Grahani, Grahaṇī: 14 definitions

Introduction

Grahani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी) is a Sanskrit technical term translating to “dysentery” an inflammation of the intestine potentially leading to severe diarrhea, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and Suśruta-saṃhitā. Grahaṇī is derived from the Sanskrit word Grahaṇa, the adjective of which literally translates to “seizing, holding”.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी) is the seat of fire where membrane containing pitta is attached. It is here that all types of food are digested by pitta.

Source: Research Gate: Internal applications of Vatsanabha (Aconitum ferox wall)

Grahanī (ग्रहनी) refers to “sprue” (Coeliac disease: a disease of the small intestine). Medicinal formulations in the management of this condition include 69 references of Vatsanābha usages. Maximum dosage form is Guṭikā (53) in the management of Grahanī. Vatsanābha (Aconitum ferox), although categorized as sthāvara-viṣa (vegetable poisons), has been extensively used in ayurvedic pharmacopoeia.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Vaidyavallabha: An Authoritative Work on Ayurveda Therapeutics

Grahaṇi (ग्रहणि) refers to a “sprue disorder”, which is dealt with in the 17th-century Vaidyavallabha written by Hastiruci.—The Vaidyavallabha is a work which deals with the treatment and useful for all 8 branches of Ayurveda. The text Vaidyavallabha has been designed based on the need (viz., grahaṇi) of the period of the author, availability of drugs during that time, disease manifesting in that era, socio-economical-cultural-familial-spiritual-aspects of that period Vaidyavallabha.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci

Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी) refers to “sprue”, and is mentioned in the 10th century Yogaśataka written by Pandita Vararuci.—The Yogaśataka of Pandita Vararuci is an example of this category. This book attracts reader by its very easy language and formulations which can be easily prepared and have small number of herbs. It describes only those formulations which are the most common and can be used in majority conditions of diseases (viz., Grahaṇī).

Decoction of śuṇṭhi, mustā, ativiṣā and guḍūcī is indicated for mandāgni (low digestive power), āmavāta, grahaṇī (sprue) and diseases caused by āma. It is also known as cāturbhadra decoction in Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā. The famous phalatrikādi decoction which is available in Caraka-saṃhitā is also described using the same words.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी) refers to “sprue” and is one of the various diseases mentioned in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning grahaṇī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी) refers to “chronic diarrhoea” defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 3, jvarātisāra: fever with diarrhoea). Even after the cure of diarrhoea (atisāra), the digesting heat in the stomach is in a weak condition for some time. Unhealthy diet, taken at this stage, still weakens the digesting, heat which damages the grahaṇī-nāri (nāḍī?) (or the muscle which, by its contraction, retains food in stomach) which, affected by one or more of the three doṣas, discharges, now and then, food from the stomach, either undigested or digested but stinking badly, sometimes in the form of loose and sometimes in the form of formed and solid stool. The attendant evils in this disease are aversion to food, swelling of the limbs, and dullness of the digesting heat.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

grahaṇi (ग्रहणि).—f S Diarrhœa or dysentery. 2 The three smaller intestines, duodenum, ilium, jejunum.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

grahaṇī (ग्रहणी).—f Dysentery, diarrhœa.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Grahaṇi (ग्रहणि) or Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी).—f.

1) An imaginary organ supposed to lie between the stomach and the intestines.

2) The small intestine or that part of the alimentary canal where the bile assists digestion and from which vital warmth is diffused.

3) Diarrhœa, dysentery.

Derivable forms: grahaṇiḥ (ग्रहणिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी).—(Sanskrit only as name of an imaginary abdominal organ; Pali gahaṇī app. more loosely used, compare saṃsuddha- gahaṇika, of pure womb or origin; Dīghanikāya (Pali) commentary i.281.10 mātu-gahaṇī kucchīti attho), (belly, womb;) interior (like Sanskrit garbha): in Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 239.3 (prose) read pañcabhiḥ puṣpa- grahaṇī-(so with Kashgar recension and 3 Nepalese mss., ed. °ṇīya)- vedikā-sahasraiḥ svabhyalaṃkṛto (stūpaḥ), adorned with 5000 balconies filled with (containing; Tibetan bkram pa, besprinkled with) flowers.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grahaṇi (ग्रहणि).—f.

(-ṇiḥ) 1. Diarrhœa, dysentery. 2. The vessels diffusing vital warmth. 3. The small intestines, that part of the alimentary canal where the bile assists digestion. E. grah to seize, ani Unadi affix; also with ṅīp added grahaṇī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी).—i. e. grahaṇa + ī, f. An organ of the belly, [Suśruta] 2, 443, 12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी):—[from grahaṇa > grah] a f. an imaginary organ supposed to lie between the stomach and the intestines (the small intestines or that part of the alimentary canal where the bile assists digestion and from which vital warmth is said to be diffused), [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] = ṇī-gada, [Aṣṭāṅga-hṛdaya iii, 8; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 7]

3) Grahaṇi (ग्रहणि):—[from grah] f. = ṇī, [Uṇādi-sūtra]

4) Grahaṇī (ग्रहणी):—[from grah] b f. of ṇa q.v.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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