Ganadhara, Gaṇadhara, Gana-dhara: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ganadhara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (G) next»] — Ganadhara in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Jaina Iconography

Gaṇadhara (गणधर) refers the “attendants of a Tīrthaṃkaras” commonly found in Jaina iconography.—Another feature of the Jina icon is the presence of Gaṇadharas just to the right and left of the main figure. Jaina texts (specially of iconography) mention them as attendants of a Tīrthaṃkara. Such figures are represented as holding some Chowris, one of them might be shown with its hands elapsed in adoration.Though Yakṣa figures arc absent from the early Jina images of Mathura, Gaṇadhara figures are prominent by their presence in many of these images.

Source: HereNow4u: Lord Śrī Mahāvīra

Gaṇadhara (गणधर) refers to a “group-leader”, a primary disciple of a Tīrthaṅkara.—Śramaṇa Lord Mahāvīra’s congregation had 11 gaṇadharas. All these were Brahmin householders from different places. On the invitation of Madhyamapāvā’s Somila all these people had come with their respective disciples to attend the sacrificial ritual. Upon attaining pure knowledge Lord Mahāvīra arrived at Pāvāpurī. All these Brahmins attended the Lord’s samavaśaraṇa along with their disciples there and impressed by his knowledge, took initiation along with their respective disciples on the 11th day of the bright fortnight of Vaiśākha month. Attaining the knowledge of the tripadīs they wrote the fourteen pūrvas and became gaṇadharas.

The gaṇadharas of Mahāvīra were:

  1. Indrabhūti
  2. Agnibhūti
  3. Vāyubhūti
  4. Ārya Vyakta
  5. Sudharmā
  6. Maṇḍita
  7. Mauryaputra
  8. Akampita
  9. Acalabhrātā
  10. Metārya
  11. Prabhāsa

All these gaṇadharas were Brahmins by caste and Vedic scholars. After taking initiation, they all studied the 11 Aṅgas. Hence, all of them had the knowledge of the 14 pūrvas and possessed special attainments (labdhis).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Gaṇadhara.—(HA), chief disciple of a Jina. Note: gaṇadhara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Ganadhara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gaṇadhara (गणधर).—

1) the head of a class or number.

2) the teacher of a school.

Derivable forms: gaṇadharaḥ (गणधरः).

Gaṇadhara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gaṇa and dhara (धर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇadhara (गणधर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. The head of a class or number, the teacher of a school. 2. A title of the first diciples of the Jaina Mahavira. E. gaṇa a class, and dhara who holds.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gaṇadhara (गणधर):—[=gaṇa-dhara] [from gaṇa > gaṇ] m. the head of an assemblage of Ṛṣis under the Arhat Mahā-vīra, [Jaina literature]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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