Balaka, aka: Bālaka, Balākā, Balāka, Bala-ka; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Balaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

1) Bālaka (बालक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Pavonia odorata (fragement mallow plant), from the Malvaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. It is an erect perennial herb,covered with sticky hairs. The Leaves are heart-shaped-ovate, 3-5 angled or 3-5 lobed, 4-6 cm long, 5-7 cm broad. Flowers are pink, twice longer than the sepal cup. Fruit is spherical and mericarps smooth, wingless.

According to the Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 10.165), the fragement mallow plant (bālaka) has the following synonyms: Balā, Hrīvera, Hrīveraka, Udīcya, Vāri, Keśya, Vajrā, Piṅgā, Lalanāpriya, Kuntalośīra and Kacāmoda.

2) Bālaka (बालक, “young”) is a Sanskrit word referring to Plectranthus vettiveroides, a species of plant from the Lamiaceae (mint) family. It is also known as Hrīvera or Vālaka. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. It has the following botanical synonym: Coleus vettiveroides.

This plant (Bālaka) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the names Udīcya and Hrīvera.

3) Bālaka (बालक):—The name of a plant, possibly identified with Māṃsī (Nardostachys jatamansi). It is a medicinal plant used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda. The literal translation of the Sanskrit word Bālaka is “young” or “childish”, but in a different context it can refer to a kind of fish, or a young elephant of five years old.

4) Balāka (बलाक) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “sow wreath crane”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Āyurvedic literature. The animal Balāka is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Balākā (बलाका)—Sanskrit word for a bird “heron”, “egret”, “bagulī”, h. bagulā. This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

Balaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Balāka (बलाक):—Son of Puru (son of Jahnu). He had a son named Ajaka. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.4)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Balāka (बलाक).—(VALĀKA). A forester. This forester used to go for hunting and he gave everything he got to his old parents without reserving anything for himself. One day he did not find any animal even though he had made a thorough search in the forest. He was much worried. At last he reached the bank of a river. He saw an extraordinary animal drinking water. He had never seen such an animal before.

It was a peculiar creature. That creature had done penance before Brahmā, from its young age with the view of destroying everything. Brahmā appeared before the creature and granted it the boon that it would have the power to make anything blind. Brahmā also said that anybody who killed the creature would be given a place in the realm of Gods. The creature had been wandering in the forest making blind every creature it met, and one day it was drinking water and it was then that Valāka shot it down. As soon as the creature fell down the gods showered flowers, and took him to the realm of Gods in a divine chariot. (Mahābhārata, Karṇa Parva, Chapter 69).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Balaka (बलक).—A Yakṣa; a son of Devajanī.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 129.

1b) One of Danu's sons.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 68. 9.

1c) A son of Pradyota and father of Viśākhayūpa.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 24. 3-4.

2a) Balāka (बलाक).—A son of Pūru and father of Ajaka; a pupil of Jātūkarṇya (Śākapūrṇa Viṣṇu-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 3; XII. 6. 58; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 4. 24.

2b) Clouds of the Āgneya class.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 22. 36.

3) Bālaka (बालक).—A son of Pulaka; an unrighteous king; but still overlord of all Sāmantas; ruled for 23 years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 272. 2-3.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

See below, Balakalonakaragama.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Bālaka (बालक, “child”) is a Prakrit name based on age, mentioned as an example in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning bālaka) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Balaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

balākā : (f.) a brown crane. || bālaka (m.) a child.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Balākā, (f.) (cp. Vedic balākā, perhaps to Lat. fulica, Gr. falariζ a water fowl, Ohg. pelicha=Ger. belche) a crane Th. 1, 307; J. II, 363; III, 226; Miln. 128 (°ānaṃ megha-saddena gabbhâvakkanti hoti); Vism. 126 (in simile, megha-mukhe b. viya); DA. I, 91 (v. l. baka). (Page 483)

— or —

Balaka, (adj.) (fr. bala) strong; only in kisa° of meagre strength, weakly M. I, 226; and dub° weak M. I, 435. Cp. balika. (Page 483)

— or —

Bālaka, (fr. bāla) 1. boy, child, youth S. I, 176; ThA. 146 (Ap. V, 44: spelt °akka); Sdhp. 351.—f. bālikā young girl ThA. 54 (Ap. V, 1).—2. fool DhsA. 51 (°rata fond of fools). (Page 486)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

balaka (बलक).—m The gluten of vegetables and plants; the viscous substance of an egg &c.: also any substance (as gūḷa, tamarind-pulp, mud) reduced to a slimy consistence.

--- OR ---

balaka (बलक).—a & ad (Vulgar.) Great, large, lengthy, full, i. e. with the force of the English words Good, bouncing, thumping, heavy;--used with- kōsa-majala-ōjhēṃ-māpa-śēra &c. It is of the kindred of tabbala, jabara, baḷakaṭa, jaraba, badda, bhala.

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bālaka (बालक).—n (S) A child. 2 m A boy.

--- OR ---

bāḷakā (बाळका).—m P (bāḷaka) A disciple of a gōsāvī.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

balaka (बलक).—m The gluten of vegetables and plants; the viscous substance of an egg &c.; any substance (as gūḷa tama- rind-pulp, mud) reduced to a slimy consistence.

--- OR ---

balakā (बलका).—ad Not only so but more.

--- OR ---

balaka (बलक).—ad Not only so but more.

--- OR ---

bālaka (बालक).—n A child. m A boy.

--- OR ---

bāḷaka (बाळक).—n A child. m A boy.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Balaka (बलक).—A dream.

-kam A mixture of treacle and milk.

Derivable forms: balakaḥ (बलकः).

--- OR ---

Balāka (बलाक) or Balākā (बलाका).—[Uṇ.4.14] A crane; सेविष्यन्ते नयनसुभगं खे भवन्तं बलाकाः (seviṣyante nayanasubhagaṃ khe bhavantaṃ balākāḥ) Me.9; Mk.5.18,19.

-kā A mistress, beloved woman.

Derivable forms: balākaḥ (बलाकः).

--- OR ---

Bālaka (बालक).—a. (-likā f.) [बाल स्वार्थे क (bāla svārthe ka)]

1) Childlike, young, not yet fullgrown.

2) Ignorant.

-kaḥ 1 A child, boy.

2) A minor (In law).

3) A finger-ring.

4) A fool or blockhead.

5) A bracelet.

6) The tail of a horse or elephant.

7) Hair.

8) A young elephant (five years old); निर्धूतवीतमपि बालकमुल्ललन्तम् (nirdhūtavītamapi bālakamullalantam) Śi.5.47. See बाल (bāla) (8).

-kam 1 A finger-ring.

2) A bracelet.

--- OR ---

Bālakā (बालका).—See वालुका (vālukā).

--- OR ---

Bālaka (बालक).—

1) a ball.

2) an epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: bālakaḥ (बालकः).

Bālaka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms bāla and ka (क).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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