Candravamsha, aka: Candravaṃśa, Candra-vamsha, Candravaṃśā; 6 Definition(s)
Candravamsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Candravaṃśa and Candravaṃśā can be transliterated into English as Candravamsa or Candravamsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Alternative spellings of this word include Chandravamsha.
Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)
Candravaṃśā (चन्द्रवंशा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Candravaṃśā) in 20 verses.Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश).—A royal dynasty the kings of which ruled India for a long time. Since the founding father of the dynasty was Candra all the kings in the dynasty came to be called Candravaṃśarāja. (For Candra’s birth see Purūravas). Descended from Candra thus, Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa. Nahuṣa had two sons, Āyati and Yayāti. Yayāti had three sons: Druhyu, Anudruhyu and Pūru by his wife Śarmiṣṭhā, and two sons, Yadu and Turvasu by his wife Devayānī.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश).—A Kinnara with human face.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 36.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Chandravansha (छन्द्रवन्स्ह) is one of the types of Kshatriyas. Krishna was born in Chandravansh. Several Kshatriya communities/clans claim descent from Chandra. One of Brahma's son was Ādī, whose son was Chandra (Soma), from whom started Chandravansh. Thakur Deshraj writes that those who follow the Lunar calendar for time calculation are Chandravanshi kshatriyas.
Jat clans from Chandravansh: Atri, Aulakh , Badgujar, Ball, Bhoja, Bochalya, Budhwar, Chandar, Chandawat, Chandel, Chhina, Dahiya, Daral, Gorya, Jakhar, Janjua, Mahla, Malla, Narwar, Nauhwar, Pandav, Parihar, Poras, Punaria Purwar, Rathi, Rathor, Salkalan, Siag, Sinsinwar, Sogaria, Sohal, Solanki, Tokas, Virdi.
Chandravansha is also spelled as Chandravanshi (चंद्रवंशी)Source: JatLand: South Asia
Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश):—According to myth, one of the two great dynasties of ancient India, the counterpart to the Sūryavaṃśa or ‘Solar Dynasty’. Traditionally founded by the moon (King Soma), it was divided into Yādava and Paurava branches, derived from Yayāti's two sons, Yadu and Puru. In the Mahābhārata, the Ādiparvan of which recounts the Lunar Dynasty's early history, Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma belong to the former branch, the warring Pāṇḍava and Kaurava cousins to the latter.Source: Oxford Reference: A Dictionary of Hinduism
Languages of India and abroad
Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश).—the lunar race of kings, the second great line of royal dynasties in India.
Derivable forms: candravaṃśaḥ (चन्द्रवंशः).
Candravaṃśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and vaṃśa (वंश).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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