Vi, Vī: 11 definitions


Vi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vi (वि).—(l) Unadi affix वि (vi) quoted by Panini in the rule जाग्रो (jāgro)sविचिण्णल्ङित्सु (viciṇṇalṅitsu) VII. 1.85; e.g. जागृविः (jāgṛviḥ); cf. जृशृस्तृजागृभ्यः क्विन् (jṛśṛstṛjāgṛbhyaḥ kvin) Unadi IV. 54; also वृदृभ्यां विन् (vṛdṛbhyāṃ vin) IV.53; (2) common term for the affixes क्विप्, क्विन्, च्वि, ण्वि, ण्विन्, विच् (kvip, kvin, cvi, ṇvi, ṇvin, vic) and विट् (viṭ). See व् (v),

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Journey to Nibbana: Patthana Dhama

Vi means distinctinct, particular, special.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vi.—(CITD), abbreviation of Telugu vinnapamulu, represen- tation or saying. It may stand for visālu (visā or vīsa) also. Note: vi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vi (वि).—S A particle and prefix implying, I. Separation, disjunction; II. Aversion, repugnance; III. Variety, difference; IV. Opposition, contrariety. It generaly corresponds with one or other of the English prefixes a, ex, dis, de, in, un; and it is frequently redundant or expletive.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vi (वि).—A particle and prefix implying sep- aration, aversion, variety, opposition &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vi (वि).—ind.

1) As a prefix to verbs and nouns it expresses:-(a) separation, disjunction (apart, asunder, away, off &c.), as वियुज्, विहृ, विचल् (viyuj, vihṛ, vical) &c.; (b) the reverse of an action; as क्री (krī) 'to buy'; विक्री (vikrī), 'to sell'; स्मृ (smṛ) 'to remember'; विस्मृ (vismṛ) 'to forget'; (c) division; as विभज्, विभाग (vibhaj, vibhāga); (d) distinction; as विशिष्, विशेष, विविच्, विवेक (viśiṣ, viśeṣa, vivic, viveka); (e) discrimination; व्यवच्छेद (vyavaccheda) (f) order, arrangement; as विधा, विरच् (vidhā, virac); (g) opposition; as विरुध्, विरोध (virudh, virodha); (h) privation; as विनी, विनयन (vinī, vinayana); (i) deliberation, as विचर्, विचार (vicar, vicāra); (j) intensity; विध्वंस (vidhvaṃsa).

2) As a prefix to nouns or adjectives not immediately connected with roots, वि (vi) expresses (a) negation or privation, in which case it is used much in the same way as अ (a) or निर् (nir), i. e. it forms Bah. comp.; विधवा, व्यसुः (vidhavā, vyasuḥ) &c.; (b) intensity, greatness; as विकराल (vikarāla); (c) variety, as विचित्र (vicitra); (d) difference; as विलक्षण (vilakṣaṇa); (e) manifoldness, as विविध (vividha); (f) contrariety, opposition, as विलोम (viloma); (g) change, as विकार (vikāra); (h) impropriety, as विजन्मन् (vijanman).

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Vi (वि).—m., f. [ve-ḍit Uṇ.4.145]

1) A bird; विकुल (vikula)(= pakṣikula) माकुलमायत-लीनताम् (mākulamāyata-līnatām) Rām. ch.4.43; आपततो विरलं (āpatato viralaṃ) (viḥ + alam) घनतोऽयात् (ghanato'yāt) ibid.4.97.

2) A horse.

3) A goer.

4) A rein.

5) An epithet of the Soma.

6) A sacrificer (mostly Ved. in the last four senses).

Derivable forms: viḥ (विः).

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Vī (वी).—I. 2 P. (veti, rarely used in classical literature)

1) To go, move.

2) To approach.

3) To pervade.

4) To bring, convey.

5) To throw, cast.

6) To eat, consume.

7) To obtain.

8) To conceive, bring forth.

9) To be born or produced.

1) To shine, be beautiful.

11) To desire, wish.

12) To shine. -II. (vi + i) 2 P.

1) To go away, depart; तस्यामहं त्वयि च संप्रति वीतचिन्तः (tasyāmahaṃ tvayi ca saṃprati vītacintaḥ) Ś.4.13; so वीतभय, वीतक्रोध (vītabhaya, vītakrodha), etc.

2) To undergo a change; सदृशंत्रिषु लिङ्गेषु यन्न व्योति तदव्ययम् (sadṛśaṃtriṣu liṅgeṣu yanna vyoti tadavyayam) Sk.

3) To spend.

4) To be diffused, to spread.

5) To vanish, disappear.

6) To cross over, traverse.

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Vī (वी).—

1) Act of going, motion.

2) A female bird.

Derivable forms: vīḥ (वीः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vi (वि).—or (a)vi (AMg. etc. vi, avi) = pi, Sanskrit api; perhaps in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 198.6 (verse) kāvi, all mss., = Sanskrit kāpi, ed. em. kāci (= kācid).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vi (वि).—mf. (-viḥ-vī) 1. A bird. 2. The eye. 3. Heaven. 4. The region of the wind. 5. A horse. Ind. A particle and prefix, implying:—1. Certainty, ascertainment, as vivektuṃ to determine, to judge. 2. Separation, disjunction, as viyoktuṃ to disjoin. 3. Aversion, repugnance, as viroddhuṃ to oppose. 4. Impatience, intolerance, as vimṛṣṭuṃ to be impatient. 5. Variety, difference, viśeṣṭuṃ to distinguish. 6. Cause, motive, vidhātuṃ to prescribe or order. 7. Motion, progress, vicarituṃ to go. 8. Privation, viṇītuṃ to take away. It generally corresponds to the English adjuncts, a, ex, de, dis, in, un, &c. and is frequently an expletive. E. to go, Unadi aff. in with the effect of ḍit or ḍa, which ejects the final syllable; or vā-ki aff.

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Vī (वी).—r. 2nd cl. (veti) 1. To go, to move. 2. To pervade. 3. To conceive, to be impregnated. 4. To desire. 5. To throw or send. 6. To eat. 7. To be beautiful. With sam prefixed, To invest, to inclose, to cover or wrap round or over.

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Vī (वी).—m.

(-vīḥ) 1. Going. moving. 2. Covering. E. to go, aff. kvip .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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