Vaimanika, Vaimānika: 14 definitions

Introduction

Vaimanika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaimanika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—A holy place. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 25, Stanza 23, that those who bathe in this holy place could freely walk about in the world of the celestial maids.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—Gods like Ādityas, Visvedevas, Sādhyas, Pitṛs, sages like Angiras and so on at the beginning of dāhakala;1 residents of tāra and gṛhas;2 at the commencement of Pralaya spring forth these gods, with planets and stars, with no social restrictions of caste or orders; went to Maharloka, Janaloka and lastly to Brahmaloka never to come back; appointed by the creator in different stations.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 29; Vāyu-purāṇa 7. 15.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 101. 31.
  • 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 6. 16, 21.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaimanika in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Vaimānika (वैमानिक) refers to a God, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 16.129.—(“kusumavṛṣṭīreṣa vaimānikānām”).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaimanika in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—The Vaimānika gods and goddesses live in the various Kalpa and Kalpātīta heavens, noted in the outline of Jaina cosmography. The Prajñāpanā gives symbols of the crowns of the different classes of gods.

  1. Saudharma,
  2. Īśāna,
  3. Sanatkumāra,
  4. Māhendra,
  5. Brahmaloka,
  6. Lāntaka,
  7. Mahāśukra,
  8. Sahasrāra,
  9. Ānata,
  10. Prāṇata,
  11. Āraṇa,
  12. Acyuta.
Source: Google Books: The Doctrine of Karman in Jain Philosophy

Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—One of the four species of devas (gods).—The Vaimānikas are divided into 2 chief classes: Kalpopannas (inhabitants of kalpas) and Kalpātītas (kalpa-less). Kalpa means abode of the gods.

Source: Shodhganga: A cultural study on the jain western Indian illustrated manuscripts

Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—On the other side of the middle world (madhya-loka), the realm extends the third categories of divinities, that of the ‘gods of light’ (jyotikas). The fourth category, the vaimānikas normally live in the paradise or twelve levels (kalpas) of the upper world which is symbolizes by an animal, antelope, buffalo, boar, lion, goat, leopard, horse, elephant, snake, rhinoceros, bull and a type of antelope. Occasionally its member passes from one part of the world to another.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 4: The celestial beings (deva)

Vaimānika (वैमानिक) refers to “empyrean (heavenly) celestial beings” and represents one of the four classes of Devas, according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 4.3. Who are the empyrean gods (vaimānika)? The abodes, which make the beings residing in them feel as possessing merit are called vimāna. The living beings residing in them are called the empyrean gods. What are the peculiarities of the heavenly beings?The most significant peculiarity of heavenly beings is they attain liberation minimum in two births (dvicarama), the first as heavenly and the second as human beings.

How many kinds of heavenly beings (vaimānika) are there? There are two kinds, namely: those born in the heavens (kalpopapanna) and those born beyond heavens (kalpātīta). The heavenly beings born in the sixteen heavens/kalpas are called kalpopapanna. The living beings born in the space above (or beyond) the sixteen heavens/kalpas are called kalpātīta.

The heavenly celestial beings (vaimānika) have sixteen subclasses namely:

  1. Saudharma,
  2. Īśāna,
  3. Sanatkumāra,
  4. Māhendra,
  5. Brahma,
  6. Brahmottara,
  7. Lāntava,
  8. Kāpiṣṭha,
  9. Śukra,
  10. Mahāśukra,
  11. Śatāra,
  12. Sahasrāra,
  13. Ānata,
  14. Prāṇata,
  15. Āraṇa,
  16. Acyuta.
General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaimanika in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vaimānika (वैमानिक).—m An aeronaut.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Vaimanika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—a. (- f.) Borne in divine cars; वैमानिकानां मरुतामपश्यत् (vaimānikānāṃ marutāmapaśyat) R.6.1.

-kaḥ 1 An aeronaut.

2) A god; प्रतीच्छन् उपरि कुसुमवृष्टीरेष वैमानिकानामभिनवकृतभैमीसौधभूमिं विवेश (pratīcchan upari kusumavṛṣṭīreṣa vaimānikānāmabhinavakṛtabhaimīsaudhabhūmiṃ viveśa) N.16.129.

-kī A celestial damsel (devāṅganā); पत्नीं वीक्ष्य विस्फुरन्तीं दैवीं वैमानिकीमिव (patnīṃ vīkṣya visphurantīṃ daivīṃ vaimānikīmiva) Bhāg.1.81.27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—epithet (or possibly n.) of a yakṣa, probably geographical adj., of Vimāna (but I know no such local name): Mahā-Māyūrī 76.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Relating to a heavenly car, borne in one, &c. E. vimāna, ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaimānika (वैमानिक).—[feminine] ī riding in a sky-chariot, i.e. celestial, divine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vaimānika (वैमानिक):—mf(ī)n. ([from] vi-māna) borne in a heavenly car, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

2) relating to the gods (with sarga m. the divine creation), [Liṅga-purāṇa]

3) m. a [particular] celestial being or deity (-tva n., [Bālarāmāyaṇa]; Jainas reckon two classes: Kalpa-bhavas and Kalpātītas), [Mahāvīra-caritra; Kathāsaritsāgara; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

4) m. an aeronaut, [Apte’s The Practical Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) ([probably]) n. Name of a Tīrtha, [Mahābhārata]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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