Vijayadashami, Vijaya-dashami, Vijayadaśamī: 8 definitions
Vijayadashami means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Vijayadaśamī can be transliterated into English as Vijayadasami or Vijayadashami, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Vijayadaśamī (विजयदशमी).—A festival of Indians. As this festival is celebrated for nine nights from the 1st to the 9th in the bright lunar fortnight of the month of Kanni (September-October) it is known as Navarātri (Nine nights) and as it continues up to Daśamī (the tenth night) it is called Dasra. The Hindus believe that the Vijayadaśamī (the victorious tenth) was the day on which Devī Durgā killed Mahiṣāsura and got victory. So this day is considered to be a suitable moment to begin the learning of all the arts which would enable one to carry on a successful life. Sarasvatī is considered the transfiguration of Durgā. As people became less superstitious, they began to consider the story of killing Mahiṣāsura as a metaphorical saying, to mean the killing of ignorance. So the day of victory of Devī Durgā (the same as Sarasvatī) is considered to be the auspicious moment for the beginning of learning. The warrior places his weapons, the man of literature his books and pen, the musician his musical instruments, at the feet of Devī and with devotion and worship receives them back from Devī on the Vijayadaśamī day at an auspicious moment.
This is a festival celebrated everywhere in India. In several native states this festival used to be celebrated under the sponsorship of the royal family as a State festival. As it is believed that Mahiṣāsura had lived in Mysore the celebration of Dasra in that State generally is on a grand scale. In Kerala, from olden times this festival was celebrated under the patronage of the Vañci Royal family.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism
Vijayadashami (विजयादशमी):A festival celebrated on the tenth day of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of the Hindu autumn month of Ashvin.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Vijayā-daśamī.—(EI 31), Āśvina-sudi 10. Note: vijayā-daśamī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
vijayādaśamī (विजयादशमी).—f (S) The tenth of the light half of Ashwin, the anniversary of the victory of Ram over Rawan̤, the day of the Dasra &c. To kill the hēlā (male buffalo) on this day at sunset is the right of the chief Paṭil of a village.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Vijayādaśamī (विजयादशमी).—the tenth day of the bright half of Āśvina, observed as a great holiday and commonly known as Dasarā.
Vijayādaśamī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vijayā and daśamī (दशमी).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Vijayadaśamī (विजयदशमी):—[=vi-jaya-daśamī] [from vi-jaya > vi-ji] f. the 10th day of the light half of the month Āśvina, the day of the Daśa-harā etc., [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
2) Vijayādaśamī (विजयादशमी):—[=vijayā-daśamī] [from vi-jaya > vi-ji] f. the 10th day of the light half of the month Āśvina, [Catalogue(s)]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] the tenth day ofĀśvayuja, the seventh month in Hindu lunar calendar (considered as the most auspicious day).
2) [noun] a festival observed on that day.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Search found 4 books and stories containing Vijayadashami, Vijayādaśamī, Vijayadasami, Vijaya-dashami, Vijayā-daśamī, Vijaya-dasami, Vijayadaśamī, Vijaya-daśamī, Vijayadaśami, Vijaya-daśami; (plurals include: Vijayadashamis, Vijayādaśamīs, Vijayadasamis, dashamis, daśamīs, dasamis, Vijayadaśamīs, Vijayadaśamis, daśamis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Naishadha-charita of Shriharsha (by Krishna Kanta Handiqui)
Preceptors of Advaita (by T. M. P. Mahadevan)