came Linga which went on growing. To see its beginning and end both agreed to go above and below respectively; they went on for 1000 years; it was beyond reckoning; hence both praised Śiva for light; Śiva said that Brahmā was the right hand and Viṣṇu his left hand and disappeared.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 55. 17-61.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra

Jvālā (ज्वाला) refers to an aspect of nṛsiṃha (‘man-lion’), according to the Vihagendra-saṃhitā 4.17, which mentions seventy-four forms (inlcuding twenty forms of vyūha). He is also known as Jvālānṛsiṃha or Jvālānarasiṃha. Nṛsiṃha is a Tantric deity and refers to the furious (ugra) incarnation of Viṣṇu.

The 15th-century Vihagendra-saṃhīta is a canonical text of the Pāñcarātra corpus and, in twenty-four chapters, deals primarely with meditation on mantras and sacrificial oblations.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Jvālā (ज्वाला):—Flame

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Jvāla (ज्वाल) refers to the “flames (of fire)”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “The venerable sacred seat of Jālandhara is in the locus of the cavity (of the mouth). It is adorned with flames of Fire and shines brilliantly [i.e., vahni-jvāla-upaśobhita] and burns with the Doomsday Fire in the form of a (radiant) spark (of light). [...]”.

2) Jvāla (ज्वाल) refers to one of the eight Heroes (vīra-aṣṭaka) associated with Jālandhara (which is in the southern quarter), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight heroes: Ananta, Jvāla, Jṛmbhaṇa, Stambhana, Mohana, Stambhakārī, Saṃkarṣaṇa, Vighnāntaka.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Jvāla (ज्वाल) refers to the “flame (of the lamp)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[The eighteen āveṇika-dharmas (‘special attributes’)]— [...] (10). The Buddha has no loss of wisdom.—He has no loss of wisdom.—As the Buddha has obtained all these wisdoms, he has no loss of wisdom; as his wisdom of the three times is unobstructed, he has no loss of wisdom. Moreover, he is endowed with the ten powers (bala), the four fearlessnesses (vaiśāradya) and the four unhindered wisdoms (pratisaṃvid): this is why he has no loss of wisdom. If the oil (taila) is plentiful and the wick (vartikā) is clean, the flame of the lamp (dīpa-jvāla) is excellent. It is the same for the Buddha who has concentrations such as the Samādhirājasamādhi as oil and, as clean wick, the absence of loss of mindfulness. This is why the radiance of his wisdom is immense and uneclipsed. [...]”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Jvālā (ज्वाला) refers to a “blazing (mass of fire)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the Bhagavān gives instructions for protection of crops]: “[...] They will be well protected. There will be a sealing of the boundaries for all Nāgas: the slopes of the great fire-mountain will completely cover the four directions and the great fire blaze mass (jvālā-paṭala) cloud that is the expanded [wings] of the Garuḍa speed bird, called a great mass, will cover the sky. It is there for the protection of all flowers and fruits. All Nāgas and so on will be burnt by that. All harmful Nāgas will be destroyed”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Jvālā (ज्वाला) refers to a “fire”, according to the Bhūśalyasūtrapātananimittavidhi section of Jagaddarpaṇa’s Ācāryakriyāsamuccaya, a text within Tantric Buddhism dealing with construction manual for monasteries etc.—Accordingly, “[...] If a parasol, lotus, banner, muraja drum, flagpole, ornament, a woman of the court, fish, milk, the best curd, wine, blazing fire (dahana-jvālā), and fruits [are seen], then there are victory, extraordinary increase of grain, property, [the number of] sons, and other [merits], and the completion of duties. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: archive.org: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Jvālā (ज्वाला) refers to a “flame”, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 278, l. 8]—‘Aṅgāra’ (Gujarati Aṅgāro) means a charcoal, ‘Murmura’ chaff-fire, and ‘Jvālā’ (Gujarati ‘Jhāḻa’) flame. ‘Murmura’ occurs m Vol. II, p. 185, l. 28 and ‘Mummura’ its Pāiya (Prakrit) equivalent in Sūyagaḍa (V, i, 10).

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General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Jvālā (ज्वाला) is the mother of Padma: one of the Cakrins (Cakravartins), according to chapter 1.6 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly: “[...] In Bharata there will be twenty-three other Arhats and eleven other Cakrins. [...] The Cakrins will belong to the gotra of Kaśyapa, gold-color, and eight of them will go to mokṣa. [...] Padma, the son of Jvālā and Padmottara, in Vārāṇasī, will live for thirty thousand years, twenty bows tall. In Kāmpīlya, Hariṣeṇa will be son of Merā and Mahāhari, living for ten thousand years, fifteen bows tall. These two will live while Muni and Nami are wandering (as Tīrthaṅkaras)”.

2) Jvālā (ज्वाला) is the wife of king Padmottara from Hāstinapura, according to chapter 6.8 [śrī-mahāpadma-cakrin-caritra].—Accordingly:—“Now in Bharatakṣetra of Jambūdvīpa there is a city Hāstinapura which resembles a city of the gods. Its king was named Padmottara, who belonged to the Ikṣvāku-family, like a lotus in the great lake Padma, the abode of Padmā. His chief-queen was named Jvālā who had shining virtues, the ornament of the harem, surpassing goddesses in beauty. Her first son, indicated by a dream of a lion, was born like a young god in beauty, named Viṣṇukumāra”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Jvālā (ज्वाला) refers to “flames (of fire)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Here in the cycle of rebirth consisting of endless misfortune, sentient beings roam about repeatedly, struck down by spear, axe, vice, fire, corrosive liquid or razor in hell, consumed by the multitude of flames from the fire of violent actions [com.śramaduḥkha-agni-jvālā-samūhabhasmīkṛta—‘those who are consumed by the multitude of flames from the fire of suffering from exertion’] in the plant and animal world, and subject to unequalled trouble in the human condition [or] full of desire among the gods. [Thus ends the reflection on] the cycle of rebirth”.

Synonyms: Śikhā.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jvālā (ज्वाला).—f (S) pop. jvāḷā or jvāḷa f Flame, blaze, fire burning.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jvālā (ज्वाला).—f jvāḷā or jvāḷa f Flame, blaze, fire, burning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jvala (ज्वल).—a. [jval-ac]

1) Flaming, blazing.

2) Bright, brilliant.

-laḥ Flame, blaze, light; लिम्पैरिव तनोर्वातैश्चेतयः स्याज्ज्वालो न कः (limpairiva tanorvātaiścetayaḥ syājjvālo na kaḥ) Bhaṭṭikāvya 6.79.

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Jvāla (ज्वाल).—a. [jval-ṇa] Burning, blazing.

-laḥ 1 A flame, light; स ज्वालैः पवनोद्भूतैर्विस्फुलिङ्गैः समन्ततः (sa jvālaiḥ pavanodbhūtairvisphuliṅgaiḥ samantataḥ) Rām 15.149.1; दवदहनजटालज्वालजालाहतानाम् (davadahanajaṭālajvālajālāhatānām) Bv.1.36.

2) A torch.

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Jvālā (ज्वाला).—

1) A blaze, flame, illumination; R.15.16; Bhartṛhari 1.95.

2) Burnt rice.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvala (ज्वल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Blazing, shining. m.

(-laḥ) Flame, blaze, light. E. jval to blaze, affix ac; also jvāla.

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Jvāla (ज्वाल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) Burning, blazing. mf. (laḥ-lā) Flame, blaze. f.

(-lā) Burnt rice. E. jval to blaze, affix aṇ, fem. affix ṭāp or ṅīp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvala (ज्वल).—[jval + a], adj. f. , Flaming, [Hiḍimbavadha] 2, 7.

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Jvāla (ज्वाल).—i. e. jval + a, m. and f. , Flame, Mahābhārata 3, 14132; [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 15, 16.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jvala (ज्वल).—[masculine] flame.

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Jvāla (ज्वाल).—[masculine] light, flame (also jvālā [feminine]); torch, hot infusion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jvala (ज्वल):—[from jval] m. ([Pāṇini 3-1, 140]) flame, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) Jvāla (ज्वाल):—[from jval] mfn. ([Pāṇini 3-1, 140]) burning, blazing, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] m. light, torch, [Kauśika-sūtra]

4) [v.s. ...] flame, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

5) Jvālā (ज्वाला):—[from jvāla > jval] a f. idem, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] illumination, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra iv, Paddh.]

7) [v.s. ...] causing a flame to blaze, [Nyāyamālā-vistara x, 1, 22]

8) [v.s. ...] burnt rice, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] = jvalanā q.v.

10) Jvāla (ज्वाल):—[from jval] m. (also) a hot infusion, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā]

11) Jvālā (ज्वाला):—[from jval] b f. of la q.v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jvala (ज्वल):—(laḥ) 1. m. Flame. a. Shining.

2) Jvāla (ज्वाल):—[(laḥ-lī-laṃ) a.] Burning. (laḥ-lā) 1. m. f. Flame. f. Burnt rice.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jvala (ज्वल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Jala, Jāla, Jālā, Jālāva, Bala.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jvala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Jvālā (ज्वाला) [Also spelled jwala]:—(nf) flame, blaze.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jvala (ಜ್ವಲ):—

1) [adjective] shining brightly; full of splendour; dazzling; splendid.

2) [adjective] burning (with flames).

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Jvala (ಜ್ವಲ):—

1) [noun] the condition of being resplendent; brightness; splendour.

2) [noun] the form of energy emitted by a luminous body, which helps human or animals see objects; light.

3) [noun] the state of burning with flames.

4) [noun] the flamy tongue of a burning object; a flame.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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