Shadgunya, aka: Ṣādguṇya, Ṣāḍguṇya; 3 Definition(s)
Shadgunya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Ṣādguṇya and Ṣāḍguṇya can be transliterated into English as Sadgunya or Shadgunya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Ṣādguṇya (षाद्गुण्य):—In addition to the application of this art of polit ics the king (rāja) must continuous ponder on six political ex pedients (ṣādguṇya) viz.
- Sandhi (alliance),
- Vigraha (war),
- Yāna (marching),
- Āsana (holding),
- Dvaidhībhāva (dividing the army)
- and Saṃśraya (seeking protection).
Kautilya states this view very clearly. According to him, the state policy is the root of six fold royal policies—ṣādguṇyasya prakṛmaṇḍalaṃ yoniḥ.Source: Shodhganga: Facts of society in the Manusamhita
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Languages of India and abroad
Ṣāḍguṇya (षाड्गुण्य).—[ṣaḍ guṇā eva ṣyañ]
1) The collection of six qualities.
2) Six expedients to be used by a king, six measures of royal policy; षाड्गुण्यसमुद्देशः (ṣāḍguṇyasamuddeśaḥ) Kau. A.6; षाड्गुण्यमुपुञ्जीत शक्त्यपेक्षी रसायनम् (ṣāḍguṇyamupuñjīta śaktyapekṣī rasāyanam) Śi.2.93; see under गुण (guṇa) also; षाड्गुण्यस्य प्रयोगेण तत्तन्मन्त्रबलेन च (ṣāḍguṇyasya prayogeṇa tattanmantrabalena ca) Śiva B.11.3.
3) Multiplication of anything by six.
4) Six properties.
Derivable forms: ṣāḍguṇyam (षाड्गुण्यम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ṇyaṃ) 1. An aggregate of six properties or qualities. 2. The six acts of royal military policy. 3. Multiplication of anything by six. E. ṣaḍguṇa, and ṣyañ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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