Rohita, aka: Rohitā; 13 Definition(s)

Introduction

Rohita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rohita (रोहित) refers to a type of fish, also known as rohitamatsya, according to the Dhanvantari-nighaṇṭu. In the science of Āyurveda (ancient Indian healthcare), the meat of a fish (matsya) is used and prepared in balanced diets. Rohita fish is red in color and has red-colored eyes and mouth. It is small carp mainly used in the treatments of paralysis. It is sweet and salty in taste.. The Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu is a 10th-century medicinal thesaurus (nighaṇṭu) containing characteristics and synonyms of various herbal plants and minerals.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

1) Rohita (रोहित)—Sanskrit word for the animal “red deer”. This animal is from the group called Kūlacara (‘shore-dwellers’). Kūlacara itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

2) Rohita (रोहित)—Sanskrit word for a fish “carp” (Labeo rohita). This animal is from the group called Nādeya-matsya (‘fresh water fish’). Nādeya-matsya itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

The Rohita leaves an astringent after-taste, and destroys the deranged Vāyu. This species lives on such aquatic plants and herbs as grow in fresh-water pools and do not inordinately generate Pittam.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana

Rohita in Purana glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

Rohita (रोहित):—Son of Hariścandra (son of Triśaṅku, or, Satyavrata). He had a son named Harita. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.7.9,9,8,1)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Rohita (रोहित).—One of the seven major mountains in Śālmalidvīpa, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 89. These mountains are big, yellow in colour and filled with gold. Śālmalidvīpa is one of the seven islands (dvīpa), ruled over by Dyutimān, one of the ten sons of Priyavrata, who is the son of Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

The Varāhapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 24,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 10th century. It is composed of two parts and Sūta is the main narrator.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Rohita (रोहित).—(ROHITĀŚVA). The son of Hariścandra. This son, who was born by the blessing of Varuṇa, was wanted to be sacrificed by Varuṇa himself. In connection with this Hariścandra had to bear much sorrow and misery. (For details see under Hariścandra).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Rohita (रोहित).—A son of Hariścandra; knowing that he would be sacrificed, went out of his kingdom. Having heard of the decease of his father, he wanted to return but was prevented by Indra. At the end of the sixth year, he purchased Sunaḥśepa and returned home. Father of Harita.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 7. 9-21; 8. 1; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 63. 117; Matsya-purāṇa 12. 38; Vāyu-purāṇa 88. 119.

1b) A son of Vapuṣmatī, after whom came the kingdom of Rohita.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 32-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 28-29; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 23, 29.

1c) A son of Satyabhāmā and Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 247; Matsya-purāṇa 47. 17; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 238.

1d) A progenitor and a son of Dakṣa; Parā, Marīci, and Sudharmāna gaṇas, all of 12 gods each are from him.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 56-61; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 60.

1e) A mountain a hill of Śālmalidvīpa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 122. 96.

1f) One of the five deva gaṇas of the 4th Ṛtu Sāvarṇa Manu; of ten gods; mind-born sons of Budha with ten branches;1 of the XII epoch of Manu.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 83-6; Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 87.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 2. 34.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Rohitā (रोहिता):—One of the sixty-eight Siddhauṣadhi, as per Rasaśāstra texts (rasa literature). These drugs give siddhi (success) in mercurial operations. Even so, they are more powerful than rasa (mercury) itself. These may perform all the kāryas (‘effects’) and grant dehasiddhi (‘perfection of body’) and lohasiddhi (‘transmutation of base metals’) both.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Rohita (रोहित) also means bestower of speech. It is said that letters originated from Śiva’s ḍamru. This way, it can be explained that He (Rudra) is the origin of speech. If rohita is taken to mean red, then it refers to His nourishing activities. In Lalitā-sahasranāma, Lalitāmbikā is often described as red in complexion, where Her red complexion is described as compassion for the beings. The same meaning is applicable here as well. Rudra is compassionate to those who follow the path of dharma.

Source: Manblunder: Sri Rudram 2.7-13
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Rohita. Fourteen thousand kappas ago there were thirteen kings of this name, all previous births of Siha (or Candanapujaka) Thera (ThagA.i.182; Ap.i.165). v.l. Rohini.

2. Rohita. See Rohitassa (1).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Rohita (रोहित) or Rohit is the name of a river that, coupled with the Rohitāsyā river, separates the Haimavata region. Haimavata refers to one of the regions of Jambūdvīpa: the first continent of the Madhya-loka (middle-word), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.10. The Rohita river flows eastwards. The Rohita and Rohitāsyā rivers have 28000 tributaries.

Jambūdvīpa (where flows the Rohita river) is in the centre of all continents and oceans; all continents and oceans are concentric circles with Jambūdvīpa in the centre. Like the navel is in the centre of the body, Jambūdvīpa is in the centre of all continents and oceans. Sumeru Mount is in the centre of Jambūdvīpa. It is also called Mount Sudarśana.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Rohita in Pali glossary... « previous · [R] · next »

rohita : (adj.) red. (m.), a king of deer; a kind fish.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Rohita, (adj.) (Vedic rohita; cp. the usual P. word lohita red & blood. See also rudhira & ruhira) red, as attribute of fishes at J. V, 405 (i.e. a special kind of fish), and of deer at J. V, 406 in same passage (i.e. a special kind of deer). Otherwise only in standing term rohita-maccha the “red fish, ” viz. Cyprinus Rohita, which is freq. mentioned in the “Jātaka” literature, e.g. J. II, 433; III, 333; DhA. II, 132 (four), 140; KhA 118. (Page 577)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rohita (रोहित).—a. (-rohitā or -rohiṇī f.) [रुहेः इतन्, रश्च लो वा (ruheḥ itan, raśca lo vā) Uṇ.3.95] Red, red-coloured; विदर्भसुश्रूपयोधरे रोहति रोहितश्रीः (vidarbhasuśrūpayodhare rohati rohitaśrīḥ) N.7.76.

-taḥ 1 Red colour.

2) A fox.

3) A kind of deer.

4) A red horse.

5) Name of Hariśchandra's son.

6) A kind of fish; पाठीनरोहितावाद्यौ नियुक्तौ हव्यकव्ययोः (pāṭhīnarohitāvādyau niyuktau havyakavyayoḥ) Ms.5.16.

-tam 1 Blood.

2) Saffron.

3) A straightf rain-bow; विद्युतोऽशनिमेघांश्च रोहितेन्द्रधनूंषि च (vidyuto'śanimeghāṃśca rohitendradhanūṃṣi ca) Ms.1.38.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 78 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Rijukarohita
Ṛjukarohita (ऋजुकरोहित).—the straight red bow of Indra. Derivable forms: ṛjukarohitam (ऋजुकरोहि...
Stanarohita
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Shvetarohita
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Rohitamaccha
rohitamaccha : (m.) a salmon.
Culla Rohita
An ox belonging to a brahmin. DhA.iv.160.
Harishcandra
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Harita
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Lohita
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Aruna
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Varuna
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Rama
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Raja
Raja (रज) refers to the “pollen” of flowers, as mentioned in a list of five synonyms, according...
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