Vi, Vī: 14 definitions



Vi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vi (वि).—(l) Unadi affix वि (vi) quoted by Panini in the rule जाग्रो (jāgro)sविचिण्णल्ङित्सु (viciṇṇalṅitsu) VII. 1.85; e.g. जागृविः (jāgṛviḥ); cf. जृशृस्तृजागृभ्यः क्विन् (jṛśṛstṛjāgṛbhyaḥ kvin) Unadi IV. 54; also वृदृभ्यां विन् (vṛdṛbhyāṃ vin) IV.53; (2) common term for the affixes क्विप्, क्विन्, च्वि, ण्वि, ण्विन्, विच् (kvip, kvin, cvi, ṇvi, ṇvin, vic) and विट् (viṭ). See व् (v),

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Vi means distinctinct, particular, special.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vi.—(CITD), abbreviation of Telugu vinnapamulu, represen- tation or saying. It may stand for visālu (visā or vīsa) also. Note: vi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vi (वि).—S A particle and prefix implying, I. Separation, disjunction; II. Aversion, repugnance; III. Variety, difference; IV. Opposition, contrariety. It generaly corresponds with one or other of the English prefixes a, ex, dis, de, in, un; and it is frequently redundant or expletive.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vi (वि).—A particle and prefix implying sep- aration, aversion, variety, opposition &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vi (वि).—ind.

1) As a prefix to verbs and nouns it expresses:-(a) separation, disjunction (apart, asunder, away, off &c.), as वियुज्, विहृ, विचल् (viyuj, vihṛ, vical) &c.; (b) the reverse of an action; as क्री (krī) 'to buy'; विक्री (vikrī), 'to sell'; स्मृ (smṛ) 'to remember'; विस्मृ (vismṛ) 'to forget'; (c) division; as विभज्, विभाग (vibhaj, vibhāga); (d) distinction; as विशिष्, विशेष, विविच्, विवेक (viśiṣ, viśeṣa, vivic, viveka); (e) discrimination; व्यवच्छेद (vyavaccheda) (f) order, arrangement; as विधा, विरच् (vidhā, virac); (g) opposition; as विरुध्, विरोध (virudh, virodha); (h) privation; as विनी, विनयन (vinī, vinayana); (i) deliberation, as विचर्, विचार (vicar, vicāra); (j) intensity; विध्वंस (vidhvaṃsa).

2) As a prefix to nouns or adjectives not immediately connected with roots, वि (vi) expresses (a) negation or privation, in which case it is used much in the same way as अ (a) or निर् (nir), i. e. it forms Bah. comp.; विधवा, व्यसुः (vidhavā, vyasuḥ) &c.; (b) intensity, greatness; as विकराल (vikarāla); (c) variety, as विचित्र (vicitra); (d) difference; as विलक्षण (vilakṣaṇa); (e) manifoldness, as विविध (vividha); (f) contrariety, opposition, as विलोम (viloma); (g) change, as विकार (vikāra); (h) impropriety, as विजन्मन् (vijanman).

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Vi (वि).—m., f. [ve-ḍit Uṇ.4.145]

1) A bird; विकुल (vikula)(= pakṣikula) माकुलमायत-लीनताम् (mākulamāyata-līnatām) Rām. ch.4.43; आपततो विरलं (āpatato viralaṃ) (viḥ + alam) घनतोऽयात् (ghanato'yāt) ibid.4.97.

2) A horse.

3) A goer.

4) A rein.

5) An epithet of the Soma.

6) A sacrificer (mostly Ved. in the last four senses).

Derivable forms: viḥ (विः).

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Vī (वी).—I. 2 P. (veti, rarely used in classical literature)

1) To go, move.

2) To approach.

3) To pervade.

4) To bring, convey.

5) To throw, cast.

6) To eat, consume.

7) To obtain.

8) To conceive, bring forth.

9) To be born or produced.

1) To shine, be beautiful.

11) To desire, wish.

12) To shine. -II. (vi + i) 2 P.

1) To go away, depart; तस्यामहं त्वयि च संप्रति वीतचिन्तः (tasyāmahaṃ tvayi ca saṃprati vītacintaḥ) Ś.4.13; so वीतभय, वीतक्रोध (vītabhaya, vītakrodha), etc.

2) To undergo a change; सदृशंत्रिषु लिङ्गेषु यन्न व्योति तदव्ययम् (sadṛśaṃtriṣu liṅgeṣu yanna vyoti tadavyayam) Sk.

3) To spend.

4) To be diffused, to spread.

5) To vanish, disappear.

6) To cross over, traverse.

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Vī (वी).—

1) Act of going, motion.

2) A female bird.

Derivable forms: vīḥ (वीः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vi (वि).—or (a)vi (AMg. etc. vi, avi) = pi, Sanskrit api; perhaps in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 198.6 (verse) kāvi, all mss., = Sanskrit kāpi, ed. em. kāci (= kācid).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vi (वि).—mf. (-viḥ-vī) 1. A bird. 2. The eye. 3. Heaven. 4. The region of the wind. 5. A horse. Ind. A particle and prefix, implying:—1. Certainty, ascertainment, as vivektuṃ to determine, to judge. 2. Separation, disjunction, as viyoktuṃ to disjoin. 3. Aversion, repugnance, as viroddhuṃ to oppose. 4. Impatience, intolerance, as vimṛṣṭuṃ to be impatient. 5. Variety, difference, viśeṣṭuṃ to distinguish. 6. Cause, motive, vidhātuṃ to prescribe or order. 7. Motion, progress, vicarituṃ to go. 8. Privation, viṇītuṃ to take away. It generally corresponds to the English adjuncts, a, ex, de, dis, in, un, &c. and is frequently an expletive. E. to go, Unadi aff. in with the effect of ḍit or ḍa, which ejects the final syllable; or vā-ki aff.

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Vī (वी).—r. 2nd cl. (veti) 1. To go, to move. 2. To pervade. 3. To conceive, to be impregnated. 4. To desire. 5. To throw or send. 6. To eat. 7. To be beautiful. With sam prefixed, To invest, to inclose, to cover or wrap round or over.

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Vī (वी).—m.

(-vīḥ) 1. Going. moving. 2. Covering. E. to go, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vi (वि).—i. e. dvi, prep. I. Combined and compounded with verbs and their derivatives. Ii. Compounded with nouns. It implies, 1. Separation, cf. viyoga. 2. Privation, cf. vi-kaca. 3. Wrongness, cf. vikarman; baseness, cf. vi -yonī; opposition, cf. vi-loma. 4. Difference, cf. vilakṣaṇa. 5. Spreading; falling in different directions, asunder, cf. vi-kṛ10, e. g. vi-kīrṇa-keśa. 6. Manifoldness, much, cf. vikarman.

— Cf. probably [Latin] vi, in di-vi-dere.

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Vi (वि).—m., f. , 1. A bird, Chr. 287, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 6. 2. The eye. 3. Heaven. 4. The region of the wind.

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Vī (वी).—ii. 2, [Parasmaipada.] (ved.), 1. To go. 2. To approach. 3. To pervade, to obtain. 4. To conceive, to grow pregnant. 5. To desire, to love, Chr. 287, 6 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 6. 6. To eat, to enjoy. 7. It is used as substitute for the vb. aj, To drive, to move. 8. To throw. Ptcple. of the pf. pass. vita, Tranquil, quiet, tame. [Causal.] vāyaya and vāpaya, To cause to conceive (see vap).

— Cf. [Latin] in -vītus (Not liking), in-vitare, To invite.

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Vī (वी).—f. Going.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vi (वि).—1. [masculine] bird.

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Vi (वि).—2. [adverb] apart, asunder, away, out (mostly °— in verbs & nouns, to express division or distance).

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Vī (वी).—1. veti [participle] vīta (q.v.) seek, pursue, strive after, fall upon, attack, win, take hold of, enjoy; undertake, begin, urge, impel, further, promote; procure, get for, help to (2 [accusative]).

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Vī (वी).—2. ([nominative] vīs) v. devavī & padavī.

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Vī (वी).—3. [Intensive] vevīyate flutter, flicker.

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Vī (वी).—go asunder, disperse, spread over, pervade; cease, disappear, perish.

Vī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vi and i (इ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vi (वि):—1. vi m. ([nominative case] vis or ves [accusative] vim [genitive case] [ablative] ves; [plural] [nominative case] [accusative] vayas [acc. vīn, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]]; vibhis, vibhyas, vīnām) a bird (also applied to horses, arrows, and the Maruts), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Pañcaviṃśa-brāhmaṇa,] (also occurring in later language).

2) cf. 1. vayas; [Greek] οἰωνός for ὀϝιωνος; [Latin] a-vis; [according to] to some [German] Ei; [Anglo-Saxon] aég; [English] egg.

3) 2. vi n. an artificial word said to be = anna, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa]

4) 3. vi ind. ([probably] for an original dvi, meaning ‘in two parts’; and opp. to sam q.v.) apart, asunder, in different directions, to and fro, about, away, away from, off, without, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. In, [Ṛg-veda] it appears also as a [preposition] with [accusative] denoting ‘through’ or ‘between’ (with ellipse of the verb, [e.g. i, 181, 5; x, 86, 20 etc.]) It is [especially] used as a prefix to verbs or nouns and other parts of speech derived from verbs, to express ‘division’, ‘distinction’, ‘distribution’, ‘arrangement’, ‘order’, ‘opposition’, or ‘deliberation’ (cf. vi-√bhid, -śiṣ, -dhā, -rudh, -car, with their nominal derivatives)

5) sometimes it gives a meaning opposite to the idea contained in the simple root (e.g.krī, ‘to buy’; vi-√krī, ‘to sell’), or it intensifies that idea (e.g.hiṃs, ‘to injure’; vi-√hiṃs, ‘to injure severely’). The above 3. vi may also be used in forming compounds not immediately referable to verbs, in which cases it may express ‘difference’ (cf. 1. vi-lakṣaṇa), ‘change’ or ‘variety’ (cf. vi-citra), ‘intensity’ (cf. vi-karāla), ‘manifoldness’ (cf. vi-vidha), ‘contrariety’ (cf. vi-loma), ‘deviation from right’ (cf. vi-śīla), ‘negation’ or ‘privation’ (cf. vi-kaccha, being often used like 3. a, nir, and nis [qq. vv.], and like the [Latin] dis, se, and the English a, dis, in, un etc.)

6) in some cases it does not seem to modify the meaning of the simple word at all (cf. vi-jāmi, vi-jāmātṛ)

7) it is also used to form proper names out of other proper names (e.g. vi-koka, vi-pṛthu, vi-viṃśa). To save space such words are here mostly collected under one article

8) but words having several subordinate compounds will be found sub voce

9) Vī (वी):—1. [class] 2. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxiv, 39]) veti ([according to] to some in the conjug. tenses substituted for √aj; 2. sg. veṣi also as [imperative] [Ṛg-veda]; 3. [plural] vyanti, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa]; [subjunctive] 2. 3. sg. ves, [Ṛg-veda]; [imperative] vIhi/, vītāt, [ib.]; 3. [plural] viyantu, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]; p. [Ātmanepada] vyāna, [Ṛg-veda]; [perfect tense] vivāya, vivye, [ib.]; [Aorist] avaiṣīt [grammar]; 3. [plural] aveṣan [subjunctive] veṣat, [Ṛg-veda]; [future] vetā, veṣyati [infinitive mood] vetum [grammar]),

—to go, approach, (either as a friend id est. ‘seek or take eagerly, grasp, seize, accept, enjoy’, or as an enemy id est. ‘fall upon, attack, assail, visit, punish, avenge’), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa];

—to set in motion, arouse, excite, impel, [Ṛg-veda];

—to further, promote, lead or bring or help any one to (two [accusative]), [ib.];

—to get, procure, [ib.] :—[Passive voice] -vīyate etc., [Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa] :—[Causal] vāyayati or vāpayati ([Aorist] avīvayat), to cause to go or approach etc.;

—to impregnate, [Pāṇini 6-1, 55] :—[Desiderative] vivīṣati [grammar]:—[Intensive], See ā-√vī and √vevī.

10) cf. [according to] to some, [Latin] ve-nari; [German] weida, Weide, weiden.

11) 2. mfn. going to, eager for, desirous or fond of ([genitive case]), [Ṛg-veda i, 143, 5] (cf. deva-vī, pada-vī)

12) set in motion (See parṇa-v)

13) m. the act of going, motion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) 3. (vi- 5 √i) [Parasmaipada] vy-eti (3. [plural] viyanti; [imperfect tense] vy-ait; [perfect tense] vīyāya; [infinitive mood] vy-etum; for vyayati, vyayayati See √vyay),

—to go apart or in different directions, diverge, be diffused or scattered or distributed or divided or extended, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. ;

—to be lost, perish, disappear, [Upaniṣad; Mahābhārata] etc.;

—to go through, traverse, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] :

—[Intensive] (or [class] 4. [Ātmanepada]) vīyate, to pass through, traverse, [Ṛg-veda]

15) 4. mfn. (weak form of √vye) covered (cf. hiraṇya-vī).

16) 5. m. = vi1, a bird (See takva-vī)

17) f. a female bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) 6. in [compound]= 3. vi (in vī-kāśa, -cayana, -taṃsa, -nāha, -barha, -mārga, -rudh, -vadha, -vāha, -vidha, -vṛta, -sarpa, -hāra, qq.vv.)

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Vi (वि):—

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Vi (वि):—

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Vi (वि):—3. Verbalwurzel s. .

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Vi (वि):—4. n. zu einer Etymologie gebildet, angeblich so v. a. anna [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 14, 8, 13, 3.]

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Vī (वी):—

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Vī (वी):—2. (= 1. ) adj. in 2. a, deva, pada . m. = gamana [EKĀKṢARAK. im Śabdakalpadruma]

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Vī (वी):—

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Vī (वी):—4. (= 3. ) adj. in 1. a (nicht erregt, nicht begeistert), atharvī aṣṭrā (s. Nachträge), takva, parṇa .

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Vī (वी):—5. stellen wir auf Grund von [Ṛgveda 10, 33, 2] auf in der Bed. (ängstlich) mit den Flügeln schlagen; hierher vielleicht vi, vayas Vogel. intens. flattern: verna vevīyate ma.iḥ wie ein Vogel flattert d. h. bebt oder zagt mein Herz [Ṛgveda 10, 33, 2.] — ā intens. trepidare: pu.āsya saṃvatsa.ādgṛ.a āvevīran ehe ein Jahr vergeht soll man in seinem Hause verzagen [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 3, 2, 9, 5.] — Vgl. vevī .

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Vī (वी):—6. s. vyā .

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Vī (वी):—7. (= 6. vī, vyā) adj. in hiraṇya .

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Vī (वी):—8. f. zu 1. vi Vogel [COLEBR.] und [Loiseleur Deslongchamps] zu [Amarakoṣa 2, 5, 33.]

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Vī (वी):—9. = 2. vi in vīkāśa, taṃsa, nāha, barha, mārga, rudh und vadha .

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Vī (वी):—2. appetens [Ṛgveda 1, 143, 6.]

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Vī (वी):—3. mit ā, streiche am Ende: Vgl. [2.] āvī . — pra, rathātpravītātpatitaḥ in Gang gesetzt [Patañjali] [?a. a. O.1,281,b. 282,a.]

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Vī (वी):—5. mit ā vgl. āvī .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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