Ayurveda, Āyurveda, Ayus-veda: 22 definitions
Ayurveda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Yoga (school of philosophy)Source: Centre for Yoga Studies: Āyurveda & Yoga – The Pañca Bhūta
Āyurveda or the science of life, is a holistic system of medicine that is indigenous to and widely practised in India. Its purpose is to maintain the health of the individual and alleviate disease in both is symptomatic and causative state. The duration of life (āyus) of a human being according to the Caraka Saṃhitā is 100 years.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद) or the Veda of āyus (science of life) is the medicine of India coming down traditionally from the earliest times. Caraka says that it was revealed by Brahmā, the Creator, Himself while Suśruta goes one step further by stating that it was delivered even before creation. Generally Āyurveda is recognised as an upaveda related to either Ṛgveda or Atharvaveda. Kaśyapa takes it as the fifth veda and gives it the topmost position among them. All this proves its existence since antiquity as Caraka explicitly says it śāśvata (eternal) with untracable beginning. There are two objects of Āyurveda—one preservation of health in the healthy and the other, cure of illness in the diseased.
The Science which imparts knowledge of Āyus (life), provides longevity, contains relevant informations and discusses all allied topics is known as ‘Āyurveda’. Initially Brahmā delivered eight parts of Āyurveda as
- Kāyacikitsā (medicine),
- Kaumārabhṛtya (pediatrics inlcuding obstetrics and gynaecology),
- Agadatantra (toxicology),
- Śalyatantra (surgery),
- Śālākyatantra (medicine and surgery pertaining to supraclavicular diseases),
- Bhūtavidyā (dealing with bhūtas—invisible agents),
- Vājīkaraṇa (dealing with aphrodisiacs),
- Rasāyana (dealing with promotion of health and life).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद) is the system of science which relies upon vāyu and its purification of the body by sātvik qualities of elements (dhātuprasāda) and the process linked with control of the prāṇās, as method of yoga, and perfromance of certain lifestyles (rituals) associated with the day, season and geography of the place of earth we live in. According to this, there are certain rāgās and svaras associated with specific day, season, space (with spacetime continuum of cosmos) and with the nāḍis in the cosmos and our body. Thus rāgacikitsā using specific rāga, svara combinations at certain daytimes, occasions, and seasons became part of life in India for having a healthy mind in a healthy body.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Ayurveda (अयुर्वेद) is the age old medical science of ancient India. This science relies upon the theory of tridoṣa in which three doṣas are vāta, pitta and kapha. The equilibrium state of these three doṣas is called svāsthya. The fluctuation of these doṣas makes one unhealthy. So, this science instructs us on how to maintain the equilibrium of these three doṣas both in the state of the health and in the state of diseases. For maintaining this equilibrium in the state of health, one should give a sizable importance for the basic concept of dietetics. So, here in this section we are about to discuss the important chapters on dietetics and culinary art of these Ayurvedic treatises. The Ayurvedic treatises can be categorised into three. saṃhitās, nighaṇṭus and other texts.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद).—It is the science which the sage Dhanvantari taught Suśruta. This describes all the diseases and the treatment meant for them. Ailments are of four kinds: Śārīrika refers to fever, skin diseases etc., Mānasika refers to those arising out of anger; Āgantuka refers to cuts, wounds and injuries, and Sahaja refers to hunger, thirst, old age, etc. (Chapters 279 to 286, Agni Purāṇa). Refer Dhanvantari for more details.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद).—Originated from Dhanvantari;1 from the east face of Brahmā;2 one of the eighteen vidyas;3 begins in dvāpara;4 Bharadvāja was the compiler of the āyurveda and other sciences connected with medicine; it was divided into eight parts each of which was given to one of his disciples.5
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 21; VIII. 8. 35; IX. 17. 4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 10.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 38.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 88; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 79.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 144. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 23; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 31. 23.
- 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 22; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 24.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद) or Āyurvedāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Prodgītāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Āyurveda Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Prodgīta-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices
Ayurveda (अयुर्वेद) refers to the “science of medicine” and represents one of the divisions of the Upaveda (applied knowledge) class of knowledge, lying between that of the Paurūṣeya and Apaurūṣeya classification of Śāstra knowledge; all part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person.
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Aryacharya: Hinduism
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेढ) is a Sanskrit (संस्कृतं, Saṃskṛtaṃ) word composed of 2 root words: Āyur (आयुर्) meaning "Life" and Veda (वेढ) meaning "Knowledge". Translated to English, Āyurveda (आयुर्वेढ) means "The Knowledge of Life".
The main guidelines of आयुर्वेढ (Āyurveda) stem from 2 principles of existence:
- Prakṛti (प्रकृति ) "Nature/Matter/Body"
- Puruṣa (पुरुष) "Spirit/Anti-Matter/Soul"
Prakṛti (प्रकृति) "Nature/Matter/Body" is composed of 3 Guna (गुण, "Qualities"):
- Sattva (सत्त्व),
- Rajas (रजस्),
- Tamas (तमस्).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद) refers to the eight-branched system of medicine, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Jīvānanda [i.e., previous incarnation of Ṛṣabha] learned the eight-branched Āyurveda followed by his father and also the taste, efficacy, and effect of drugs. Like Airāvaṇa among elephants, like the sun among the planets, he became foremost among physicians, wise and with unquestioned skill”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geogprahySource: Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Medical and public health services
Ayurveda.—From the earliest times the system of medicine practised in the country (India) was the Ayurvedic. The system influenced the practitioners of the Unani system in Iran, Arabia and Greece. This system had its roots in the cultures the climate and atmosphere of the country. It also became a part of Sanskrit learning and was taught wherever there were Sanskrit schools.
Ayurveda was capable of effecting relief to his patients with the assistance of ordinary herbs and plants commonly available in the villages, without having to depend on costly chemists and druggists. Ayurveda developed the use of minerals which it used as rasa or bhasma (calcined) prepared according to their own methods which could not but be based on a thorough knowledge of chemistry. Knowledge of Ayurvedic medicines was common and many household remedies were fairly efficacious for common ailments.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
āyurvēda (आयुर्वेद).—m S The name of a treatise on medicine and on the probabilities of life. See upavēda.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
āyurvēda (आयुर्वेद).—m The name of a treatise on medicine.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद).—[āyurasmin vidyate'nena vā āyurviṃdatītyāyurvedaḥ Suśr.] the science of health or medicine, counted as a sacred science, and regarded as a supplement to the Atharvaveda; (it comprises 8 different departments; (1) शल्यम् (śalyam) surgery; (2) शालाक्यम् (śālākyam) diagnosis of diseases belonging to the head and its organs; (3) कायचिकित्सा (kāyacikitsā) treatment of diseases of the whole body; (4) भूतविद्या (bhūtavidyā) treatment of diseases of the mind supposed to be caused by the influence of evil spirits; (5) कौमारभृत्यम् (kaumārabhṛtyam) treatment of children; (6) अगदतन्त्रम् (agadatantram) doctrine of antidotes; (7) रसायनतन्त्रम् (rasāyanatantram) doctrine of elixirs; and (8) वाजीकरणतन्त्रम् (vājīkaraṇatantram) treatment of remedies to increase generative power); Śukra.4.277.
Derivable forms: āyurvedaḥ (आयुर्वेदः).
Āyurveda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms āyus and veda (वेद).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-daḥ) 1. The science of medicine. 2. The collective writings of authority on medicine, or medical Sastra. E. āyus life, and veda a Veda.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद).—m. 1. the science of medicine, [Suśruta] 1, 1, 12. 2. the writings of authority on medicine, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 1539.
Āyurveda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms āyus and veda (वेद).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद).—[masculine] the science of health; T. of a book on medicine.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—med. Paris. (B 190). L. 390. Bik. 631. Burnell. 63^a.
—by Śrīsukhalata. B. 4, 218.
2) Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद):—read Burnell. 63^b.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद):—[=āyur-veda] [from āyur > āyu] m. the science of health or medicine (it is classed among sacred sciences, and considered as a supplement of the Atharva-veda; it contains eight departments: 1. Śalya or (removal of) any substance which has entered the body (as extraction of darts, of splinters, etc.); 2. Śālākya or cure of diseases of the eye or ear etc. by Śalākās or sharp instruments; 3. Kāya-cikitsā or cure of diseases affecting the whole body; 4. Bhūtavidyā or treatment of mental diseases supposed to be produced by demoniacal influence; 5. Kaumāra-bhṛtya or treatment of children ; 6. Agada-tantra or doctrine of antidotes; 7. Rāsāyana-tantra or doctrine of elixirs; 8. Vājīkaraṇa-tantra or doctrine of aphrodisiacs, [Suśruta; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.)
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद):—(ā + veda) m. die heilige Lehre von der Gesundheit; so heisst die medicinische Wissenschaft. Sie wird durch die Benennung Veda den eigentlichen heiligen Büchern und Wissenschaften beigeordnet und als Supplement des [Atharvavedasaṃhitā] betrachtet, [Suśruta 1, 1, 12. 15.] Sie zerfällt in acht Hauptfächer:
1) Śalya, Chirurgie;
2) Śālākya, die Lehre von den Krankheiten des Kopfs und seiner Organe;
3) Kāyacikitsā, die Behandlung der Krankheiten, welche den ganzen Leib afficiren;
4) Bhūtavidyā, die Heilung der Seelenkrankheiten, die auf dämonischen Einflüssen beruhend gedacht werden;
5) Kaumārabhṛtya, Behandlung der Kinder;
6) Agadatantra, die Lehre von den Gegengiften;
7) Rāsāyanatantra, die Lehre von den Elixiren;
8) Vājīkaraṇatantra, die Lehre von der Stärkung der Zeugungskraft, [Suśruta 1, 2, 4. fgg. 3, 5.] brahmā vedāṅgamaṣṭāṅgamāyurvedamabhāṣata [122, 14.] āyurvedastathāṣṭāṅgo dehavān [Mahābhārata 2, 442.] āyurvedaṃ bharadvājātprāpyeha (dhanvantariḥ) sabhiṣakkriyam . tamaṣṭadhā punarvyasya śiṣyebhyaḥ pratyapādayat [Harivaṃśa 1539. 1532.] [Cāṇakya 103.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 284.] ein Upaveda [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 1, 13, 14. 20, 28. 21, 1] (tatrāyurvedasyāṣṭau sthānāni bhavanti sūtraṃ śarīramaindriyaṃ cikitsā nidānaṃ vimānaṃ vikalpaḥ siddhiśceti). āyurvedarasāyana [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 931.] saukhya [Nalopākhyāna 941.] sarvasva [No. 974.] — Vgl. aśvāyurveda .
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद):—[Spr. 3714.] [Oxforder Handschriften.7,b,13. 22,a,40. 86,a,17. 277,b,41. 309,b,16. 311,a,9 u.s.w.] vid [8.] [WEBER, Nakṣ. 2, 281.] praṇetāraḥ [Oxforder Handschriften 311,a,23.] ṛgvedasyāyurveda upavedaḥ [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 280.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)