Vijayadashami, Vijaya-dashami, Vijayadaśamī: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Vijayadashami means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vijayadaśamī can be transliterated into English as Vijayadasami or Vijayadashami, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Vijayadashami in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vijayadaśamī (विजयदशमी).—A festival of Indians. As this festival is celebrated for nine nights from the 1st to the 9th in the bright lunar fortnight of the month of Kanni (September-October) it is known as Navarātri (Nine nights) and as it continues up to Daśamī (the tenth night) it is called Dasra. The Hindus believe that the Vijayadaśamī (the victorious tenth) was the day on which Devī Durgā killed Mahiṣāsura and got victory. So this day is considered to be a suitable moment to begin the learning of all the arts which would enable one to carry on a successful life. Sarasvatī is considered the transfiguration of Durgā. As people became less superstitious, they began to consider the story of killing Mahiṣāsura as a metaphorical saying, to mean the killing of ignorance. So the day of victory of Devī Durgā (the same as Sarasvatī) is considered to be the auspicious moment for the beginning of learning. The warrior places his weapons, the man of literature his books and pen, the musician his musical instruments, at the feet of Devī and with devotion and worship receives them back from Devī on the Vijayadaśamī day at an auspicious moment.

This is a festival celebrated everywhere in India. In several native states this festival used to be celebrated under the sponsorship of the royal family as a State festival. As it is believed that Mahiṣāsura had lived in Mysore the celebration of Dasra in that State generally is on a grand scale. In Kerala, from olden times this festival was celebrated under the patronage of the Vañci Royal family.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vijayadashami in Shaktism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Vijayadaśamī (विजयदशमी) refers to the “tenth lunar day”, as part of the Navarātra Tantric ritual (an autumnal festival of the warrior goddess Caṇḍikā).—Ceremonies include the appearance of a ten day structure spread out over the First lunar day (pratipat) to the Tenth lunar day (vijayadaśamī) in the bright phase of Āśvina.—Various 8th century sources refer to such rituals, for example: Devīpurāṇa, Kālikāpurāṇa, Kṛtyakalpataru, Durgābhaktitaraṅgiṇī, Durgāpūjātattva, Durgāpūjāviveka, Bhadrakālīmantravidhiprakaraṇa in Sanderson (2007); account of the Durgā Pūjā in Kelomal, West Bengal (Nicholas 2013).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

[«previous next»] — Vijayadashami in Pancaratra glossary
Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Vijayadaśamī (विजयदशमी) is the name of a festival discussed in the thirteenth chapter of the Īśvarasaṃhitā (printed edition), a Pāñcarātra work in 8200 verses and 24 chapters dealing with topics such as routines of temple worship, major and minor festivals, temple-building and initiation.—Description of the chapter [sakalotsava-vidhi]: The following festivals are enumerated and described in this chapter: [...]. vīralakṣmyutsava, including vijayadaśamī-utsava (91-126, 127-146); dīpotsava [=kṛttikādīpotsava] (147-207); śuklotsava (208-211); mārgaśīrṣotsava (212-250) an unnamed festival in which gifts are distributed by the yajamāna on behalf of God (251-253); mṛgayotsava (254-263a). [...]

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Vijayadashami in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vijayadashami (विजयादशमी):A festival celebrated on the tenth day of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of the Hindu autumn month of Ashvin.

India history and geography

[«previous next»] — Vijayadashami in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vijayā-daśamī.—(EI 31), Āśvina-sudi 10. Note: vijayā-daśamī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vijayadashami in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vijayādaśamī (विजयादशमी).—f (S) The tenth of the light half of Ashwin, the anniversary of the victory of Ram over Rawaṇ, the day of the Dasra &c. To kill the hēlā (male buffalo) on this day at sunset is the right of the chief Paṭil of a village.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vijayadashami in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vijayādaśamī (विजयादशमी).—the tenth day of the bright half of Āśvina, observed as a great holiday and commonly known as Dasarā.

Vijayādaśamī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vijayā and daśamī (दशमी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vijayadaśamī (विजयदशमी):—[=vi-jaya-daśamī] [from vi-jaya > vi-ji] f. the 10th day of the light half of the month Āśvina, the day of the Daśa-harā etc., [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) Vijayādaśamī (विजयादशमी):—[=vijayā-daśamī] [from vi-jaya > vi-ji] f. the 10th day of the light half of the month Āśvina, [Catalogue(s)]

[Sanskrit to German]

Vijayadashami in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vijayadashami in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vijayadaśami (ವಿಜಯದಶಮಿ):—

1) [noun] the tenth day ofĀśvayuja, the seventh month in Hindu lunar calendar (considered as the most auspicious day).

2) [noun] a festival observed on that day.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Nepali dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vijayadashami in Nepali glossary
Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Vijayā-daśamī (विजया-दशमी):—n. the Dashara festival; the Dashain festival;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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