Ayurveda, aka: Āyurveda, Ayus-veda; 12 Definition(s)
Ayurveda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Āyurveda or the science of life, is a holistic system of medicine that is indigenous to and widely practised in India. Its purpose is to maintain the health of the individual and alleviate disease in both is symptomatic and causative state. The duration of life (āyus) of a human being according to the Caraka Saṃhitā is 100 years.(Source): Centre for Yoga Studies: Āyurveda & Yoga – The Pañca Bhūta
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Ayurveda (science of life)
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद) or the Veda of āyus (science of life) is the medicine of India coming down traditionally from the earliest times. Caraka says that it was revealed by Brahmā, the Creator, Himself while Suśruta goes one step further by stating that it was delivered even before creation. Generally Āyurveda is recognised as an upaveda related to either Ṛgveda or Atharvaveda. Kaśyapa takes it as the fifth veda and gives it the topmost position among them. All this proves its existence since antiquity as Caraka explicitly says it śāśvata (eternal) with untracable beginning. There are two objects of Āyurveda—one preservation of health in the healthy and the other, cure of illness in the diseased.
The Science which imparts knowledge of Āyus (life), provides longevity, contains relevant informations and discusses all allied topics is known as ‘Āyurveda’. Initially Brahmā delivered eight parts of Āyurveda as
- Kāyacikitsā (medicine),
- Kaumārabhṛtya (pediatrics inlcuding obstetrics and gynaecology),
- Agadatantra (toxicology),
- Śalyatantra (surgery),
- Śālākyatantra (medicine and surgery pertaining to supraclavicular diseases),
- Bhūtavidyā (dealing with bhūtas—invisible agents),
- Vājīkaraṇa (dealing with aphrodisiacs),
- Rasāyana (dealing with promotion of health and life).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद) is the system of science which relies upon vāyu and its purification of the body by sātvik qualities of elements (dhātuprasāda) and the process linked with control of the prāṇās, as method of yoga, and perfromance of certain lifestyles (rituals) associated with the day, season and geography of the place of earth we live in. According to this, there are certain rāgās and svaras associated with specific day, season, space (with spacetime continuum of cosmos) and with the nāḍis in the cosmos and our body. Thus rāgacikitsā using specific rāga, svara combinations at certain daytimes, occasions, and seasons became part of life in India for having a healthy mind in a healthy body.(Source): Google Books: Music Therapy (ayurveda)
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद).—It is the science which the sage Dhanvantari taught Suśruta. This describes all the diseases and the treatment meant for them. Ailments are of four kinds: Śārīrika refers to fever, skin diseases etc., Mānasika refers to those arising out of anger; Āgantuka refers to cuts, wounds and injuries, and Sahaja refers to hunger, thirst, old age, etc. (Chapters 279 to 286, Agni Purāṇa). Refer Dhanvantari for more details.(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद).—Originated from Dhanvantari;1 from the east face of Brahmā;2 one of the eighteen vidyas;3 begins in dvāpara;4 Bharadvāja was the compiler of the āyurveda and other sciences connected with medicine; it was divided into eight parts each of which was given to one of his disciples.5
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 7. 21; VIII. 8. 35; IX. 17. 4; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 16; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 8. 10.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 38.
- 3) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 88; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 6. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 79.
- 4) Matsya-purāṇa 144. 22; Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 23; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 31. 23.
- 5) Vāyu-purāṇa 92. 22; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 24.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद) or Āyurvedāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Prodgītāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Āyurveda Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Prodgīta-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Ayurveda (अयुर्वेद) refers to the “science of medicine” and represents one of the divisions of the Upaveda (applied knowledge) class of knowledge, lying between that of the Paurūṣeya and Apaurūṣeya classification of Śāstra knowledge; all part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person.(Source): Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेढ) is a Sanskrit (संस्कृतं, Saṃskṛtaṃ) word composed of 2 root words: Āyur (आयुर्) meaning "Life" and Veda (वेढ) meaning "Knowledge". Translated to English, Āyurveda (आयुर्वेढ) means "The Knowledge of Life".
The main guidelines of आयुर्वेढ (Āyurveda) stem from 2 principles of existence:
- Prakṛti (प्रकृति ) "Nature/Matter/Body"
- Puruṣa (पुरुष) "Spirit/Anti-Matter/Soul"
Prakṛti (प्रकृति) "Nature/Matter/Body" is composed of 3 Guna (गुण, "Qualities"):
- Sattva (सत्त्व),
- Rajas (रजस्),
- Tamas (तमस्).
India history and geogprahy
Ayurveda.—From the earliest times the system of medicine practised in the country (India) was the Ayurvedic. The system influenced the practitioners of the Unani system in Iran, Arabia and Greece. This system had its roots in the cultures the climate and atmosphere of the country. It also became a part of Sanskrit learning and was taught wherever there were Sanskrit schools.
Ayurveda was capable of effecting relief to his patients with the assistance of ordinary herbs and plants commonly available in the villages, without having to depend on costly chemists and druggists. Ayurveda developed the use of minerals which it used as rasa or bhasma (calcined) prepared according to their own methods which could not but be based on a thorough knowledge of chemistry. Knowledge of Ayurvedic medicines was common and many household remedies were fairly efficacious for common ailments.(Source): Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Medical and public health services
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
āyurvēda (आयुर्वेद).—m S The name of a treatise on medicine and on the probabilities of life. See upavēda.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
āyurvēda (आयुर्वेद).—m The name of a treatise on medicine.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद).—[āyurasmin vidyate'nena vā āyurviṃdatītyāyurvedaḥ Suśr.] the science of health or medicine, counted as a sacred science, and regarded as a supplement to the Atharvaveda; (it comprises 8 different departments; (1) शल्यम् (śalyam) surgery; (2) शालाक्यम् (śālākyam) diagnosis of diseases belonging to the head and its organs; (3) कायचिकित्सा (kāyacikitsā) treatment of diseases of the whole body; (4) भूतविद्या (bhūtavidyā) treatment of diseases of the mind supposed to be caused by the influence of evil spirits; (5) कौमारभृत्यम् (kaumārabhṛtyam) treatment of children; (6) अगदतन्त्रम् (agadatantram) doctrine of antidotes; (7) रसायनतन्त्रम् (rasāyanatantram) doctrine of elixirs; and (8) वाजीकरणतन्त्रम् (vājīkaraṇatantram) treatment of remedies to increase generative power); Śukra.4.277.
Derivable forms: āyurvedaḥ (आयुर्वेदः).
Āyurveda is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms āyus and veda (वेद).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Veda (वेद) refers to a category of Apaurūṣeya texts, or “disciplines dealing with knowledge not...
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Search found 25 books and stories containing Ayurveda, Āyurveda or Ayus-veda. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 1 - Āyurveda and the Atharva-veda < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 14 - Did Logic Originate in the Discussions of Āyurveda Physicians < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Part 12 - The Psychological Views and other Ontological Categories < [Chapter XIII - Speculations in the Medical Schools]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 1 - Introduction (justifying ancient Indian knowledge of the use of mercury) < [A Brief History of Indian Chemistry and Medicine]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 2: Nidanasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Indian Medicinal Plants (by Kanhoba Ranchoddas Kirtikar)