Vijayadashami, Vijaya-dashami, Vijayadaśamī: 5 definitions

Introduction

Vijayadashami means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vijayadaśamī can be transliterated into English as Vijayadasami or Vijayadashami, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vijayadashami in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vijayadaśamī (विजयदशमी).—A festival of Indians. As this festival is celebrated for nine nights from the 1st to the 9th in the bright lunar fortnight of the month of Kanni (September-October) it is known as Navarātri (Nine nights) and as it continues up to Daśamī (the tenth night) it is called Dasra. The Hindus believe that the Vijayadaśamī (the victorious tenth) was the day on which Devī Durgā killed Mahiṣāsura and got victory. So this day is considered to be a suitable moment to begin the learning of all the arts which would enable one to carry on a successful life. Sarasvatī is considered the transfiguration of Durgā. As people became less superstitious, they began to consider the story of killing Mahiṣāsura as a metaphorical saying, to mean the killing of ignorance. So the day of victory of Devī Durgā (the same as Sarasvatī) is considered to be the auspicious moment for the beginning of learning. The warrior places his weapons, the man of literature his books and pen, the musician his musical instruments, at the feet of Devī and with devotion and worship receives them back from Devī on the Vijayadaśamī day at an auspicious moment.

This is a festival celebrated everywhere in India. In several native states this festival used to be celebrated under the sponsorship of the royal family as a State festival. As it is believed that Mahiṣāsura had lived in Mysore the celebration of Dasra in that State generally is on a grand scale. In Kerala, from olden times this festival was celebrated under the patronage of the Vañci Royal family.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vijayadashami in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Vijayadashami (विजयादशमी):A festival celebrated on the tenth day of the bright fortnight (Shukla Paksha) of the Hindu autumn month of Ashvin.

India history and geogprahy

[«previous (V) next»] — Vijayadashami in India history glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Vijayā-daśamī.—(EI 31), Āśvina-sudi 10. Note: vijayā-daśamī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vijayadashami in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vijayādaśamī (विजयादशमी).—f (S) The tenth of the light half of Ashwin, the anniversary of the victory of Ram over Rawan̤, the day of the Dasra &c. To kill the hēlā (male buffalo) on this day at sunset is the right of the chief Paṭil of a village.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vijayadashami in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vijayādaśamī (विजयादशमी).—the tenth day of the bright half of Āśvina, observed as a great holiday and commonly known as Dasarā.

Vijayādaśamī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms vijayā and daśamī (दशमी).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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