Rasashastra, aka: Rasa-shastra, Rasaśāstra; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Rasashastra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Rasaśāstra can be transliterated into English as Rasasastra or Rasashastra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

[Rasashastra in Rasashastra glossaries]

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र):—Sanskrit technical term corresponding to “applied alchemy”. Used in Āyurveda and such works.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Rasaśāstra consists of the study of Mercury along with number of metals, minerals, gems and many plants and animals products. Primarily, dehavāda (living long and healthy life through use of formulations prepared from mercury and other metals and minerals) is the foremost aim behind evolution of Rasaśāstra. During the later period this science was also utilized for lohavāda (conversion of lower metals into precious metals like gold and silver). From the history, it is clear that Rasaśāstra was at its greatest glory during 8th Century C.E. because of the contribution of Nagārjuna.

(Source): PMC: Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya
Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Discover the meaning of rasashastra or rasasastra in the context of Rasashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Rasashastra in Shaivism glossaries]

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र).—The Kakṣapuṭatantra has an affinity with rasaśāstras. Among the works cited by the Kakṣapuṭatantra, we find the Rasārṇava, one of the principal rasaśāstras. The Kakṣapuṭatantra, in turn, is broadly cited in Nityanāthaʼs Rasaratnākara. The rasa and rasāyana, which the rasaśāstra topicalizes, have developed by making use of medical and chemical knowledge. Siddhas developed these arts based on the objective principles similar to that of modern medicine and chemistry because these arts must guarantee effectiveness.

(Source): academia.edu: Chapter Nineteen of the Kakṣapuṭatantra
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of rasashastra or rasasastra in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

[Rasashastra in Hinduism glossaries]

The term ‘Rasaśāstra’ is composed of two words i.e. Rasa and Śāstra. In general the word ‘Rasa’ represents for may things, however in this context it might have been used for two meanings i.e. according to first meaning ‘Rasa’ is an absorable form of drugs’ and as per the second meaning ‘Rasa’ means ‘Mercury’ which is also in liquid form at room temperature and which possessesthe capacity to make other metals to be soluble or dessolvable in it and to make these similar to it (mercury) i.e. in liquid (rasa) form. The second word ‘Śāstra’ means the Science or the Knowledge thus thetechnical term ‘Rasaśāstra’ means the science or the knowledge which teaches us to convert the drugs, irrespective of their nature (i.e. Herbal, Mineral or Animal) into Rasa like form means in an absorbable form and according to thismeaning ‘Rasaśāstra’ is a Pharmaceutical science or it is an Āyurvedic Pharmaceutics

Further as per the second meaning the term ‘Rasaśāstra’ is to denote ascience or the knowledge related to mercurial processings, operations or the preparations and their therapeutic uses.

Rasaśāstra is not merely meant for Dhātuvāda (Alchemy or Gold/Silver making purposes) with a view to remove poverty from the world but it is essentially meant for Dehavedha or Rasāyanavāda purposes by making the body very strong, free from diseases and stable for longer duration with the use of mercury and sulphur compounds. It proves highly helpful to achieve ‘Mukti’ (emancipation or final liberation) from the worldly affairs through continuous Sādhanā.

(Source): Indian National Science Academy: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Rasashastra in Sanskrit glossaries]

Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र).—the science of alchemy.

Derivable forms: rasaśāstram (रसशास्त्रम्).

Rasaśāstra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rasa and śāstra (शास्त्र).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of rasashastra or rasasastra in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 1752 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Rasa
Rasa (रस, “taste”) or Rasaguṇa refers to one of the twenty-four guṇas (qualities) accordin...
Shastra
Śāstra (शास्त्र) refers to “learned disciplines” and formed part of the ancient Indian educatio...
Rasatala
Rasātala (रसातल).—A particular part of Pātāla where, according to the Purāṇas, the Nivātakavaca...
Dharmashastra
Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र).—The importance of ethics and ethical values (nītiśāstra) is highlig...
Rasayana
Rasāyana (रसायन) or Rasāyanavarga is another name for Suvarṇādi: the thirteenth chapter of...
Surasa
Surasa (सुरस) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.52.8, I.57, I.61.56) and represent...
Svarasa
Svarasa (स्वरस).—1) natural taste. 2) proper taste or sentiment in composition. 3) a kind of as...
Shilpashastra
Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र).—The śilpa-śāstra texts of art and architecture deal with the art of...
Arthashastra
Arthaśāstra (अर्थशास्त्र) (4th century BCE) by Kauṭilya is one of the most influential treatise...
Virarasa
Vīrarasa (वीररस) refers to the “heroic sentiment” or the “sentiment of heroism” as defined by C...
Rasna
Rasna (रस्न).—A thing, object. -m. [रसेः नित् कित् (raseḥ nit kit) Uṇ.3.12] A horse.-snā A tong...
Gorasa
Gorasa (गोरस) refers to “milk”, forming part of a common diet in ancient Kashmir (Kaśmīra) as m...
Alamkarashastra
Alaṃkāraśāstra (अलंकारशास्त्र) refers to the “study of figures of speech” and represents one of...
Rasakrida
Rāsakrīḍā (रासक्रीडा).—a sportive dance, the circular dance of Kṛṣṇa and the cowherdesses of Vr...
Kamashastra
Kāmaśāstra (कामशास्त्र) refers to the “science of erotics” and represents one of the nine divis...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: