Candravamsha, Candravaṃśa, Candra-vamsha, Candravaṃśā: 9 definitions

Introduction

Candravamsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Candravaṃśa and Candravaṃśā can be transliterated into English as Candravamsa or Candravamsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chandravamsha.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candravamsha in Chandas glossary
Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Candravaṃśā (चन्द्रवंशा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Candravaṃśā) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candravamsha in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश).—A royal dynasty the kings of which ruled India for a long time. Since the founding father of the dynasty was Candra all the kings in the dynasty came to be called Candravaṃśarāja. (For Candra’s birth see Purūravas). Descended from Candra thus, Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa. Nahuṣa had two sons, Āyati and Yayāti. Yayāti had three sons: Druhyu, Anudruhyu and Pūru by his wife Śarmiṣṭhā, and two sons, Yadu and Turvasu by his wife Devayānī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश).—A Kinnara with human face.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 36.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (C) next»] — Candravamsha in Hinduism glossary
Source: JatLand: South Asia

Chandravansha (छन्द्रवन्स्ह) is one of the types of Kshatriyas. Krishna was born in Chandravansh. Several Kshatriya communities/clans claim descent from Chandra. One of Brahma's son was Ādī, whose son was Chandra (Soma), from whom started Chandravansh. Thakur Deshraj writes that those who follow the Lunar calendar for time calculation are Chandravanshi kshatriyas.

Jat clans from Chandravansh: Atri, Aulakh , Badgujar, Ball, Bhoja, Bochalya, Budhwar, Chandar, Chandawat, Chandel, Chhina, Dahiya, Daral, Gorya, Jakhar, Janjua, Mahla, Malla, Narwar, Nauhwar, Pandav, Parihar, Poras, Punaria Purwar, Rathi, Rathor, Salkalan, Siag, Sinsinwar, Sogaria, Sohal, Solanki, Tokas, Virdi.

Chandravansha is also spelled as Chandravanshi (चंद्रवंशी)

Source: Oxford Reference: A Dictionary of Hinduism

Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश):—According to myth, one of the two great dynasties of ancient India, the counterpart to the Sūryavaṃśa or ‘Solar Dynasty’. Traditionally founded by the moon (King Soma), it was divided into Yādava and Paurava branches, derived from Yayāti's two sons, Yadu and Puru. In the Mahābhārata, the Ādiparvan of which recounts the Lunar Dynasty's early history, Kṛṣṇa and Balarāma belong to the former branch, the warring Pāṇḍava and Kaurava cousins to the latter.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Candravamsha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश).—the lunar race of kings, the second great line of royal dynasties in India.

Derivable forms: candravaṃśaḥ (चन्द्रवंशः).

Candravaṃśa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms candra and vaṃśa (वंश).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश).—m.

(-śaḥ) The race of the moon. the second great branch of the Kshetriya or royal dynasties, derived from the moon, through Bud'Ha his son, and Pururavas his son. E. candra and vaṃśa race.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Candravaṃśa (चन्द्रवंश):—[=candra-vaṃśa] [from candra > cand] m. the lunar race of kings (2nd great line of royal dynasties, the progenitor of which was Soma the Moon, child of the Ṛṣi Atri and father of Budha [Mercury cf. candra-ja]; the latter married Iḻā, daughter of the solar king Ikṣvāku, and had by her a son, Aila or Purūravas; this last had a son by Urvaśī, named Āyus, from whom came Nahuṣa, father of Yayāti; the latter had two sons, Puru and Yadu, from whom proceeded the two branches of the lunar line; in that of Yadu was born Kṛṣṇa and Bala-rāma; in that of Puru came Duṣyanta, hero of the Śakuntalā and father of the great Bharata; 9th from Bharata came Kuru, and 14th from him Śāntanu, who had a son Vicitra-vīrya and a step-son Vyāsa; the latter married the two widows of his half-brother, and had by them Dhṛtarāṣṭra and Pāṇḍu, the wars of whose sons form the subject of the [Mahābhārata]) (cf. sūrya-v.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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