Vijayasena: 6 definitions


Vijayasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vijayasena in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vijayasena (विजयसेन) is the name of a Kṣatriya from Viśālā, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 104. Accordingly, as a young Brāhman said to Naravāhanadatta: “... and among them I had a friend, a promising young man of the military caste, Vijayasena by name, the son of a very rich Kṣatriya”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vijayasena, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Vijayasena in Jainism glossary
Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

1) Vijayasena (विजयसेन) is the name of an ancient king from Śaṅkhapura, according to chapter 3.3 [sumatinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In this very Jambūdvīpa there is the province Puṣkalāvatī shining with much wealth, distinguishing East Videha. In it there is a very fair city, Śaṅkhapura by name, whose sky has uneven outlines of banners of various shrines, palaces, etc. Its king was named Vijayasena, a conqueror, possessing (such) strength of arm that his army was merely for splendor. He had a wife, Sudarśanā by name, the ornament of all the women of the harem, beautiful as a digit of the moon. Dallying with her, like Kusumāyudha with Rati, Vijayasena, whose power was celebrated, passed the time”.

2) Vijayasena (विजयसेन) is the wife of king Sāgaradatta from Padminīkhaṇḍa, according to chapter 5.4 [śāntinātha-caritra].—Accordingly, as Megharatha related:—“There is a city Padminīkhaṇḍa, like a multitude of lotuses of Śrī, the ornament of Airavatakṣetra in Jambūdvīpa. Sāgaradatta lived there, resembling the ocean in wealth, and he had an irreproachable wife, Vijayasenā. They had two sons, Dhana and Nandana, and they reached youth, gradually growing up. The two of them passed the time, wandering about in various sports, arrogant from their father’s wealth. [...]”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Tribes in Ancient India

Vijayasena (विजयसेन).—King Vijayasena of the Sena dynasty is credited with having inflicted a defeat on the Kaliṅgas whose king at that time was evidently Rāghava. (See Deopara Inscription)

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vijayasena in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vijayasenā (विजयसेना).—name of a village chief's daughter: Lalitavistara 265.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vijayasena (विजयसेन):—[=vi-jaya-sena] [from vi-jaya > vi-ji] m. Name of various men, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

2) Vijayasenā (विजयसेना):—[=vi-jaya-senā] [from vijaya-sena > vi-jaya > vi-ji] f. Name of a woman, [Lalita-vistara]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vijayasena in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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