Balabhadra, Bala-bhadra: 19 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Balabhadra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Balabhadra in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Balabhadra (बलभद्र).—(Balabhadrarāma, Balarāma, Baladeva). The elder brother of Śrī Kṛṣṇa and the eighth incarnation of Mahāviṣṇu.* Birth. When the number of wicked kings increased Bhūmīdevī (goddess of Earth) turned herself into a cow and took refuge in Mahāviṣṇu. Mahāviṣṇu then promised to be born as the sons of Vasudeva named Balabhadrarāma and Śrī Kṛṣṇa and destroy the wicked. Vasudeva was the son of the Yādava, Śūrasena, King of Madhurā. To Devaka the brother of another Yādava King, Ugrasena, was born a daughter Devakī. The marriage of Devakī with Vasudeva was celebrated but on the same day an Aśarīriṇī (a heavenly voice from above) said that the eighth child of Devakī would kill Kaṃsa. Instantly Kaṃsa put both Vasudeva and Devakī in jail. The first six sons born to Devakī were killed the moment they were born by striking them against the ground. Devakī became pregnant for the seventh time. The babe in the womb was Ananta incarnate by Viṣṇu’s directive to be of help to him when he would also be born soon as Kṛṣṇa. Therefore it was necessary to save the child from the cruel hands of Kaṃsa as it was certain he would kill the babe the same way he had killed all the others before. So he ordered Māyādevī to take the child from the womb of Devakī and place it in that of Rohiṇī, another wife of Vasudeva. Māyādevī did so and the boy got the name Saṃgharṣaṇa, also because of this. The news spread that Devakī aborted. Rohiṇī delivered a boy and was named Saṃgharṣaṇa alias Balabhadrarāma. (Daśama Skandha, Bhāgavata). (See full article at Story of Balabhadra from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Balabhadra (बलभद्र).—A boundary hill of Śākadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 26.

1b) See Balarāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 65. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 36. 24; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 83; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 99.
Source: Eastern Book Linkers: Harivaṃśa Purāṇa

Balabhadra (बलभद्र).—The Purāṇas conceive Balabhadra as the incarnation of serpent Śeṣa. He is the treasure of resplendence, possesses the divine grandeur, unshakable and the best of the humans. He is the ācārya of yoga, immensely strong, valorous. He is the one who listens to the secret advice of the gods and the foremost among those who considers the same. He defeated Jarāsandha in the battle of gadā, but did not kill him.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Balabhadra in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Balabhadrā (बलभद्रा) is another name for Trāyamāṇā, a medicinal plant identified with Gentiana kurroo Royle. from the Gentianaceae family of flowering plants, according to verse 5.57-59 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Balabhadrā and Trāyamāṇā, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

1) Balabhadra (बलभद्र) set of four Hindu deities described fully in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī.—They include Balabhadra, Jayakara, Madhukara, and Vasanta, and in Hinduism, all these are the companions of the god Kāmadeva, the deity of Desire.

2) Balabhadra who may be identified with Balarāma the brother of Kṛṣṇa. These two pastoral deities of Hinduism broadly represented Agriculture and Dairying.—His Colour is white; his Vehicle is the elephant; his Symbol is the plough; he has four hands.

Balabhadra is described in the Niṣpannayogāvalī (dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala) as follows:—

“Balabhadra rides an elephant and is white in colour. He holds the sword and the plough”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Balabhadra in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Balabhadra (बलभद्र) is the son of Atibala and grandson of Mahāyaśas, born in the family of Cakrin Bharata and Ṛṣabha Svāmin, according to chapter 2.6 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as king Sagara said: “[...] Mahāyaśas was the son of Ādityayaśas, his glory sung to the ends of the earth, the crest-jewel of all the powerful. A son, Atibala, was born to him, ruling the earth with unbroken authority like Ākhaṇḍala. He had a son, named Balabhadra, causing happiness to the world by power and light, like the sun. His son was Balavīrya, the chief of the courageous and enduring, foremost of kings. [...]”.

Source: WikiPedia: Jainism

Balabhadra (बलभद्र) (or Baladeva, Balarāma, Rāma, Bala) refers to a set of nine “gentle heroes” and half-brothers of Vasudevas (or Viṣṇus, Nārāyaṇas), mentioned in both Śvetāmbara and Digambara literature.—In every half time cycle, there are 9 sets of Balabhadras (gentle heroes), Vasudevas (violent heroes) and Prativāsudevas (anti-heroes). Baladevas, half-brothers of Vasudevas, are described as fair in complexion and wear garments of dark blue and have a banner of palm tree. Their symbols or weapons are: bow, plough, pestle and arrow. The two brothers are inseparable and they jointly rule three continents as half-Chakravarti. Although Narayana is the mightier of the two, Balabhadra is depicted as superior for his non-violent ways and he achieves liberation. According to the Jain puranas, the Balabhadras lead an ideal Jain life.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Balabhadra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

baḷabhadra (बळभद्र).—m (balabhadra S The name of the elder brother of kṛṣṇa.) A term applied ironically to an ill-starred fellow or luckless wight.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

baḷabhadra (बळभद्र).—

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Balabhadra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Balabhadra (बलभद्र).—a. strong, powerful. (-draḥ) 1 a strong or powerful man.

2) a kind of ox.

3) Name of Balarāma, q. v. below.

4) the tree called लोध्र (lodhra).

5) Name of Ananta.

-drā a maiden.

Balabhadra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bala and bhadra (भद्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Balabhadra (बलभद्र).—name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balabhadra (बलभद्र).—m.

(-draḥ) 1. Baladeva. 2. Ananta, the great serpent, considered as identified with the proceding, Baladeva being regarded by some authorities as an incarnation of Ananta. 3. A strong or robust man. 4. A tree, commonly Lodh. f.

(-drā) 1. A young girl, a maiden. 2. A drug, commonly Trayamana. E. bala strength, and bhadra auspicious, excellent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balabhadra (बलभद्र).—I. m. 1. Baladeva. 2. Ananta, the great serpent. 3. a strong man. Ii. f. , a young girl.

Balabhadra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bala and bhadra (भद्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balabhadra (बलभद्र).—[masculine] = baladeva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Balabhadra (बलभद्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—brother of Govardhanācārya. Śp. p. 24.

2) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—father of Govardhana Miśra (Tarkabhāṣāprakāśa), Viśvanātha and Padmanābha. W. p. 203. Hall. p. 21. 23. 29.

3) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—son of Dāmodara, father of Jayarāma (Pāraskarabhāṣya). W. p. 64.

4) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—father of Devabhadra (Prayogasāra). L. 756.

5) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—father of Pradyotana (Candrālokaprakāśa). L. 1784.

6) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—son of Sarvānandamiśra, father of Kāśīnātha, father of Candravandya, father of Śivarāma, father of Raghunātha (Sāṃkhyatattvavilāsa). Hall. p. 7.

7) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—son of Śrīnandana, father of Rāma, who wrote a Praśasti in 1003. Go7tt. Anz. 1868, 460.

8) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—poet. [Sūktikarṇāmṛta by Śrīdharadāsa]

9) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Adbhutataraṅgiṇī.

10) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Āhnika. Rice. 208.

11) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Kālītattvāmṛta [tantric]

12) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Cetasiṃhavilāsa.

13) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Jātakacandrikā. Bṛhajjātake Naṣṭajātakādhyāyaṭīkā. Horāratna.

14) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Navaratnadhātuvivāda med.

15) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Mahārudranyāsapaddhati.

16) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Yogaśataka jy.

17) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Rāmagītāvṛtti.

18) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Śaktivādaṭīkā.

19) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—son of Kāśīnātha, grandson of Kṛṣṇadatta, wrote in 1562: Mahānāṭakadīpikā.

20) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—son of Dāmodara, brother of Harirāma, wrote in 1656: Hāyanaratna jy.

21) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—son of Vasanta, grandson of Vimalakara, wrote at Umānagara in 1544: Bālabodhinī Bhāsvatīṭīkā.

22) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Āśaucasāra.

23) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—is mentioned as an astronomer in Albiruni's Indica, translated by Sachau, 1, 156-58.

24) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—father of Govardhana Miśra (Tarkabhāṣāprakāśa), Viśvanātha, and Padmanābha (Vardhamānendu). Balabhadra himself was author of Yuktikalpadruma vaiś. See Catal. Io. p. 663.

25) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—wrote in 1777-88: Pattraprakāśa jy.

26) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Mahārudrapaddhati.

27) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Vṛndasaṃgrahaśeṣa med.

28) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—son of Dāmodara, brother of Harirāma, grandson of Lāla, pupil of Rāma: Hāyanaratna. Horāratna, composed in 1654. He wrote besides a Makarandaṭīkā, and a
—[commentary] to Bhāskara’s Bījagaṇita. Peters. 4, 63. Extr.

29) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Nityānuṣṭhānapaddhati.

30) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—Tārkikarakṣāvyākhyāṭīkā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—[=bala-bhadra] [from bala > bal] mfn. strong, powerful, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Bos Gavaeus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] Symplocos Racemosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a species of Kadamba, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Balarāma or of An-anta (the great serpent identified with him), [Purāṇa; Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] of a descendant of Bharata, of various men ([especially] teachers and authors, also with also, ācārya, kāyastha, pancānana, bhaṭṭa, mitra, śukla, sūri), [Catalogue(s)]

7) [v.s. ...] of a mountain in Śāka-dvīpa, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) Balabhadrā (बलभद्रा):—[=bala-bhadrā] [from bala-bhadra > bala > bal] f. a young girl, maiden, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] Ficus Heterophylla, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—[bala-bhadra] (draḥ) 1. m. Baladeva; Ananta; a strong man; lodh. f. (drā) A maiden; a drug.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—(1. bala + bhadra)

1) adj. kräftig [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 4, 272.] —

2) m. a) Bos Gavaeus (gavaya) [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — b) Symplocos racemosa Roxb. (lodhra) [Śabdacandrikā im Śabdakalpadruma] — c) Nomen proprium eines göttlichen Wesens Einschieb. in [ĀŚV. GṚHY. S. 46] bei [STENZL.] = Baladeva, Halāyudha, Ananta [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 18.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 36.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 225.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 286.] [Halāyudha 1, 28.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 546. 558. 572.] — d) Nomen proprium eines Nachkommen Bharata's [Śatruṃjayamāhātmya 6. 288.] — e) Nomen proprium verschiedener Männer [Colebrooke II, 390.] [Mémoire géographique], Mém. sur l'Inde [?335. Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 245. Weber’s Verzeichniss 64, Nalopākhyāna HALL 7. 29. 173. Colebrooke I, 263] (balibhadra) . [Daśakumāracarita 158, 5.] miśra [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 680.] śrīkāyastha [945.] balibhadrapadmācārya (sic) [1045.] bhaṭṭa [HALL 63.] — f) Nomen proprium eines Gebirges [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 20, 26.] —

3) f. ā a) Jungfrau. — b) eine best. Pflanze (trāyamāṇā) [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa]

--- OR ---

Balabhadra (बलभद्र):—

2) c) am Ende hinzuzufügen [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 65, 1.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Balabhadra (बलभद्र):——

1) *Adj. kräftig.

2) m. — a) *Bos Gavaeus [Rājan 19,28.] — b) *Symplocos racemosa. — c) *eine Art Kadamba [Rājan 9,104.] — d) Nomen proprium — α) eines göttlichen Wesens , das später mit Baladeva identificirt wird. — β) eines Nachkommen Bharatas. — γ) verschiedener anderer Männer. Auch bhaṭṭa , miśra , śrīkāyastha und padmācārya. — δ) eines Berges in Śākadvīpa [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10.20.26,] —

3) *f. ā — a) Jungfrau. — b) Ficus heterophylla [Rājan 5,55.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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