Kalpatita, Kalpātīta: 2 definitions

Introduction

Kalpatita means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (K) next»] — Kalpatita in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: The Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy

Kalpātīta (कल्पातीत, “kalpa-less”).—One of the two classes of the species of the Vaimānika gods (deva).—The Kalpātītas have a white leśyā and no sexual desire at all. With them no difference in rank exists. They are divided into 2 divisions, which again are subdivided into many classes.

A) The Graiveyakas are 9-fold:

  1. Sudarśana,
  2. Supratibandha,
  3. Manorama,
  4. Sarvabhadra,
  5. Suviśāla,
  6. Somanasa,
  7. Sumaṅkasa (Sumaṃkasa),
  8. Priyaṅkara (Priyaṃkara),
  9. Nandikara.

They do not bind the karmans: 1-sensed class of beings, immovable body, warm splendour, cold lustre, animal state of existence, ānupūrvī and āyus.

B) The Anuttarasuras are the highest species of gods. They are divided into 5 classes:

  1. Vijaya,
  2. Vaijayanta,
  3. Jayanta,
  4. Aparājita,
  5. Sarvārthasiddha.

They all have true belief, are only on the 4th guṇasthāna and bind karman only possible on that stage. In the 4 first classes are beings who at the utmost are still reincarnated twice, in the last one there are only such beings who are reborn only once and then attain salvation.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Kalpātīta (कल्पातीत) refers to “those born beyond heavens” and represents a subclass of empyrean celestial beings (vaimānika) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.19. Who are the kalpātīta heavenly beings? Those born in nine Graiveyaka, the nine Anudiśa and the five Anuttaras heavenly abodes are called kalpātīta. What is the difference between kalpa and kalpātīta? The places where lords, his equal, the counselors etc are imagined to exist are called kalpa. The places where only Ahmindras exist are called kalpātīta.

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context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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